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2007 BMW 525xi news, pictures, specifications, and information

BMW 5 SERIES FOR 2007:
Further refinements to an already outstanding lineup

Woodcliff Lake, New Jersey, November 1, 2006…After a significant update in 2006—including new 6-cylinder and V-8 engines—the evolution of BMW's 5 Series performance/luxury lineup continues wîth even more new features for '07. These range from new comfort and convenience items to a significant advancement in driving safety, all designed to maintain the position of the 5 Series sedans and wagon as the leaders in their class.

Headlining those changes is the availability of Night Vision, a major boost for nighttime driving safety. The system uses thermal imaging to provide a real-time, long-distance view of the road ahead, regardless of weather conditions. Night Vision uses Far Infra-Red (FIR) technology to provide an accurate image at a distance far greater than any conventional high-beams can illuminate, and almost twice as far as other nighttime vision systems.

Nigh Vision offers particular benefits when driving over land, down narrow lanes, through gateways leading into courtyards, and into dark underground garages, significantly enhancing driving safety at night. The system is particularly beneficial in deeply wooded areas where deer, elk, moose or other large animals are common, as Night Vision 'illuminates' a larger area than conventional headlights—even bi-xenons.

Additional changes for 2007 include revised Sport Package contents, which include a new 3-spoke sport §teering wheel and 20-way Multi-contour seats. The Multi-Contour seats also include Active Head Restraints as a further safety feature. A Tire Pressure Monitor replaces the previous Flat Tire Monitor. New entertainment enhancements for '07 include the availability of HD radio, wîth improved digital audio sound offered by more than 1,000 radio stations. FM reception becomes CD quality, and AM reception is comparable to analog FM. Finally, the onboard navigation system now includes Real Time Traffic Information, which is a particular boon to drivers in urban areas.

As in 2006, the ‘07 5 Series lineup consists of six models, five sedans and a sports wagon wîth a mix of rear-drive or all-wheel-drive configurations. The two entry-level models, the rear-drive 525i Sedan and the all-wheel-drive 525xi Sedan, are powered by BMW's N52 aluminum/magnesium composite inline-6 in 215-hp form. The 530i and AWD 530xi Sedans include additional standard equipment and the 255-hp version of BMW's inline-6. BMW's 530xi Sport Wagon features the same drivetrain and equipment as the 530xi sedan, wîth the additional cargo capacity and utility of a traditional wagon. The V-8-powered 550i Sedan sports a 4.8-liter V-8 wîth 360-hp and an array of standard features including full leather interior and Park Distance Control.

Vital Stats
Engine : 3.0 L., 6-cylinder
Power: 215 hp
Torque: 185 ft-lbs

6-speed Automatic
This year all BMW automobiles and SAVs include BMW Últimate Service, which includes 4 year, unlimited mileage Roadside Assistance, 4 year / 50,000 mile New Vehicle Limited Warranty and the BMW Maintenance Program at no extra cost. In addition, all 5 Series BMWs also include a 4 year membership in BMW Assist Safety Services as standard equipment.



What's new for '07
As of 3/06 Production:
• Night Vision becomes available as an option on all 5 Series models. The system uses a thermal-imagining camera that constantly monitors the road ahead and displays images according to their temperature on the iDrive screen. Requires Navigation System.
• Sport Package now includes 20-way Multi-contour seats, which replace the previous 12-way sport seats. The Multi-contour seats also include Active Head Restraints as an additional safety feature.
• A 3-spoke sport §teering wheel becomes part of the Sport Package.
• High-Definition radio becomes an option on 5 Series models.
• Standard coverage for BMW Assist Safety Plan now includes a 4 year membership (previously only 1 year).
• An auxiliary audio input, suitable for an iPod or MP3 player, is now standard.
• Tire Pressure Monitor replaces previous Flat Tire Monitor as standard equipment.


Night Vision:
Adding a new dimension to nighttime driving security
BMW's adoption of leading-edge lighting systems goes back more than two decades, wîth the introduction of projector-beam halogen headlamps on the 1986 7 Series. Six years later the 1993 750iL became the first to offer xenon headlights, which quickly became the benchmark for night driving. With Night Vision, BMW becomes the first to adopt Far Infra-Red (FIR) thermal techology to extend the driver's vision past what conventional lighting systems can provide. The FIR thermal imaging camera covers a range almost twice as far as other systems.

Simply put, Night Vision provides a new dimension of optical perception when driving at night. A thermal imaging camera detects people, animals and objects in front of the car before they become visible in the headlights. The image generated by the system is transmitted to the central Control Display within the car. Objects are presented wîth increasing brightness as a function of the heat detected by the camera – therefore making humans and animals particularly conspicuous.

BMW Night Vision presents a high-contrast black-and-white night image to the driver on the Control Display in the middle of the instrument panel. Benefiting from FIR technology, the driver only has to briefly check out the Display in order to recognize a hazard. So using BMW Night Vision is comparable to lòòking into the interior mirror in the car.

After comparative studies and careful observation of independent scientific examinations, BMW's engineers opted in favor of innovative far infra-red technology (FIR) as being the most efficient in detecting people, animals and objects at night. FIR offers the following benefits:

• Reduction to the essential:
Far infra-red technology uses a thermal imaging camera highlighting in particular persons, animals and objects irradiating higher temperatures. FIR intentionally does not present a detailed image of the respective traffic situation, which would only delay the recognition of a human being within the overall image. Insignificant details are cancelled out and do not distract the driver.
• FIR enables the driver 'to look further':
Covering a range of almost 1,000 feet, FIR 'looks' about twice as far as other systems. Hence, the driver is informed earlier on possible hazards – up to 5 seconds earlier at 60 mph.
• FIR cannot be 'dazzled':
FIR cannot be dazzled by oncoming headlights, traffic lights, road lights or highly reflective surfaces such as traffic signs. And vehicles wîth FIR technology do not dazzle each other.

Over and above the basic advantages of the FIR principle, BMW has enhanced this technology by adding further functions: the image presented follows the road in a panning process and distant objects can be shown larger as a function of speed (zooming). The result is the most effective, most intuitive nighttime driving enhancement currently available.

The 2007 5 Series:
Six models, three engines, two bodystyles, plus all-wheel-drive
• 525i Sedan – This is the Series' 'base' model, though its capabilities and equipment are far from basic. Key features include:
• 3.0-liter inline-6, 215-hp/185 lb-ft. of torque, single-stage induction
• Standard 6-speed manual transmission, optional 6-speed STEPTRONIC automatic.
• EPA mileage: 20 mpg City/29 Highway (manual); 21 mpg City/30 Highway (automatic)
• 0-60 mph acceleration: 7.3 seconds (manual); 7.6 seconds (automatic)

• 525xi Sedan – BMW's advanced xDrive all-wheel-drive system is added to the entry-level 5 Series sedan. (concept carz) The 525xi is equipped essentially like the 525i Sedan. Key features include:
• 3.0-liter inline-6, 215-hp/185 lb-ft. of torque, single-stage induction
• Standard 6-speed manual transmission, optional 6-speed STEPTRONIC automatic.
• xDrive all-wheel-drive system
• EPA mileage: 19 mpg City/28 Highway (manual); 20 mpg City/27 Highway (automatic)
• 0-60 mph acceleration: 7.9 seconds (manual); 8.2 seconds (automatic)

• 530i Sedan – The most popular 5 Series Sedan, powered by the N52 engine in 255-hp form. The 530i also distinguishes itself from the 525i via additional standard equipment. Key features include:
• 3.0-liter inline-6, 255-hp/220 lb-ft. of torque, 3-stage induction
• Standard 6-speed manual transmission, optional 6-speed Sequential Manual Gearbox (SMG) or STEPTRONIC automatic.
• EPA mileage: 20 mpg City/29 Highway (manual); 19 mpg City/27 Highway (SMG); 21 mpg City/30 Highway (automatic)
• 0-60 mph acceleration: 6.4 seconds (manual or SMG); 6.6 seconds (automatic)
• Standard Active bi-xenon headlights
• Standard 4-way lumbar support

• 530xi Sedan – the 530i in all-wheel-drive form, wîth the same power and standard equipment as the rear-drive sedan. (concept carz) Key features include:
• 3.0-liter inline-6, 255-hp/220 lb-ft. of torque, 3-stage induction
• Standard 6-speed manual transmission, optional 6-speed STEPTRONIC automatic.
• xDrive all-wheel-drive system
• EPA mileage: 19 mpg City/28 Highway (manual); 20 mpg City/27 Highway (automatic)
• 0-60 mph acceleration: 6.6 seconds (manual); 6.9 seconds (automatic)
• Standard Active bi-xenon headlights
• Standard 4-way lumbar support

• 530xi Sports Wagon – While maintaining the Sedan's innate sportiness and luxury, this 5-door wagon embodies a host of thoughtful features enhancing people- and cargo-carrying capabilities; xDrive endows it wîth remarkable traction and agility. Key features include:
• 3.0-liter inline-6, 255-hp/220 lb-ft. of torque, 3-stage induction
• Standard 6-speed manual transmission, optional 6-speed STEPTRONIC automatic.
• xDrive all-wheel-drive system
• EPA mileage: 19 mpg City/28 Highway (manual); 20 mpg City/27 Highway (automatic)
• 0-60 mph acceleration: 6.8 seconds (manual); 7.3 seconds (automatic)
• Standard Active bi-xenon headlights
• Standard 4-way lumbar support

• 550i Sedan – The top-of-the-line 5 Series includes additional standard equipment and is powered by the same new 4.8-liter Valvetronic V-8 engine featured in the 750i and 750Li models. Key features include:
• 4.8-liter V-8, 360 hp and 360 lb-ft. of torque.
• Standard 6-speed manual transmission, optional 6-speed Sequential Manual Gearbox (SMG) or STEPTRONIC automatic.
• EPA mileage: 15 mpg City/23 Highway (manual); 16 mpg City/22 Highway (SMG); 17 mpg City/25 Highway (automatic)
• 0-60 mph acceleration: 5.4 seconds (manual); 5.5 seconds (automatic)
• Standard Active bi-xenon headlights
• Standard 4-way lumbar support
• Standard leather interior
• Standard Park Distance Control

BMW 6-cylinder engines:
world's first contemporary magnesium/
aluminum composite construction
These days, most 6-cylinder engines are V-6s. By contrast, BMW's 'sixes' are inline engines, noted for exceptional smoothness and unique sound. BMW customers and independent critics treasure them for these attributes, and BMW has retained the inline-6 layout while developing it toward reduced weight, more compact dimensions and even more brilliant performance, smoothness and sound. Confirming all this, AutoWeek‘s February 28, '06 issue noted (in the context of the 3 Series) that the new engine 'sounds great, wîth an emphasis on clean mechanical noise from the engine bay rather than the tone of the muffler.'

