1933 Alfa Romeo 8C 2300 Monza news, pictures, specifications, and information
The 8C 2300 was designed by Vittorio Jano, also the creator of the 6C 1750. Jano joined Alfa Romeo in 1923 and had immediately begun a design program which would ultimately led to the P2 Grand Prix cars. He was also responsible for the use of twin-cam engines in two series of the 6C cars. The 8C 2300 were built by builders such as Scuderia Ferrari.
The engine used was a 2556 cc Supercharged, DOHC, inline 8-cylinder with alloy cylinder block and heads capable of producing 178 horsepower. The engine had two four-cylinder blocks and two cylinder heads on a common crank and crankcase. The supercharger was a Roots-type blower that was positioned low on the right-side of the engine. Air was funneled through a Memini but was later replaced in favor of a Weber carburetor. The responsive and quick engine coupled with a lightweight body made this vehicle a true force to be reckoned with. A four speed manual gearbox and drum brakes were also used. These vehicles were hand-made, and thus production was low.
The Monza version was the special racing derivative. The famous driver of the 1930's, Tazio Nuvolari, drove the Monza during many of his races.
Vittorio Jan's 1929 6C 1750 had been a mechanical jewel with an enviable sporting record, dominating Sport Category racing until 1931. Then later, to maintain the firm's superiority, an eight-cylinder version of the same car, the 8C 2300 appeared.
The 8C 2300 had the same bore and stroke dimensions of the six, but the timing and blower drive gears were mounted between two light allow blocks - basically two four-cylinder engines set back to back. The engine displayed the same remarkable qualities that had made the six famous, such as the ability to start on the first compression - under any circumstances - and a remarkable flexibility that enabled the car to run smoothly at 500 rpm in top gear. The 2600 cc engine had a top speed of approximately 140 mph.
An enthusiast described the sound of the engine as 'symphony in which each gear tooth and roll bearing plays a note.' The Monza version of the 8C 2300 was designed as a two-seat road car and had a more highly tuned engine on a short-wheelbase chassis, plus a distinctive pierced radiator cowl. All that was necessary to make the Monza the fastest sport car of its day was the addition of lights and fenders.
The 8C 2300 was built between 1931 and 1933. One of 188 Alfa 8C 2300s, only 10 were the Monza version. It is powered by a water-cooled, double-overhead-cam, bi-block, 2446cc (2.56 liter) straight-eight engine. Basically, it was two-four cylinder engines set back-to-back, and had a top speed of 140 mph.
It was first driven by Algerian driver Guy Moll in 1933 grand prix races. In 1934, ownership passed to Swiss driver Hans Reusch, who raced it with Ulrich Mang in the 1934 Mille Miglia (DNF) and twice at Nurburgring. Following Maag's tragic death, Ruesch raced in the 1935 Mille Miglia with co-driver Guatta, and finished fourth.
In the late 1940s, the car was crashed heavily and broken up. In the 1950s, the 8C engine, gearbox and back axle were purchased by Lord Ridley and fitted to an Alfa 6C 1750. Years later, this complete driveline was purchased at auction, still on the 1750 chassis. After extensive research, the original chassis was found, still in Switzerland, where it had been used as a hay cart. D.L. George Coachworks, in a full-scale restoration, reunited the original driveline and chassis.
As requested by Count Carlo Castlebarco, the Zagato Coachworks converted this Monza racecar into a sports car by adding fenders, lights and a spare tire. Finished in time for the 1933 Mille Miglia, this car finished second, piloted by The Count and Franco Cortege. The car went on to compete at the 1933 Monza race, 1938 LeMans, and then went club racing in England. It crashed mildly in the 1933 Monza Race after which it was sold and continued to compete in 1934. It came to America in the 1950s. The car is entirely original, wearing all the original panels excluding the front fenders.
Vittorio Jano, who joined Alfa Romeo in 1923, designed the 8C 2300. The engine uses a 2556cc supercharged, DOHC, inline 8-cylinder with alloy cylinder block and heads capable of producing 178 horsepower. The engine had two four-cylinder blocks and two-cylinder heads on a common crank and crankcase. A four-speed manual gearbox and drum brakes were also used. The Monza version was the special racing derivative.
Many collectors consider the 8C 2300 Alfa the quintessential pre-World War II sport/racing car. Its designation refers to its eight-cylinder engine with a displacement of 2300 cubic-centimeters. The Monza was the short chassis model built to be light and efficient, thus ideal for grand prix and endurance racing. This car finished second at the Mille Miglia in 1933.
