Concept Carz Home Concepts and PrototypesAbout Follow ConceptCarz on Facebook Follow ConceptCarz on Twitter RSS News Feed
 
 Automotive NewsArrow PictureALL-NEW 2014 CORVETTE LT1 V-8 A TECHNOLOGICAL POWERHOUSE 
ALL-NEW 2014 CORVETTE LT1 V-8 A TECHNOLOGICAL POWERHOUSEAddThis Social Bookmark Button
Company press release.

ALL-NEW 2014 CORVETTE LT1 V-8 A TECHNOLOGICAL POWERHOUSE  •Advanced technologies including direct injection, active fuel management, continuously variable valve timing support advanced combustion system

•Preliminary output of 450 horsepower (335 kW) and 450 lb.-ft. of torque (610 Nm)

•Helps deliver estimated 0-60 performance in less than four seconds and best-ever fuel economy in the Corvette

When the all-new 2014 Chevrolet Corvette arrives late next year, it will be powered by a technologically advanced, racing-proven 6.2L V-8 delivering an estimated 450 horsepower and helping produce 0-60 times in less than four seconds.

The new Corvette LT1 engine, the first of the Gen 5 family of Small Block engines, combines several advanced technologies, including direct injection, Active Fuel Management and continuously variable valve timing to support an advanced combustion system.

ALL-NEW 2014 CORVETTE LT1 V-8 A TECHNOLOGICAL POWERHOUSE  

'Our objective for the development of the all-new LT1 was to raise the bar for performance car engines,' said Mary Barra, senior vice president, global product development. 'We feel that we have achieved that by delivering a true technological masterpiece that seamlessly integrates a suite of advanced technologies that can only be found on a handful of engines in the world.

'What makes this engine truly special is the advanced combustion system that extracts the full potential of these technologies. The art and science behind that combustion system make the Corvette LT1 one of the most advanced V-8 engines in the world,' said Barra.

Output, performance, and fuel economy numbers will not be finalized until early next year, but the new LT1 engine is expected to deliver:

•The most powerful standard Corvette ever, with preliminary output of 450 horsepower (335 kW) and 450 lb.-ft. of torque (610 Nm)

•The quickest standard Corvette ever, with estimated 0-60 performance of less than four seconds

•The most fuel-efficient Corvette ever, exceeding the 2013 EPA-estimated 26 miles per gallon on the highway.

'The Holy Grail for developing a performance car is delivering greater performance and more power with greater fuel economy and that's what we've achieved,' said Tadge Juechter, Corvette chief engineer. 'By leveraging technology, we are able to get more out of every drop of gasoline and because of that we expect the new Corvette will be the most fuel-efficient 450 horsepower car on the market.'

Advanced combustion system optimized with 6 million hours of analysis

'The Corvette LT1 represents the most significant redesign in the Small Block's nearly 60-year history – building on its legacy to make one of the world's best engines even better,' said Sam Winegarden, vice president, Global Powertrain Engineering. 'More than just great horsepower, the LT1 has been optimized to produce a broader power band. Below 4,000 rpm, the torque of the Corvette LT1 is comparable to that of the legendary, 7.0L LS7 out of the current Corvette Z06. The LT1 is a sweetheart of a power plant and drivers will feel its tremendous torque and power at every notch on the tachometer.'

Increased power and efficiency were made possible by an unprecedented level of analysis, including computational fluid dynamics, to optimize the combustion system, the direct injection fuel system, active fuel management and variable valve timing systems that support it. More than 10 million hours of computational analysis were conducted on the engine program, including 6 million hours (CPU time) dedicated to the advanced combustion system.

Direct injection is all-new to the engine architecture and is a primary contributor to its greater combustion efficiency by ensuring a more complete burn of the fuel in the air-fuel mixture. This is achieved by precisely controlling the mixture motion and fuel injection spray pattern. Direct injection also keeps the combustion chamber cooler, which allows for a higher compression ratio. Emissions are also reduced, particularly cold-start hydrocarbon emissions, which are cut by about 25 percent.

