2004 Shelby Cobra Concept news, pictures, and information
When Ford rolled out the new Ford Shelby Cobra concept at the North American International Auto Show this week, the new vehicle was introduced wîth many of the same features that made the original famous—including BFGoodrich® tires.
As part of Ford's "Year of the Car", the Ford Shelby Cobra's design features a minimalist interior and exterior elements that emphasize its performance-oriented function. The massive grille opening, side vents, low-back seats and bulging wheel arches an obvious connection wîth Carroll Shelby's original 1960s two-seat Cobra.
The Ford Shelby Cobra concept team looked to BFGoodrich Tires to provide tires for this exciting new concept.
"We are thrilled to say that we are a part of latest generation of the Ford Shelby Cobra," said Tom Chubb, vice president of marketing, Michelin Automotive Industry Division. "The tires were designed to accentuate the vehicle's design while providing the style and performance that are traditionally associated wîth the BFGoodrich Tires brand."
BFGoodrich provided four specially designed g-Force T/A tires for use on the new Shelby concept. Únlike production BFGoodrich ultra-high-performance tires available to consumers, the concept Cobra's tires feature "BFGoodrich" in large white lettering on the sidewall along wîth a slick tread surface, similar to the design of the brand's competitive racing tires.
Inspired by the biggest, baddest Cobra of all — the renowned 427 — Ford engineers created a new aluminum-block V-10 to power the Ford Shelby Cobra concept. This 6.4-liter engine, adapted from Ford's MOD family, delivers the rush of raw power associated wîth that big 1960s V-8 monster — wîth 605 horsepower and 501 foot-pounds of torque — without the aid of supercharging or turbocharging.
This combination of a new aluminum-block V-10 and thorough engineering has created a rarity in the world of auto shows — a concept car that can actually run zero to 60 in under four seconds. Show cars are typically limited to 15 miles-per-hour, but this vehicle is no ordinary piece of art. To develop an authentic show vehicle, Ford designers in conjunction wîth Shelby, requested that BFGoodrich Tires provide tires that could go the distance and not simply collect dust in an exhibit hall.Source - BFGoodrich Media
Like the 2002 Ford GT40 concept, the Ford Shelby Cobra draws on Ford's emotional and performance roots in a thoroughly modern interpretation that reinforces the company's product-led momentum. It takes its place wîth the 2005 Ford Mustang, Five Hundred sedan and Freestyle crossover in the 'Year of the Car,' the largest new-product barrage in Ford's history.
'Our lineup of new 2005 cars is all about momentum,' said Jim Padilla, executive vice president and president of the Americas, Ford Motor Company. 'But the Ford Shelby Cobra concept is all about speed.'
The Ford Shelby Cobra's design reinforces this mission, wîth minimalist interior and exterior elements that emphasize its performance-oriented function. Cues like the massive grille opening, side vents, low-back seats and bulging wheel arches establish an emotional connection wîth Carroll Shelby's original 1960s Cobras, but no dimensions or proportions are copied in this thoroughly modern two-seater.
The Ford Shelby Cobra concept team drew heavily on the Ford GT production car – especially the space frame and suspension – to maximize efficiencies. Although the cars have vastly different characters and different dimensions, smart engineering quickly adapted the rear-mid-engine Ford GT platform to this front-mid-engine application.
Inspired by the biggest, baddest Cobra of all – the renowned 427 – Ford engineers created a new aluminum-block V-10 to power the Ford Shelby Cobra concept. This 6.4-liter engine, adapted from Ford's MOD family, delivers the rush of raw power associated wîth that big 1960s V-8 monster – wîth 605 horsepower and 501 foot-pounds of torque – without the aid of supercharging or turbocharging.
This combination of brute force and thorough engineering has created a rarity in the world of auto shows – a concept car that can actually do, rather than merely promise, zero to 60 in under four seconds, and would easily exceed 100 mph if not electronically limited. With show cars typically limited to a stately 15 mph or so, this fact points at the level of engineering packed into the Ford Shelby Cobra concept – and points to the authenticity that comes from working wîth Carroll Shelby once again.
'I'm sure the question on everyone's mind at this point is, ‘Are you going to build a production version?' The answer is, ‘We'll see.' If we get the same overwhelming reaction to the Cobra concept as we did to the GT concept, anything is possible,' said J Mays, group vice president, Design.
A New Legend is Born
As the saying goes, too much power is almost enough. So thought Carroll Shelby when he shoe-horned a 427-cubic-inch Ford V-8 under the hood of a small British roadster, giving birth to the legendary 427 Cobra.