Logically, BMW's New Generation of 6-cylinder engines is designated N52. Compared to its illustrious predecessor, the M54 engine family, the N52 achieves notable progress on all fronts:
• Greater power, 255 vs. 225 hp for previous 530i, 215 vs. 184 hp for previous 525i. In the case of the new 530s, this amounts to an impressive 85 hp per liter.
• Greater torque, 220 lb-ft. vs. 214 in previous 530i, 185 lb-ft. vs. 175 in previous 525i; and even stronger torque delivery across the broad range of engine speeds.
• Higher revving ability. A 7000-rpm redline, vs. 6500 previously.
• Fuel efficiency. Though not every model or version is up, there are some impressive gains in EPA mileage ratings: 525i Sedan wîth manual transmission up 1 mpg city/1 mpg highway, wîth automatic up 2 mpg city/2 mpg highway, 530i Sedan automatic up 2 mpg city.
• Reduced weight – 22 lb. less. Had BMW engineers evolved the existing engine to meet their goals, it would have instead added about 30 lb.
• More compact – because there is just one external drive belt vs. the previous two, overall engine length is about an inch less.

Here are some details of how this dramatic progress has been achieved – over an engine that was already outstanding in all these respects.

Valvetronic variable valve lift. This patented innovation, already enhancing the performance and fuel efficiency of BMW's V-8 and V-12 engines, now appears in a BMW 6-cylinder engine as well – and in evolved form. Valvetronic varies valve lift to a far greater degree than other variable-lift systems – so much, in fact, that it replaces the traditional engine throttle. Engine breathing is controlled entirely by the valves themselves.

The Valvetronic mechanism acts on the intake valves, imposing an additional control element between the camshaft lobe and rocker arm for each cylinder, called an intermediate follower. Úpon contact by the lobe, this follower actuates a finger-type rocker arm and, in turn, the valve. The follower's pivot point is positioned by an eccentric shaft, rotated by a servo motor in response to the driver's accelerator-pedal movements; this varies the valve lift. The system's advantages include:
• Greater efficiency. As a throttle closes, it poses a restriction to incoming air. Valvetronic eliminates this restriction, reducing 'pumping losses.'
• More spontaneous engine response – again, because there is no conventional throttle.
• More power, because maximum valve lift can be higher than wîth fixed lift.
• A 'fatter' torque curve. Not only does the engine produce more torque; the torque peak occurs at a lower speed, 2750 rpm vs. the previous 3500.

Compared to the 1st-generation Valvetronic system of BMW's V-8s and V-12s, that of the N52 engine has evolved in several ways:
• Higher maximum engine speed, by making Valvetronic reciprocating parts more rigid.
• Maximum valve lift increased, contributing to the higher power output.
• Greater maximum valve acceleration. Less time is spent opening and closing the valves; thus they are effectively open longer, further reducing pumping losses.
• Phasing of intake valves. A given cylinder's two intake valves now open at different rates, resulting in a more targeted, asymmetric distribution of the fuel/air mixture; enhances fuel economy under light driving conditions.

Additional developments contribute to the new engines' performance:
• Combustion chambers have been refined.
• BMW's VANOS variable valve timing has also evolved; the range over which it varies intake-valve timing has been increased by 10 degrees.
• 3-stage induction system (530i/xi engine only). BMW 6-cylinders have long had a 2-stage system, wîth one intake-path length for lower rpm, the other for higher rpm. By providing an additional 'middle' stage, this system further optimizes torque and power delivery.
• Higher fuel-injection pressure, up from 3.5 to 5 bar (50.8 to 72.5 lb/sq in.), improves the injection spray, reducing emissions from a cold engine.
• All-new engine electronics to optimize engine behavior and performance under all operating conditions.

Únique new magnesium/aluminum
composite engine construction
Recent BMW 4-wheel vehicles (i.e. not motorcycles) have utilized three types of engine construction, all wîth aluminum cylinder heads:
• Regular-production 6-cylinder engines (3, 5, Z4, X3 and X5 Series) – aluminum block wîth cast-iron cylinder liners.
• V-8 and V-12 engines, new V-10 (5, 7 and X5 Series, M5) – aluminum block wîth integrally cast silicon-impregnated aluminum cylinder surfaces.
• M3 6-cylinder engine – cast-iron cylinder block.

With the N52 engine, BMW introduces a unique and pioneering engine structure: magnesium/aluminum composite construction, the first in a contemporary automobile. Structurally, the all-new engine block consists of three major castings:
Bedplate (magnesium alloy ). This casting forms the lower portion of the block (crankcase), and is similar in concept to an element of some racing engines – as well as the 500-hp V-10 engine powering the new BMW M5.
Úpper crankcase (magnesium alloy2). Joining the bedplate at the level of the crankshaft (main) bearings, this too is a weight-saving casting. Mounted onto the bedplate from above; combines wîth the bedplate to form the block's outer shell. The result is an ultra-rigid, yet remarkably light engine structure.
Insert (aluminum alloy). Forms the cylinders and their coolant passages. Analogous to the entire blocks of BMW‘s V-8, V-10 and V-12 engines, silicon particles are cast into this insert; a 'soft honing' machine removes just enough of the aluminum to leave the crystals as ultra-hard cylinder surfaces.

How it goes together. First, the aluminum insert is cast by conventional methods. Then, during a newly developed die-casting method, the magnesium upper shell shrinks onto the insert while cooling; structural rigidity and stability are ensured by interlocking ribs where the two castings meet.

In the next step, the upper crankcase, consisting of magnesium shell and aluminum insert, is mounted onto the magnesium bedplate from above. The sintered-steel main bearings' lower halves are in place in the bedplate, the upper halves in the upper crankcase. After the bedplate and upper crankcase have been bolted together, a liquid sealant is injected into a groove on the contact surface between the two components. Special aluminum bolts are used to attach parts, such as engine mounting brackets, to the magnesium/aluminum castings.

As the 'conventional' part of this construction, the cylinder head is of aluminum; however, the head of an inline 6-cylinder engine must be cast wîth great precision because its length implies relatively large contraction during the cooling-down process after casting. The casting process used here is called 'lost-foam.' Because all BMW gasoline engines since the 1960s have had aluminum heads, BMW's experience in this regard is long and successful; BMW has used the lost-foam method since 1997. This process, employing a polystyrene 'dummy' of the head to form the mold into which the aluminum is poured, results in highly precise casting of this critical engine component.

Other weight-saving materials. Though the magnesium/aluminum composite crankcase construction is the most conspicuous example, other materials and production innovations also help pare weight from the N52 engine. One is hollow camshafts, which save a remarkable 2.6 lb. Beginning as steel tubes, the camshafts are shaped in a hydroforming procedure, subjected from the inside to a water pressure of 4000 bar (58,000 lb./sq in.) against outer forms to achieve the cam profiles. All this takes place in a cold state – nothing melts – and as a final step the cams are polished to a finish quality of 1/1000 mm.

The engine's camshaft cover is of weight-saving magnesium. The VANOS sprockets, via which the camshaft chain drives the two variable-valve-timing mechanisms, are newly of aluminum. And the chain camshaft drive – a high-durability, low-maintenance feature of all current BMW engines – has an aluminum chain tensioner that also saves weight. Instead of being a separate casting, the camshaft drive's housing is integrally cast into the magnesium structure, eliminating a production step and sealing components. As one final weight-reducing element, the exhaust headers' flanges are formed from 2-mm-thick steel, lighter than the former 12-mm flanges; for a secure seal of this steel to the aluminum head, graphite rings are employed.

Electric coolant pump. A conventional coolant ('water') pump is driven by a belt, and always runs at a speed directly proportional to engine rpm. The N52 pump is electrically driven and electronically controlled according to the engine's coolant and oil temperatures at any moment. Thus it runs only as much as needed, consuming a maximum of 200 watts vs. up to 2 kilowatts (10 times as much) for a conventional pump. This pump has further benefits:
• By using less power, it contributes to the engine's increased power output.
• Faster engine warmup, because it doesn't pump when the engine is cold.
• Provides coolant circulation for the climate control's Heat-at-Rest feature. (With a conventional coolant pump, this needs a separate electric pump.)
• By eliminating an external drive belt, makes the engine shorter.

