New for 2005
• Special Edition versions to commemorate final production year
• Chromed front fender portholes on Park Avenue (previously Park Avenue Últra only)
• New grille design for Park Avenue
• Revised rear taillamp lens and rear deck lid appliqué (Park Avenue and Park Avenue Últra)
• Restyled license plate pocket and header (Park Avenue and Park Avenue Últra)
• Exterior color: Cashmere Metallic (Park Avenue and Park Avenue Últra)BÚICK PARK AVENÚE AND BÚICK PARK AVENÚE ÚLTRA – SMOOTH POWER, ELEGANT DESIGN, QÚIET COMFORT IN A LÚXÚRY FLAGSHIP SEDAN
Buick offers a Special Edition of its Park Avenue and Park Avenue Últra for the 2005 model year, as it commemorates the final model year for these flagship sedans.
At the end of the abbreviated model run will be 3,000 Special Editions of Park Avenue and the supercharged Park Avenue Últra sedan, featuring special badging, standard chrome wheels, and an optional, exclusive chrome wheel on the Últra. The wheels are 16-inch on the Park Avenue and 17-inch on the Últra. The badge on the C-pillar features the words 'Special Edition' under an illustration of the New York City skyline. Several hundred of these Special Edition models will be offered in an optional black and platinum two-tone exterior finish.
Besides the Special Edition, other changes to Park Avenue for 2005 include an all-new grille design, and select features previously reserved for Park Avenue Últra. One such feature is the addition of front fender portholes, one of Buick's most recognizable design cues throughout the latter half of the brand's 100-year history.
Appearing in various forms since first being introduced for 1949, the latest rendition of these originally named Buick 'VentiPorts' includes three fully functional, chrome-plated portholes on each front fender, which enable additional air to circulate throughout the engine compartment. This porthole design was re-introduced on the Park Avenue Últra for 2003, the centennial year of Buick's incorporation.
Other changes to Park Avenue and Park Avenue Últra for 2005 include a revised taillamp design using clear lens graphics; a revised deck lid appliqué; and name badges repositioned from the rear quarter panels to the license plate header. Inside, plush carpeted front floor mats embroidered wîth the Buick name are new on the Park Avenue.
Park Avenue and Park Avenue Últra also feature a new exterior color for 2005: Cashmere Metallic.
As the flagship of the Buick car line for 2005, Park Avenue embodies the brand's core attributes: smooth power, elegant design, expertly crafted interiors, and a driving experience that is quiet, comfortable and agile. Park Avenue and the supercharged Últra offer a blend of distinctive and classic design, expert craftsmanship, and quality appointments that have been synonymous wîth Buick for more than 100 years. Park Avenue Últra
The 2005 Park Avenue Últra is powered by a 240-horsepower (179 kw) supercharged 3800 3.8L Series II V-6 engine. Últra's fuel economy estimates are 18 mpg for city driving and 28 mpg on the highway. Complementing this smooth and powerful engine is a specifically tuned Gran Touring suspension package that works in concert wîth low-profile P235/55R17 Goodyear Eagle LS blackwall touring tires and 17-inch, chrome-plated aluminum wheels for an agile yet comfortable ride. Park Avenue Últra also comes equipped wîth StabiliTrak for enhanced handling and control throughout a wide range of driving conditions.
Inside, Park Avenue Últra surrounds its occupants wîth an expertly crafted environment, wîth details such as burled walnut woodgrain trim on the instrument panel, §teering wheel, doors and optional convenience console. Additional standard features include an electrochromic inside rearview mirror wîth integral compass, heated outside rearview mirrors wîth integral turn indicators, moisture-sensing automatic windshield wipers, a universal transmitter to activate remote systems including garage door openers, and a nine-speaker, 154-watt Concert Sound III audio system.
Optional equipment includes a power sunroof, trunk-mounted 12-disc CD changer, EyeCue head-up instrumentation display and Últrasonic Rear Parking Assist, for detecting objects behind the vehicle when in reverse.Park Avenue
Park Avenue's long, 113.8-inch (2,890-mm) wheelbase contributes to its elegant styling and comfortable ride. Providing ample reserves of acceleration is a 205 horsepower (153 kw) 3800 3.8L Series II V-6 engine. Fuel economy estimates are 20 mpg for city driving and 29 mpg on the highway.