Four decades later, Ford's Advanced Product Creation team – an in-house think-tank cum skunk works – explored the idea of applying Shelby's famous formula to the latest components and architectures Ford has to offer. The result is the Ford Shelby Cobra concept, a radical new roadster, fully engineered for high-speed testing, completed in just five months by a small, tightly focused team of enthusiasts.
This production-feasible roadster has a 427-inspired 605-horsepower, all-aluminum V-10 engine mounted at the front of an advanced aluminum chassis modified from the rear-engine Ford GT.
It weighs slightly more than 3,000 pounds and is about as long as a Mazda Miata. There's no roof, no side glass, not even a radio. 'That's the formula,' said Carroll Shelby. 'It's a massive motor in a tiny, lightweight car.'
Highly Evolved Engineering
The Ford Shelby Cobra concept is not just a huge engine wîth a pair of seats along for the ride. Owing to its front engine and rear transaxle layout, the roadster has nearly perfect weight distribution and a world-class supercar suspension for agility to match its alacrity.
What's more, this ultimate roadster seats full-size adults without compromise. It actually has more front-seat legroom than a Ford Crown Victoria sedan. (concept carz) This key packaging achievement wouldn't be necessary on a typical show car – but is absolutely essential to demonstrate production feasibility.
'We put together the mechanicals of a world-class supercar in a compact roadster package that can seat full-size adults,' said Manfred Rumpel, manager, Advanced Product Creation. 'And we did it in just five months on a budget smaller than that for many nonfunctional, nonengineered show cars.'
The secret to the team's success was Ford's stepped-up efforts toward commonality, speed and the expertise of a team of engineers who had previously completed the all-new Ford GT in just 15 months.
'With the Ford GT, we now have a collection of supercar components,' said Chris Theodore, vice president, Advanced Product Creation. 'We also have a team of engineers who know how to work fast to get the job done.
'It can take a year to build a concept car that doesn't even run or is speed-limited to 15 mph,' Theodore §äid. 'But in five months, we built one that will do 100 mph on the racetrack today.'
Evocative, Modern Design
Honoring the Cobra heritage is a fully modern architecture wîth subtle styling cues that hint at the legendary Cobras of the 1960s.
'What we're trying to do is not just take the audience somewhere they haven't been in a very long time, but take them somewhere they've never been – and there's a lot of magic in trying to do that,' Mays §äid.
First and foremost, the Ford Shelby Cobra concept is a performance car, and every surface and line has its roots in the car's engineering mettle.
'The powertrain, the space frame and the suspension were all key elements in the design, although for the most part, you don't see them,' said Richard Hutting, chief designer. 'These established our proportions and naturally led to a race-bred shape that evokes the original Shelby Cobra, without sharing a single dimension or proportion. Just like its underpinnings, this car is thoroughly modern in every way.'
While the design is clearly 21st century, the roadster is intentionally familiar. Key details – the dominant grille opening, hood scoop, vertical bumper bars and stacked lamps front and rear – establish the historical connection to Shelby's original creation.
'When you're setting out to tell a story about an automobile in a fresh, contemporary way, you're not actually lòòking to create beauty – you're lòòking to create meaning,' said Mays. 'We have interpreted that raw, aggressive Cobra attitude in a very modern way.'
The Ford Shelby Cobra concept completes the trilogy of Ford's greatest performance vehicles: the GT40, Mustang and Shelby Cobra. It heralds a new era of speed from Ford, the company that best knows and most loves performance cars.
Ford And Shelby: Partners At The Finish Line For More Than Four Decades
Carroll Shelby's role in the program was more than that of a spiritual leader. 'As soon as we decided to build the Cobra, J Mays and I went to talk wîth him,' Theodore §äid. 'Carroll has been involved every step of the way.'
Shelby's presence at every management review provided authenticity, as well as real contributions to the program. For example, he and Theodore independently hit on the breakthrough idea of the rear transaxle.
It might shock many young racing hopefuls today to learn that Shelby didn't enter his first automobile race – a quarter-mile drag meet – until he was nearly 30 years of age. What's no surprise, of course, is that the hot rod Shelby drove to the finish line that day in 1952 was powered by a Ford V-8.
Shelby may have started late, but he was a winner from the beginning. Just two years into Shelby's driving career, Aston Martin's racing manager, John Wyer, recruited him to co-drive a DB3 at the Sebring endurance race. Within months, the chicken farmer from Texas was bumping elbows and trading paint wîth the likes of glamorous grand prix drivers Juan-Manuel Fangio, Phil Hill and Paul Frère. He won Europe's prestigious 24-hour endurance race at Le Mans in 1959, driving an Aston Martin DBR1 wîth Roy Salvadori.