Active Fuel Management (AFM) – a first-ever application on Corvette – helps save fuel by imperceptibly shutting down half of the engine's cylinders in light-load driving.

Continuously variable valve timing, which GM pioneered for overhead-valve engines, is refined to support the LT1 AFM and direct injection systems to further optimize performance, efficiency and emissions.

These technologies support the all-new, advanced combustion system, which incorporates a new cylinder-head design and a new, sculpted piston design that is an integral contributor to the high-compression, mixture motion parameters enabled by direct injection.

The LT1 head features smaller combustion chambers designed to complement the volume of the unique topography of the pistons' heads. The smaller chamber size and sculpted pistons produce an 11.5:1 compression ratio, while the head features large, straight and rectangular intake ports with a slight twist to enhance mixture motion. This is complemented by a reversal of the intake and exhaust valve positions, as compared to the previous engine design. Also, the spark plug angle and depth have been revised to protrude farther into the chamber, placing the electrode closer to the center of the combustion to support optimal combustion.

The pistons feature unique sculpted topography that was optimized via extensive analysis to precisely direct the fuel spray for a more complete combustion. The contours of the piston heads are machined to ensure dimensional accuracy – essential for precise control of mixture motion and the compression ratio.

Race-proven legacy, state-of-the-art performance

The first Small Block V-8 debuted in the Corvette in 1955. It displaced 4.3L (265 cubic inches) and was rated at 195 horsepower, drawing air and fuel through a four-barrel carburetor. Five years later, V-8 power helped Corvette secure its first victory at the 24 Hours of Le Mans.

In 2012, the Small Block-powered Corvette Racing C6.R beat Ferrari, BMW and Porsche to sweep the drivers', team, and manufacturer championships in production-based American Le Mans Series GT class. These championships make Corvette Racing the most successful team in ALMS history, with a total of 77 class wins, eight drivers' championships, and nine manufacturer and team championships since 2001.

'The engine requirements for a production car and a race car are remarkably similar,' said Jordan Lee, Small Block chief engineer and program manager. 'In both cases, you want an engine that is powerful and efficient, compact and lightweight, and durable. That combination is what made the original Small Block so successful. Today, the introduction of state-of-the-art technologies and engineering makes one of the best performance car engines in the world even better.'

As an example, the new LT1 engine is 40 pounds lighter than a competitor's twin-turbo 4.4L, DOHC V-8 with similar output. That weight savings not only improves the Corvette's power-to-weight ratio, but also contributes to a near-perfect 50/50 weight balance for enhanced steering response and handling.

The new LT1 is also four inches shorter in overall height than the competitive DOHC V-8. That also improves handling by lowering the center of gravity while enabling a low hood line – contributing to the Corvette's iconic profile, as well as ensuring exceptional driver visibility.

The new LT1 is the third engine in the Corvette's history to be so-named, with previous versions introduced in 1970 (Gen 1) and 1992 (Gen 2). All iterations of the LT1 – and all Small Block engines – have shared a compact design philosophy that fosters greater packaging flexibility in sleek vehicles such as the Corvette.

'The power and efficiency of the Small Block V-8 are hallmarks of Corvette performance,' said Lee. 'But, the compact size and great power-to-weight are just as important for the overall driving experience. The all-new LT1 will play a huge role in making the all-new Corvette a world-class sports car, in terms of technology, performance, and refinement.'

Engine features and highlights

All-aluminum block and oil pan: The Gen 5 block was developed with math-based tools and data acquired in GM's racing programs, providing a light, rigid foundation for an impressively smooth engine. Its deep-skirt design helps maximize strength and minimize vibration. As with the Gen 3 and Gen 4 Small Blocks, the bulkheads accommodate six-bolt, cross-bolted main-bearing caps that limit crank flex and stiffen the engine's structure. A structural aluminum oil pan further stiffens the powertrain.

