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2010 BMW 3 Series news, pictures, and information
The BMW 3 Series in the 2010 Model YearDriving pleasure in the BMW 3 Series is reaching new heights yet again in the 2010 model year. Carefully conceived modifications in design, a thoroughly updated and extended range of engines, as well as innovative model features give both the new BMW 3 Series Coupé and the new BMW 3 Series Convertible even greater appeal and style. And at the same time the Saloon and Touring now also come wîth new power units offering even greater qualities than before.
Benefiting from all these innovations in the powertrain, the BMW 3 Series is able to further strengthen its status as an outstandingly dynamic and exceptionally efficient range of models in the mid-market §egmènt.
Over and above these qualities superior from the start, the 320d EfficientDynamics Edition is now also entering the market wîth an unusually good and, indeed, absolutely superior balance of driving pleasure and fuel economy. Offering average fuel consumption in the EÚ test cycle of 4.1 litres/100 kilometres (equal to 68.9 mpg imp), this very special new model sets new standardsfor efficiency in the midrange §egmènt.
Optimised in all key areas: the new BMW 3 Series Coupé and the new BMW 3 Series Convertible.New design features at the front, side and rear precisely integrated into the car give even greater emphasis to the sporting and elegant character of the BMW 3 Series Coupé and the BMW 3 Series Convertible. At the same time the modifications in design make the silhouette of both models even sleeker and more dynamic as a sign of superior performance.
As an additional highlight, the BMW 3 Series Coupé and Convertible now feature headlights wîth newly designed contour lines, a modified structure, and innovative light technology. New paintwork colours, an updated range of leather upholstery, as well as innovative office and entertainment functions from BMW ConnectedDrive make a further contribution to the elegant looks of both models and the supreme driving experience they have to offer.
New diversity in the BMW 3 Series engine range.
Entering the 2010 model year, all engines in the BMW 3 Series fulfil the EÚ5 emission standard. At the same time the range of engines is being expanded by new entry-level variants for the Coupé and Convertible, as well as a new entry-level diesel for the BMW 3 Series Touring.
The market launch of the new BMW 3 Series Coupé and the new BMW 3 Series Convertible also marks the introduction of the BMW 318i powered by a straight-four 2.0-litre 105 kW/143 hp petrol engine. The 2.0-litre four-cylinder diesel in the new BMW 316d Touring delivers maximum output of 85 kW/115 hp.
The top-of-the-range BMW 335i available on all body variants of the BMW 3 Series now comes wîth a 3.0-litre straight-six featuring BMW TwinPower Turbo Technology, High Precision Injection and VALVETRONIC valve management combining supreme output of 225 kW/306 hp wîth fuel economy and CO2 management once again enhanced by a significant margin.
The new power units featured in the BMW 325d (150 kW/204 hp) and the BMW 320d (135 kW/184 hp) likewise available in all body variants also offer a further increase in power and torque combined wîth an even higher level of all-round efficiency. And last but not least, the BMW 318d Saloon and the BMW 318d Touring offer an ideal combination of higher torque wîth lower fuel consumption and emissions.
Supreme efficiency in the midrange §egmènt: the BMW 320d EfficientDynamics Edition.
The BMW 320d EfficientDynamics Edition is entering the market in the 2010 model year as the most efficient car in the midrange §egmènt, combining fuel consumption of just 4.1 litres diesel/100 kilometres (equal to 68.9 mpg imp) and a CO2 rating of 109 grams per kilometre in the EÚ test cycle wîth maximum output of 120 kW/163 hp.
The 2.0-litre four-cylinder diesel featured in this revolutionary new model comes wîth an all-aluminium crankcase, turbocharging wîth variable intake geometry, and the latest generation of common-rail direct fuel injection. Naturally, the engine has been specifically modified for an even higher standard of efficiency and the car itself comes wîth optimised aerodynamics, a longer final drive ratio and innovative technology in the two-mass flywheel, the centrifugal force pendulum.
Perfect symbiosis: the BMW 3 Series Edition Models.
The new Special Editions of the Saloon and Touring bring out the characteristic qualities of the BMW 3 Series in terms of driving dynamics, motoring comfort and cutting-edge innovation more convincingly and impressively than ever before. The Sport, Lifestyle and Exclusive Edition Models boast sophisticated options carefully combined wîth one another in the exterior and interior design of the car, providing new, exquisite highlights in terms of the car's looks and driving experience.
Innovative office and entertainment functions from BMW ConnectedDrive.
The wide range of services offered by BMW ConnectedDrive highlights the innovative character of the BMW 3 Series. Appropriately networked to its surroundings, the BMW 3 Series wîth ConnectedDrive offers both optimum comfort and safety as well as a wide range of useful entertainment functions.
In the 2010 model year the range of features provided by BMW ConnectedDrive is being expanded by additional functions – in part totally exclusive to BMW. The focus in particular is on the optimised integration of the mobile telephone and external entertainment devices into the car's internal iDrive control system.
2. Elegant Style and Sporting Performance at Their Best:
The New BMW 3 Series Coupé.
The New BMW 3 Series Convertible.
• Distinctive refinement of the front- and rear-end design. Even greater emphasis of the sporting, stretched side-line, new light technology.
• Thoroughly updated range of engines: more power, more efficiency and a new entry-level power unit.
• Modern highlights within the interior, shift paddles on the Sports
Automatic wîth new control logic, innovations from BMW ConnectedDrive.
Both the BMW 3 Series Coupé and the BMW 3 Series Convertible combine the driving pleasure so typical of a BMW 3 Series wîth individual style and a truly sporting, elegant look. And now the characteristic driving experience that makes both models so special is becoming even more fascinating and enjoyable. Carefully conceived design modifications at the front, at the side and on the rear of both models, a thoroughly updated range of engines and innovative design features make these distinctive two-door models even more dynamic, efficient and up-to-date than ever before.
Benefiting from these features, the new BMW 3 Series Coupé is further extending its leadership over the competition through its unique aesthetic look and supreme sportiness. The new BMW 3 Series Convertible combines the unmistakable qualities of its electrically retractable hardtop and the particularly exhilarating experience of driving in the open air wîth elegance refined to an even higher standard, enhanced comfort and optimised efficiency.
Attractive innovations at the front, side and rear integrated precisely into the overall look of the car give even greater emphasis to the superior sportiness of both models. At the same time these modifications slightly extend the overhangs front and rear, adding a sleeker and even more dynamic look to the silhouette of the new BMW 3 Series Coupé and Convertible.
A further innovation on both the Coupé and Convertible is the headlights wîth their newly designed contours, modified structure and innovative light technology. At the rear the light clusters in their characteristic split L-shape are now combined wîth a new, particularly harmonious colour scheme.
Making its debut as the new entry-level model, the BMW 318i is joining the line-up of variants available in the BMW 3 Series Coupé and Convertible. Further innovations in the range of engines include the BMW 320d and the BMW 325d now offering even more power and torque, as well as the introduction of a new straight-six power unit featuring BMW TwinPower Turbo Technology, High Precision Injection and VALVETRONIC valve management in the top-of-the-range BMW 335i Coupé and the BMW 335i Convertible.
It almost goes without saying that all engine variants on both models fulfil the EÚ5 emission standard.
The new BMW 3 Series Coupé and the new BMW 3 Series Convertible come as standard wîth an optimised sports §teering wheel incorporating multifunction controls. The shift paddles on the §teering wheel featured in combination wîth the optional Sports Automatic transmission now incorporate a new control logic.
New exterior colours, a modified range of leather upholstery as well as innovative office and entertainment functions from BMW ConnectedDrive set further highlights in the looks of the car and in the driving experience offered by the new BMW 3 Series Coupé and the new BMW 3 Series Convertible.
Design: precise enhancement for a truly sporting and elegant look.
Through its proportions alone, the BMW 3 Series Coupé highlights the sporting and elegant character of this unique two-door. The classic lines of the car are emphasised in particular by the long and sleek engine compartment lid, the steeply raked A-pillar, the passenger cell moved far to the back, the long wheelbase and the flowing roofline. All this adds up to create a stretched and dynamic side view, giving the Coupé its unmistakable aesthetic beauty.
The BMW 3 Series Convertible likewise boasts a strikingly low and sleek side-line especially wîth the roof open. The three sections of the electrically retractable hardtop come to rest when open in compact arrangement above one another at the rear. This gives the BMW 3 Series Convertible that horizontal waistline so characteristic of an open-air BMW, interacting wîth the driver and front passenger seats moved further back to provide that typical feeling of motoring in the open air wîth maximum freedom and direct contact wîth your surroundings.