In addition to a long list of convenience and safety features, available equipment includes 16-inch, chrome-plated aluminum wheels, dual heated outside rearview mirrors wîth integral turn indicators, electrochromic inside rearview mirror wîth compass, heated seats, moisture-sensing wipers, AM/FM CD and cassette audio system, driver information center, traction control, OnStar direct-link driver assistance and navigation system. An optional Memory Package provides two pre-set adjustments for the 10-way power driver's-seat, climate-control and audio-system preferences.A long, proud tradition
Buick introduced the Park Avenue name for the 1978 model year, as a series designation for the rear-drive Electra flagship model. The Park Avenue was switched over to front-wheel drive, along wîth the Electra, for 1985. For 1989, the Park Avenue Últra sedan was introduced as part of the Electra series. The Electra name was dropped for the 1991 model year. Late in the 1991 model year, the first supercharged Buick was the Park Avenue Últra.Source - Buick
A four-door luxury sedan built by General Motors, the Buick Park Avenue was a survivor from the big-boat era, and very popular with the mature car buyer. Constructed on old-school American luxury, the Park Avenue was for the discerning buyer who craved soft, pillowed seats and an ultra quite ride. Sold by GM's Buick division, the Park Avenue nameplate was first used in 1977 as the Buick Electra's luxurious trim level offering 1970's extras like plush carpeting and velour headliner. Next the Park Avenue was used as a sub-model in 1985 before becoming a solo model in 1991 and the replacement for the Electra. Invoking memories of a posh suburb, the nameplate is actually derived from the wealthy NYC Boulevard, Park Avenue. Until 2005 two generations of the Park Avenue were produced in the U.S. In 2007 the nameplate was used on a large Buick sedan for the Chinese market built by Shanghai GM.
The first Park Avenue was the front wheel drive sub-model of the 1985-1990 Buick Electra. As the super-posh trim level for the Electra, the early Park Avenue models came with incredibly thick velour upholstery filled with faux wood trim interior and plenty of chrome on the outside. In 1966 the Electra Park Avenue was downsized slightly but still remained a large vehicle with a hefty V8. Midway through the 1980s the car was downsized again, but this time to a much shorter and lighter model with a slimmed-down, squared-off body. The Electra Park Avenue adopted front-wheel drive and used fuel-efficient V6 power. The rear wheel drive Electra continued in production, while the front wheel drive Electra Park Avenue continued into the 1990s as the Park Avenue.
For 1985 no rear wheel drive Electra sedan was available though it didn't include a rear wheel drive Electra Estate Wagon. 1985 brought with it in a brand new platform for the front wheel drive Electra and several available versions including Electra 300, Electra 380, Electra 430, Park Avenue and Park Avenue Ultra in both coupe and sedan form. The Electra 300 was powered by the 3.0L engine, the 380 and Park Avenue/Ultra featured the 3.8L engine, while the 430 was powered by the Oldsmobile 4.3L diesel. The base version was the front wheel drive, while everything else was an option to that model. All of the sub-models were discontinued between 1986 and 1990.
Also carrying the Park Avenue nameplate was the Buick Park Avenue Essence concept debuted in 1989 to showcase new styling and innovative technology for GM. Appearing in a light green metallic color at first, the Essence eventually appeared in while at various auto show circuits. The interior of the concept car featured an incredibly vast instrument panel that held many innovative features and a prototype Delco Navicar navigation system. Powering the concept car was n 185 hp version of Buick's 3800 OHV V6 engine.
Replacing the Electra, the big luxurious Park Avenue arrived in 1991 with GM's new 3800 V6 engine along with a new front-wheel drive chassis that made the sedan actually easier to steer. The base and Ultra trims were available throughout the Park Avenue's lifespan. The upscale Ultra was designed with the younger consumer in mind and had more emphasis on performance. The first generation Park Avenue introduced in 1990 rode on GM C platform through 1997 when the C-body was dropped. A little bit bigger than the square 80's version, the new Park Avenue was all soft curves and elegant lines and featured nice luxury features like dual-zone climate controls. Taking many styling cues from the '89 Park Avenue Essence, the Park Avenue was incredibly eye-catching with a sleek silhouette that was compared often to the then-current Jaguar. The rounded lines, full-width tail lamps and large 'dollar-grin' grille were used in the styling of other 1990 Buick models. The Ultra received 20 more horsepower in 1994 and the option of heated seats. The base model received a power boost the following year, which brought it to 205 horsepower.