Variable-volume oil pump. Conventional oil pumps, too, deliver oil in direct proportion to engine speed. In order to supply the VANOS system (which employs oil pressure to vary valve timing) at all speeds and temperatures without excess capacity at high engine speeds, BMW engineers developed a new type of oil pump. By varying the output of its pump element according to engine oil pressure, the engineers achieved a pump that always delivers sufficient pressure to lubricate the engine and operate VANOS, yet never pumps more oil than is necessary. Thus it –
• Contributes to usable power, by requiring less power from the engine.
• Doesn't require a bypass to divert excess flow, which can be up to 80%. This also avoids possible excess oil temperatures and oil foaming.

Oil/coolant heat exchanger. Another aid to fast engine warmup; during this phase it transfers heat from the coolant to the oil circuit. Únder conditions of high engine power and high oil temperatures, it performs the reverse, transferring heat from the oil circuit to the coolant to remove excess heat.

525i/xi and 530i/xi: the two engine versions
A distinctive engine version powers each set of 5 Series models. Instead of the traditional correlation of model designation to engine size, each is a 3.0-liter N52, but equipped and calibrated for different levels of performance:
• 525i/xi – 215 hp @ 6250 rpm, 185 lb-ft. torque @ 2750 rpm
• 530i/xi – 255 hp @ 6600 rpm, 220 lb-ft. torque @ 2750 rpm.

Significant differences between the 525i/xi and 530i/xi engines are as follows:
• Whereas the 530 engine has the 3-stage induction system, the 525 unit has a single-stage intake manifold.
• Engine software differs between the two models.

The 550i's V-8
The 550i's predecessor was widely acclaimed by most who drove or tested the 545i, not merely for its strong, fuel-efficient power, but also for its highly pleasing sound. Car and Driver (May '04) summed it up as 'among the friendliest, most enthusiastic engines in existence.'

With 4.8 liters instead of the previous 4.4, the 550i's new V-8 delivers even more brilliant performance. Peak power is up from 325 to 360 hp; peak torque is up from 330 lb-ft. to 360. With its standard 6-speed manual transmission or available Sequential Manual Gearbox, the 550i attains 60 mph in just 5.4 sec. from rest, vs. the 545i's 5.7; wîth automatic, the new model does 0-60 in 5.5 sec. vs. 5.8 before.

Aside from such impressive test data, this evolution pays off in real-world performance, as media critics have found in their test drives:
• Edmunds.com, posted March 21, '05: 'It's refined and athletic like the old 4.4, but its torque band seems to go on forever.'
• auto motor und sport, Germany, March 2, '05: 'The more powerful V-8 engine provides not just impressive initial thrust, but also a level of response over its entire rpm range that meets high expectations.'

Just what BMW had in mind.

New-generation Dynamic Stability Control:
remarkable new braking functions
All BMW models are standard-equipped wîth Dynamic Stability Control, which provides a wide range of traction and stability functions.

While retaining all the functions or the previous DSC, a revised system appeared in the 5 Series and other BMWs last year. This Enhanced DSC adds a wide array of customer-relevant functions that make driving even safer and more pleasant. They are:
• Brake Fade Compensation. Brake fade occurs as the brakes heat up under hard use; a given degree of deceleration requires more pressure on the brake pedal. As brake temperature rises, this function automatically compensates by increasing the hydraulic pressure relative to pedal force.
• Brake Standby. When the driver lifts off the accelerator pedal abruptly, DSC recognizes that sharp braking may be about to occur and applies just enough pressure in the brake system to snug up the pads against the rotors. Thus by the time the driver's foot reaches the brake pedal, the lag time normally resulting from bringing the pad to the rotor is eliminated, reducing stopping or deceleration distance.
• Brake Drying. Acting on input from the rain sensor (an element of the standard rain-sensing windshield wipers), the pads are periodically brought up to the rotors – just enough to eliminate any film of water between pads and rotors, but not enough to cause a brake application.
• Start-off Assistant. Briefly holds the vehicle when the brakes are released while stopped facing uphill. The driver can then start up without doing a ballet wîth the clutch, brake and accelerator (manual transmission) or rolling backward on a steep hill (automatic transmission).
• Modulated ABS function. 'Analogized' control of the DSC brake valves makes the anti-lockup function (ABS) smoother. Instead of simply being fully on or off, application and release of these valves are now modulated.

Character of the 5 Series:
the essence of sport and luxury
Long one of BMW's true core products, the 5 Series elegantly defines the middle of the line wîth compact exterior dimensions, ample interior space and a masterfully calibrated blend of sport and luxury. Appearing in '04 in its current generation, the Series maintained trim exterior size while increasing interior space and introducing new technologies – including an aluminum front-end structure, available Active Steering and Active Roll Stabilization, evolved suspension and a further developed iDrive control system.

That the current generation carries on the 5 Series tradition brilliantly is supported by this quote from Motor Trend's March '05 issue: 'Here's a thoroughbred, the product of decades of setting the benchmark all other automakers' sport sedans aspire to. Just look at the stance, the way the body sits on the chassis, ready to pounce on any opportunity to show its stuff on a challenging stretch of road. The smoothness and flexibility of BMW inline-sixes are legendary, and the 225 horses of the 2979-cc engine seem more spirited than their numbers might otherwise suggest. And BMW is one of the only automakers courageous enough to offer a 6-speed manual gearbox in a $50,000 sedan. (concept carz)'

With even more powerful engines, available xDrive and the new Sports Wagon to extend its capabilities, the 5 Series is today's representative of this fine tradition.

State-of-the-art safety and security features
In terms of safety and security, the 5 Series is a state-of-the-art vehicle from a state-of-the-art vehicle maker. There are no significant changes in this area of the '07 5 Series – yet wîth its comprehensive safety features and great substance, the 5 Series remains an leader and fully representative of BMW's safety values. Key features include:
• Dual front-impact Supplementary Restraint System (SRS) wîth dual-threshold deployment, 2-stage Smart Airbags – optimized for shape and deployment characteristics.
• Front safety belts wîth automatic tensioners and force limiters – standard on all models.
• Rear safety belts wîth automatic tensioners – included wîth the optional rear-seat side-impact airbags.
• Automatic-locking retractors (ALR) on all passenger safety belts for installation of child restraint seats.
• LATCH attachments at the outboard rear seating positions for child restraint seats.
• Front-seat side-impact airbags – standard.
• Rear-seat side-impact airbags – optional at nominal extra cost, so that customers can make their own choice in this matter.
• Head Protection System – front-to-rear via BMW's Inflatable Tubular concept; a long airbag deploys from the ceiling, suspended on a 'sail.'
• Active front head restraints – included wîth the front Multi-contour seats that are optional in all 5 Series models. Responding to impact sensors at the rear of the vehicle, the head restraints instantly pivot forward into close proximity wîth the occupants' heads. Thus occupants are able, if they prefer, to adjust the restraints away from direct contact wîth their heads, yet gain optimum protection against whiplash or more serious head/neck injuries.
• Energy-absorbing padding of body-pillar and roof areas – specific padding at the A-, B- and C-pillars as well as along the roof above the doors.
• Fuel-tank design and location. Not only is the fuel tank designed to remain sealed even in severe impacts, its location has been chosen to provide optimum protection from impacts.
• Intelligent Safety and Information System (ISIS) – employing 14 sensors to achieve a precise 'tailoring' of the safety devices' deployment to actual accident circumstances.
• Battery Safety Terminal – in case of a severe accident impact, breaks the high-current connection between the battery and starter cable. This helps prevent a possible short circuit in the electrical system.
• Automatic fuel-pump shutoff upon severe accident impact. In addition, the doors are automatically unlocked; the interior lighting and 4-way hazard flashers are switched on. Thus even after an accident, BMW's safety strategy is still at work.
• Coded Driveaway Protection – BMW's rolling-code engine immobilizer.
• Central locking system wîth double-lock feature. When the vehicle is locked from the outside, the double-lock feature prevents individual door-lock buttons from being pulled up; thus even if a thief has broken into the car, it isn't possible to open the doors. Owners, however, have access to information on how to get out if one is locked in the vehicle from the outside.
• Alarm system wîth interior motion detector – standard on the 5 Series.

Options:
possibilities new and familiar
Changes to the 5 Series array of Packages and stand-alone options are limited but still significant. In addition to the previously discussed Night Vision, options include the availability of HD radio. For 2007, Package highlights include substitution of 20-way Multi-contour seats for the previous sport seats, and the addition of a 3-spoke sport §teering wheel in the Sport Packages.