With the hardtop closed, the Convertible stands out clearly from the Coupé particularly through the more strongly accentuated transition from the roofline to the rear of the car. At the same time the integrated aerial serves to further enhance the smooth flow of lines and the overall harmony in looks.
The dynamically stretched silhouette of the new BMW 3 Series Coupé and the new BMW 3 Series Convertible is further emphasised by innovations in design at the front, side and rear. These modifications to the car's exterior design are to be admired on the engine compartment lid, the front air dam, the BMW kidney grille, the side-sills, and the rear air dam.
The front overhang is now 29 millimetres or 1.14', the rear overhang 3 millimetres or 0.12' longer. The front air dam, beautifully chiselled in its looks also from the side, symbolises a powerful forward-pushing motion, two light contours standing out from the side-sills adding a further touch of dynamic performance. Yet a further feature on both the new BMW 3 Series Coupé and the new BMW 3 Series Convertible is that the front end, now sticking out further than before, helps to optimise pedestrian safety.
With its wider BMW kidney grille and three-dimensional lines, the front view of the new BMW 3 Series Coupé and the new BMW 3 Series Convertible boasts even greater and more powerful presence. The frame around the kidney grille now comes as a chrome band precisely twisted within itself.
The second new highlight at the front is the horizontally designed air intake extending from one side of the car to the other in order to significantly emphasise the sheer width of each model. At the side the air intake is split horizontally by silver-coloured trim bars extending from the round foglamps positioned far to the outside all the way to the BMW kidney grille. In the middle, the air intake is fully open while at the bottom the intake borders on a precisely chiselled air contour line again split into three sections wîth its centre element sticking out slightly to the front and connected harmoniously at the side wîth the side panels.
Innovative xenon headlights wîth LED daytime driving lights and LED highlights.
Both the new BMW 3 Series Coupé and the new BMW 3 Series Convertible come as standard wîth bi-xenon headlights – dual round headlights combining modified contour lines wîth innovative light technology. At the top, the headlights merge into a trim bar cutting off the light beam to create that concentrated look so typical of a genuine BMW.
The light sources are formed by two cylindrical light beams and the headlight units come as an option wîth Adaptive Lights following the course of the road ahead as a function of the §teering. Over and above this swivelling action, the Adaptive Headlights incorporate a bending light function provided by the inner headlight unit as well as variable light distribution for appropriate illumination of the road in town and on the motorway, as well as Adaptive Headlight Range Control.
The daytime light function so characteristic of a BMW is provided by light rings featured as standard in the headlights. The optional LED Package comes wîth light rings formed by light-emitting diodes operating as required in two stages: dimmed to approximately 10 per cent of their full power, they serve as positioning lights, operating at full power, they provide a daytime light function.
This option also includes direction indicators in LED technology and a LED highlight unit on the upper edge of the headlights themselves.
Rear lights: supreme harmony in illumination during the day and in night design.
The rear light clusters in their two-piece L-shape characteristic of both models are further accentuated on the new BMW 3 Series Coupé and the new BMW 3 Series Convertible by a new colour scheme. Featuring two rows of lights coming on at the same time, they create that night design so typical of a BMW, red cover glass all round now giving the lights an even more harmonious and well-balanced look.
An additional horizontal light contour line in the rear air dam serves to further accentuate the width of the car, creating light and shade effects to give the entire rear end an even flatter and smoother appearance.
The exterior mirrors also come in new design, adding yet another innovation to the unique looks of the BMW 3 Series Coupé and the BMW 3 Series Convertible. In their dimensions they naturally comply wîth the latest legal standards, offering the complete mirror surface and coverage required. And in their new format, the rear-view mirrors blend harmoniously into the side view and silhouette of each model.
The range of paintwork colours available on both models now also includes Deep Sea Blue Metallic and Vermillion Red Metallic, wîth Mineral White Metallic also becoming available in June 2010.
No less than four new wheel designs measuring 17 or 18 inches have been added to the range of light-alloy wheels available as an option. And in conjunction wîth the optional M Sports Package, the customer also has the choice of particularly sporty 19-inch wheels.
Interior: new leather colours and interior trim for a truly stylish ambience.
The wide range of colours and materials available for the interior of the new BMW 3 Series Coupé and the new BMW 3 Series Convertible again gives the customer superior freedom of choice in opting for his particular design and special look. New Diagonal cloth comes as standard and optional Dakota leather is now also available in soft-grey Oyster. The choice of interior trim is now supplemented by the particularly modern and sophisticated Bamboo Anthracite Grain variant.
The modified leather sports §teering wheel featured as standard on the BMW 3 Series Coupé and the BMW 3 Series Convertible offers a particular touch of class and style. The §teering wheel rim is finished in extra-smooth leather, the trim on the three-spoke §teering wheel comes in a highly attractive grain look reminiscent of leather in all its style, and the galvanised trim bars at the side are finished in Pearl Grey Chrome.
The leather sports §teering wheel comes as standard wîth multifunction buttons, while gearshift paddles for selecting gears manually are available in conjunction wîth the optional automatic transmission and wîth Sports Automatic.
Wide range of power units: greater efficiency, more power, and a new entry-level model.
All versions of the BMW 3 Series offer a particularly good balance of performance and fuel economy. And now numerous innovations in the range of engines enable the new BMW 3 Series Coupé and the new BMW 3 Series Convertible to further enhance their leadership in their respective §egmènts. Both the petrol engines featuring High Precision Injection throughout the entire range and the turbodiesels wîth common-rail direct injection stand out through a particularly high level of all-round efficiency.
All versions of the BMW 3 Series Coupé and the BMW 3 Series Convertible naturally come as standard wîth numerous BMW EfficientDynamics technologies. Depending on the respective model, the features provided include Brake Energy Regeneration, Auto Start Stop, a gearshift point indicator, on-demand control of the engine's ancillary units including the electromechanical power §teering, a detachable a/c compressor, a map-controlled oil pump as well as optimised aerodynamics, tyres wîth reduced roll resistance, and intelligent lightweight construction. Clearly, all engines available in the new BMW 3 Series Coupé and the new BMW 3 Series Convertible fulfil the EÚ emission standards. ( posted on conceptcarz.com)
The introduction of the BMW 318i marks a new entry-level version wîth both the BMW 3 Series Coupé and Convertible. These two new models are powered by a 2.0-litre four-cylinder petrol engine wîth High Precision Injection operating in the lean burn mode.
Also referred to as the stratified charge principle, lean burn injection serves to deliver high engine output from a small amount of fuel. (concept carz) In the High Precision Injection process, fuel is sprayed into the combustion chambers by injectors positioned directly next to the spark plug. In the lean burn mode this forms differently composed layers of the fuel/air mixture, wîth an ignitable fuel/air mix maintained only in the direct vicinity of the spark plug. As soon as this air mix ignites, the lean layers further away form the spark plug also start to burn and join in the combustion process.
Applying this principle, the power unit featured in the BMW 318i develops maximum output of 105 kW/143 hp at an engine speed of 6,000 rpm and peak torque of 190 Newton-metres/140 lb-ft at 4,250 rpm. This accelerates the BMW 318i Coupé from a standstill to 100 km/h in 9.1 seconds, the BMW 318i Convertible in 10.3 seconds. Top speed in each case is 210 km/h or 130 mph.
In the EÚ test cycle the BMW 318i Coupé averages 6.3 litres/100 kilometres (equal to 44.8 mpg imp) and achieves a CO2 rating of 146 grams per kilometre. The respective figures for the BMW 318i Convertible are 6.6 litres (42.8 mpg imp) and 154 grams per kilometre.
Innovative engine technology on the top models.
The models right at the top also excel through outstanding efficiency ensured by innovative technology. The new BMW 335i Coupé and the new BMW 335i Convertible are entering the market wîth a newly developed straight-six power unit for the first time combining BMW TwinPower Turbo Technology, High Precision Injection, and VALVETRONIC fully variable valve management. Displacing 3.0 litres, the engine delivers maximum output of 225 kW/306 hp at 5,800 rpm, wîth peak torque of 400 Nm/295 lb-ft maintained all the way from 1,200 to 5,000 rpm.
The turbocharger system applying the TwinScroll principle wîth separate ducts for each set of three cylinders both in the exhaust manifold and in the turbocharger itself, and VALVETRONIC valve management now enhanced to an even higher standard, ensure a fascinating, direct response to the gas pedal at all times. Combining these features wîth High Precision Injection, the new power unit offers the muscle and performance of a naturally aspirated eight-cylinder wîth exceptionally low fuel consumption and exhaust emissions.
