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 CoupesArrow PictureManufacturersArrow PictureBMWArrow Picture3.0 CSL (1971 - 1976)Arrow Picture1973 BMW 3.0 CSL 
Image Left 1972 3.0 CSL
 

1973 BMW 3.0 CSL news, pictures, specifications, and information

Coupe
Chassis Num: 2275441
 
Sold for $159,500 at 2011 RM Auctions.
Producing from late 1972 to 1975 along three distinct series, BMW's 3.0 CLS 'Batmobile' was a homologated racing car for the road. The 'L' suffix represented 'leicht' or 'lightweight.' During its production lifespan, 1,265 examples were factory-produced, with 765 of those being left-hand drive cars. 500 were right-hand drive for the UK market. These cars had lightweight alloy hood and outer door skins, thin-gauge steel panels, a lightweight interior and a modified engine. The cars destined for the UK had their stock bumpers, power windows and soundproofing. The LHD versions did not have front bumpers or soundproofing and featured lightweight fiberglass rear bumpers. The cars received their nickname, the 'Batmobile' due to their radical use of aerodynamic devices.

Toine Hezemans secured the ETCC (European Touring Car Competition) with a 3.0 CSL and co-drove one with Dieter Quester to a class victory at Le Mans in 1973. Also that year, the 3.0 CSL finished 1-2 at the German Touring Car Grand Prix at the Nurburgring, with Chris Amon and Hans-Joachim Stuck placing ahead of Hezemans and Quester. The 3.0 CLS won the ETCC from 1975 through 1979. IN the United States, the 3.0 CSL won the IMSA GT Championship while being piloted by such drivers as Sam Posey, Ronnie Peterson and Brian Redman. The 3.0 CSL was also the canvas for BMW's first 'Art Cars,' as painted by noted artists Alexander Calder and Frank Stella.

Only 167 examples of the 3.0 CSL with the 'Batmobile' aerodynamic equipment and powered by the enlarged 3153cc six-cylinder engine.

This 'Batmobile' is the 12th Series 3 car produced. It was given a restoration that was completed in 1998 and has been carefully maintained since that time. It is finished in Polaris Silver with tri-color 'M' stripes and Plexiglas side windows. It has the deleted front bumper and a black fiberglass rear bumper. There is a roof hoop, rear wing, rear spoiler, front-fender wind splits and a front air dam. The interior features period-style Scheel racing seats. The car rides on Alpina wheels with Michelin XWX tires.

In 2011, this car was offered for sale at the Monterey, CA auction presented by RM Auctions. It was estimated to sell for $120,000-$160,000 and offered without reserve. As bidding came to a close, the car had been sold for the sum of $159,500, including buyer's premium.

By Daniel Vaughan | Oct 2011
Coupe
Chassis Num: 2275047
 
Sold for $68,729 (€53,200) at 2012 RM Auctions.
Sold for $63,250 at 2013 Gooding & Company.
The BMW coupe was first conceived in the mid-1960s, with the design of the two-liter Karmann coupe. It was developed into the E9 chassis in 1968. With the introduction of the CS coupe, it was clear that BMW was ready to make the return to the luxury car market. BMW wasted no time in taking it racing. The company created the M Division in 1972, consisting of 35 employees, and it was this division that would spearhead BMW's assault on the European Touring Car Championship.

The M Division would create one of the most iconic cars in motor sports history - the 3.0 CSL (Coupe Sport Leicht). BMW produced 1,000 examples of the 3.0 CSLs in order to homologate the car. The 3.0 CSL had an aluminum bonnet, boot, and doors, with little in the way of luxury equipment. The use of thinner gauge steel in the construction of the body saved weight, while the side windows were made of lighter Plexiglas. To qualify for racing in the over three-liter category, the capacity of the engine increased to 3,003cc which in road trim developed 206 horsepower at 5600 RPM.

In 1973, Toine Hezemans won the European Touring Car Championship, while he also raced to class victory in a 3.0 CSL at Le Mans in the same year. The success would continue for the years to come. 3.0 CSLs won the European Touring Car Championship every year from 1975 to 1979. 3.0 CSLs also raced in the IMSA GT Championship in 1975, winning races during the season.