The block features nodular iron main bearing caps, which represent a significant upgrade over more conventional powdered metal bearing caps. They are stronger and can better absorb vibrations and other harmonics to help produce smoother, quieter performance.

Compared to the Gen 4 engine, the Gen 5's cylinder block casting is all-new, but based on the same basic architecture. It was refined and modified to accommodate the mounting of the engine-driven direct injection high-pressure fuel pump. It also incorporates new engine mount attachments, new knock sensor locations, improved sealing and oil-spray piston cooling.

Advanced oiling system, with available dry-sump system: The LT1 oiling system – including oil-spray piston cooling – was also optimized for improved performance. It is driven by a new, variable-displacement oil pump that enables more efficient oil delivery, per the engine's operating conditions. Its dual-pressure control enables operation at a very efficient oil pressure at lower rpm coordinated with AFM and delivers higher pressure at higher engine speeds to provide a more robust lube system for aggressive engine operation.

Standard oil-spray piston cooling sprays the underside of each piston and the surrounding cylinder wall with an extra layer of cooling oil, via small jets located at the bottom of the cylinders. For optimal efficiency, the oil jets are used only when they are needed the most: at start-up, giving the cylinders extra lubrication that reduces noise, and at higher engine speeds, when the engine load demands, for extra cooling and greater durability.

An available dry-sump oiling system promotes exceptional lubrication system performance during aggressive driving maneuvers and high cornering loads. It includes two stages: a pressure stage and a scavenge stage. The pressure stage includes the new, dual-pressure-control and variable-displacement vane pump.

Dexos semi-synthetic motor oil, with a 5W30 specification, helps reduce friction to further enhance the LT1's efficiency.

New, tri-lobe camshaft: Compared to the Gen 4 Small Block, the camshaft remains in the same position relative to the crankshaft and is used with a new rear cam bearing, but it features an all-new 'tri-lobe' designed lobe which exclusively drives the engine-mounted direct injection high-pressure fuel pump, which powers the direct-injection combustion system. The cam's specifications include 14mm/13.3mm (0.551/0.524-inch) intake/exhaust lift, 200/207-crank angle degrees intake/exhaust duration at 0.050-inch tappet lift and a 116.5-degree cam angle lobe separation.

New, cam-driven fuel pump: The direct injection system features a very-high-pressure fuel pump, which delivers up to 15Mpa (150 bar). The high-pressure, engine-driven fuel pump is fed by a conventional fuel-tank-mounted pump. The direct injection pump is mounted in the 'valley' between cylinder heads – beneath the intake manifold – and is driven by the camshaft at the rear of the engine. This location ensures any noise generated by the pump is muffled by the intake manifold and other insulation in the valley.

PCV-integrated rocker covers: One of the most distinctive features of the new engine is its domed rocker covers, which house the, patent-pending, integrated positive crankcase ventilation (PCV) system that enhances oil economy and oil life, while reducing oil consumption and contributing to low emissions. The rocker covers also hold the direct-mount ignition coils for the coil-near-plug ignition system. Between the individual coil packs, the domed sections of the covers contain baffles that separate oil and air from the crankcase gases – about three times the oil/air separation capability of previous engines.

Intake manifold and throttle body assembly: The LT1's intake manifold features a 'runners in a box' design, wherein individual runners inside the manifold feed a plenum box that allows for excellent, high-efficiency airflow packaged beneath the car's low hood line.

Acoustic foam is sandwiched between the outside top of the intake manifold and an additional acoustic shell to reduce radiated engine noise, as well as fuel pump noise.

The manifold is paired with an electronically controlled throttle, featuring an 87mm bore diameter and a 'contactless' throttle position sensor design that is more durable and enables greater control.

Four-into-one exhaust manifolds: The LT-1 uses a cast version of the 'four-into-one' short-header exhaust manifold design used on the Gen 4 LS7 engine. The cast header passages enable consistent exhaust flow into the 'wide mouth' collector at the converter.