Acceleration from a standstill to 100 km/h comes in 5.5 seconds in the BMW 335i Coupé and in 5.8 seconds in the BMW 335i Convertible. Top speed is limited electronically on both models to 250 km/h or 155 mph.
Average fuel consumption in the EÚ test cycle is 8.4 litres/100 kilometres (equal to 33.6 mpg imp) on the Coupé and 8.8 litres (32.1 mpg imp) on the Convertible. The CO2 rating is 196 and, respectively, 205 grams per kilometre.
Full of muscle and highly efficient: new diesel engines in the BMW 325d and the BMW 320d.
The portfolio of diesel engines marking the launch of the new BMW 3 Series Coupé and the new 3 Series Convertible also stands out through two new power units: the BMW 325d Coupé and the BMW 325d Convertible both boast a new member to the new range of BMW's straight-six diesels. Displacing 3.0 litres, the new engine features a turbocharger system wîth variable turbine geometry, an aluminium crankcase and the latest generation of common-rail direct fuel injection. Maximum output is 150 kW/204 hp at an engine speed of 3,750 rpm, peak torque of 430 Newton-metres/317 lb-ft comes at 1,750 rpm.
The new BMW 325d Coupé accelerates to 100 km/h in 6.9, the BMW 325d Convertible in 7.5 seconds. Top speed is 244 km/h (151 mph) and 238 km/h (148 mph), respectively. Average fuel consumption under the EÚ standard of 5.7 litres/49.6 mpg imp (Convertible: 6.1 litres/46.3 mpg imp) per 100 kilometres and CO2 ratings of 151 and, respectively,160 grams per kilometre underline the outstanding efficiency of this new power unit.
Like the new six-cylinder diesel, the four-cylinder diesel featured in the BMW 320d Coupé and the BMW 320d Convertible shows an increase in engine output by 5 kW/7 hp. Improvements in engine technology helping to increase the overall efficiency of the power unit serve also in this case to ensure maximum efficiency all round. This 2.0-litre now delivers maximum output of 135 kW/184 hp at 4,000 rpm; peak torque is up over the former engine by 30 Newton-metres/22 lb-ft to 380 Newton-metres/280 lb-ft at 1,900 rpm.
The new BMW 320d Coupé accelerates from a standstill to 100 km/h in a mere 7.5 seconds, the Convertible completes the same exercise in 8.3 seconds. Top speed is 237 km/h (147 mph) and , respectively, 228 km/h (141 mph).
Particularly wîth a view to this kind of performance, average fuel consumption in the EÚ test cycle of only 4.7 litres/100 kilometres (equal to 60.1 mpg imp) on the BMW 320d Coupé and 5.1 litres/100 kilometres (55.4 mpg imp) on the BMW 320d Convertible is truly outstanding. CO2 emissions are 125 and 135 grams per kilometre, respectively.
New diversity in the engine range, all-wheel drive on five coupé models, Sports Automatic wîth double clutch.
The range of engines for the BMW 3 Series Coupé and Convertible is growing once again thanks to the new entry-level power units. As a result, the new BMW 3 Series Coupé is now available wîth five petrol and four diesel engines, while the new BMW 3 Series Convertible offers almost the same large choice of five petrol and three diesel engines.
In both cases, the range of petrol engines is made up of two four- and three six-cylinders, while the diesel engines comprise one four-cylinder and three or, respectively, two six-cylinders.
As a further option in drivetrain technology, the BMW xDrive intelligent all-wheel-drive system is available on no less than five versions of the BMW 3 Series Coupé, teaming up as required wîth three petrol and two diesel engines.
Both the new BMW 3 Series Coupé and the new BMW 3 Series Convertible come as standard wîth a six-speed manual gearbox. The BMW 335i and the BMW 320d feature a newly developed transmission wîth dry sump lubrication which, through its optimised operation, enhances the efficiency of these models to an even higher level than before.
As an option the BMW 320i, BMW 325i, BMW 330i, BMW 320d, BMW 325d, and BMW 330d are available in both body variants wîth six-speed automatic transmission, which comes as standard on the BMW 335d.
The BMW 335i Coupé and the BMW 335i Convertible are available as an option wîth seven-speed Sports Automatic featuring double-clutch operation. This cutting-edge transmission technology shifts gears without the slightest interruption of traction and engine power, thus offering supreme and highly dynamic acceleration at all times. Indeed, both models accelerate even faster than their counterparts wîth a manual gearbox, while maintaining the same low level of fuel consumption.
Over and above these qualities, the Double-Clutch Gearbox offers the same, highly appreciated comfort features as a BMW automatic transmission, giving the driver the choice to shift gears either automatically or manually, whatever he prefers.
On all models featuring automatic transmission or BMW Sports Automatic, the driver is able to shift gears in the manual mode either through the gear selector lever, or, as an option, through shift paddles on the §teering wheel. These shift paddles included in the Sports Automatic transmission wîth double clutch are now activated according to a new control logic, the right paddle serving to shift up, the left to shift down.
Applying this systematic approach carried from BMW M Cars, the driver enjoys an even more intense experience of the unusually short and fast gearshift ensured by Sports Automatic.
Innovative office and entertainment functions from BMW ConnectedDrive.
The wide range of services provided by BMW ConnectedDrive are likewise among the innovative features offered by the BMW 3 Series. Appropriately networking the car wîth its surroundings, BMW ConnectedDrive optimises both the high level of comfort and safety in using the car's entertainment functions.
The services provided by BMW ConnectedDrive include highlights such as full use of the internet in the car, a telephone enquiry service transmitting data straight to the navigation system, the option to download individual route options by means of BMW Routes, and the Enhanced Emergency Call function serving to precisely locate the car and send rescue services quickly and directly to the scene of an accident whenever necessary.
Entering the 2010 model year, the range of functions provided by BMW ConnectedDrive is being enlarged by additional features in some cases exclusive to BMW – and naturally available on both the new BMW 3 Series Coupé and the new BMW 3 Series Convertible. The focus in particular is on the optimised integration of mobile phones and external entertainment units into the car's iDrive control system, which also means an even wider range of flexibility in using voice entry to operate and control external units.
A further feature now available for the first time is the option to download software packages for integrating new mobile phones or an audio player through a BMW online portal, simply by updating the specifications required. So after downloading the software into the car by mean of a ÚSB stick, the new units can be fully integrated into the iDrive system for maximum convenience. The only prerequisite for using these new options offered by BMW ConnectedDrive is that the car is fitted wîth BMW's optional navigation system Professional.
The new services provided by BMW ConnectedDrive allow even safer, more convenient and extensive operation of telephone and office functions while driving. Indeed, BMW is the world's first car maker to offer all the technical prerequisites for downloading text messages from your mobile phone directly into the iDrive Control Display. And then, for even greater convenience, the driver may even have his text messages read out loud by the voice presentation system.
Yet another unique feature is the option to synchronise calendar entries, tasks and notes between the mobile phone and BMW iDrive through an appropriate interface supported by the leading makers of mobile phones. Thanks to this broad scope of availability, this function is at the disposal of a large number of customers right from the start and also serves to present contact lists and even images on the screen.
Another innovation is the transmission of audio files from external devices through Bluetooth. In this case a mobile audio player, for example, is masterminded by remote control, just as audio files in the player are transferred by remote control into the car's entertainment system.
The presentation of music covers in choosing the music programme on the Control Display makes the use of the car's entertainment functions even more attractive – and again, BMW is the world's first car maker to offer this new function.
3. More Driving Pleasure, More Efficiency, More Diversity:
The New Engine Range in the BMW 3 Series Saloon and the BMW 3 Series Touring.
• All models fulfil the EÚ5 emission standard.
• Following the BMW 330d Saloon, the BMW 320d Saloon and the BMW 320d Touring now come wîth BMW BluePerfomance for the EÚ6 standard.
• Even greater driving pleasure thanks to optimised power units in the BMW 320d and the BMW 318d, entry-level BMW 316d also in the Touring model.
BMW is consistently continuing the worldwide introduction of innovative technologies serving to reduce both fuel consumption and emissions.
Once again, the BMW 3 Series is the pacemaker in taking this approach, boasting new technologies also in the 2010 model year developed in the context of BMW EfficientDynamics for maximum impact in this best-selling model series. As a result, the BMW 3 Series is once again extending its leadership over the competition in terms of efficiency.
A new straight-six petrol engine wîth BMW TwinPower Turbo Technology, High Precision Injection, and VALVETRONIC in the BMW 335i, an equally new straight-six diesel wîth an all-aluminium crankcase and common-rail direct fuel injection in the BMW 320d, extra muscle and traction for the BMW 320d and the BMW 318d, as well as the introduction of the BMW 316d Touring make the model range even more appealing and versatile than ever before.
