2006 Honda Civic Type-R news, pictures, and information
What is a Type R?The Type R name was introduced by Honda Motorcycles, where the letter R was added to conventional bike names to indicate a performance derivative. For example, the CB – a standard 4-cylinder across-the-frame bike – became the CB-R, a sporting model.
One of the earliest Type R cars was the Honda NSX-R, a stripped-down, lightweight version of the NSX supercar. This was developed in response to claims the NSX did not have enough power to compete wîth rival cars from Porsche and Ferrari. The key factor in this argument – and a point proved by the NSX-R – was the importance of the power to weight ratio.
The Type R philosophy is not about building the most powerful, or fastest car in the world. It is about creating a car that provides a well-engineered, but exciting driving experience. To offer this, every Type R needs to have certain key characteristics:
Racing: An exhilarating driving experience similar to that felt when piloting a racing car.
Involvement: High levels of feedback and involvement in terms of sound, §teering response and handling. The driver should feel part of the machine.
Not just speed: Going fast is part of the Type R experience, but not everything. The Type R should have above average levels of performance in gear change quality, braking, §teering and handling.
Pure: The driving experience should not be diluted or interfered wîth by driving aids or sound proofing that could detract from the driver's involvement.
Stripped-out: A Type R is not equipped wîth luxuries such as satellite navigation, hands-free telephones or leather upholstery. It should look and feel like a racing car.
Engineering: To meet the aims set by the philosophy, a different approach is taken during the design and development of a Type R. Therefore, each car possesses a special set of engineering qualities.
Normally aspirated: No bolting on of a turbocharger to give silly power figures. All Type R engines are normally-aspirated, which deliver smoother power delivery throughout the rev range, allowing power to be transferred through the chassis more easily, improving traction and acceleration.
Torsional rigidity: A stiffer chassis improves the handling of the car in terms of balance and adjustability. This makes for a more involving drive.
Simple technology: No traction control, stability control or four-wheel drive. Or indeed any other driver aids that can distance the driver from the experience. Instead, a Type R is based on clever, but simple engineering solutions rather than electronic gadgetry.
Type R Time-line
February 1992: NSX-R introduced. Weight is reduced by 265 lbs. Recaro seats and MOMO §teering wheel fitted. Stiffer suspension adopted. Production limited to 1995 units.
September 1995: Honda announces the launch of the DC2 Integra Type-R. The Integra Type-R is powered by the B18C 1.8-litre DOHC VTEC engine, specifically developed for the Integra Type-R, wîth 200 bhp at 8,000 rpm. Standard equipment includes a helical LSD, sports suspension, a front lip spoiler, a rear spoiler, alloy wheels, a leather wrapped MOMO §teering wheel, Recaro seats, and a titanium shift knob.
August 1997: The EK9 Civic Type-R is launched in Japan. It is powered by an exclusively-developed 1.6-liter DOHC VTEC B16B engine that makes 185 bhp at 8,200 rpm. The lightweight B16B engine features a new valve system allowing higher engine speeds, reduced engine friction, improved breathing, and increased compression ratio. Main features of handling include increased body rigidity, reduced weight, sports suspension, torque-sensitive helical LSD, sports-tuned ABS, and Bridgestone Potenza RE010 tires.
Jan 1998: The Accord Type-R goes on sale in the ÚK, wîth a tweaked version of the H22A engine on board. In addition, the Accord Type-R boasts a limited-slip-diff, Recaro seats and a stiffer chassis.
July 2001: An updated version of the Integra Type-R (DC5) is launched for sale in Japan and ÚSA. The special color of Championship White celebrates Honda's first victory in F1. The DC5 Integra Type-R is powered by the K20A 2.0-liter DOHC i-VTEC engine wîth 220 bhp and a new 6-speed manual gearbox. The suspension adopts clever front suspension and reactive-link double wishbone rear suspension. The Integra Type-R is also equipped wîth Recaro front seats, a leather wrapped MOMO §teering wheel, aluminum pedals, aluminum shift knob, exclusive aero parts and Brembo front brakes.
October 2001: A Type-R version of the 7th generation Civic is announced. It is built at Honda in the ÚK Manufacturing in Swindon, Wiltshire. The CTR – as it becomes known by enthusiasts – is powered by a 2.0-liter i-VTEC engine that produces 200 bhp. The Civic Type-R goes on to sell over 35,000 units and pick up numerous Hot Hatch of the Year awards.
When Honda unveils a new sports concept there is always a sense of anticipation and the new Civic Type R is no exception. To please all its fans, Honda engineers have designed a 'superhatch' to deliver blistering performance from the same power output as the previous incarnation (200 bhp). The aggressive, lower and wider-lòòking body encases a new 2.0 liter engine and the model, built in Britain, will go on sale in early 2007 priced around £18,000.Source - Honda
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