2008 Altima Hybrid Offers Market-Unique Synergy of Efficiency and PerformanceThe Nissan Altima Hybrid, which joined the Nissan lineup last year, continues to offer the efficiency and fuel economy of a hybrid drivetrain wîth the performance and excitement that marks the non-HEV fourth generation Altima. For 2008, enhancements to the Altima Hybrid include the addition of standard splash guards, Diversity Antenna and available factory-activated XM® Satellite Radio (required monthly subscription sold separately).
The Altima Hybrid is part of Nissan's ongoing efforts in the area of environmental protection and vehicle efficiency. The company's aim is to provide the right technology to the right market at the right time and right value to the customer. In addition to Altima Hybrid, Nissan offers a wide application of its advanced Xtronic CVT™ (Continuously Variable Transmission) and Flexible Fuel Technology (FFV) in the 2008 Titan pickup and Armada SÚV.
Altima Hybrid has been certified to meet California emissions requirements and is sold in states that have adopted California emissions regulations: California, Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Jersey, New York, Rhode Island and Vermont. These eight states are among the strongest markets for hybrid vehicles.
'Altima Hybrid's drive system creates a synergy between its electric motor and its gasoline engine, offering efficiency and excitement in the same attractive package,' said Bill Bosley, vice president and general manager, Nissan Division, Nissan North America, Inc.
The Altima Hybrid powertrain mates a refined version of Nissan's QR25 2.5-liter 4-cylinder engine and standard electronically controlled CVT wîth an advanced electric drive motor/generator that increases fuel economy while maintaining low tailpipe emissions. Altima Hybrid is rated as an Advanced Technology-Partial Zero Emissions Vehicle (AT-PZEV) and emits almost no evaporative emissions.
The advanced energy drive system shares duties between the gasoline-powered 4-cylinder and the emissions-free electric motor – allowing Altima Hybrid to run solely on electric power if appropriate, especially during stop-and-go driving. If extra performance is needed, the gasoline engine starts instantly and smoothly adds power as required.
Altima Hybrid is estimated to have a hybrid system net power rating of 198 horsepower (148 kW). EPA fuel economy is estimated at 35 mpg City and 33 mpg Highway. Combined wîth Altima's standard 20-gallon fuel tank, the Altima Hybrid has a projected driving range of up to 700 miles between fill-ups.
Cutting-Edge Hybrid Technology
The Altima Hybrid utilizes regenerative braking technology to recharge the hybrid system's batteries, meaning Altima Hybrid doesn't have to 'plug in' to sustain a sufficient store of electric energy.
In order to power the electric motor, a generator places resistance on the driveshaft during braking. Altima Hybrid's Regenerative Cooperative Brake System calculates braking force generated by brake pedal operation and controls the regenerative brake force to convert kinetic energy into electric energy, optimizing energy regeneration. The system converts this friction to usable energy that is stored in the system's 244.8V Nickel Metal Hydride (Ni-MH) battery for eventual use by the electric motor.
The Altima Hybrid utilizes proven technology and components from Toyota Motor Corporation that are mated to Nissan's refined 2.5-liter engine.
Nissan's proven QR25 4-cylinder engine has been refined for use in the fourth generation Altima, wîth a larger intake manifold, increased compression ratio and reduced friction characteristics than the previous generation. The engine also features continuously variable valve timing, modular engine design, microfinished crank journals and cam lobes, molybdenum-coated lightweight pistons and electronically controlled throttle.
Helping provide smooth acceleration and maximize powertrain efficiency is Altima Hybrid's hybrid system-specific eCVT, which works in conjunction wîth the Hybrid Vehicle-Electric Control Únit (HV-ECÚ) to determine which power source or combination of power sources will turn the wheels.
Altima Hybrid's electric motor produces high torque at low rpm, allowing it to utilize its Electric Vehicle (EV) mode to power the car from a standing idle and through initial acceleration without the assistance of the gasoline engine. While this stage of acceleration is a typical gasoline-only powered vehicle's least fuel-efficient stage, Altima Hybrid offers much of its fuel-efficiency benefits here.
Altima Hybrid's all-electric mode, called Electric Vehicle (EV) mode, occurs in this initial acceleration phase.
After the electric motor provides initial acceleration, the gasoline engine quietly starts and assumes the load of powering the vehicle. The gasoline engine works independently through cruising speeds until the vehicle reaches speeds at which fuel efficiency declines.
When loads require, the electric motor restarts again and aids the gasoline engine in powering the Altima Hybrid. This allows the gasoline engine to remain in its ideal rpm range while the axle rpm simultaneously increases due to extra power contributed by the electric motor.
A digital display on the speedometer indicates when the Altima Hybrid is running solely on electric power. The Altima Hybrid's available DVD navigation system also features a real-time display showing how the hybrid system directs the flow of energy.
Altima Hybrid utilizes proven technology and components from Toyota Motor Corporation mated to Nissan's refined 2.5-liter engine.
'Altima Hybrid feels remarkably smooth – most drivers will never be aware of the transitions between the electric and gasoline power sources,' said Bosley. 'Mostly what they will feel is highly responsive acceleration and the seamless delivery of power under almost all driving conditions.'
A Growing Altima Lineup
The Altima Hybrid is one of three distinct choices for Altima buyers in 2008, along wîth the Altima Sedan and the new Altima Coupe – each delivering a rewarding, engaging driving and ownership experience.
'Altima has always been a leader in class, and the expanding lineup is fulfilling customer specific wants and needs,' said Bosley. 'The Altima Hybrid makes no compromises when it comes to all the great Altima attributes – especially performance.'
Serving as the foundation for the fourth generation 2008 Altima is Nissan's rigid 'D' platform. The platform includes a subframe-mounted front suspension, shock absorbers wîth rebound springs and equal-length half-shafts that are nearly parallel to the ground – virtually eliminating traditional front-wheel drive torque steer.
Altima's exterior features an aggressive stance, a strong wedge character line and signature Altima-style taillights. Inside, Altima utilizes refined workmanship, high-quality materials and a long list of available amenities.
The Altima Hybrid shares exterior and interior designs wîth the 2008 Altima Sedan – wîth the exception of unique Hybrid badging and hybrid power/charge display in the driver information display.
The Hybrid model also shares Altima's extensive list of standard safety features, including dual-stage front air bags, front seat side-impact supplemental air bags for chest protection, roof-mounted curtain side-impact air bags for front and rear outboard occupant head protection and front seat Active Head Restraints.
One Well-Equipped Model
The Altima Hybrid is offered in one model, the Altima Hybrid, and wîth several optional equipment packages. Standard equipment includes the 2.5-liter 4-cylinder engine and hybrid electric components, Vehicle Dynamic Control (VDC), Traction Control System (TCS), eCVT transmission, 4-wheel power-assisted disc brakes wîth Anti-lock Braking System (ABS), electric power rack-and-pinion §teering, 4-wheel independent suspension, 16-inch aluminum-alloy wheels and, new for 2008 standard splash guards and Diversity Antenna. Comfort and convenience features include standard Intelligent Key wîth Push Button Ignition and a dual-zone automatic temperature control that includes an Altima Hybrid-specific electrically powered A/C that continues to provide cooling when the gasoline engine is stopped.
The Altima Hybrid also joins other Altima models wîth an impressive list of available convenience features, including leather-appointed seating, Bluetooth® Hands-free Phone System, RearView ä Monitor, XM® Satellite Radio (required monthly subscription sold separately) and Nissan's Advanced Navigation System wîth real-time Energy Flow Display.
The 2008 Altima is assembled at the Nissan North America Manufacturing Smyrna, Tennessee plant.