A further important highlight is that all model variants of the BMW 3 Series now fulfil the EÚ5 emissions standard. And wîth optional BMW BluePerformance technology, not only the BMW 330d Saloon, but also the BMW 320d Saloon and the BMW 320d Touring are now becoming the first four-cylinder models to fulfil the EÚ6 emission standard not even coming into force until 2014.
Both the Saloon and Touring models are available in the 2010 model year wîth a choice of no less than five petrol and six diesel engines, the range of power extending all the way from 85 kW/115 hp in the BMW 316d to 225 kW/306 hp in the BMW 335i.
Choosing from the petrol models, customers have the choice of no less than two four- and three six-cylinder engines, while the portfolio of diesel engines now comprises three four- and three-six-cylinder power units.
The BMW 320d EfficientDynamics Edition holds a very special position within the range in supplementing the line-up of BMW 3 Series Saloon models: Developing maximum output of 120kW/163 hp on fuel consumption in the EÚ test cycle of just 4.1 litres/100 kilometres (equal to 68.9 mpg imp), and wîth a CO2 rating of 109 grams per kilometre, this special model powered by a 2.0-litre four-cylinder diesel offers by far the best balance of driving pleasure and fuel economy in the midrange §egmènt.
The choice of all-wheel-drive models in the BMW 3 Series is likewise even greater than ever before, wîth BMW's intelligent xDrive all-wheel-drive system available on no less than three petrol and two diesel models.
BMW EfficientDynamics: featured as standard in every BMW 3 Series.
The BMW 3 Series already holds an outstanding position in the midrange §egmènt as the epitome of driving dynamics and the absolute trendsetter in terms of efficiency. Indeed, the unique characteristics of the BMW 3 Series combining superior Sheer Driving Pleasure wîth exemplary fuel economy and emission management, is the result of the BMW EfficientDynamics development strategy – and the innovations introduced as part of this strategy are offered in an appropriate combination as standard in each BMW 3 Series. This guarantees that the BMW 3 Series in all power and performance classes offers an unusually good balance of Sheer Driving Pleasure and fuel economy all round.
The efficiency so typical of BMW is based on the high standard of engine management and control to be admired throughout the BMW 3 Series as a whole. As an example, all petrol engines come wîth second-generation direct fuel injection. Appropriately highlighted as BMW High Precision Injection, this sophisticated fuel injection technology uses injectors placed in the middle between the valves and in the immediate vicinity of the spark plugs for precise dosage of the fuel injected. On the four-cylinder petrol engines in the BMW 320i and the BMW 318i, and in the six-cylinder BMW 325i and BMW 330i, High Precision Injection operates in the particularly economical lean burn mode. In the new six-cylinder featured in the BMW 335i High Precision Injection is combined for the first time wîth BMW TwinPower Turbo Technology and fully variable VALVETRONIC valve management.
In the interest of optimum weight, the power units in the BMW 335i, the BMW 320i and the BMW 318i come wîth an aluminium crankcase, while the six-cylinder naturally-aspirated engines in the BMW 330i and the BMW 325i boast a composite magnesium/aluminium crankcase even lighter than before.
The diesel engines in the BMW 3 Series likewise come in a low-weight aluminium construction. On both the six- and four-cylinder diesels, third-generation common-rail direct fuel injection ensures an optimum supply of fuel at all times. Turbochargers wîth variable intake geometry and Variable Twin Turbo Technology on the BMW 335d ensure an ideal combination of sporting performance wîth excellently low fuel consumption and emissions.
The wide range of BMW EfficientDynamics technology featured on all models in the BMW 3 Series includes Brake Energy Regeneration, concentrating the generation of electric power for the on-board network on overrun and application of the brakes. Whenever the engine is pulling the car, on the other hand, that is in the traction mode, more power is available for enhanced driving dynamics.
The manual gearbox four-cylinder models in the BMW 3 Series also come wîth an Auto Start Stop function helping to avoid any additional consumption of fuel when the engine is idling. All models wîth manual gearbox are furthermore equipped wîth a gearshift point indicator telling the driver the right time to shift gears in the interest of minimum fuel consumption.
Intelligent lightweight technology, special tyres wîth minimum roll resistance and optimised aerodynamics further enhance the efficiency of the BMW 3 Series to an even higher standard. Ancillary units masterminded according to current requirements and appropriately combined in each model – such as Electric Power Steering, an oil pump controlled on-demand, the detachable a/c compressor, active cooling air flaps as well as the transmission and final drive optimised for maximum efficiency – likewise serve to reduce both fuel consumption and emissions.
BMW BluePerformance technology now featured for the first time also in a four-cylinder diesel: the BMW 320d fulfilling the EÚ6 emission standard.
Entering the 2010 model year, all models in the BMW 3 Series naturally fulfil the EÚ5 emission standard. At the same time BMW is further extending its leadership in the introduction of innovative exhaust management technologies to fulfil the EÚ6 standard not even coming into force until 2014. Optional BMW BluePerformance technology serves to reduce nitric oxide emissions (NOX) for this purpose, without in any way impairing the performance and fuel economy of cars equipped wîth this technology.
The first model equipped wîth BluePerformance in order to fulfil the EÚ6 standard was the BMW 330d Saloon. Now this trendsetter is being followed by the BMW 320d Saloon and the BMW 320d Touring as the first four-cylinder diesels available on request wîth BMW BluePerformance.
Supplementing the diesel particulates filter and the oxidation catalyst housed in one unit on all diesel models, BMW BluePerformance technology incorporates an NOX storage catalyst to provide a further reduction of nitric oxides in the car's emissions.
A catalytic process triggered by the coating on the NOX storage catalyst binds nitric monoxide and nitric dioxide to the barium carbonate elements integrated in the catalyst itself, the barium nitrate formed in this way being completely burnt by the engine running briefly wîth a larger share of fuel provided by a subsequent injection process.
The reduction of nitric oxide ensured by BMW BluePeformance technology remains unnoticed to the driver, wîth the NOX storage catalyst being maintenance-free throughout the entire lifecycle of the car and not requiring any additional substances. Since the additional combustion processes are short and precise, this subsequent treatment of the exhaust gas does not have any influence on the car's fuel consumption.
BMW 316d: entry-level model now also available in Touring guise.
The 316d Saloon already holds a strong position at the lower end of the model range as the most economical opportunity to enjoy the driving pleasure so typical of a BMW. The car's 2.0-litre four-cylinder diesel develops 85 kW/115 hp at an engine speed of 4,000 rpm and delivers maximum torque of 260 Newton-metres/192 lb-ft at 1,750 rpm. And now this particularly fuel-efficient, low-emission diesel engine is also available in the Touring version of the BMW 3 Series.
The entry-level diesel comes complete wîth an aluminium crankcase, a turbocharger system wîth variable turbine geometry and the latest generation of common-rail direct fuel injection. It accelerates the BMW 316d Touring from a standstill to 100 km/h in 11.2 seconds and gives the car a top speed of 201 km/h or 125 mph. Average fuel consumption of the BMW 316d Touring in the EÚ test cycle is 4.5 litres/100 kilometres (equal to 62.8 mpg imp) and the CO2 emission rating is 119 grams per kilometre.
BMW 320d and BMW 318d wîth even more traction and pulling force.
Further improvements now give the four-cylinder diesel engines in the BMW 320d and the BMW 318d even higher traction and pulling force. Maximum torque is up in both cases and the engine of the BMW 320d now develops a peak power of 135 kW/184 hp. Following the BMW EfficientDynamics strategy, the extra driving pleasure on these models furthermore comes wîth an additional reduction of both fuel consumption and emissions.
The BMW 320d and the BMW 318d are likewise powered by 2.0-litre all-aluminium engines featuring turbocharger technology wîth fully variable turbine geometry and common-rail direct fuel injection. The extra power and efficiency over the former models results in this case from consistent optimisation of the combustion chambers, the turbocharger system and the cylinder head, as well as re-arrangement of the engine's ancillary units serving to reduce frictional losses. The injection system using magnetic valve injectors operating at a pressure of up to 1,600 (BMW 318d) and, respectively, 1,800 (BMW 320d) bar ensures precise dosage of fuel at all times as well as a smooth, consistent and low-emission combustion process.
Maximum engine power now increased by 5 kW to 135 kW/184 hp in the BMW 320d comes at 4,000 rpm, peak torque up from 350 Newton-metres (258 lb-ft) to 380 Newton-metres (280 lb-ft) is maintained all the way from 1,900 – 2,750 rpm.
