A huge upset was caused in 1921 when a team of four American Duesenberg racing cars were shipped to Europe for the French Grand Prix, and one of them, driven by Jimmy Murphy, won the race. The event was held over the LeMans course, two years before the first running of the 24 Hour race. Shortly after returning home, Murphy purchased the car from the Duesenberg brothers and then replaced the engine with a straight-eight Miller. With this combination, Murphy won the 1922 Indy 500 at a record 94.484 mph as the first ever to do so from the pole position. It is also the first race car to have four-wheel hydraulic brakes.