Skip to main content

1966 Citroen 2CV Charleston news, pictures, specifications, and information
The front-wheel drive Citroen 2CV was not a flash car; it was a practical car much like the Volkswagen beetle. The ability to remove the seats and panels created extra room for larger objects were just a few of the amenities that made this car practical. Only one color was initially offered when the car came on the scene in 1948, it was grey. In 1959, blue was added to the list of available colors, and then in 1960 yellow was added.

The engine was small and did not even include a distributor; instead, there was a coil that fired the spark plugs. It featured a tiny flat-twin unit that was air cooled and capable of producing a measly 9 horsepower. The top speed was in the neighborhood of 40 miles-per-hour but was able to travel over 55 miles on a gallon of gas. The car weighed in at 1100 pounds, had a four-speed manual gearbox, and drum brakes all-around. There was one spring on each side of the car which made up the vehicles suspension.

Mr. Flamino Bertone was the designer of this vehicle. The design was simple. The front of the car had two lights, one on each side of the vehicle that was attached to the hood of the car. The front grill had a waterfall shade with the grill-lines being horizontal. The hood was V-shaped. The rear of the car was designed so that the top could slide back by removing a few pins allowing fresh air and panoramic view.

This car was given nicknames such as the Tin Snail and the Duck. These nicknames were appropriate given the vehicles design and performance figures. Even though this vehicle may not have been visually appealing to many, the practicality made it very popular. It was inexpensive, fuel efficient, fun, and convenient. Between 1948 and 1990, 5,114,920 Citroen 2CV's have been produced.

In 1960 the styling of the car was updated. In 1958 through 1966, the vehicle was available with four-wheel drive and two engines.
One of the most famous Citroën of all times was the 2CV that was produced from 1948 through 1990. Deux chevaux, or ‘two horses', the 2CV was a popular French vehicle made by Citroen. More than 3,872,583 2CV limousines and even more derivatives during its production run.They most definitely made an impact on the world and especially on the back roads of France where they were the most useful. The earliest models featured a roof which could be rolled back from the windscreen, much like a cabriolet that could be rolled up from the bumper as a trunk lid. Earliest models also could be recognized by the oval ornament on the grill of the one-piece botten.

First introduced at the 1948 Paris Auto Salon, the 2CV Citroën was designed by Pierre Boulanger, was the most unique and extraordinary design of the auto show. Considered by some to be astonishingly radical for the time, the 2CV was a low priced, rugged ‘umbrella on four wheels'. Incredibly revolutionary, the 2CV was cheap, economical and very light. With a top speed of 40 mph, the 2CV had an engine that displaced 375cc, produced 9hp from its two-cylinders, and was air-cooled.

Using no more than 3 liters of gas to travel 100 km, the 2CV was great for two peasants to travel to market on unpaved roads. The roof could also be lifted up so a hat could be worn while driving. By 1913, the TPV; ‘Toute Petite Coiture' or the Very Small Car' was considered drive-able and several prototypes had already been manufactured.

Michelin and Citroen managers chose to hide the TPV project from Germany during the Germany occupation of France during World War II. Several TPV's were hidden at secret locations. One was disguised as a pickup, while others were even destroyed. Six years went by before while Boulanger had time to focus on more improvements. Laughed at by the press, the 2CV was called a ‘rolling aberration' by Boris Vian, but it was considered to be a revolution in consumer transportation.

Constructed of a dual H-frame chassis, the body had an airplane-style tube framework and a very thing steel shell. The 2CV engine was powered by a flat-twin air-cooled engine that was designed by Walter Becchia. More responsive, the swinging arm, fore-aft linked suspension system was much lighter, which enabled the 2CV to be driven at a competitive speed over a ploughed field. The seats were basically hammocks that were suspended by from the roof by wires. There was only a three-year waiting list after only months of it going on sale.

The earliest model had a 375cc engine that developed only 9bhp; which was significantly underpowered.