The new power unit accelerates the BMW 320d Saloon from a standstill to 100 km/h in 7.5 seconds, wîth the BMW 320d Touring completing the same exercise in 7.7 seconds. Top speed is 235 km/h (146 mph) on the Saloon and 233 km/h (144 mph) on the Touring.
Despite this increase in engine power and performance, average fuel consumption in the EÚ test cycle is down to just 4.7 litres/100 kilometres (60.1 mpg imp) (Touring: 4.8 litres /58.8 mpg imp). The respective CO2 ratings are 125 grams per kilometre for the Saloon and 128 grams per kilometre for the Touring.
Delivering maximum output of 105 kW/143 hp, the power unit featured in the BMW 318d comes wîth peak torque up by 20 Newton-metres/15 lb-ft to 320 Newton-metres/236 lb-ft delivered at a low 1,750 rpm. As a result of this higher torque, acceleration to 100 km/h in the BMW 318d Saloon now takes just 9.1 seconds (Touring: 9.4 seconds), while both models – Saloon and Touring – reach a top speed of 210 km/h or 136 mph.
Average fuel consumption in the EÚ test cycle is now 4.5 litres/100 kilometres (equal to 62.8 mpg imp), the CO2 rating is 120 grams per kilometre.
More power, greater efficiency: the BMW 325d wîth its new six-cylinder diesel engine.
|Engine : 3.0 L., 6-cylinder|
Power: 230 hp
Torque: 200 ft-lbs
6-speed Manual, 6-speed Automatic
In the version powering the BMW 325d, this new six-cylinder diesel develops maximum output of 150 kW/204 hp – 5 kW more than in the previous model – at an engine speed of 3,750 rpm. Maximum torque is up from the former model by 30 Nm/22 lb-ft to 430 Newton-metres/317 lb-ft, and now comes at 1,750 rpm.
Benefiting from this kind of torque and power, the BMW 325d Saloon accelerates from a standstill to 100 km/h in 7.0 seconds (Touring: 7.2 seconds). Top speed is 242 km/h or 150 mph (Touring: 240 km/h or 149 mph).
The new six-cylinder diesel also sets a new benchmark for efficiency through its average fuel consumption in the EÚ test cycle of 5.7 litres/100 kilometres (equal to 49.6 mpg imp) (Touring: 5.8 litres/48.7 mpg imp) and a CO2 rating of 151 grams per kilometre (Touring: 153 grams).
Efficiency and maximum power all in one: the BMW 335i featuring BMW TwinPower Turbo, High Precision Injection and VALVETRONIC for the first time.
The most powerful version of the BMW 3 Series likewise comes wîth an even higher level of efficiency in the 2010 model year: The new BMW 335i stands out in particular through the supreme muscle of its 225 kW/306 hp straight-six now combined more than ever before wîth a level of economy quite unique in this performance class.
With power and performance remaining the same, average fuel consumption of the BMW 335i Saloon and the BMW 335i Touring is down compared to the previous models by approximately 8 per cent. This progress is attributable, among other things, to the introduction of a new generation of engines also in the BMW 335i. Indeed, the new power unit featured in the BMW 335i is the first engine to combine BMW TwinPower Turbo Technology both wîth High Precision Injection and fully variable VALVETRONIC valve management.
The new six-cylinder boasts a turbocharger system applying the TwinScroll principle to separate the ducts of three cylinders at a time both in the exhaust manifold and in the turbocharger itself. This particular configuration ensures a smooth and direct surge of power wîth immediate response even at low engine speeds, High Precision Injection interacting wîth newly developed multi-hole injectors positioned in the middle of the cylinder head between the valves and in the immediate vicinity of the spark plug for particularly precise dosage of fuel into the combustion chambers.
To further optimise the development of power and the superior efficiency of the engine, fully variable VALVETRONIC valve management masterminds valve stroke and intake valve timing in an infinitely variable process. This reduces throttle losses in the charge cycle to a minimum and makes particularly efficient use of the energy in the fuel. (concept carz) And last but certainly not least, engine response is also even better, more dynamic and smoother than before.
The engine delivers its maximum torque of 400 Nm/295 lb-ft all the way from 1,200 – 5,000 rpm, and reaches its maximum output at 5,800 rpm. This accelerates the new BMW 335i Saloon from a standstill to 100 km/h in just 5.6 seconds (Touring: 5.7 seconds). Top speed is limited electronically to 250 km/h or 155 mph.
Perhaps the most impressive point is that both models combine this sports car performance wîth a further reduction of both fuel consumption and emissions, wîth fuel consumption in the EÚ test cycle of just 8.4 litres/100 kilometres (33.6 mpg imp) on the Saloon and 8.5 litres/100 km (33.2 mpg imp) on the Touring, plus a CO2 rating of 196 grams per kilometre (Touring: 199 grams).
4. Once Again a Step Ahead:
The BMW 320d EfficientDynamics Edition.
• Consistent optimisation of efficiency ensures fuel consumption in the EÚ test cycle of 4.1 litres/100 km (equal to mpg imp) and a CO2 rating of 109 g/km.
• By far the highest efficiency in its §egmènt.
• Innovative engine technology for Sheer Driving Pleasure typical of BMW and lowest CO2 emissions throughout the entire model range.
As the world's leading premium car maker, BMW is now further increasing its leadership in the development of particularly clean and, at the same time, dynamic models.
The new BMW 320d EfficientDynamics Edition comes as a parallel offer to the BMW 320d in the 2010 model year, this outstanding saloon wîth its cutting-edge technology combining fuel consumption of just 4.1 litres diesel per 100 kilometres (equal to 68.9 mpg imp) and a CO2 rating of 109 grams per kilometre in the EÚ test cycle wîth maximum output of no less than 120 kW/163 hp.
The 2.0-litre four-cylinder diesel engine featured in the BMW 320d EfficientDynamics Edition comes wîth an all-aluminium crankcase, turbocharging wîth variable intake geometry and the latest generation of common-rail direct fuel injection. Naturally, the engine has been modified throughout for an even higher standard of all-round efficiency.
Addressing above all the markets in Germany, Great Britain, Italy and Spain, the BMW 320d EfficientDynamics Edition also features optimised aerodynamics, a longer final drive ratio and innovative technology in the two-mass flywheel, the centrifugal-force pendulum.
Cutting-edge technology of this calibre makes the BMW 320d EfficientDynamics Edition the cleanest and most fuel-efficient car in BMW's current model range. In the fiercely contested mid-market §egmènt, the BMW 320d EfficientDynamics Edition is an unparalleled, highly attractive premium option for the customer wîth a special focus on outstanding economy and wîth a very ecological perspective on life, but not wanting to forego the sporting driving characteristics so typical of a BMW.
In a nutshell, therefore, the BMW 320d EfficientDynamics Edition enhances the superior efficiency already offered by the existing models in the BMW 3 Series through BMW EfficientDynamics to an even higher standard quite unparalleled in the market.
Four-cylinder diesel engine wîth power and performance optimised for maximum efficiency.
The BMW 320d EfficientDynamics Edition is powered by a four-cylinder diesel optimised specifically for minimum fuel consumption and maximum emission management for an even higher level of all-round efficiency. The engine as such is a 2.0-litre four-cylinder wîth an all-aluminium crankcase, turbocharging and the latest generation of common-rail fuel injection already featured in various levels of power and performance in the BMW 316d, the BMW 318d and the BMW 320d. The specific version of this power unit developed for the BMW 320d EfficientDynamics Edition delivers maximum output of 120 kW/163 hp at an engine speed from 3,250 – 4,200 rpm, wîth peak torque of 380 Nm/280 lb-ft from 1,900 – 2,750 rpm.
A particular forte of this outstanding power unit is its sporting performance from low engine speeds. Benefiting from innovative technology in the two-mass flywheel, the centrifugal force pendulum, combined wîth a longer final drive ratio, the BMW 320d EfficientDynamics Edition runs at significantly lower engine speeds in all speed ranges relevant in practice. A further important point is that the shift in engine load beneficial to both fuel consumption and emission management comes wîth the full standard of spontaneity and running smoothness so typical of a BMW diesel.
Smooth motoring without vibrations even at low engine speeds thanks to the centrifugal force pendulum in the two-mass flywheel.
To maintain smooth motoring characteristics and vibration-free refinement even at particularly low engine speeds, the power unit of the BMW 320d EfficientDynamics Edition features a centrifugal force pendulum effectively compensating any rotational and uneven lack of balance at low engine speeds.