This BMW 3.0 CSL is a four-speed example that has been well maintained over the years. It wears its original color of Polaris metallic paint, with original lightweight bucket seats. The 3,003cc SOHC inline 6-cylinder engine is fitted with a Bosch D-Jetronic Electronic fuel injection system offering 206 horsepower. There are four-wheel hydraulic brakes and a four-wheel independent suspension system.

In 2013, the car was offered for sale at the Gooding & Company auction held in Amelia Island, Florida. It was estimated to sell for $80,000 - $120,000 and offered without reserve. As bidding came to a close, it had been sold for the sum of $63,250 inclusive of buyer's premium.

By Daniel Vaughan | May 2013
Coupe
 
Development of the 3.0 CSL was in response to BMW's desire to enter the European Touring Car Championship beginning in 1971. To meet homologation standards, as set forth by the FIA, a certain number of 'street' cars had to be built utilizing the components intended for racing purposes. For the 1973 racing season 100 cars were built to meet the FIA regulations. Features included alloy doors, hood and trunk, deletion of sound deadening materials, thinner gauge steel bodies and an increase in engine capacity to 3.3 liters which all together reduced the weight by over 300 kg. In addition, aerodynamic splitters on the front fenders, a front spoiler in place of the bumper, a full width wing across the rear trunk lid and a directional wind vane across the rear of the roof pane gave it a distinctive look - so much so it earned its moniker of 'Batmobile'. Due to German road laws, the aerodynamic aids were prohibited from being installed at the factory. Consequently these aids were delivered in the trunk of the car to be installed by the local dealer.
Coupe
Chassis Num: 2275345
 
This Fjord Blue BMW 3.0 CSL Lightweight was delivered new to Auto Elite in Savona, Italy in May of 1973. It was imported to the United States in 1983. This is an original vehicle having just one repaint since new, plus the installation of 16-inch radial spoke alloy wheels, a 'Batmobile' style front airdam, and a Nardi steering wheel.

Although listed as a 'Lightweight' it has the 'street package' option consisting of steel doors as opposed to alloy doors. The vehicle has only 24,000 miles (39,000 KM) and still has the dealer sticker in the back window.

The car is powered by a 3.0 liter overhead-cam inline 6-cylinder engine coupled to a 4-speed manual transmission. It has a power rating of 200-206 horsepower and a top speed of 136 mph. It is fitted with fully independent coil-spring suspension, with front MacPherson struts, power-assisted worm-and-roller steering and ventilated disc brakes.
The 3.0 CSL race cars were the first cars to be developed under the new BMW subsidiary, established in 1972 – BMW Motorsport GmbH. They were also the first to sport the newly designated official colors of BMW Motorsport-red, blue and purple.

Based on the 3.0 CS coupe production car, the CSL ('L' is for lightweight, referring to the aluminum doors and hood) began an assault on European touring car racing that would make it one of the most successful production racers of all time. In fact, CSL's continued to win races into the late 1970's, even though series production ended in 1975 to make way for its successor, the 6 series.

Throughout its span of development, the BMW six-cylinder engine, a 3.0 liter unit in the production car, grew from 3.2 to 3.5 liters, increasing in horsepower from 340 to 430, thanks to the development of a four-valve cylinder head.

The 3.0 CSL won six European Touring Car Championships between 1973 and 1979, as well as national championships in several other countries.

This 3.0 CSL was one of a team of three cars campaigned by BMW of North America in 1975 & 1976, enjoying considerable success, winning IMSA races at Sebring, Laguna Seca, Riverside, Daytona, Lime Rock and Talladega. Several drivers were involved in the CSL's American success including Hans Stuck, Sam Posey, Brian Redman, Ronnie Peterson, Dieter Quester, Benny Parsons, Peter Gregg and David Hobbs.

Source - BMW Motorsports
The BMW 3.0 CSL was a brilliant car introduced at a time when the Touring Car racing class had gained proper popularity and there was a strong demand for a competitive vehicle. The class had increased in popularity with the four-door saloons such as the Ford Cortina and the Alfa Romeo Giulia. Rule changes were later added which required the cars to have only two doors, making the prior cars obsolete. Alfa Romeo introduced their GTA and BMW their 2002. Other requirements for this class required a minimum of 1000 units to be produced to satisfy homologation. Alfa Romeo's cars proved to be very competitive, and were soon dominating the European Touring Car Championship (ETCC).

The European Touring Car Championship began in 1963, created by Willy Stenger and organized by the FIA as a international Touring Car Racing Series. There have been two versions of this series, the first lasting from 1963 through 1988 and the second from 2000 through 2004. When first created, the touring cars allowed a plethora of touring cars, ranging from dimension size to engine displacement size. Classes segregated the 'standard' cars from the 'modified' cars, the 'touring' cars from the 'Grand touring' cars, and so-forth.

A variety of cars competed in this series, including Mini Coopers, Mercedes Benz 300SE, Jaguar Mark II, Fiat 600, and even the Chevrolet Camaro. Porsche tried to get their 911 homologated, but it was rejected due to have too small of a rear seat. Part of their problem may have been that they had the car homologated for the GT category; other cars such as the Alfa Romeo Giulia GTA were allowed in the Touring car category, but their rear accommodations were almost equally as cramped. Rules were pretty relaxed during the early years; all that was needed was seating for four and homologation requirements were satisfied. BMW cars raced in this series beginning in 1964.

The BMW Company had been known for their large, V8 powered luxury cars, but the turn of the 1960s saw them migrate to a new market of vehicles, the sporty, four- and six-cylinder cars. The cars still came with a relatively heft price tag, but the price was well worth the package. The cars were well suited for the Touring category; their engines were reliable, durable and powerful. The tuning company Alpina even joined BMW factory works efforts in the ETCC.

The change from the large, stately, V8 powered cars to the four- and six-cylinder cars proved to be a wise decision. The company was able to regain their financial stability.

When Ford of Europe joined the ETCC in 1970, the rivalry was almost instantaneous. Their Capri Coupes were powered by V6 engines and the vehicles construction was lightweight and rigid. BMW and their modified 2800 CS were outclassed by the Capri Coupes; the BMW engine and their three Weber carburetors produced 300 horsepower. The Achilles heal to the BMW was its weight, and the factory began work on creating a new vehicle to combat the Fords. Alpina began work on improving the BMW and the engine. The Weber carburetors were removed and replaced with a Kugelfischer fuel injection system which brought horsepower over 330. Weight was reduced bringing it in the territory of the Fords. The trim and sound-proofing materials were removed. The doors and trunk lid were created from aluminum and the monocoque was formed from thinner-gauge steel. A total of 550 lbs had been shaved. This is where Alpina's abilities ended; BMW stepped in to help them produce the necessary numbers required to satisfy homologation. BMW recruited Jochen Neerpasch and Martin Braqungart to help them establish the BMW Motorsport department. Neerpasch and Braqungart had been working for Ford Racing, so this move only heightened the rivalry between the two companies.

When BMW introduced their 3.0 CSL, Neerpasch and Braqungart had still been with Ford. The Capri managed to outpace the BMW, so that is when BMW decided to recruit Neerpasch and Braqungart into their fold.

The BMW 3.0 was powered by a 3.0 liter six-cylinder engine that produced 180 horsepower. Displacement size was increased to 3.2-liters beginning in 1973, though it still retained the '3.0 CSL' name. Neerpasch and Braqungart improved the vehicles downforce by adding a deep front air dam, increased the fenders, and added a trunk-lip spoiler. A very large rear wing earned it the nickname, the 'Batmobile.' The cars did not leave the factory with the wing since they were illegal for road use. The company sold the vehicles with these accessories enclosed in the trunk of the car. They were not installed on the vehicle as they left the factory, but left up to the customer to assemble. In this fashion, the company was able to side-step the homologation process.

In 1973, the 3.2-liter engine was increased further to 3.5-liters; the four-speed gearbox was replaced in favor of a five-speed Getrag unit. The weight of the vehicle was further reduced by 150 kg.

The BMW 3.0 CSL was entered mostly by the Factory during the 1973 season. Alpina and Schnitzer also fielded cars. The Ford's still provided fierce competition, but at the conclusion of the season, BMW driver Tone Hezemans had captured the Drivers' Title and BMW had earned the Manufacturers' Title.