Cooling system, humidity sensor and more:Additional features and technologies of the Gen 5 Small Block include:

•A revised cooling system with an offset water pump and thermostat for more efficient performance

•Air induction humidity sensor ensures optimal combustion efficiency, regardless of the surrounding air's humidity

•58X ignition system with individual ignition coil modules and iridium-tip spark plugs

•All-new 'E92' engine controller.

General Motors' investment in the Gen 5 Small Block will create or retain more than 1,600 jobs in five North American plants, including Tonawanda, New York, which recently received upgrades to support its production.

   Recent Articles
TDI-TUNING FAVOURED BY OWNERS OF CARS FROM THE VOLKSWAGEN GROUP

◾UK tuning box designer and developer caters for top-end VW Group models
◾Only actual parameters are modified by TDI-Tuning boxes to achieve required effect
◾Tuning equipment can be re-programmed for over 4,000 different vehicle models

UK tuning technology expert TDI-Tuning notes a high number of owners of cars from the Volkswagen Group among its customers. As much as 25% of TDI-Tuning's overall customer base, in fact, owns a vehicle from the VW Group range.

Whether they drive an Audi, V....
BMW TEAM RLL FINISHES 2ND AND 4TH AT 53RD ROLEX 24 AT DAYTONA; NO. 25 BMW FINISHES ONLY .478 SECONDS FROM VICTORY

Woodcliff Lake, N.J. – January 25, 2015… BMW Team RLL finished second and fourth in this weekend's 53rd Rolex 24 at Daytona on the 40th anniversary of BMW Motorsport's very first race in North America and the start of the 1975 IMSA season for the iconic BMW 3.0 CSL. With car numbers chosen to honor that car, the No. 25 BMW Z4 GTLM finished second and the No. 24 BMW Z4 GTLM took the checkered flag fourth.

Bill Auberlen, Augusto Farfus, Bruno Spengler, and Dirk Werner completed 725 laps ....
SANTA FE CLAIMS A MOST POPULAR ON EDMUNDS.COM AWARD

FOUNTAIN VALLEY, Calif., Jan. 22, 2015 – Hyundai's award-winning Santa Fe continues to add to its trophy chest, making the list of the 2015 Most Popular on Edmunds.com (alongside the Honda Pilot and Toyota Highlander). Praised for its stylish design, spacious interior and choice of powerful yet fuel efficient engines, the Santa Fe was one of the most-considered vehicles in its segment on car-shopping website Edmunds.com.

'Santa Fe offers buyers a combination of futuristic design, versa....
BMW TEAM RLL QUALIFIES 4TH AND 7TH FOR 53RD ROLEX 24 AT DAYTONA; EDWARDS 4TH, AUBERLEN 7TH

Woodcliff Lake, N.J. – January 22, 2015… BMW Team RLL will start the 2015 Rolex 24 at Daytona from the fourth and seventh GTLM class positions following this afternoon's very competitive qualifying session at the Daytona International Speedway road course.

John Edwards, driving the No. 24 BMW Z4 GTLM, qualified in the fourth starting spot with a lap of 1:43.966 minutes around the 3.56-mile, 12-turn circuit. His time was only 0.478 seconds slower than the pole winner. The top six qualif....
NEW 'GENTHREE' SUPERCHARGER INCREASES CALLAWAY SPORTTRUCK HP, TORQUE

January 20, 2015 -- Beginning this week, all Callaway SportTrucks are being assembled with the new Callaway 'GenThree' supercharger system. This results in increasing power from 540 hp to 560 hp and from 522 lb-ft to 553 lb-ft of torque on 6.2L Callaway Silverados. On 5.3L Callaway Silverados, Tahoes and Suburbans, power increases from 460 hp to 480 hp and from 455 lb-ft to 477 lb-ft of torque. (All Callaway horsepower and torque ratings are SAE-corrected.) Plus, the new system's intercoo....
HONDA PERFORMANCE DEVELOPMENT APPOINTS ALLEN MILLER AS RACE TEAM LEADER