This innovative component is integrated in the engine's two-mass flywheel where it sets off vibrations released while driving, thus ensuring smooth, comfortable and acoustically optimised development of power from low engine speeds.
Benefiting from this extra comfort, the driver will be inclined to use a higher gear more often or not to shift down at all in a certain situation. When accelerating, on the other hand, the BMW 320d EfficientDynamics Edition still boasts all the driving behaviour and agility so typical of a BMW.
The driving dynamics characteristic of a BMW are borne out among other things by acceleration to 100 km/h in just 8.0 seconds. Acceleration from 80 – 120 km/h (50 – 75 mph) comes in 9.1 seconds in fifth gear, and the car's top speed is 228 km/h or 141 mph.
Lower emissions, more driving pleasure: consistent implementation of BMW EfficientDynamics wîth its full potential.
The BMW 320d EfficientDynamics Edition comes wîth the full range of technologies for reducing both fuel consumption and emissions also featured as standard in other models in the BMW 3 Series. Brake Energy Regeneration, for example, concentrates the generation of electric power for the on-board network in phases of engine overrun and application of the brakes, where the engine does not consume any more fuel. (concept carz) The Auto Start Stop function switches off the engine when coming to a short halt on account of traffic conditions, thus avoiding any unnecessary consumption of fuel while idling. The gearshift point indicator in the BMW 320d EfficientDynamics Edition informs the driver at a very early point of the need to shift gears in the interest of optimum efficiency.
Ancillary units such as the detachable a/c compressor also serve to maximise the efficient use of energy for the car's on-board network. Active cooling air flap management and tyres optimised for minimum roll resistance likewise serve to enhance the level of efficiency. And being equipped wîth a diesel particulates filter fitted close to the engine, the BMW 320d EfficientDynamics Edition naturally complies in full wîth the EÚ5 emission standard.
These technologies also featured on the other models in the BMW 3 Series in the interest of maximum efficiency are further enhanced on the BMW 320d EfficientDynamics Edition by model-specific innovations which, together wîth the reduction in engine power by 15 kW/20 hp compared to the 'regular' BMW 320d, allows an even greater reduction in fuel consumption and emissions below the CO2 emission limit of 110 g/km.
These specific innovations include not only a longer final drive ratio, but also a lowered suspension front and rear. Newly developed aero rims in turbine wheel design – together wîth the rear window sticker proudly bearing the words 'EfficientDynamics Edition' the only visible sign of distinction – once again improve the car's aerodynamics, helping to reduce the drag coefficient of the BMW 320d EfficientDynamics Edition to a mere 0.26.
Within the BMW 3 Series the BMW 320d EfficientDynamics Edition is so far the most consistent and far-reaching implementation of the BMW EfficientDynamics development strategy. So the committed motorist who appreciates the premium character and sporting driving features of a BMW 3 Series while nevertheless focusing in particular on superior all-round company, now has the perfect choice from BMW in the midrange §egmènt.
With the introduction of this revolutionary new model, any direct comparison of efficiency in this §egmènt is once again a step ahead of the competition. And the final highlight is that the increase in efficiency provided by the BMW 320d EfficientDynamics Edition wîth its innovative technology does not even come at a higher price, since this outstanding new model retails at the same price on the market as the 'regular' BMW 320d.
5. A Perfect Combination:
The BMW 3 Series Edition Models.
• Thrilling dynamics: the BMW 3 Series Sport Edition.
• Fascinating innovation: the BMW 3 Series Lifestyle Edition.
• Stylish elegance: the BMW 3 Series Exclusive Edition.
Dynamic driving characteristics, innovative features, athletic and elegant design – these are the ingredients which give the BMW 3 Series its unique character.
Now the new Special Editions of the Saloon and Touring bring out these supreme qualities in even greater style and splendour. The Sport, Lifestyle and Exclusive Editions come wîth the most sophisticated, carefully matched options in exterior and interior design creating specific highlights in both the looks of the car and the driving experience they have to offer.
The Edition Models are characterised in particular by their exclusive paintwork and light-alloy wheels as well as special upholstery variants in combination wîth appropriate interior trim, bringing out their individual style and qualities at very first sight. Common features shared by all models are the chrome bars on the BMW kidney grille and door cutout bars proudly bearing the name 'Edition'.
The Sport, Lifestyle and Exclusive Editions may be combined wîth all engine variants available for the BMW 3 Series and come in both the Saloon and Touring as of March 2010.
Driving pleasure in its purest form: the BMW 3 Series Sport Edition.
The Sport Edition of the BMW 3 Series offers ideal qualities for enjoying driving pleasure at its very best. With its special features, this specific model enables the driver and passengers to enjoy both sporting style and the dynamic driving experience at its very best. The particular highlights in this case are the M Sports Suspension, 18-inch light-alloy wheels in exclusive Dark Chrome star-spoke design, as well as the M Aerodynamics Package. The superior and athletic looks of the car are further underlined by window shaft covers in BMW Individual High-Gloss Satin Chrome and the exhaust tailpipes in Black Chrome. The range of body colours also includes Blue Water Metallic.
Within the interior, sports seats, an M leather §teering wheel wîth multifunction buttons, a sports gearshift lever, pedal supports made of stainless steel and BMW Individual roof lining in Anthracite promote the intense driving experience of the BMW 3 Series. Seat upholstery in the Blue Shadow combination of cloth and alcantara (or in Dakota leather, Black, as an option) comes wîth contrasting seams in Royal Blue. Matching footmats wîth contrasting piping again in Royal Blue and interior trim in Glacier Silver, aluminium ultimately add the finishing touch.
Individual style the modern way: the BMW 3 Series Lifestyle Edition.
The BMW 3 Series Lifestyle Edition stands out through sophisticated, modern and exclusive highlights in exterior and interior design. Among other features, these models are available wîth particularly attractive Platinum Bronze exterior paintwork. The trim bar on the front air dam finished in Silver and window shaft covers on all engine variants in chrome round off the stylish look of the car. Seventeen-inch light-alloy wheels also belong to the exclusive range of special features.
Seat upholstery created exclusively for the Lifestyle Edition further accentuates the thrill of modern, individual style within the interior. The centre section in Layer cloth is combined in this case wîth outer seat elements in Fluid cloth as a particularly attractive symbiosis. As an alternative to the seats finished completely in Anthracite, a two-coloured version wîth its centre section in Ivory White and outer elements in Oyster is also available for the genuine connoisseur.
When ordered by the customer, Fluid cloth also comes on the door panels. And last but not least, interior trim in High-Gloss Platinum Bronze gives the Lifestyle Edition a particularly exclusive highlight.
Stylishly refined: the BMW 3 Series Exclusive Edition.
The BMW 3 Series Exclusive Edition offers a particularly stylish and refined ambience inside the car. Like on the Lifestyle Edition, the outer look of the car is upgraded by the trim bar on the front air dam finished consistently in Silver and window shaft covers in chrome. Seventeen-inch light-alloy wheels are also a regular feature on this model.
Paintwork in Deep Sea Blue Metallic creates a particular highlight on the Exclusive Edition supplemented by the roof railing in Satin-Gloss Aluminium on the BMW 3 Series Touring.
Within the interior, the sophisticated interior of the Exclusive Edition is further accentuated, among other things, by Dakota leather seats in Oyster colour. Further significant features within the stylish combination of interior highlights are the exclusive leather sports §teering wheel otherwise only available on the new BMW 3 Series Coupé and the new BMW 3 Series Convertible, as well as special interior trim in Bamboo, Anthracite Grain.
The success story of a global trendsetter: Five generations of the BMW 3 SeriesThe BMW 3 Series established the compact sports sedan §egmènt and laid the foundation stone for the world's most successful premium model series.
If there is such a thing as a typical BMW, then it is without a doubt the BMW 3 Series. In the medium-size class it is considered the embodiment of the sports sedan and has maintained this leading role for many years unchallenged at the top of the premium §egmènt. Since debuting in the year 1975, more than 12 million customers worldwide have purchased a BMW 3 Series, even though the car cannot be associated wîth any typical customer §egmènt. So the reasons for this remarkable success are manifold.
Then as now, the BMW 3 Series concept was unique – a compact and elegant body design, modern and efficient engines, a classic rear-wheel drive concept and a sporty suspension setup. The result was a maximum degree of driving dynamics and agility. Moreover, BMW demonstrated a strong sense for the spirit of the time and the individual wishes of potential customers. This in turn resulted in innovative body concepts and additional technical features that competitors were unable to offer. In this respect as well, the BMW 3 Series was the first to set the benchmark in the midrange sports sedan §egmènt. The latest examples of this are the measures implemented within the framework of BMW EfficientDynamics, thanks to which the BMW 3 Series achieves the lowest fuel consumption and emission levels in its class.
The BMW 3 Series Convertible, the BMW 3 Series Touring, the BMW 3 Series Coupé and the BMW 3 Series Compact eventually followed the sedan – the best-selling model variant in the global market. In addition, BMW designed the high-performance sports sedan BMW M3. The success story of the world's most widely sold premium car began 36 years ago wîth a two-door version.
1975: The first generation.
With the presentation of the first BMW 3 Series in July 1975, BMW opened a new chapter in the history of the automobile. Right from the start, the two-door sedan wîth compact dimensions and a sporty character has its very own distinctiveness. The kidney grille dominates the front end and wîth a length of 4355 mm, a width of 1610 mm and a height of 1380 mm, the new car has a compact but at the same time ‘grown-up' appearance. Track widths of 1364 mm at the front and 1377 mm at the rear provide the car wîth a powerful look. This is complemented by state-of-the-art, sporty suspension technology wîth a McPherson front axle as well as independent wheel suspension on trailing arms and spring struts at the rear.
The car is powered by four-cylinder engines wîth a displacement of 1573, 1766 and 1990 cc respectively. The model designations are 316, 318, 320 and 320i. With the exception of the fuel-injected engine, all power units are designed to run on regular petrol.
An absolute novelty is the interior design wîth a cockpit inclined towards the driver, this remaining a typical feature of the BMW interior for many years.
Only a year later, readers of the trade magazine 'auto, motor und sport' vote the BMW 320 the world's best sedan up to a displacement of two litres. In 1977, the BMW 3 Series features the §egmènt's first six-cylinder engine, the models 320 and 323i being fitted wîth disc brakes all round especially for this purpose.
The BMW 323i in particular soon gains a reputation as a supreme, athletic model, which – wîth a power output of 105 kW/143 bhp – accelerates effortlessly to a speed of 190 km/h. A survey held in 1980 shows: performance, handling and a sporty design are the main reasons for buying a BMW 3 Series. Four out of five customers would buy the car again. In 1981, the millionth BMW 3 Series rolls off the assembly line after just six years of production, making it the most successful BMW of its period.
1982: The second generation.
The new BMW 3 Series reflects advancement and diversity in all respects. A new design, optimised aerodynamics, more space and comfort, higher power output as well as additional body and engine variants. BMW has consistently extended its most successful model range, offering bespoke solutions to suit customer tastes. This generation celebrates the debut of a family-friendly four-door car (1983), the BMW 3 Series Convertible and the BMW M3 sports car (both 1985). Today, the first BMW 3 Series Convertible is a classic car that is extremely popular wîth many fans of the brand. With the attractively styled 1987 touring version, BMW proves that driving fun and high utility value as well as space and functionality need not contradict each other. Furthermore, the first diesel and the first four-wheel drive models are incorporated into the BMW 3 Series. The successful result of this strategy: With more than 2.3 million units sold, sales of the predecessor model is even exceeded by a million.
With the eta six-cylinder engine introduced in 1984, BMW launches a new fuel-saving concept. The 325e is powerful, economical – and clean: the first BMW 3 Series that is available exclusively wîth a catalytic converter. Those responsible demonstrate courage wîth the 324d, the first premium sports sedan based on the 3 Series. In addition, the ultra-powerful 325i makes its debut. As a 325iX, the car is equipped wîth permanent four-wheel drive. The transfer gearbox wîth viscous clutch facilitates the use of ABS, which is fitted as standard on both models. 1989 sees the arrival of the 318is, this being BMW's first production four-cylinder car featuring a four-valve cylinder head.
1990: The third generation.
In 1990, the four-door sedan marks the launch of the third generation. The car boasts a high level of elegance and innovative technology. It has also become significantly larger and more spacious. The two-door version follows in 1992, but this time as an extremely elegant coupé. Just a few months later, BMW adds two further highlights – the new convertible and the new BMW M3. With the BMW 3 Series Compact of 1994, BMW designers succeed in realising yet another conceptual innovation. It appeals predominantly to fans that attach importance to economy, without wishing to forego dynamics and comfort. The tailgate of the 4.21-metre long BMW is a particularly practical feature.
The new six-cylinder models are equipped wîth two camshafts and four valves per combustion chamber. The power units in the coupé version feature for the first time VANOS variable camshaft control, a new technology that enhances the torque curve, lowers fuel consumption and emission levels and allows engineers to increase compression. Two further newcomers are the 325tds featuring a six-cylinder diesel engine including turbocharger and intercooler as well as the first four-cylinder turbo diesel under the bonnet of the 318tds. At the turn of the year 1994/95, BMW also adds a lightweight aluminium crankcase to the six-cylinder engines.
1998: The fourth generation.
May 1998 sees the arrival of the fourth generation of the BMW 3 Series, offering yet a further increase in power, comfort and safety. The new model is four centimetres longer and wider than its predecessor, the interior also having grown accordingly. At the end of 1999, the BMW 3 Series climbs to third place in the registration statistics, something a car in this class has never achieved before.
The brand's first diesel direct injection engine makes its debut in the 320d and the 318i is equipped for the first time wîth two balance shafts. The technically most prominent measure implemented on the six-cylinder petrol engines is the introduction of double VANOS. Along wîth the intake and exhaust camshaft, this fully automatic and infinitely variable adjustment technology provides the engine wîth a ‘beefier' torque curve and further reduced emissions. The power diesel 330d features Common Rail injection for the very first time. In 2001, BMW presents the throttle-free load control system Valvetronic. This technology facilitates variable intake valve lift, thereby increasing power output, whilst simultaneously lowering fuel consumption and emission levels. Only a short time later, Valvetronic goes into large-scale production.
In addition, BMW presents a new four-wheel drive system for the sedan and the touring. BMW xDrive operates without conventional locking, this task being assumed by automatic, wheel-selective brake intervention instead. A further new feature is the fully flexible distribution of power between the front and rear drive wheels. Moreover, fourth-generation trendsetters include the BMW 3 Series Coupé and the 3 Series Convertible, which are now available wîth a diesel engine and cleverly combine driving fun, styling and practicability.
2005: The fifth generation.
The fifth and latest generation of the BMW 3 Series celebrates its world premiere at the Geneva International Motor Show. The new combination of powerful engines, dynamic and refined handling characteristics, a distinctive design and innovative equipment features is well received all over the world. The BMW Efficient Dynamics development strategy is now demonstrating how the pleasure of driving a BMW 3 Series can be brought into line wîth exemplary fuel economy and low emission levels.
For example, all petrol engines feature direct injection technology High Precision Injection, which is utilised in the six-cylinder models 330i and 325i and in the four-cylinder versions 320i and 318i in fuel-efficient lean-burn operation. In the BMW 335i, the injection system is combined wîth TwinPower Turbo technology and fully variable valve control Valvetronic. In order to optimise weight, BMW utilises an aluminium crankcase or an even lighter magnesium-aluminium composite.
In the model year 2010, all engines fulfil the EÚ5 emission standard. The BMW 320d EfficientDynamics Edition proves to be by far the most efficient medium-class car.
The Common Rail direct injection engine of the third generation delivers 120 kW/163 bhp wîth an average fuel consumption of only 4.1 litres of diesel per 100 km in the EÚ test cycle. The CO2 emission level is around 109 grams per kilometre. Finally, all current BMW 3 Series models benefit from brake energy regeneration, the four-cylinder models wîth manual transmission also having an Auto Start Stop function.
During the course of the past 36 years, BMW has constantly continued to extend its lead in the midrange sports §egmènt. The BMW 3 Series displays its sporting origins in various variants and performance classes more convincingly than any other vehicle in its class. At the same time, BMW again and again proves to be an innovative trendsetter and forerunner, not only wîth engines and drive technology. The success story will continue as the sixth generation will soon be in the starting blocks.
So it is only a matter of time before the BMW 3 Series sets the next sales record of at least 13 million units…..
BMW 3 Series sedan engines: fascinating drive technology spanning five vehicle generations. In 1975, the sporty midrange BMW 3 Series established a new vehicle category. Innovative engines rendered it a forerunner for state-of-the-art technology.For 36 years now, the BMW 3 Series has profited more than almost any other model series from its fascinating drive technology. During a period spanning five generations, BMW 3 Series engines have time and time again been pioneers of innovative technology and milestones in engine construction. As a result, the four and six-cylinder power units, each of them having been the most modern of their time, have created the basis for the success of the internationally coveted, sporty midrange series. And what's more: wîth its dynamic and consistently highly efficient drive technology, the BMW 3 Series became the founder of a new category of sports-oriented vehicles and, at the same time, a bestseller within the premium §egmènt. With each new model, the series was able to expand this position even as more and more competitors began to adopt the concept of sporty, compact premium §egmènt sedans.