Alfas evoke strong opinions. An automobile critic once complained about the Alfa Romeo 8C: 'At full throttle, the noise is almost terrifying.' The 8C sprinted from 0 to 30 in a neck-snapping 2.5 seconds, but quick turns frequently resulted in unscheduled 360-degree views of the countryside, and the 2.3-liter powerplant got less than 10 mpg. Built for speed, it was a two-and-a-half-ton, 115 mph European vacation. This example was first registered to Scuderia Ferrari on April 5th of 1933, and ran in the 1933 Mille Miglia, finishing third. It was rebuilt in 1985 by the Experimental Department of Alfa Romeo under the supervision of Bruno Bonini. A 'Monza by Touring' body style was fitted at that time. It has been in the current owner's hands for nearly two years, and has recently taken part in the 8C tour of the Rockies.
Alfa Romeo built several new Monza-specification 8C 2300s for the 1932 racing season, one of which won the Monaco Grand Prix driven by Tazio Nuvolari. With the introduction of the single seater Tipo B for later Grand Prix events that year, the works Monzas were soon sold to private owners. This works Monza was sold in early 1933. It was subsequently owned by several amateur racing drivers, including Carullo Lami and Giacomo de Rham, but its actual racing history is uncertain. This 1932 Monza is the only one to retain its original tie bar between the front shock absorbers.
Sold for $6,710,000 at 2010 Gooding & Company
Sold for $11,990,000 at 2016 Gooding & Company
On August 10th of 1933, this 8C 2300 Monza was first registered. Its first owner was Cesare Sanguinetti of Corso Italia in Genova. It featured bodywork credited to Carrozzeria Brianza. Its first competitive outing took place at the Klausen Hillclimb in August of 1934, where Attilio Battilana achieved 7th in the sports car class. It raced again at the end of the season, at the Stelvio Hillclimb, with either Sciutti or Battilana at the helm.
Sanguinetti sold the car in October of 1942 to Alba Baratelli, another Genovese resident. It was sold in the fall of 1947 to Scuderia Balestrero, though the registration was not transferred until that fall. It was sold after the 1947 racing season to Caracas, Venezuela to Mario Giovanna Barreto Borsato, who in turn sold the car to Giuseppi Sciuto in 1952.
In August of 1954, the car was shipped to the United States and into the care of Mr. Ford. Mr. Ford had the engine rebuilt. From then, the car sat relatively undisturbed for two decades.
Peter Giddings acquired the Monza in 1983. A complete restoration was soon undertaken, returning it to its former glory.
In 1985, the Monza returned to the track, where it captured the Phil Hill Trophy at Laguna Seca, victories at Seattle International Raceway and Palm Springs, as well as participating at Riverside and Sears Point. Mr. Giddings drove the car over the next decade with much success. It had many podium finishes during that time.
In 1996, the current owner took possession of the car. A short time later, it was given an overhaul from the ground-up. It raced at Laguna Seca in 1997, 1998 and 2008, as well as Coronado in 1999 and 2000. In 1997 and 2001, it participated in the Mille Miglia Storica. Recently, it has toured in the Copperstate 1000, the New England 1000, the Colorado Grand and the 8C Tour.
In 2006, a no-expense spared complete engine and supercharger rebuild was performed.
In 2010, this vehicle was offered for sale at the Pebble Beach Auction presented by Gooding & Company. The car was estimated to sell for $6,500,000 - $8,500,000. As bidding came to a close, the car had been sold for the sum of $6,710,000 inclusive of buyer's premium.By Daniel Vaughan | Dec 2010
This Alfa Romeo was sold new in August 1933. It was shipped to Spain in 1939 where it remained until after WWII when it returned to England until purchased by the current owner in 1998.
This car is powered by a 2.3-liter supercharged 8-cylinder engine developing 240 horsepower and is coupled to a 4-speed manual transmission. This vehicle was built for speed and although weighing two-and-half-tons, it was capable of 115 mph. The engine was loud and got less than 10 mpg but propelled the car from 0 to 100 mph in under 30 seconds.
This model is fitted with a Touring body and was restored by the owner in 2000.
Vittorio Jano was responsible for the design of the magnificent engineering marvel, the 8C 2300. The name was formed by following Alfa Romeo's naming convention; the 8C represented the eight cylinder engine while the 2300 represented the cubic-capacity. The engine is comprised of two four-cylinder engine with the cylinders aligned in a row. Central gearing drives the overhead twin camshafts. A Roots-type supercharger was used to force air to the carburetor aiding in the production of 140 horsepower. Further modifications to the OHV engine increased the horsepower output to nearly 180.