At the conclusion of the 1973 season, BMW worked hard on keeping their vehicles competitive. Ford did the same. Both companies developed twin cam, four-valve per cylinder heads, which greatly increased the engines horsepower to over 400. Ford worked on improving their aerodynamics and downforce, to similar BMW 'Batmobile' standards.

The Oil Crisis limited the number of entrants in 1974. Ford and BMW sat out the first round, both waiting to unveiling their vehicles at the second event. At Nurburging, Ford easily took the checkered flag, as all ten BMW entrants failed to finish due to reliability issues. After this dismal performance, BMW left the series, leaving Ford to claim the overall victory. Fords driver, Hans Heyer was crowned with the Drivers' Title at the conclusion of the season. This would be Ford's final year in the series, leaving their cars in the capable hands of privateers. Alpina and Schnitzer continued to race the 3.0 CLSs, and Alpina was rewarded with top honors for the 1975 season.

The 1975 had seen very few participants; rule changes in 1976 were aimed at increasing participation and reduce costs. The four valve head engines and body kits were banned, making the BMW and Fords obsolete. In 3.2-liter form and fitted with the four-speed gearbox, the BMW's continued to provide strong competition and often finished ahead of its competitors.

By Daniel Vaughan | Jul 2007
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BMW 3.0 CSL #25 WINS AGAIN
• 39 Years after winning the 1975 12 Hours of Sebring, BMW 3.0 CSL #25 Wins Best-in-Class at 2014 Amelia Island Concours d'Elegence.
Woodcliff Lake, NJ – March 11, 2014 . . . The BMW 3.0 CSL Group 4 race car that won the 1975 12 Hours of Sebring wins Best-in-Class at the 2014 Amelia Island Concours d'Elegance. The BMW 3.0 CSL Group 2 race car that won the 1973 European Sedan Championship takes second at the Concours. The highlight of the class of BMW 3.0 CSL race and road cars w...[Read more...]
BMW's 'BATMOBILES' SET FOR 19th ANNUAL AMELIA CONCOURS
Scheduled to appear in the 19th Annual Amelia Concours' BMW 3.0 CSL 'batmobile class' are not only the 1975 Sebring 12 Hour and '76 Daytona 24 winners, but Alexander Calder's 1975 Le Mans 3.0 CSL with his trademark signature on the left rear fender. BMW's 'Batmobile' racers were glorious mutants. They arrived from Europe wearing a frosting of giant wings, huge fender boxes and big spoilers, all powered by a 430 hp straight-six engine that made a glorious noise and propelled BMW's luxury cou...[Read more...]
BMW CELEBRATES ITS PAST, PRESENT AND FUTURE DURING PEBBLE BEACH CONCOURS AND ROLEX MONTEREY MOTORSPORTS REUNION WEEKEND
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BMW TO BE FEATURED AT SARATOGA AUTOMOTIVE MUSEUM
• BMW History and Heritage on four wheels and two on display from May – November, 2013
Woodcliff Lake, NJ – March 8, 2013… BMW's rich heritage will be showcased at the Saratoga Automobile Museum in an exhibition called 'BMW – The Ultimate Driving Machine.' The exhibition, which will feature a retrospective of BMW cars and motorcycles, will run from May 6 – November 3, 2013. The array of BMW automobiles will include road cars and race cars, both from the modern era, as well as p...[Read more...]
BMW North America Chairman to Drive One of Three BMW-Owned Cars in Rolex Monterey Motorsports Reunion
It's not every day that the chairman of an automobile company swaps his suit and tie for a Nomex driving suit and straps himself into a race car, but that's Ludwig Willisch's style. As head of BMW North America, Willisch will pilot a 1975 BMW 3.0 CSL at the Rolex Monterey Motorsports Reunion August 17-19 at Mazda Raceway Laguna Seca. The BMW 3.0 CSL that Willisch will be driving is one of only five team cars campaigned by BMW North America in 1975 and 1976, winning IMSA races at Sebring, Maz...[Read more...]

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BMW 3.0 CS

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1 Series
1600
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2800
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3.0 CS
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Image Left 1972 3.0 CSL
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