◾Will be responsible for all Indy car, sports car and GT efforts
◾HPD veteran with more than two decades of racing experience
◾Most recently served as project leader for HPD sports car program

Jan 20, 2015 - SANTA CLARITA, Calif. -- Allen Miller, a 21-year veteran with Honda Performance Development, has been named Race Team Leader for the company, heading up all on-track activities for HPD's pinnacle motorsports programs. The appointment was announced today by Art St. Cyr, president ....
SEASON STARTS FOR AUDI AT DAYTONA

• Two Audi customer teams to contest 24-hour race in Florida (USA)
• Audi R8 LMS competes in numerically strongest class
• Audi driver Markus Winkelhock: Daytona is like a sprint race

Ingolstadt, January 19, 2015 – The 2015 season opens with an endurance classic in the USA for Audi customer racing. Two Audi R8 LMS will start at the 53rd running of the 24 hours of Daytona. Following the first victory for an Audi at Daytona two years ago, and a second place last season, the two cu....
NORTH AMERICAN DEBUT OF JAGUAR XE AT 2015 NORTH AMERICAN INTERNATIONAL AUTO SHOW

◾North American debut of the all-new Jaguar XE sports sedan
◾XE will feature a 340hp supercharged 3.0-liter V6 engine with a 0-60 mph time of 4.9 seconds and an electronically limited top speed of 155 mph1
◾Front engine, longitudinal rear wheel drive layout, with capability of accepting all-wheel drive
◾Highly aerodynamic with a drag coefficient of 0.26 Cd
◾Two new and intuitive Jaguar InControl® infotainment systems will be available
◾Features Intelligent Active Driver Assistance technolo....
2016 Buick Cascada
2016 Buick Cascada  2016 Buick Cascada  2016 Buick Cascada  2016 Buick Cascada  2016 Buick Cascada  
2016 Cadillac CTS-V
2016 Cadillac CTS-V  2016 Cadillac CTS-V  2016 Cadillac CTS-V  2016 Cadillac CTS-V  2016 Cadillac CTS-V  
2016 Ford Mustang Shelby GT350
2016 Ford Mustang Shelby GT350  2016 Ford Mustang Shelby GT350  2016 Ford Mustang Shelby GT350  2016 Ford Mustang Shelby GT350  2016 Ford Mustang Shelby GT350  
2015 Acura TLX GT Race Car
2015 Acura TLX GT Race Car  2015 Acura TLX GT Race Car  2015 Acura TLX GT Race Car  2015 Acura TLX GT Race Car  2015 Acura TLX GT Race Car  
2015 Acura TLX Prototype
2015 Acura TLX Prototype  2015 Acura TLX Prototype  2015 Acura TLX Prototype  2015 Acura TLX Prototype  2015 Acura TLX Prototype  
2015 Alfa Romeo 4C
2015 Alfa Romeo 4C  2015 Alfa Romeo 4C  2015 Alfa Romeo 4C  2015 Alfa Romeo 4C  2015 Alfa Romeo 4C  
2015 Alfa Romeo 4C Spider
2015 Alfa Romeo 4C Spider  2015 Alfa Romeo 4C Spider  2015 Alfa Romeo 4C Spider  2015 Alfa Romeo 4C Spider  2015 Alfa Romeo 4C Spider  
2015 Audi A3 Clubsport Quattro Concept
2015 Audi A3 Clubsport Quattro Concept  2015 Audi A3 Clubsport Quattro Concept  2015 Audi A3 Clubsport Quattro Concept  2015 Audi A3 Clubsport Quattro Concept  2015 Audi A3 Clubsport Quattro Concept  
2015 Audi S3 Cabriolet
2015 Audi S3 Cabriolet  2015 Audi S3 Cabriolet  2015 Audi S3 Cabriolet  2015 Audi S3 Cabriolet  2015 Audi S3 Cabriolet  
2015 Audi S4
2015 Audi S4  2015 Audi S4  2015 Audi S4  2015 Audi S4  2015 Audi S4