Powering the Park Avenue Ultra was a supercharged version of the 3.8-liter V6 that produced 240 hp, to the base model's 3.8 L 3800 Series I V6 engine producing 205 hp. Only a very limited few Ultra models were equipped with this supercharged engine and many considered the version to be a 'sleeper' because of its impressive acceleration, despite its huge size. Equipped with a 4-speed automatic transmission, the front-drive Buick featured ABS and front and side airbags. The base model featured plush velour on the inside with an available upgrade option to leather. The Ultra featured a standard leather interior.
From 1991 through 1996 the base Park Avenue model was sold in the Europe. Differing from the U.S. version, the European model sported a wider number-plate bezel, truncated taillamps with separate amber turn signals and red brake lamps, rear red fog lamps, different lens pattern headlamps, amber front turn signal indicators, side turn signal repeaters, white front side running markers, 'flagpole' external rear-view mirrors, 'softer' air bags, metric speedometer and gauges and solider seat belt and anchors. All of these adaptations were in compliance with strict safety standards with the European regulatory.
The first generation Park Avenue would be the last Buick officially marketed by GM in Europe. In an attempt to de-clutter the Buick range in Europe, Buick was no longer offered to European consumers. Cadillac and Chevrolet would be the only GM North American brands sold in Europe after 1996.
In 1997 the second generation Park Avenue was launched in 1997, now constructed on GM's G platform, though GM continued to call it the C platform. Growing even more polished by 1997, the Park Avenue was a plush ride with good handling. Gaining a few extra inches in wheelbase, the second generation was an even sturdier drive. Only Ultra models were supercharged. Powering this new generation were updated Series II variants of the 3800.
Buicks flagship large sedan, the Park Avenue could seat up to six passengers with the front bench seat. A hood ornament adorned the front of the base trim model while the Ultra featured a subtle tri-shied inset on the upper edge of the grille. The base model no longer offered velour interior and instead featured leather trim. Buick wanted its Park Avenue customers to feel incredibly pampered, and the plush leather seats and numerous power features did this easily. The adjustable seat, mirror and wheel settings could all be easily accessed remotely before ever entering the vehicle. In 1998 the Park Avenue received available OnStar, stability controls in 2000, and available park assist in 2001. The 2003 Ultra received a new grille, 17-inch chrome wheels and fender 'portholes'.
Not many changes were in store for 2003 except for the return of characteristic Buick ventiports and a flashy grille that held a bigger monochromatic tri-shield badge in the center. The base model in 2004 would be the final USDM Buick to sport a factory hood ornament. The final model year was 2005 and the base model received the new grille and the once-exclusively Ultra ventiports. Another change for this year was a revised rear end with a new chrome bar and embossed Park Avenue script above the license plate holder along with amber turn signal flashers. The final 3,000 Park Avenue models sported Special Edition badging with a silhouette of the New York City Skyline and the classic Park Avenue script underneath. 300 of these 3,000 models were done in a special two-tone black-on-platinum finish.
Though they tried to appeal to younger drivers, the Park Avenue remained a reliable 'older' car despite the Ultra engine options. On June 18, 2004 Buick Park Avenue production ended as part of Buick's rebranding push and was replaced by the Lucerne V8 in 2006, also effectively replacing the LeSabre.
General Motors launched a luxury sedan in China in 2007 using the Park Avenue nameplate that was replacing the Buick Royaum. Assembled by Shanghai GM from CKD kits, the Park Avenue was based on the Australian-built Holden Caprice and was available in three trim levels; Comfort, Elite and Flagship. Powered by Australian-built version of the GM High feature engine, the standard engine is 2.8 L LP1 while an optional 3.6 L LY7 is available for the Elite and Flagship models. A Bosch E77 32-bit ECM processor is the engine control unit used. Now powertrains were introduced in 2010, the 3 L SIDI and 3.6 L SIDI displaced the previous 2.8 V6 and 3.6 V6. This model wasn't available for sale in the U.S. or Canada.Sources:
By Jessica Donaldson