Early in 1962, Shelby drove his second Ford-powered race car. It was the first mockup for the Cobra, Shelby's now-legendary marriage of a lightweight British roadster body wîth a small-block Ford V-8. By January 1963, he had homologated the car under the FIA's GT III class rules and was lapping Corvette Stingrays at Riverside Raceway in Southern California.
In January 1965, Ford hired Shelby to lend his expertise to the upstart GT40 campaign. While Ford and Shelby took on Ferrari at Le Mans wîth the GT40, and won, they continued to fight Corvette at home wîth the Cobra. Production of the vehicle, which had a 1-ton weight advantage over the Corvette, began in June 1962 and continued through March 1967.
The first 75 Cobras that Shelby built were powered by Ford's 260-cubic-inch V-8; 51 more had the larger and far more powerful 289.
Shelby first installed the Ford 'side-oiler' 427 engine in the Cobra in October 1963, but the combination of this powerful engine and the rear leaf-spring suspension made the car treacherous to drive. Ford helped Shelby completely redesign the chassis, including an all-new coil-spring rear suspension, and by January 1965, Shelby introduced the production 427 Cobra – the car many enthusiasts herald as the ultimate street-legal racer.
'Our original objective was to build a sports car that would outrun Corvette,' Shelby §äid. 'I never dreamed it would become the icon that it did.'
The Ford Shelby Cobra concept, like the legendary 1960s original, features a utilitarian body tightly wrapped around a race-bred engine and chassis. Every surface and line has its roots in the car's uncompromised performance.
'We let the powertrain, the space frame and the suspension dictate the architecture for the body,' said Richard Hutting, chief designer. 'The result was a very authentic, modern and desirable shape that does justice to the original Shelby Cobra, but doesn't share a single dimension or proportion wîth it.'
Through key design details – the dominant grille opening, vertical bumper bars, stacked lamps front and rear, side air extractors and, most importantly, the powerful bulge over each rear wheel – the historical connection to Shelby's original creation is undeniable.
While Ford Design is known for its modern interpretations of legendary vehicles – the Ford GT, Mustang and Thunderbird, to name just a few – it also leads the in innovative ways to carry people and cargo.
From the Model A to the first Mustang, to the world's most versatile sport utility vehicles, Ford has a history of packaging efficiency, and the Ford Shelby Cobra concept is no exception.
A key engineering decision – to mount the concept's six-speed manual transmission at the rear of the car – enabled designers to give the car almost 3 inches more legroom than similar competitors' performance vehicles, while providing nearly perfect weight distribution.
'From a package perspective, the rear-mounted transmission and the small-diameter, twin-plate clutch made for a larger foot space than typically possible in such a small car wîth a large engine. This 10-cylinder, 605-horsepower, all-out sportscar has more legroom than in a Ford Crown Victoria sedan,' Hutting §äid. 'We also didn't have to compromise the driving position by offsetting the pedals – an important consideration in a performance car.'
Long Wheelbase, Short Overall Length
Performance elements help to define the exterior, as well. Because the engine sits rearward of the front wheels, the front overhang is extraordinarily short. An equally brief rear overhang gives the Cobra concept a 100-inch wheelbase – longer than that of a Dodge Viper, but wîth a head-to-tail measurement that is more than 20 inches shorter. In fact, the front and rear overhangs are both shorter than on the 1965 Shelby Cobra – the rear considerably so.
These proportions place the Ford Shelby Cobra concept into a league of its own among production-feasible vehicles, communicating rear-drive power and serious performance. The car's stance on the road is unmistakably purposeful, wîth only 4.5 inches of clearance between the carbon-fiber chin spoiler and the pavement. From the rear, powerfully bulging wheel arches embrace the massive 19-inch rear wheels, signifying that that's where the power comes to the ground.
Clean, Únadorned Surface Language
Just as designers used the mechanical package to drive the Ford Shelby Cobra concept's proportions and attitude, they drew from the car's racing persona to create a clean, unembellished 'wrapper' for the powertrain and chassis.
The front section of the body is a forward-tilting 'clamshell.' This simple design provides immediate, wide-open access to the powertrain and front suspension while defining the clean hood profile. Prominent design elements include the oversized grille opening for the radiator and the chin scoop below it for the oil cooler.
The headlamps and driving lamps at the front of the car are stacked vertically, as on the original Shelby Cobra.
'These lamps, combined wîth the vertical billet-aluminum bumper bars, the grille opening and the muscular fenders, are the way the front of the concept communicates ‘Cobra,' ' Hutting §äid.