The first 8C 2300 made an appearance in prototype form at the 1931 Mille Miglia. Two Grand Prix 8C 2300 models were later entered in the Italian Grand Prix at Monza where they finished first and second. In honor of this achievement, Alfa Romeo used the name 'Monza' on all their 8C 2300 Grand Prix vehicles. In 1932 the 8C 2300 became a dominant force, winning at Targa Florio followed by three consecutive victories at Le Mans. It was undefeated at the Grand Prix circuit, defeating the powerful Mercedes SSK and SSKL models and brining an end to their dominance. It achieved many prestigious victories such as the Spa 24 Hours and the Monaco Grand Prix and more. Compliments of the vehicles capabilities and durability.
The 8C 2300 was available in a wide variety of body styles including short and long wheel-based chassis. The long wheelbase was dubbed 'Lungo' while the short-wheelbase were 'Corto'. The Lungo models were suitable for traveling on the open roads at high speeds while the Corto models were smaller, lighter, and more agile, suitable for racing, many being prepared by Scuderia Ferrari. The Lungo series produced 140 horsepower with a 4.25 final drive. The Spider Corsas often featured a 165 horsepower engine built specifically to satisfy customer specifications. A 3.76:1 or 4.08:1 final drive was left to the customer to select.
As was customary at the time, many of the automobiles were supplied to custom coachbuilders such as Pininfarina, Figoni, Touring, Castagna, and Zagato. The results were uniquely designed and eloquently outfitted automobiles that were as much works of art as they were high performance machines.
The 8C 2300 was produced from 1931 through 1933. During their production life span only 188 examples were produced. By today's standards, many 8C 2300 models easily sell for over a million dollars.
The Alfa Romeo 8C-35 was a Scuderia Ferrari works car which raced at Monza, Modena, Nurburgring, Lucca, Monaco and more. They were driven by famous drivers such as Dreyfus, Farina, Brivio, and Nuvolari.
One of the most historical races for the 8C-35 was at Coppa Cieno. Nuvolari's Alfa Romeo Tipo C 12C-36 suffered a broken transaxle after only two laps. He ran to the pits and got into an 8C-35. By the time Nuvolari re-entered the race, he was already seven laps down. By the time the race concluded, Nuvolari was in first place.
The 8C 2900 was built in two series, the 2900A and the 2900B. The 8C represented the engine size, a straight eight powerplant while the 2900 represented the size of the engine, 2905 cc. The engine was created by mounting two four-cylinder alloy blocks on a single crankcase. With the twin Roots-type superchargers attached, the 2.9-liter engine could produce between 180 hp for the 8C 2900B and 220 hp for the 8C 2900A. The suspension was all-independent with wishbones in the front and the rear had swing-axles.
The Alfa Romeo 8C 2900A was a two-seater with Grand Prix style bodywork. They were purpose-built to race and win at Italy's famous Mille Miglia. In 1936, three examples were entered and were able to capture a first through third finish. A year later, they repeated their success again capturing the top three places. The success of the 2900A spawned the decision to create a road-going version that Alfa Romeo could supply to its customers. The 8C 2900B models were built upon two different wheelbases and had bodies that were very aerodynamic. Similar to the 2900A mechanically, the 2900B models were given a de-tuned engine that produced 40 horsepower less than the 2900A but still fast enough to be claimed the fastest production vehicle in the world with a top speed of nearly 110 mph. The Corto were short 2800mm wheelbase version while the Lungo were the long 3000 mm wheelbase versions. As was customary at the time, custom coachbuilders were often tasked with building the bodies. The 2900B had most of its coachwork handled by Touring of Italy. The vehicles could be purchased in Berlinetta, Roadster or Spyder bodies. These supercars were not only fast but they were expensive too. Since they were mechanically capable to match most vehicles on the racing circuit, many of the 2900B models were raced. Alfa Romeo constructed 13 examples of the 8C 2900B but with the 220 hp engine and most with Roadster bodies. In 1938 and in 1947, the 2900B with the 220 hp engine were able to capture the checkered flag at the Mille Miglia.
During its production lifespan, only 41 examples were produced. Three wee type 8C 2900 A with the remaining being the type B.
8C 2900B Spyder
Evolving from the successful 1936 8C 2900A, the 2900B is the highly cultured son of the grand champion athlete. Hidden under the long and graceful hood lives an engine with a racing heritage. The 2900 cc straight eight cylinder supercharged masterpiece features dual camshafts, dual magnetos and dry sump oiling. Despite reduced compression compared to 2900A, it still produces an astounding 180 horsepower, delivered through a four-speed gearbox.
Two of Italy's finest designers provided appropriate coachwork for the 2900B, Carrozzeria Touring and Stabilimenti Farina. Only thirty examples were produced and each is somewhat unique.
By Daniel Vaughan | Oct 2006
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