Packages:
Premium Package (525i/xi and 530i/xi models). Combines luxury and convenience features:
For all models –
• Leather upholstery
• BMW Úniversal Transceiver, a 3-function remote for garage doors and other external devices
• Auto-dimming interior and exterior mirrors, now including a power-fold feature
Additionally for 525i and 525xi models –
• 4-way power lumbar support for the front seats, which is standard in the 530s.
Additionally for 530xi Sports Wagon
• Power tailgate. Released from the interior or exterior switch or the remote, the tailgate opens electrohydraulically. Closing is from the exterior button.
Sport Package. Comes in essentially two forms, one for rear- and one for all-wheel-drive models:
Rear-wheel-drive models –
• Active Roll Stabilization, which dramatically reduces body roll in corners and curves
• Sport suspension calibration
• Sport wheels and tires:
525i Sedan – 17 x 8.0 wheels, 245/45R-17 W-rated run-flat performance tires
530i Sedan – 18 x 8.0 wheels, 245/40R-18 W-rated run-flat performance tires 3
550i Sedan – 18 x 8.0 front/18 x 9.0 rear wheels; 245/40R-18 front / 275/35R-18 rear run-flat performance tires 3
• High-gloss Shadowline exterior trim – all-black around the side windows replaces the standard black-plus-chrome window framing
• 20-way power front Multi-contour seats, in place of the standard 10-way power seats
• 3-spoke sport §teering wheel
All-wheel-drive models –
• Includes only the exterior and interior features; no sport suspension or Active Roll Stabilization
• For all-weather attributes, retains standard wheels and all-season tires. Wheels described for 525i and 530i Sedans are available on 525xi Sedan, 530xi Sedan and 530xi Sports Wagon as stand-alone options in combination wîth the Sport Package.
Cold Weather Package. Combines weather- and versatility-oriented features:
For all models –
• Heated front seats, wîth variable heating balance via iDrive
• Heated §teering wheel
• Headlight cleaning system, wîth retracting high-intensity liquid jets.
For 530xi Sports Wagon only –
• Ski bag.

Stand-alone options:
STEPTRONIC automatic transmission – 6-speed, like all 5 Series transmissions.
Sequential Manual Gearbox (SMG) – 530i and 550i Sedans only; requires the Sport Package.
Active Cruise Control. Employing a radar sensor unit at the front of the vehicle, ACC senses the speed of vehicles traveling ahead, adjusts the BMW driver's speed to maintain following distance, and offers the driver additional control choices over the standard cruise control.
Active Steering. Offered on RWD models only; offers unique benefits:
• Widely variable §teering ratio; §teering-wheel movements for parking maneuvers, Ú-turns and sharp corners are greatly reduced for amazing agility. With increasing vehicle speed, the §teering becomes 'slower,' favoring stability over agility.
• Vehicle stabilization; in critical situations, can intervene to preserve stability. For example, if the driver applies the brakes while driving on a surface wîth uneven traction (one side of the road slick, the other grippy), Active Steering can recognize incipient instability and steer against it.
Park Distance Control employs ultrasonic sensors in the front and rear bumpers to detect obstacles not be visible to the driver; emits an acoustic warning. Includes a vehicle diagram in the iDrive display, which graphically depicts obstacles' locations. Standard on 550i.
Xenon Adaptive headlights wîth auto-leveling. Stronger, daylight-like illumination; headlights 'steer' to enhance the driver's view around curves and corners. Optional on 525i/xi models, standard on 530i/xi models and 550i.
Leather upholstery – though included in the Premium Package, also available as a stand-alone option. Standard on 550i.
Maple Anthracite wood interior trim. With its gray color and 'striped' grain, a distinctive alternative to the standard (and also elegant) Dark Poplar.
20-way front Multi-contour seats. In addition to the standard seats' 10-way power adjustments, the 20-way power adjustments of these remarkable and comprehensive luxury seats include –
• Thigh support
• Angle of articulated upper backrest section, independently from overall backrest angle
• Backrest width (the backrests' side bolsters spread or narrow to accommodate the occupants' back and shoulders)
• 4-way power lumbar support, which is standard in the 530 models and 550i.
Split folding rear seats and ski bag for the Sedans.
Heated front seats as a stand-alone option.
Heated rear seats, available for all models in combination wîth the Cold Weather Package.
BMW On-board Navigation System. The standard iDrive system has a 6.5-in. control display (color monitor) at dash center and a turn-and-push controller between the front seats. This option includes an 8.5-in., higher-resolution control display plus:
• GPS Navigation wîth DVD database
• Voice Command activation of features
• Real Time Traffic Information, which provides up-to-the-minute information on traffic and road conditions
• Controller wîth Force Feedback (adds tactile feedback to controller movements).
Head-up Display – displays important driving-related information on a 6 x 3-in. field in the windshield, just below the driver's normal line of sight to the road ahead:
• Check Control and On-board Computer warnings, prioritized according to their urgency, such as vehicle defects, engine-oil level, low windshield-washer fluid
• Navigation instructions
• Cruise-control set speed (standard or Active Cruise Control)
• Current vehicle speed.

Night Vision. Previously described.
Logic7 Sound System
Úpgrades the entire audio system wîth –
• Increased audio power
• Even higher-caliber speakers, plus additional speakers (total 13 in Coupe, 11 in Convertible, vs. standard 8)
• Digital Sound Processing (DSP), adjusted along wîth other Logic 7 parameters on iDrive monitor
• Surround Sound simulation.

Source - BMW

Five Times Around. History of the BMW 5 Series.

Sales of the BMW 5 Series already amount to more than 5.5 million units in five model generations – and now a new chapter is starting in the highly successful story of the BMW 5 Series Sedan.

While the sixth generation naturally follows the great heritage of its predecessors, its roots go back much further. As early as in the 1960s, BMW developed a strong and distinctive profile as a manufacturer of sporting but elegant, powerful and technically innovative midrange four-door sedans. Introducing a four-door notchback body, engines fitted lengthwise at the front, rear-wheel drive and an elaborate suspension, BMW established a classical principle at the time which remains highly attractive and fully endorsed to this very day.

It was at that time that the BMW 1500, the BMW 1800 and the BMW 2000 entered the market as the 'New Range', establishing the most successful model series BMW had ever seen up to that point. The competence in the development and production of saloons demonstrated by BMW wîth these models gave the Company a worldwide breakthrough as a manufacturer of modern and highly desirable automobiles wîth very individual characteristics.

Switching from the New Range to the BMW 5 Series in 1972, BMW introduced not only new nomenclature, but also a new era in design.

Indeed, the number '5' immediately became the synonym for unmistakable driving pleasure in this §egmènt. Ever since, the BMW 5 Series has stood for sedans which, through their design, offer particularly harmonious balance of sportiness and elegance authentically reflecting a unique combination of driving dynamics and motoring comfort ensured by superior drivetrain and suspension technology. The BMW 5 Series therefore offers a particularly concentrated rendition of the outstanding competence in development of this leading car maker from Munich.

1972: the BMW 5 Series makes its debut.

The BMW 520 and the BMW 520i wîth four-cylinder power units developing 115 and, respectively, 130 hp were presented at the 1972 Frankfurt Motor Show as the successors to the New Range. The model designation introduced a new concept determining the nomenclature of BMW cars to this very day, wîth the '5' at the beginning specifying the series as such and the two following numbers indicating the displacement of the respective model. At the same time these model designations brought back memories of legendary BMWs in the 1950s such as the BMW 501 'Baroque Angel' and the iconic BMW 507 sports car.

In its design, the first BMW 5 Series stood out from the start through its stretched and sleek lines, large windows and low waistline. As design elements typical of the brand, the dual headlights and the Hofmeister kick in the C-pillar were re-interpreted in new style and technology, French designer Paul Bracq thus setting the foundation for the design language of BMW so characteristic in the 1970s. To precisely calculate the car's deformation zones in the interest of superior occupant safety, BMW's engineers for the first time used superior computer technology to a large extent.

Introduction of the BMW 525 in the second year of production hailed the entry of the first six-cylinder into the market. The powerful and, at the same time, refined engine featured in this top model delivered an impressive 145 hp. This wish for additional power became one of the most important reasons for expanding the model range also in the years to come, BMW Motorsport GmbH established in 1972 providing particularly spectacular input by presenting the BMW M535i wîth its 160 kW/218 hp six-cylinder in 1980.

1981: second generation, first diesel.

Accounting for sales of almost 700,000 units, the first generation of the BMW 5 Series more than doubled the success of the New Range in the market. The next model launched in 1982 then continued this story of success, remaining faithful in its design to the principle of clear lines and large windows.

With its even more striking design front and rear, the new BMW 5 Series, despite its exterior dimensions remaining almost identical, offered far greater presence and flair on the road. Engineering refinements and intelligent lightweight technology provided more space within the interior, optimum weight and improved occupant safety. The newly developed suspension wîth its double-joint front axle and semi-trailing arm rear axle served in particular to enhance the motoring comfort offered by the new model. Modern electronic systems were also introduced into the BMW 5 Series at this point, ranging from anti-lock brakes via an on-board computer all the way to electronic fuel injection.

Right from the start upon its introduction into the market, the new sedan came wîth a broad model range and engines extending from 90 to 184 hp. A particularly sporting version was introduced in 1984, even though the 218 hp BMW M535i was not the last word from Motorsport GmbH this time. Instead, Motorsport GmbH proudly presented the very epitome of the Sports Sedan at the 1985 Frankfurt Motor Show, the BMW M5. Hardly distinguishable from the other models when considered from outside, the BMW M5 was optimised throughout beneath its sheet metal for uncompromising driving dynamics. Power came from a straight-six boasting four-valve technology and no less than six throttle butterflies. Output of this drive unit derived from the legendary BMW M1 was 286 hp, developing supreme thrust and performance previously offered by only the most thoroughbred sports cars.

The decision taken by BMW in 1983 to enter the fiercely contested diesel market wîth the BMW 524td was almost a revolution. To offer the character so typical of the brand also wîth a diesel, the only option was obviously to give the car a powerful and refined turbodiesel engine. The 2.4-litre straight-six developing maximum output of 115 hp fulfilled these requirements in a truly ideal manner, the BMW 524td offering the best performance of all diesels in its §egmènt and, at the same time, the highest standard of fuel efficiency. Clearly, even diesel sceptics were impressed by this innovative combination of superior muscle and equally outstanding economy.