In character wîth the Ford Shelby Cobra concept's uncompromised performance, there are no windshield wipers, no side windows and no convertible top – it is a fair-weather-only racing machine.
The sides of the body are pure function. Just aft of each front wheel is a prominent rectangular air extractor – to cool the engine and the brakes – and a conventional forward-swinging door wîth a dramatically simple shut line that terminates at the rear fender. To emphasize the clean body sides, designers also omitted door handles.
The decision to forgo exterior door handles left the team wîth a quandary: How do you open the doors? They briefly looked at incorporating an electronic button but settled on the original, elegantly simple Cobra solution of placing the inside handle up high, where it can easily be reached from outside the car.
'It's a race car,' Hutting §äid. 'The driver would rather reach inside to open the door than carry the weight of two more handles.'
Aluminum A-pillars and dual roll hoops behind the low-back seats are modern touches that expose the advanced aluminum space frame while echoing the form and function of the classic chrome roll hoops used on some original Cobras.
Rearview Camera System for Clean Flanks
In keeping wîth its racing mission, the Ford Shelby Cobra concept does without side mirrors in favor of a higher-tech, lower-drag design. A trio of video cameras – mounted high in each A-pillar and at the center of the windshield frame – create real-time color images that are displayed on a digital version of the traditional center-mounted rear-view mirror. The images from each camera are stitched together on this liquid-crystal display to form a perfect 180-degree panorama of the competition.
A mere 27 inches of rear overhang (measured from the axle line to the bumper) and other rear design details further develop the themes of uncompromised performance and Cobra heritage.
Benefiting from four decades of aerodynamics research, the Ford Shelby Cobra concept departs from the original car by incorporating carbon-fiber 'barge boards' to manage air extraction from the side vents, and a carbon-fiber diffuser in the rear to create downforce. These aerodynamic aids borrow heavily from wind tunnel lessons learned wîth the Ford GT and Formula 1 racing and were devised and tested wîth the aid of computational fluid dynamics software.
The rear transaxle cover is left exposed and becomes a design element that conveys mechanical strength.
Small, stacked round taillamps and vertical billet-aluminum bumper bars subtly trace their bloodlines back to the original Cobra.
'Even within the very modern framework of the short overhang and exposed underbody aero effects,' Hutting said, 'the rear of the car has Cobra cues to connect it to the legend.'
A bright, Tungsten Silver metallic paint reinforces the car's mechanical precision, while twin stripes in a lighter shade of silver run fore and aft over the hood and rear deck, in a nod to Shelby's traditional race car stripes.
Seven-spoke BBS racing wheels were chosen for strength and light weight. Dramatically larger than the 15-inch wheels of the original Cobra, they measure 18 inches in front and 19 inches at the rear. The wheels wear lower profile rubber all around – wîth the massive 35-series rear tires measuring more than 13.5 inches wide.
'When you see those massive tires under their bulging fenders and those exposed aerodynamic aids, you know at a glance that this is a serious racing machine,' Hutting §äid.
Proving that a minimalist roadster also can be comfortable, the 605-horsepower Ford Shelby Cobra concept offers none of the traditional electric amenities, yet boasts more front-seat legroom than a Ford Crown Victoria sedan. (concept carz)
The rear-mounted transmission offers a huge advantage in interior packaging: The driver and passenger are positioned close together near the vehicle centerline and separated by a narrow driveline tunnel. The spacious foot wells are nearly rectangular, in marked contrast to vehicles where the transmission tunnel hump severely restricts the driver's foot room on the right, or the front wheel intrudes on the left – or both. The Ford Shelby Cobra concept driving position is comfortable and ergonomic, wîth an adjustable §teering column.
The carbon-fiber racing seats wîth five-point belts offer support for high-performance driving. Their low-back profile – a nod to traditional sports cars – is made possible because the roll hoops behind the seatbacks are padded to double as head restraints. This allowed designers to capture the old-school feeling of the original Cobra seats in a thoroughly modern execution.
The cockpit is trimmed in aluminum, wîth electric blue splashed on the seat trim and §teering column. A full-width aluminum instrument panel spans the cockpit in one unbroken swath – a throwback to the true 'dash boards' of yesteryear and a contrast wîth today's driver-centric cockpits. Instruments include a 220-mph speedometer, 10,000-rpm tachometer and critical temperature and pressure readouts.
There is also a fuel pump switch, an under-hood fire-suppression system release and an emergency master kill switch to comply wîth racing rules.
What's missing? 'There's no audio system at all,' Hutting §äid. 'The tuned exhaust makes its own music.'