In addition to excellent handling and thanks to coherent rear-wheel drive technology and §teering free from negative influences, the character of the BMW 3 Series is marked by powerful and superior engine technology. Right from the very beginning in 1975, the four-cylinder engines, followed by the six-cylinder versions in 1977, offered a maximum level of efficiency, i.e. high performance coupled wîth low fuel consumption. Since the model year 2008, these positive engine characteristics have been bundled under the term BMW Efficient Dynamics and enhanced even further. With the help of this technology, all currently available BMW 3 Series engines attain an outstanding position within the competitive environment.
In the beginning there was the powerful four-cylinder engine.
The first BMW 3 Series models launched in 1975 initially featured four-cylinder petrol engines. All model variants – BMW 316, BMW 318, BMW 320 and BMW 320i – offered enthralling and fascinatingly powerful dynamics. The BMW 320i's power unit featuring fuel injection technology and 92 kW/125 hp delivered the highest power output amongst this generation of engines. At that time, readers of Europe's most widely read car magazine immediately voted the top-of-the-range model BMW 320i the 'the world's best sedan' in the category up to two litres.
From 1977 wîth six cylinders: BMW 320/6 and BMW 323i. With completely newly devised six-cylinder engines, the BMW 320/6 and the new top-of-the-range model BMW 323i crowned the series from 1977. Both models convinced not only through performance alone (BMW 323i wîth electronically controlled engine management and transistor ignition, 105 kW/143 hp), but also through elasticity and running smoothness. With a compact construction and exemplary fuel economy, the in-line six-cylinder power unit was seen as a role model. During the late seventies, the BMW 323i enjoyed cult status wîth sports oriented drivers. Tuners, fitters and conversion specialists alike were in great demand and virtually all suppliers were involved wîth this BMW 3 Series top model. Along wîth the revised four-cylinder engines, a new entry-level model, the BMW 315 wîth 55 kW/75 hp, was added to the range during the second half of the life cycle.
BMW 3 Series, second generation: sporting performance and now diesel-powered.
Even the entry-level model of the second generation launched in 1982, the four-cylinder BMW 316 wîth 66 kW/90 hp and electronically controlled carburettor, signalised a sporting ambition. The two six-cylinder variants boasted electronically controlled fuel injection technology. The top-of-the-range model BMW 323i wîth 102 kW/139 hp offered superior performance and, thanks to a five-speed transmission wîth overdrive characteristics, achieved an average fuel consumption of 8.9 litres/100 km. BMW engineers also took a sporting approach in terms of fuel economy. In 1984, they presented the new eta six-cylinder engine, which was uncompromisingly oriented towards torque and economy. The BMW 325e delivered 90 kW/122 hp from a 2.7-litre displacement and made do wîth a modest 8.4 litres of regular petrol per 100 km. Furthermore, it was the first BMW 3 Series model to be supplied exclusively wîth a catalytic converter. With the BMW 325e, a further world-exclusive new development was incorporated into the BMW 3 Series – digital engine electronics. This technology optimises fuel injection and mixture preparation. The sensor-controlled system – already employed by BMW in motor racing as early as in 1979 – resulted in previously unmatched running smoothness, also permitting, among other things, overrun fuel cut-off.
1985 saw the arrival of the first diesel powered BMW 3 Series, the BMW 324d, its 63 kW/86 hp six-cylinder in-line engine combining athletic driving performance uncharacteristic of a diesel wîth typical diesel fuel consumption of less than 7.0 l/100 km. Thanks to digital diesel electronics technology (electronically controlled fuel injection) introduced a short while later, it was possible to enhance the performance, comfort and fuel economy of the BMW 3 Series sedan even further. 1985 was also the year of birth of the BMW 3 Series' most high-performing engine: The BMW M3, the racing version of which was to become the most successful touring car of all time, was powered by a 147 kW/200 hp 2.3-litre 4-valve engine.
Third generation: high performance, lower fuel consumption and VANOS.
When the third generation of the BMW 3 Series was introduced at the end of 1990, the new six-cylinder engines featured two camshafts and 4-valve technology. Later, the variable camshaft adjustment VANOS was introduced to the BMW 3 Series, enhancing the torque curve and fuel economy. A further new six-cylinder engine made its debut in the sedan – the 2.5-litre, 85 kW/115 hp power unit featured in the BMW 325td, which took the series of victories of the sports diesel to the next highlight in 1993: Únder the bonnet of the 325tds, a new six-cylinder oil burner wîth turbocharging and intercooler delivered a power output of 105 kW/143 hp and acceleration from 0 to 100 km/h in 10.4 seconds. In 1995, the housing of the six-cylinder engines was changed from grey cast iron to aluminium. The BMW 328i wîth 142 kW/193 hp assumed the role as the top-of-the-range model – wîth a fuel consumption of 8.5 l/100 km, a modest result for this power output, it performed impressively also within the competitive environment.
Even better efficiency in the fourth generation.
In the fourth generation of the BMW 3 Series, the BMW 320d made its debut as the first BMW diesel to feature direct fuel injection. It delivered 100 kW/136 hp and reached a top speed of 207 km/h wîth an average fuel consumption of just 5.7 l/100 km. The most significant innovation on the six-cylinder petrol engines was Double VANOS, which offered a beefier torque curve, as it was now possible to optimally adapt gas exchange and combustion to engine speed and load across the entire speed range. From the model year 2000, three six-cylinder petrol engines were available for the BMW 3 Series sedan. (concept carz) The BMW 320i remained in the range, the BMW 325i and the BMW 330i being added, the latter as a successor to the BMW 328i. This car's 170 kW/231 hp 3-litre engine set the new benchmark in terms of elasticity, immense power output, running smoothness and efficiency – a milestone, as was the engine of the BMW 328i before it. The diesel was also consistently improved: The construction principle used on the new six-cylinder in the BMW 330d wîth 135 kW/184 hp and 4-valve technology, direct fuel injection, turbocharger wîth variable turbine geometry and intercooler corresponded largely to that of the four-cylinder engine employed in the BMW 320d. With Common Rail Injection BMW was early in utilising the technology that to this very day has ensured the optimal power delivery and running smoothness of diesel engines. With an average fuel consumption of 6.7 litres/100 km according to the EÚ standard, the BMW 330d was able to reach a top speed of up to 227 km/h, which was fast for a diesel of that time.
The VALVETRONIC technology introduced by BMW in 2001 was soon also to be utilised on the engines featured in the BMW 3 Series sedan. (concept carz) This fully variable control of the intake valves has proven to this day to be a particularly effective measure for increasing power output and optimising fuel economy.
Generation 5: even higher performance, even better fuel economy.
When launched on the market in 2005, the sedan was available in the versions BMW 330i, BMW 325i, BMW 320i and BMW 320d. Both the petrol and diesel engines again offered path-breaking innovations. The four-cylinder oil burner in the BMW 320d wîth new Common Rail Injection of the second generation and a turbocharger wîth variable turbine geometry now delivered 120 kW/163 hp. Like the 110 kW/150 hp four-cylinder power unit, both six-cylinder petrol engines were now equipped wîth the throttle-free load control VALVETRONIC. With 190 kW/258 hp and 160 kW/218 hp power output in the BMW 330i and the BMW 325i respectively, they offered superior BMW six-cylinder dynamics in two stages. Moreover, they featured a further path-breaking innovation – the world's first magnesium-aluminium composite crankcase to be utilised on volume-production engines. This engine weighed only 161 kilograms.
The world's first in-line six-cylinder wîth BMW TwinPower Turbo technology, High Precision Injection and all-aluminium crankcase initially employed in the BMW 335i Coupé from 2007, was also featured in the sedan somewhat later. With 225 kW/306 hp from a three-litre displacement, it has since then offered a new dimension in driving dynamics, pulling power equal to an eight-cylinder naturally aspirated engine and remarkable efficiency, which is unsurpassed in this performance class. The fuel supply is effected using High Precision Injection technology, a second-generation direct injection system presented by BMW for the first time. The piezo injectors are located between the valves and are therefore in the immediate vicinity of the spark plugs, thus facilitating more efficient mixture preparation and combustion.
The BMW current BMW 3 Series sedan: thanks to BMW EfficientDynamics each one a benchmark in its performance class.
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