No significant changes were made from 1951 through 1953, but in 1954 the oval on the hood was deleted, and only the chevrons are left. The speedometer also received a light for at night or when it was dark. An all-new 2CV was introduced in 1955. Called the AZ, the new 2CV featured a larger 425cc engine that developed 12 hp and had a top speed of 49 mph. No real changes were made for 1956, but the following year the steering wheel changed from black into gray and a bigger black screen was offered. A new model was introduced in this same year, the ALZ featured aluminum strips on the hood and below the doors.

An AZL with a metal trunk lid was introduced in 1958, the AZLM. An all-new 2CV Sahara 4x4 was unveiled and came with the famous two engines. The four-wheel drive was accomplished by adding an extra engine in the trunk and allowing it to drive the rear wheels, and either or both engines could be selected. The following year some heating options were produced, though most needed is the very effective front windscreen defroster.

For the 1960 model year, new tires were introduced for all 2CV's. New 135x380 tires were instead of the 125x400 tires. The Sahara 4x4 also received a new position for its number plate, fuel tanks and rear lights. The following year a new hood with a smaller grille was added along with separate pieces between the hood and the wings. For 1962 a new engine achieved 14 hp and estimated a top speed of 52 mph. All 2CV's received new bumpers except for the Sahara in 1963. The five models for this year were the AZL, the AZA, AZAM, Mixte and the Sahara.

Rather than the normal 135x380 sized tires, new Michelin X 125x400 tires were used in 1964. The mechanical windscreen driven by speedometer cable were replaced by an electrical windscreen. To get different shape, the speedometer moves from the windscreen to the dashboard. All four doors finally opened at the rear in 1965. The Mixte was replaced by the Commerciale which can have a flat trunk installed so that larger more cumbersome objects and can load the car more easily. For 1966 the 2CV received a new grille with horizontal bars. All models except the AZL and Sahara received a third sidescreen.

In 1967 an all-new special version called the Export was introduced. This version stemmed from the AZAM but was only produced for four months. The following year the Dyane was introduced while only two models of the 2CV were left in the lineup, the Commerciale and the Berline. In 1968 a 602cc gave 28bhp at 7000 rpm. In 1969 the Berline and Commerciale came with 425cc and 18 SAE hp.

In 1970 all Citroen 2CVs received a 12V electrical installation, new taillights and round front indicators. With a top speed of 63 mph, the Berline 2CV4 came with 435cc and 26 SAE hp engine. With a top speed of 68 mph, the Berline 2CV6 came with 602cc with 33 SAE hp engine. No changes were made from 1971 through 1973. In 1974 new tires replaced the 125X380; the 125X15. The following year a new plastic grille, new painted steel bumpers and new square headlights were installed.

An all-new 2CV Special was introduced in 1976 and was a much less inexpensive version of the 2CV. This same year a special edition was released call ‘Spot' to celebrate the 5 millionth 2 CV. The 2CV was extremely popular now due to the oil crisis while the hp figure is reduced from 28.5 DIN hp to 26 DIN hp. For 1977 the lineup included the Berline 2CV4 Special, Berline 2CV4 and the Berline 2CV6. No changes were made for the 1978 model year.

The 2CV6 received square headlights in 1979. The 2CV4 was deleted while the 2CVSpecial received the third side screen and kept the round headlights. The 2CV6 received more increased power through a double choke carburetor to 29hp. For 1980 the 2CV Special received the 602cc engine and all 2CVs received a 6.5 gallon fuel tank rather than the 5.25 tank.

For the 1981 model year, a new carburetion adjustment was added along with a rear view mirror, a top speed of 71 mph and 29 hp. The Charleston, a new 2CV was introduced in '81 with only a total of 5,000 units made. The following year the Charleston was discontinued, but with the addition of chrome headlights and unique upholstery. Finally all 2CVs received front disc brakes. New seatbelts were offered in 1983. The France 3, Transat or Beachcomber was introduced in 1984, a special white edition with blue stripes. No changes were made from 1985 through 1990 and the final car was produced in July in a plant in Portugal.

Following a successful production run of 42 years, the 2CV; always the epitomy of the spirit of France, was finally taken off of the market.