Entry into the diesel market was not the only option for BMW to bring together sporting performance and superior economy. On the contrary – precisely at this time BMW had already completed a large number of studies and innovations in developing particularly fuel-efficient technologies and lòòking for alternative sources of energy. Many of these innovations went into series production in the course of time, others set the foundation for long-term research projects. One example is the hydrogen-powered test car presented as early as in 1976 on the basis of the first-generation BMW 5 Series.

Apart from the turbodiesel, a particularly efficient petrol version of the
BMW 5 Series proved suitable for series production right from the start: The BMW 525e was powered by a six-cylinder designed and built consistently for superior traction and economy all in one. Displacing 2.7 litres, the power unit named after the Greek letter 'eta' also known as the symbol for efficiency developed maximum output of 125 hp at an engine speed of 4,250 rpm, wîth peak torque of 240 Newton-metres/177 lb-ft at just 3,250 rpm. New engine electronics, optimised weight and a five-speed transmission wîth an overdrive economy function were further features helping to give this model outstanding efficiency.

The second generation of the BMW 5 Series was replaced after seven years of production. By this time sales had amounted to more than 722.000 units, again setting a new record.

1988: third generation of the BMW 5 Series – for the first time also as the Touring.

With BMW having started the introduction of catalyst technology back in 1984, the third-generation BMW 5 Series was fitted from the start exclusively wîth this high standard of emission management. The first models available from the beginning in 1988 were the BMW 520i, the BMW 525i, the BMW 530i, the BMW 535i, and the BMW 524td) – all wîth six cylinders and electronic fuel injection. The power range extended from 115 all the way to 211 hp.

A new BMW M5 was also introduced at an early point, wîth engine output of 315 hp further increased to 340 hp in 1992.

The two eight-cylinder BMW 530i and BMW 540i followed in 1992, wîth the BMW 518i being introduced in 1993 as the entry-level model wîth a four-cylinder power unit. In the meantime, the six-cylinder engines, benefiting from four-valve technology and variable Vanos camshaft management, had gained even greater power, torque and efficiency.

With its precisely defined deformation zones and even stiffer passenger cell, the third generation of the BMW 5 Series set new standards in the area of occupant safety. As an option the elaborately refined suspension was available wîth electronically controlled dampers, a further option being speed-related Servotronic §teering assistance. ASC Automatic Stability Control was also available for the first time in addition to the anti-lock brake system.

The first BMW 5 Series wîth electronically all-wheel drive was launched in 1991, the concept of fully variable power distribution from front to rear, together wîth a rear axle differential lock, proving right from the start in the first comparative tests to be superior to all four-wheel-drive systems available so far.

Compared wîth its predecessor, the third-generation BMW 5 Series was significantly longer and came wîth a lot more space inside, also thanks to its brand-new design. Indeed, the new sedan created under the guidance of Chief Designer Claus Luthe combined sporting elegance and flowing lines wîth a distinctive wedge shape. This stylish character was then carried over by the designers to the first BMW 5 Series Touring, this unique five-door revealed at the 1992 Frankfurt Motor Show offering a brand-new look and brand-new features behind the B-pillar.

With sound insulation being given particular significance, the level of sound within the body was virtually the same as in the sedan even though the generous space inside obviously formed an ideal resonance body for acoustic effect and disturbance. The BMW 5 Series Touring was fitted from the start wîth self-levelling on the rear axle.

The Touring model was available wîth nearly all the engines also offered on the sedan, and as an option also came wîth all-wheel drive. A BMW M5 Touring joined the range in 1992, successful sales of this five-door clearly confirming BMW's concept to combine additional practical value wîth attractive design: Overall sales of the BMW 5 Series Touring up to 1996 amounted to approximately 125,000 units, and total sales of the third-generation BMW 5 Series were more than 1.3 million units the world over.

1995: the fourth generation – for the first time wîth light-alloy suspension.

The fourth generation of the BMW 5 Series made its debut at the 1995 Frankfurt Motor Show, offering an evolutionary development through its design of the former model wîth its sporting and elegant style. A particular feature at the front was the dual round headlights behind a glass cover, wîth the light rings for the positioning and daytime driving lights so typical of BMW being added in the year 2000.

Both the sedan and the Touring introduced in 1997 once again offered even more space within the passenger compartment. Boasting features such as a multifunction §teering wheel, a navigation system, active seats and Dynamic Stability Control, the BMW 5 Series was acknowledged as a particularly outstanding high-tech representative of its §egmènt.

In the interest of enhanced driving dynamics and safety, the body came wîth a significant increase in torsional stiffness over the former model, and the fourth-generation BMW 5 Series was the first large-scale production car worldwide made almost completely of light alloy. The newly developed all-aluminium power units also helped to significantly reduce the weight of the car.

The new model entered the market wîth straight-six power units delivering maximum output from 150 to 193 hp. Technical innovations gave both the petrol and diesel engines even more power on further reduced fuel consumption. Two V8 engines were introduced once again in 1996, wîth the new BMW M5 entering the market in 1998 wîth the most powerful production engine built by BMW up to that time: this 294 kW/400 hp power unit came, among other highlights, wîth features such as oil supply controlled for centrifugal forces and electronically controlled individual throttle butterflies.

The fourth generation of the BMW 5 Series once again set up a new sales record accounting for 1.47 million units sold up to the end of production in early 2004.

2003: the fifth-generation BMW 5 Series – progressive and efficient.

From the start, the fifth generation of the BMW 5 Series introduced in 2003 stood out through its impressive design and innovative technology. Once again, both the sedan and the Touring launched in 2004 set new standards in terms of active safety, driver assistance systems, and efficiency. BMW's typical design language wîth convex and concave surfaces as well as flowing transitions from the front and side to the rear gave the fifth edition of the BMW 5 Series a particularly characteristic note, the interior wîth its clear-cut functions highlighting above all the iDrive control system featured as standard.

Engines wîth an aluminium or, respectively, a composite aluminium/magnesium crankcase as well as the lightweight aluminium front section of the car ensured a particularly good balance of weight front-to-rear. Another important component newly developed at the time was the integral rear axle likewise made of aluminium

DSC Dynamic Stability Control was yet another significant innovation contributing to the car's excellent suspension technology, particularly through its enhanced range of functions. The same superiority was provided for the first time by Active Steering and Adaptive Drive wîth electronic damper adjustment and anti-roll stability management. As highlights in the area of driver assistance, the fifth-generation BMW 5 Series also featured cutting-edge technologies such as the Head-Úp Display and BMW Night Vision, Active Cruise Control wîth Stop & Go and Lane Departure Warning introduced as new systems in the car.

The range of engines in the BMW 5 Series was expanded to six petrol and four diesel engines extending from 125 kW/170 hp in the BMW 520i all the way to 270 kW/367 hp in the BMW 550i. The BMW M5 and the BMW M5 Touring, in turn, came wîth a 5.0-litre V10 high-speed power unit boasting individual throttle butterflies and dynamic oil supply, wîth maximum output of 373 kW/507 hp.

Starting in 2007, all versions of the fifth-generation BMW 5 Series were enhanced as standard through a wide range of BMW EfficientDynamics technologies varying appropriately from one model to another. Innovations such as Brake Energy Regeneration, a gearshift point indicator, active air flap control and on-demand ancillaries gave all models in their respective class an unparalleled balance of performance and fuel economy. The ultimate benchmark for efficiency in the upper midrange §egmènt was in particular the BMW 520d returning average fuel consumption in the EÚ test cycle of 5.1 litres/100 kilometres (equal to 55.4 mpg imp) and a CO2 emission rating of 136 grams per kilometre as record figures in this §egmènt despite engine output of 130 kW/177 hp.

Offering striking design, innovative technology and outstanding efficiency,
the fifth generation of the BMW 5 Series consistently continued the victorious history of this model family. From 2005 to 2008, the BMW 5 Series was the best-selling car in its §egmènt for four years in a row, wîth worldwide sales of this model generation amounting to more than a million units by the end of 2007. Just a bit later, in January 2008, BMW Plant Dingolfing was able to celebrate a particularly impressive anniversary, wîth five million BMW 5 Series having come off the production line in Dingolfing since 1973.

Munich . Sales of the BMW 5 Series already amount to more than 5.5 million units in five model generations – and now a new chapter is starting in the highly successful story of the BMW 5 Series Sedan.

While the sixth generation naturally follows the great heritage of its predecessors, its roots go back much further. As early as in the 1960s, BMW developed a strong and distinctive profile as a manufacturer of sporting but elegant, powerful and technically innovative midrange four-door sedans. Introducing a four-door notchback body, engines fitted lengthwise at the front, rear-wheel drive and an elaborate suspension, BMW established a classical principle at the time which remains highly attractive and fully endorsed to this very day.

It was at that time that the BMW 1500, the BMW 1800 and the BMW 2000 entered the market as the 'New Range', establishing the most successful model series BMW had ever seen up to that point. The competence in the development and production of saloons demonstrated by BMW wîth these models gave the Company a worldwide breakthrough as a manufacturer of modern and highly desirable automobiles wîth very individual characteristics.

Switching from the New Range to the BMW 5 Series in 1972, BMW introduced not only new nomenclature, but also a new era in design.
Indeed, the number '5' immediately became the synonym for unmistakable driving pleasure in this §egmènt. Ever since, the BMW 5 Series has stood for sedans which, through their design, offer particularly harmonious balance of sportiness and elegance authentically reflecting a unique combination of driving dynamics and motoring comfort ensured by superior drivetrain and suspension technology. The BMW 5 Series therefore offers a particularly concentrated rendition of the outstanding competence in development of this leading car maker from Munich.

1972: the BMW 5 Series makes its debut.


The BMW 520 and the BMW 520i wîth four-cylinder power units developing 115 and, respectively, 130 hp were presented at the 1972 Frankfurt Motor Show as the successors to the New Range. The model designation introduced a new concept determining the nomenclature of BMW cars to this very day, wîth the '5' at the beginning specifying the series as such and the two following numbers indicating the displacement of the respective model. At the same time these model designations brought back memories of legendary BMWs in the 1950s such as the BMW 501 'Baroque Angel' and the iconic BMW 507 sports car.

In its design, the first BMW 5 Series stood out from the start through its stretched and sleek lines, large windows and low waistline. As design elements typical of the brand, the dual headlights and the Hofmeister kick in the C-pillar were re-interpreted in new style and technology, French designer Paul Bracq thus setting the foundation for the design language of BMW so characteristic in the 1970s. To precisely calculate the car's deformation zones in the interest of superior occupant safety, BMW's engineers for the first time used superior computer technology to a large extent.

Introduction of the BMW 525 in the second year of production hailed the entry of the first six-cylinder into the market. The powerful and, at the same time, refined engine featured in this top model delivered an impressive 145 hp. This wish for additional power became one of the most important reasons for expanding the model range also in the years to come, BMW Motorsport GmbH established in 1972 providing particularly spectacular input by presenting the BMW M535i wîth its 160 kW/218 hp six-cylinder in 1980.

1981: second generation, first diesel.

Accounting for sales of almost 700,000 units, the first generation of the BMW 5 Series more than doubled the success of the New Range in the market. The next model launched in 1982 then continued this story of success, remaining faithful in its design to the principle of clear lines and large windows.

With its even more striking design front and rear, the new BMW 5 Series, despite its exterior dimensions remaining almost identical, offered far greater presence and flair on the road. Engineering refinements and intelligent lightweight technology provided more space within the interior, optimum weight and improved occupant safety. The newly developed suspension wîth its double-joint front axle and semi-trailing arm rear axle served in particular to enhance the motoring comfort offered by the new model. Modern electronic systems were also introduced into the BMW 5 Series at this point, ranging from anti-lock brakes via an on-board computer all the way to electronic fuel injection.

Right from the start upon its introduction into the market, the new sedan came wîth a broad model range and engines extending from 90 to 184 hp. A particularly sporting version was introduced in 1984, even though the 218 hp BMW M535i was not the last word from Motorsport GmbH this time. Instead, Motorsport GmbH proudly presented the very epitome of the Sports Sedan at the 1985 Frankfurt Motor Show, the BMW M5. Hardly distinguishable from the other models when considered from outside, the BMW M5 was optimised throughout beneath its sheet metal for uncompromising driving dynamics. Power came from a straight-six boasting four-valve technology and no less than six throttle butterflies. Output of this drive unit derived from the legendary BMW M1 was 286 hp, developing supreme thrust and performance previously offered by only the most thoroughbred sports cars.

The decision taken by BMW in 1983 to enter the fiercely contested diesel market wîth the BMW 524td was almost a revolution. To offer the character so typical of the brand also wîth a diesel, the only option was obviously to give the car a powerful and refined turbodiesel engine. The 2.4-litre straight-six developing maximum output of 115 hp fulfilled these requirements in a truly ideal manner, the BMW 524td offering the best performance of all diesels in its §egmènt and, at the same time, the highest standard of fuel efficiency. Clearly, even diesel sceptics were impressed by this innovative combination of superior muscle and equally outstanding economy.

Entry into the diesel market was not the only option for BMW to bring together sporting performance and superior economy. On the contrary – precisely at this time BMW had already completed a large number of studies and innovations in developing particularly fuel-efficient technologies and lòòking for alternative sources of energy. Many of these innovations went into series production in the course of time, others set the foundation for long-term research projects. One example is the hydrogen-powered test car presented as early as in 1976 on the basis of the first-generation BMW 5 Series.

Apart from the turbodiesel, a particularly efficient petrol version of the
BMW 5 Series proved suitable for series production right from the start: The BMW 525e was powered by a six-cylinder designed and built consistently for superior traction and economy all in one. Displacing 2.7 litres, the power unit named after the Greek letter 'eta' also known as the symbol for efficiency developed maximum output of 125 hp at an engine speed of 4,250 rpm, wîth peak torque of 240 Newton-metres/177 lb-ft at just 3,250 rpm. New engine electronics, optimised weight and a five-speed transmission wîth an overdrive economy function were further features helping to give this model outstanding efficiency.

The second generation of the BMW 5 Series was replaced after seven years of production. By this time sales had amounted to more than 722.000 units, again setting a new record.

1988: third generation of the BMW 5 Series – for the first time also as the Touring.

With BMW having started the introduction of catalyst technology back in 1984, the third-generation BMW 5 Series was fitted from the start exclusively wîth this high standard of emission management. The first models available from the beginning in 1988 were the BMW 520i, the BMW 525i, the BMW 530i, the BMW 535i, and the BMW 524td) – all wîth six cylinders and electronic fuel injection. The power range extended from 115 all the way to 211 hp.

A new BMW M5 was also introduced at an early point, wîth engine output of 315 hp further increased to 340 hp in 1992.

The two eight-cylinder BMW 530i and BMW 540i followed in 1992, wîth the BMW 518i being introduced in 1993 as the entry-level model wîth a four-cylinder power unit. In the meantime, the six-cylinder engines, benefiting from four-valve technology and variable Vanos camshaft management, had gained even greater power, torque and efficiency.

With its precisely defined deformation zones and even stiffer passenger cell, the third generation of the BMW 5 Series set new standards in the area of occupant safety. As an option the elaborately refined suspension was available wîth electronically controlled dampers, a further option being speed-related Servotronic §teering assistance. ASC Automatic Stability Control was also available for the first time in addition to the anti-lock brake system.

The first BMW 5 Series wîth electronically all-wheel drive was launched in 1991, the concept of fully variable power distribution from front to rear, together wîth a rear axle differential lock, proving right from the start in the first comparative tests to be superior to all four-wheel-drive systems available so far.

Compared wîth its predecessor, the third-generation BMW 5 Series was significantly longer and came wîth a lot more space inside, also thanks to its brand-new design. Indeed, the new sedan created under the guidance of Chief Designer Claus Luthe combined sporting elegance and flowing lines wîth a distinctive wedge shape. This stylish character was then carried over by the designers to the first BMW 5 Series Touring, this unique five-door revealed at the 1992 Frankfurt Motor Show offering a brand-new look and brand-new features behind the B-pillar.

With sound insulation being given particular significance, the level of sound within the body was virtually the same as in the sedan even though the generous space inside obviously formed an ideal resonance body for acoustic effect and disturbance. The BMW 5 Series Touring was fitted from the start wîth self-levelling on the rear axle.

The Touring model was available wîth nearly all the engines also offered on the sedan, and as an option also came wîth all-wheel drive. A BMW M5 Touring joined the range in 1992, successful sales of this five-door clearly confirming BMW's concept to combine additional practical value wîth attractive design: Overall sales of the BMW 5 Series Touring up to 1996 amounted to approximately 125,000 units, and total sales of the third-generation BMW 5 Series were more than 1.3 million units the world over.

1995: the fourth generation – for the first time wîth light-alloy suspension.

The fourth generation of the BMW 5 Series made its debut at the 1995 Frankfurt Motor Show, offering an evolutionary development through its design of the former model wîth its sporting and elegant style. A particular feature at the front was the dual round headlights behind a glass cover, wîth the light rings for the positioning and daytime driving lights so typical of BMW being added in the year 2000.

Both the sedan and the Touring introduced in 1997 once again offered even more space within the passenger compartment. Boasting features such as a multifunction §teering wheel, a navigation system, active seats and Dynamic Stability Control, the BMW 5 Series was acknowledged as a particularly outstanding high-tech representative of its §egmènt.

In the interest of enhanced driving dynamics and safety, the body came wîth a significant increase in torsional stiffness over the former model, and the fourth-generation BMW 5 Series was the first large-scale production car worldwide made almost completely of light alloy. The newly developed all-aluminium power units also helped to significantly reduce the weight of the car.

The new model entered the market wîth straight-six power units delivering maximum output from 150 to 193 hp. Technical innovations gave both the petrol and diesel engines even more power on further reduced fuel consumption. Two V8 engines were introduced once again in 1996, wîth the new BMW M5 entering the market in 1998 wîth the most powerful production engine built by BMW up to that time: this 294 kW/400 hp power unit came, among other highlights, wîth features such as oil supply controlled for centrifugal forces and electronically controlled individual throttle butterflies.

The fourth generation of the BMW 5 Series once again set up a new sales record accounting for 1.47 million units sold up to the end of production in early 2004.

2003: the fifth-generation BMW 5 Series – progressive and efficient.

From the start, the fifth generation of the BMW 5 Series introduced in 2003 stood out through its impressive design and innovative technology. Once again, both the sedan and the Touring launched in 2004 set new standards in terms of active safety, driver assistance systems, and efficiency. BMW's typical design language wîth convex and concave surfaces as well as flowing transitions from the front and side to the rear gave the fifth edition of the BMW 5 Series a particularly characteristic note, the interior wîth its clear-cut functions highlighting above all the iDrive control system featured as standard.

Engines wîth an aluminium or, respectively, a composite aluminium/magnesium crankcase as well as the lightweight aluminium front section of the car ensured a particularly good balance of weight front-to-rear. Another important component newly developed at the time was the integral rear axle likewise made of aluminium

DSC Dynamic Stability Control was yet another significant innovation contributing to the car's excellent suspension technology, particularly through its enhanced range of functions. The same superiority was provided for the first time by Active Steering and Adaptive Drive wîth electronic damper adjustment and anti-roll stability management. As highlights in the area of driver assistance, the fifth-generation BMW 5 Series also featured cutting-edge technologies such as the Head-Úp Display and BMW Night Vision, Active Cruise Control wîth Stop & Go and Lane Departure Warning introduced as new systems in
the car.

The range of engines in the BMW 5 Series was expanded to six petrol and four diesel engines extending from 125 kW/170 hp in the BMW 520i all the way to 270 kW/367 hp in the BMW 550i. The BMW M5 and the BMW M5 Touring, in turn, came wîth a 5.0-litre V10 high-speed power unit boasting individual throttle butterflies and dynamic oil supply, wîth maximum output of 373 kW/507 hp.

Starting in 2007, all versions of the fifth-generation BMW 5 Series were enhanced as standard through a wide range of BMW EfficientDynamics technologies varying appropriately from one model to another. Innovations such as Brake Energy Regeneration, a gearshift point indicator, active air flap control and on-demand ancillaries gave all models in their respective class an unparalleled balance of performance and fuel economy. The ultimate benchmark for efficiency in the upper midrange §egmènt was in particular the BMW 520d returning average fuel consumption in the EÚ test cycle of 5.1 litres/100 kilometres (equal to 55.4 mpg imp) and a CO2 emission rating of 136 grams per kilometre as record figures in this §egmènt despite engine output of 130 kW/177 hp.

Offering striking design, innovative technology and outstanding efficiency,
the fifth generation of the BMW 5 Series consistently continued the victorious history of this model family. From 2005 to 2008, the BMW 5 Series was
the best-selling car in its §egmènt for four years in a row, wîth worldwide sales
of this model generation amounting to more than a million units by the
end of 2007. Just a bit later, in January 2008, BMW Plant Dingolfing was able to celebrate a particularly impressive anniversary, wîth five million
BMW 5 Series having come off the production line in Dingolfing since 1973.

Source - BMW
Producing nearly fifty percent of BMW's total profits in 2010, the 5-Series has been produced since 1972 and is currently in its sixth generation. For more than thirty years the 5 Series has been the 'archetypical sport sedan' in its form, structure, performance and excellence. An executive car, the 5-Series is produced in both sedan and touring body styles. Following the 3-Series closely in popularity, the 5-sereies is BMW's second best-selling model. Replacing the dated four-door New Class sedans, the 5-Series received its name by being the fifth of the 'new series' cars after the V7 and Isetta era, a practice that was introduced with the E12 5-Series. In 2008 the 5 millionth 5-Series was produced, a 530d Saloon resplendent in Carbon Black Metallic.

Riding on a 102.4-inch wheelbase, the E12 5-Series was introduced in 1972 and would be produced until 1981. During its nine-year production run a total of 699,094 models were constructed. Measuring 181.1 inches in length and 66.5 inches wide, the E12 5-Series models had a height of 56.1 inches. The first series to carry the 5-Series name, the E12 was a replacement for the BMW New Class mid-side sedan. Smaller than the big BMW E3 sedan, the Series was bigger than the two-door 2002 models.

Paul Bracq and Pietro Frua were responsible for the styling of the first generation 5-Series, basing the design on the Bertone 1970 BMW Garmisch 2002ti Geneva show car. Only available with a manual transmission, the E12 was limited to only the sedan body style. US and Japan only versions could opt for an automatic transmission. The only engine available for the first year of production was a 2.0-liter four that produced 115 hp. The front suspension was a pair of basic MacPherson struts while the independent rear was supported by a set of semi-trailing arms. Quite possibly the quietest and most refined four-wheel disc brakes yet produced by BMW; they were effective and worked well with the taut unibody structure.

The 5-Series was a much simpler and cheaper car to produce compared to other BMWs, and that resulted in substantial profits. This new series was also much more contemporary in design than other BMW sedans, which was monumental in refreshing the drab BMW image from the 1970.

In 1975 the 5 Series was brought to the U.S. when the 3.0Si's SOHC 3.0-liter, straight six installed to produce 530i. Designed specifically for America, the large engine was popular in the U.S. due to then-new emissions regulations that were affecting engine outputs. The 530i's 176 hp was impressive by 1970's standards for a 3.0-liter engine. Road & Track tested the 530i and achieved 0-60 mph in 10.2 seconds, while Motor Trend did it in 9.7 seconds. The BMW 530i was an instant hit and had a base price around $9,097.


Not many changes were made until 1977 when a slight restyling included the front grille's distinctive twin kidney center becoming taller and more prominent, which led to a new narrow raised center along the hood. Other changes included redesigned larger taillights.

In 1979 BMW introduced the 528i for the American market. The 2.8-liter inline six engine was rated at 169 hp and had the use of a catalytic converter and other new emissions technologies and a new five-speed manual transmission, which actually improved drivability, performance and fuel-economy. Road and Track tested a BMW 528i and reached 0-60 mph in only 8.2 seconds.

The E12 M535i was seen as the predecessor to the M5 though there was no E12 M5 produced. Though it never came the U.S. the M535i was the first product of the BMW Motorsport division that reached consumers and proved to be one of the most significant 5 Series models ever during 1979. Producing 218 hp the M535i featured a large-bore/short-stroke version of straight six displacing 3.5 liters. Only available in Europe, the M535i was only backed by a close-coupled five-speed manual transmission. This would be the prototype for M cars to closely follow, the M1, M3, M5 and M6. It was considered by many to be the most desirable of all the original E12 5 Series cars.

Introduced in 1981 was the second-generation BMW 5-Series, the E28, with a very conservative redesign. Riding on a slightly larger wheelbase of 103.5 inches, the E28 was produced until 1988 with a total of 722,328 model produced. The BMW E28 grew compared to the E12, with a width of 67 inches and a length of 182 inches. Styling updates this year included large rectangular taillights, updated headlights and thicker rubber bumper surrounds. The E28's windshield, roof and doors were either a carryover or only slightly modified.

Under the hood updates included a six-cylinder diesel engine in both turbocharged and naturally aspirated forms, and an automatic transmission. The front struts incorporated a double pivot universal joint and angled coil springs now. The weight was dropped anywhere from 132 and 200 pounds depending on the models thanks to the use of new materials and advanced construction techniques. The padding was increased on the interior of the car to reduce the number of protruding bits. A new electronics system was implemented with a service interval indicator and an optional antilock braking system.

U.S. spec E28's received the new 2.7-liter 'eta' inline six engine. Rated at 121 hp the 528 e was the only E28 sold in the U.S. at first. The eta engine was coupled to either a five-speed manual or a three-speed automatic transmission. The following year in 1984 a four-speed automatic transmission was added to the options list for both the 528e and 533i. Not many other changes were made this year.

The E28 M5 was at the head of the M5 lineup and was powered by the S38 six-cylinder engine. The European spec E28 M5 was the considered to be the fastest production sedan in the world during its launch in 1984. Powered with the DOHC, 24-valve, 3.5-liter Motorsports version of the BMW straight six, the M5 had an impressive 286 hp available.

A third 5 Series model was launched for the American market in 1985. The biggest engine yet offered, the new model was powered by a new 3.4-liter, 182-hp version of the SOHC six installed in the 535i, which replaced the 533i. Placing a 2.4-liter, turbocharged diesel inline-six engine under the hood was the new model 524td. The slowest BMW 5 Series model, the 524td was only produced with four-speed automatic transmission producing a measly 114 hp.

The following year antilock brakes became standard on the 528e and 524td. Before the beginning of the 1987 model year the diesel 5 Series quickly disappeared. Taking its place was a new 535iS model placed at the top of the range and sporting a front air dam and rear spoiler. The following year not many changes were made, except for the introduction of the impressive M5 to the U.S. with mind-blowing performance. American's emissions required that the U.S. spec version be the 3.5-liter, DOHC, 24-valve six engine output of 256 hp.

With over a million of this series produced, the third-generation BMW E34 was introduced in 1988, truly an all-new vehicle. Riding on a 108.7-inch wheelbase, the E34 featured a much more streamlined body than its predecessor. Gently curved and more aerodynamic, the E34 had a drag coefficient between 0.30 and 0.32 cd. The E34 had a stiffer body that measured 185.8 inches in length and 68.9 inches wide. In 1991 the E34 received the best-in-class ratings from Intellichoice. Today this model is still considered to be one of the most reliable BMWs ever made, and a reliable luxury automotive choice.

During its production run the BMW E34 was one of the safest vehicles on the road. It featured an impressively rigid body structure to protect passengers during an accident along with 4-wheel anti-lock brakes and driver-side airbags. With an all-new structure with all-new suspension, the E34 was much roomier than before. Other safety features included (ASC) automatic stability control or (ASC+T) traction control in later years on higher-spec variants. Updates for the third-generation include the addition of a station wagon (touring) body style and an available V8 engine and all-wheel drive.

The US-version E34 arrived in the US with slight variations of familiar drivetrains. The 525 was powered by a 2.5-liter version of BMW's small SOHC straight six that produced 168 hp, while the 535i was powered by 3-5-liter version of the big SOHC six rated at 204 hp. The M5 version was powered by an upgraded version of the S38 six-cylinder engine. In 1993 the M5 received some attractive wheels along with new aerodynamically styled side mirrors.

In 1994 a new pair of engines were introduced. The 535i was replaced with a new 530i model powered by a new 3.0-liter, DOHC, 32-valve V8 engine. BMW introduced a new 540i powered by a 34.0-liter version of the same bent engine. With an available 215 horsepower, the new 530i was available in both the sedan and Touring wagon body style. The impressive 540i V8's engine pumped out 282 hp.

For 1995 the 5 Series underwent a revise that included updated front fascias. The 540i was now available mated to a six-speed manual transmission and a lowered, Motorsport-tuned suspension with 17-inch wheels and tires. Sales of the '95 models continued into May of 1996 and no 1996 5 Series were offered in the U.S.

In 1997 the fourth-generation 5-Series was introduced, the BMW E39. Riding on a 111.4-inch wheelbase, the design of this series was inspired by the E38 7 Series in body and electronic technology. The E39 was about 2.2 inches longer than the E34 with an overall length of 188.0 inches was 70.9 inches wide. The most innovative update for this generation involved its suspension where most of the links and elements were currently cast of lightweight alloys rather than steel. Rack-and-pinion steering and the dramatic reduction in unsprung weight resulted in a much more responsive chassis.

No longer where any four-cylinder 5 Series cars offered in Europe. In the U.S. the 5 Series offerings were limited to only the six-cylinder 528i and the V8-powered 540i sedan for 1997. The 528i had five gears aboard either the manual or automatic transmissions and produced 190 hp. The 540i had a full 282 hp that was coupled to either a five-speed automatic or six-speed manual transmission. The six-speed included a 'Sport' package that included oversize wheels and tires and aggressive suspension.

The BMW E39 was incredibly popular and was often featured in Car and Drive's '10Best list'. Consumer Reports gave the 2001 530i its highest car rating and the 5-Series was considered the benchmark of its class. In 1998 all 5 Series received side curtain airbags as standard equipment. The automatic-equipped 540i now featured the sport suspension and wheels. In 1999 the station wagon, now called 'Sport Wagons' returned to the lineup in both 528i and 540i forms. Output was increased to 193 hp on the 528i thanks to an aluminum cylinder block and a variable timing system. The 540i's V8 engine also received variable valve timing, though its output remained the same at 282 hp.

The M5 returned in 2000 with a new Motorsport version of the V8 engine displacing 5.0 liters and stroking out a titillating 394 hp. The quickest production four-door sedan BMW had to offer, the M5 was only available with a six-speed manual transmission. As luxurious as a Cadillac, the latest M5 had powerful 18-inch wheels, a deep front air dam and an enviable agility similar to a 3-Series sedan.

The 528i grew into a 530i in 2001 with a new 3.0-liter version of the six now produced 225 hp. New to the lineup this year was a new 525i with a 2.5-liter version of the six now rated at 184 hp. While the M5 was only available as a sedan, the 525i, 530i and 540i were all offered as either a sedan or wagon. The following year not many changes were made except for the addition of more standard equipment for the 525i that included power seats and a CD player along with an increase in output for the 540's V8 engine, which now pumped out 290 hp. For 2003 minor updates included anew sport package for the 540i with 18-inch wheels and a revised sport suspension. A DVD-based system replaced BMW's outdated CD-based navigation system.

The fifth-generation 5-Series, the BMW E60 was launched in 2004. Riding on a 113.7-inch wheelbase, the E60 was designed by late BMW designer Davide Arcangeli. The non-traditional styling was met with many mixed reviews and criticism over its design and electronics. Despite this criticism the BMW E60 soon became the bestselling 5-Series. Compared to the previous generation, the E60 was incredibly innovative, especially with its controversial iDrive interface that controlled much of the vehicle. New technology was pulled directly from the recently redesigned 7 Series that included (ACC) Active Cruise Control, (PDC) Park Distance Control, (ARS) Active Roll Stabilization and a Harmon Kardon Logic7 sound system. (Only iDrive is standard on all 5 Series models. (AFS) or Active Front Steering is an exclusive first to the 5 Series and is an innovative system that varies the steering ratio all the way between 10-to-1 and 20-to-1, depending on the car speed.

Returning to this generation was all-wheel drive. A turbocharged petrol engine was used for the first time in the 5-series in the E60 535i. The new 545i uses the same 4.4-liter engine as the 540i did. The 2.5-liter six engine continued to be rated at 184 hp, the 3.0-liter six produces 225 hp, while the updated 4.4-liter V8 engine produced an impressive 324 hp. Each engine was offered with new six-speed manual and automatic transmissions with manual 'Steptronic' shifting on the automatic and the 'Sequential Manual Gearbox' (SMG) available with the manual transmission. Powering the E60 M5 was the S85 V10 engine.

The sixth-generation of the BMW 5-Series was introduced in 2010. Still in production today, the F10/F11/F07 rode on a 116.9-inch wheelbase, had a length ranging from 192.9 to 193.2 inches and was 73.2 inches wide. The sixth generation platform is based on the F01 7 Series. Updates for this generation included a rear multilink suspension and a front dual ball joint short-long arm suspension that replaced the MacPherson strut suspensions.

Returning to a more traditional BMW interior, this generation featured a return of the center console angled towards the driver. Many were in favor with the interior, but there were still critics that viewed it as 'too bland and conservative'. Powered by the S63 twin-turbocharged V8 engine, the F10 M5 was the first M3 or M5 to use forced induction.

China offered a long-wheelbase version model. Mexico produced the BMW 5 Security, which was inspired by the Chinese long-wheelbase model and built on the same wheelbase. This model was only available in long-wheelbase form powered with the 4.4L V8 engine.

BMW introduced the impressive 5-Series Gran Turismo (F07) five-door fastback in 2009. Sharing a similar body style to the Porsche Panamera, the GT stands taller than any other fastback model.

Designed by Christopher Weil, the F07 shares the same F01 7 Series-derived platform, mechanical package and powertrain with the F10. The F07 featured different headlights and bumper and had a larger split-kidney grille that was reminiscent of the F01 7 Series. Much taller, this new model featured a higher center of gravity and had more rear legroom in the interior thanks to its greater length. Frameless doors and a double-pane liftgate trunk were also featured on the F07. This model was the first BMW to receive the new ZF eight-speed automatic transmission and a new Brake Energy Regeneration system.

Unveiled at the 2010 Geneva Motor Show was the BMW 5-Series ActiveHybrid, a hybrid electric concept version of the BMW 5-Series. Reducing both fuel consumption and emissions by more than ten percent was the result of BMW ActiveHybrid technology. The production version of the 5-Series ActiveHybrid was introduced in 2012 by BMW.

Over the years the BMW 5-Series has been the recipient of numerous awards. From its introduction in 1997 for six years straight the E39 was on Car and Driver magazine's annual Ten Best list. For 1997 the car was on Motor Trend's Import Car of the Year. For 1997 through 200 the car was 'What Car? Executive Car of the Year'. In the 2009 Canadian Car of the Year awards the E60 was named 'Best New Luxury / Prestige Car'. Popular Science magazine rated the active seat continuous passive motion seating comfort tec¬¬hnology as one of the Best Invention of 1998. In 2001 and 2002 Consumer Reports found the E39 5-series their best car tested. The 5-Series was also awarded a best-in-class 4 ½ star rating by JP car pages.

Sources:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BMW_5_Series
http://www.edmunds.com/bmw/5-series/history.html

By Jessica Donaldson
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Arrow Right 2007 BMW models
BMW 130i Coupe
BMW 3-Series Convertible
BMW 328i
BMW 328xi
BMW 335i Coupe
BMW 525i
BMW 530i
BMW 530xi
BMW 550i
BMW 6-Series
BMW 7-Series
BMW Hydrogen 7 Series
BMW M5
BMW M6 Convertible
BMW M6 Limited Edition
BMW Sauber F1.07
BMW X3
BMW X5
BMW Z4
2007 BMW Concepts
BMW Concept 1 Series tii
BMW CS Concept
BMW GP3.10 Concept
BMW M3 Concept
BMW Z4 Profile Concept

Collectible: A Gathering of the Exceptional and Captivating
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BMW: 2001-2010
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BMW
Monthly Sales FiguresVolume
September 201425,586 
August 201427,214 
July 201426,409 
June 201430,201 
May 201429,602 
April 201425,202 
March 201432,107 
February 201422,017 
January 201418,253 
December 201337,389 
November 201331,752 
October 201327,574 
(More Details)

 
1 Series
1600
2 Series
2002
2800
3 Series
3.0 CS
3.0 CSL
3.5 CSL
315/1
318i
3200 CS
327/328
4-Series
5-Series
501
503
507
6 Series
7-Series
700
850
Dixi
Isetta
M Coupe
M1
M3
M5
M6
New Class
X1
X3
X5
X6
Z1
Z3
Z4
Z8

Image Left 2006 525iImage Left 2006 530iImage Left 2006 530xi Sports WagonImage Left 2006 550i2008 528i Image Right2008 528xi Image Right
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