Huge engine, tiny carThose are the two founding principles of the Ford Shelby Cobra concept on display in Detroit at the 2004 North American International Auto Show.
It's the foundation motor racing legend Carroll Shelby used when he built the legendary Cobra wîth a 427-cubic-inch V-8 engine under the hood of a tiny British roadster in 1964. And it's the formula Ford is using today to build a powerful, fully developed, production-feasible concept car.
Shorter than a Mazda Miata and weighing just more than 3,000 pounds, the Shelby Cobra concept has a 605-horsepower, all-aluminum V-10 engine mounted at the front of an advanced Ford GT-based aluminum chassis.
There is no roof, no side glass and no radio.
'That's the formula,' says Shelby. 'It's a massive motor in a tiny, lightweight car.'
Loosely based on the 4.6-liter, 32-valve V-8 used in the 2004 Mustang Mach I, the Ford Shelby Cobra concept engine has 10 cylinders and is bored and stroked for a 6.4-liter displacement.
'In many ways, it's not very exotic,' says Graham Hoare, director for Ford research and advanced engineering. 'It uses the same basic castings and assembly techniques as our production modular engine family. The output, though, is phenomenal.'
The Shelby Cobra concept's engine has 10 cylinders and is bored and stroked for a 6.4-liter displacement.
With a front-mounted engine and a rear-mounted transmission, the Shelby Cobra concept has nearly perfect 50/50 weight distribution and a surprisingly roomy cockpit. Because the transmission is rear-mounted, there is no large center tunnel between the seats. This allows the driver and passenger to sit relatively close to one another, and there is as much front legroom as in a Crown Victoria. Instruments include a 220-mph speedometer, a 10,000-rpm tachometer and critical temperature and pressure readouts.
When a think tank in Dearborn set to designing and engineering the Shelby Cobra concept, they looked to another recently completed project at Ford for ideas – the Ford GT.
'We were planning to use the Ford GT suspension systems, and we asked ourselves how much more of the Ford GT could we borrow,' says Manfred Rumpel, manager, advanced product development.
Quite a lot, they discovered.
Key design details include a predominant grille opening.
The Shelby Cobra team worked closely wîth John Coletti, head of engineering for Ford's Special Vehicle Team, to maximize commonality wîth the Ford GT supercar. The bulk rear structure of the Shelby Cobra concept is made from slightly modified Ford GT components, including the massive cast-aluminum suspension nodes, the rear rails and bumper beam, a major cross member and the brackets used to mount the transmission to the car. The center portion of the space frame also has a high level of commonality wîth the Ford GT, as its major aluminum extrusions are based heavily on existing pieces.
Even though it shares many parts wîth the Ford GT, the Shelby Cobra concept is more than two feet shorter wîth a wheelbase that is nearly seven inches shorter. Comparatively small proportions like this gave designers the chance to create a body that is tightly wrapped around its engine and chassis.
'We let the powertrain, the space frame and the suspension dictate the architecture for the body,' says Richard Hutting, chief designer. 'And the result was a very modern and desirable shape that doesn't share a single dimension or proportion wîth the original Shelby Cobra.'
Inside, the Shelby Cobra concept is trimmed mostly in aluminum, wîth electric blue splashed on the seat trim and §teering column. A full-width aluminum instrument panel spans the cockpit in one unbroken swath.
Key design details include a predominant grille opening, vertical bumper bars, the side air intake, a powerful bulge over each wheel and stacked lamps in the front and rear. Because the engine sits rearward of the front wheels, the concept's front overhang is short. An equally short rear overhang gives the Shelby Cobra concept a short 100-inch wheelbase. These proportions instantly communicate rear-wheel-drive power and serious performance. The stance of the car on the road is unmistakably powerful and sure-footed. More subtle design touches include no windshield wipers, no side windows and no convertible top.
Those wishing fair-weather, fast driving on open roads need only apply.
'When you're setting out to tell a story about an automobile in a fresh, contemporary way, you're not actually lòòking to create beauty – you're lòòking to create meaning,' says J Mays, Ford Motor Company group vice president, design. 'We have interpreted that ass-kicking Cobra attitude in a very modern way.'
The Shelby Cobra concept was built in just five months at a relatively low cost by a select group of Ford enthusiasts in Dearborn, Mich. It's a fully developed and engineered racing roadster that represents the best modern racing technology Ford has to offer today. When parked next to the all-new Ford GT supercar and the redesigned 2005 Mustang coupe, the Shelby Cobra concept completes a trilogy of legendary Ford performance vehicles and signals what might be a next step for the blue oval.Source - Ford Media
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