By Jessica Donaldson
Recent Vehicle Additions

1985 Aston Martin Lagonda

2016 Suzuki S-Cross

1961 Pontiac Catalina

2017 Nissan GT-R Track Edition

2016 DENZA 400 EV

2016 Mercedes-Benz Maybach S 600 Pullman Guard
"
AUCTIONS AMERICA KICKS OFF ITS 2016 SEASON WITH $20 MILLION IN SALES AND 40 PERCENT NEW BIDDERS AT FORT LAUDERDALE
• Auctions America's 14th annual Fort Lauderdale collector car auction generates $20 million in sales • Diverse top-sellers list led by 1971 Ferrari 365 GTB/4 Daytona at $649,000 • Rare American muscle and desirable Mercedes-Benzes attract significant interest and strong prices • 1964 Ford Falcon Futura Restomod raises $25,000 for the Boys & Girls Clubs of Broward County • Complete results available at www.auctionsamerica.com • Auctions America continues its 2016 calendar with Auburn Spri...[Read more...]
1938 Alfa Romeo 8C 2900B Touring Spyder Epitomizes The Elegance at Hershey
HERSHEY, PA - The theme for this year's Elegance at Hershey is Celebration of Speed. After deciding upon the overall theme, 'One of the first decisions we made was to choose an automobile that epitomized that concept,' stated Steve Moskowitz, Elegance Vice Chairman. After much deliberation, it was concluded that the logical choice would be the Alfa Romeo Touring Spyder. A call was made to Mr. Oscar Davis of Elizabeth, NJ - the owner of a number of fabulous classic automobiles. Last ye...[Read more...]
THE PINNACLE OF COLLECTOR CAR AUCTIONS: RM AND SOTHEBY'S OFFER A CENTURY OF AUTOMOTIVE HISTORY AND DESIGN IN NEW YORK CITY
• Final countdown underway to RM Auctions and Sotheby's expertly curated Art of the Automobile sale, November 21, in New York City • First major collector car auction to be held in Manhattan in over a decade; the sale's catalogue features examples of the upper echelons of design from each era of motoring • Extraordinary exhibition that showcases all vehicles on offer will be held from November 18–20 on the 10th floor galleries at Sotheby's New York • Official digital catalogue now availab...[Read more...]
Bonhams sell ex-Tazio Nuvolari 1935 Alfa Romeo for world record breaking price of £5.9 million at Goodwood Revival Sale
One of the most charismatic of all the great pre-war Grand Prix racing cars - the ex-Tazio Nuvolari 1935 Alfa Romeo Tipo C 8C-35 '50013' - Scuderia Ferrari Nr '65' sold for £5,937,500 at Bonhams Goodwood Revival Meeting today (Saturday 14 September), creating a new world record for an Alfa Romeo sold at auction. The previous record for this marque was £4,245,118 for a 1933 Alfa Romeo 8 cylinder Monza 2300 sold in California in 2010. Bonhams Goodwood Revival sale saw the iconic 330-horsepow...[Read more...]
TOPLINE COLLECTORS PLACE SPOTLIGHT on SPEED'S BARRETT-JACKSON BROADCAST FROM SCOTTSDALE
• TOPLINE COLLECTORS PLACE SPOTLIGHT on SPEED'S BARRETT-JACKSON BROADCAST FROM SCOTTSDALE
• 'LOST' SHELBY DUAL PROTOTYPE, HAGERTY GIVEAWAY & SALON COLLECTION HIGHLIGHT 39 HOURS OF LIVE COVERAGE
The 42nd annual Barrett-Jackson Scottsdale (Ariz.) Collector Car Event, the first of four set for live coverage in 2013, kicks off the auction season in grand style as some of the world's most sought-after machines cross the block starting Tuesday, Jan. 15 at 7 p.m. ET/4 p.m. PT. SP...[Read more...]

2CV
C-Crosser
C3
C5
DS
DS3
DS5
M35
Nemo
SM
Traction Avant
XM

Image Left 1965 2CV Charleston1967 2CV Charleston Image Right
© 1998-2016. All rights reserved. The material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed.