|1999 360 Modena||2001 360 Mondena GT||2001 360 GT Michelotto|
Image credits: © Ferrari.
2000 Ferrari 360 Modena news, pictures, and information
Aluminum responsible for improving the power to weight ratio byt 0.9lbs/bhp. As a result, the 360 Modena is 0.8 of a second faster at 22.9 seconds over a kilometre from a standing start and has also cut nearly 3 seconds off its predecessor's lap time at the Fiorano track. The transmission features a longitudinal gearbox that allows larger diffusers to be incorporated on the flat underside. The 6-speed gearbox is available as a manual or wîth the F1 electrohydraulic shift.
The 360 Modena is the 163rd Ferrari designed by Pininfarina. This helps explain the successful mix of innovative design elements and styling solutions inspired by classic Ferraris, such as the 268SP, the 250LM and Dino 246GT.
The front is dominated by two large air intakes for the radiators. This solution is vital to the car's aerodynamics. The intakes channel air beneath the car's flat undertray to the two rear diffusers, providing ground effect, and the location reduces width and thus frontal area. Air pressure increases downforce as speed rises and, at 180mph, there is an impressive 397lbs pressing down on the car, evenly distributed between the two axles. This result was achieved without ruining the lines of the car and it also enhances safety by increasing the 'natural' §teering load at speed. 5,400 hours of wind tunnel testing resulted in excellent Cd and CI figures without compromising the car's styling. The distinctive rear-end treatment leaves the engine in full view beneath the rear window.
The side aspect features a curvilinear waistline that runs from the edge of the front fender and goes all the way to the rear light clusters, its wedge conveying a sense of speed and control. The car's finely balanced proportions initially disguise the fact that it is mid-engined, wîth both the passenger compartment and the powerplant set neatly between the two axles.
The engineers' goal for the 360 Modena was 40% greater structural rigidity and a 28% reduction in weight from the F355, and these were achieved despite a 10% increase in overall dimensions. Extruded and formed aluminum, almost the exclusive component of the body and chassis, is responsible for the car's traits. The body and chassis pass all global passive safety requirements while providing excellent handling and a stunning appearance. The 360 Modena's bodywork evokes the sporting characteristics of the foremost V8 sports car whether static or in motion.
The 360 Modena's spaceframe chassis was designed by Ferrari and built in collaboration wîth ÚS aluminum specialist Alcoa. Extruded box-section aluminum chassis members are combined wîth cast parts produced using different foundry technologies. The engineers' objectives were a minimum torsional rigidity of 10,127lb-ft per degree and a minimum bending stiffness figure of 22.5 tons per inch. These stringent parameters were amply exceeded by employing variable-section extrusions which are welded to cast sections. There are 12 of these castings incorporated in the lower part of the chassis, including the four suspension mountings. All parts are sand-cast in Ferrari's foundry in Maranello. Employing the same techniques used in F1, the shock absorber towers are CNC machined after assembly to ensure that the mounting points for the suspension components are drilled wîth absolute precision. The upper chassis structural assemblies are vacuum-cast to reduce their thickness.
The 360's 5-valve per cylinder, 3586 cubic cm V8 engine produces 400bhp and is centrally mounted wîth dry-sump lubrication, and the oil tank is placed, F1-style, on the spacer between the longitudinal engine and unitary gearbox. The car rockets from 0-100 km/h in 4.5s and covers the kilometer sprint in 22.9 seconds. Pick-up is spectacular thanks to excellent torque which peaks at 275lb-ft at 4750rpm, 80% of that available at just 3000rpm. The engine's flexibility means that the car is relaxing and easy to drive even in heavy traffic. Power output is a record-breaking 400bhp at 8,500rpm (112bhp/litre) the highest figure yet achieved by a naturally-aspirated V8 production engine. The power unit features a variable geometry intake system, five-main bearing crankshaft wîth counter-balanced 180° crank throws, titanium con rods, 5 valves per cylinder (3 intake, 2 exhaust, the latter wîth variable valve timing for improved performance at high speeds) and a Bosch ME 7.3 electronic engine management system. The latter, via the CAN - Controlled Area Network - allows the injection system to transmit and receive data from the ignition which is integrated wîth the drive-by-wire electronic accelerator that, in turn, is connected to the ASR traction control and, where fitted, the system that manages the F1 electrohydraulic transmission. (posted on conceptcarz.com)
The drive-by-wire regulates air induction wîth a motorized throttle. On the 360, the accelerator pedal activates a potentiometer connected to a pair of engine management units. The CAN system also allows the various control units to communicate wîth the ASR traction control system and the F1 gearbox control so that, taking into consideration performance parameters and vehicle speed, the engine management system decides on the appropriate throttle angle. The drive-by-wire system makes a vital contribution during gearshifts, ensuring that they take place at the engine speed recommended by the control unit. The 360 Modena has benefited enormously from Ferrari's experience wîth Formula 1 engine technology, which contributed variable-length intake manifolds to optimize torque at all engine speeds. The system incorporates two plenums each supplying air to one bank of cylinders, through short direct tracts connected to the same bank or through longer indirect ones connected to the opposite bank via valves.
The 360 Modena's 6-speed gearbox is available wîth either the classic gate-shift or the Fl-style paddle shift. The manual system offers triple cone synchronizers on 1st and 2nd gears, wîth a double cone on the others. The dry single plate clutch has coaxial hydraulic drive and the limited slip differential has different locking percentages (25% on acceleration and 45% on lift off). Ferrari introduced paddle shift to Formula 1 and this solution is now used by all teams. The 360 Modena's F1 transmission, which changes gears in a mere 150 milliseconds, has an optimized full automatic option as well as manual mode, and a low grip Snow and Ice mode. Manual changes are effected through the two paddles behind the §teering wheel - the right paddle selects a higher ratio, while the left drops a gear. The pedal-less clutch is automatically activated by the gearbox's electronic control unit, and engages only when the engine revs are correct. If the sports suspension setting has been selected the gearbox software adapts the speed of changes, and the 360 Modena is thus stable in conditions beyond the capabilities of most sports cars.
Suspension The 360 Modena has superb road dynamics thanks to a long wheelbase, wide front track, a superb suspension geometry, and electronic control. The car rides on an adjustable suspension wîth dual aluminum wishbones front and rear. Anti-dive and anti-squat geometries are incorporated front and rear so the car remains level under braking and acceleration. The aluminum dampers, co-designed wîth Sachs, are equipped wîth an electronic control unit. All body and wheel movements are thus guided in a process that takes just 0.04 seconds to eliminate any rolling or pitching.
Befitting a high-performance sports car, the 360 Modena's brakes include large 13 inch diameter vented and cross-drilled discs wîth sensitive hydraulically actuated four-piston aluminum calipers, controlled by a braking effort proportioning valve and an ABS system that prevents wheel lock-up in deceleration. The large rotors also help maintain a low thermal load, and improve resistance to fading without forced cooling. Although Ferrari engineers placed an emphasis on decelerative stability, the 360 Modena stops in record short distances.
Wheels and tires have been designed for the Modena wîth the goals of reducing aquaplaning and §teering effort; the results of computer simulations prompted the adoption of smaller front tires (215/45 ZR18) and larger rear tires (275/40 ZR18) mounted on 7.5' and 10' wide wheels respectively. The development tests carried out wîth Bridgestone, Michelin, Pirelli, and Goodyear, confirmed that the initial choice offered all desired advantages, and the special alloy wheels weigh about 2lbs less than the magnesium wheels of the F355, thanks to stylistic optimization and the new channel technology.
The layout and design of the 360 Modena's cabin are the result of research into the ultimate balance of sportiness, ergonomics and space. Thanks to increased dimensions, the interior is noticeably more spacious than that of previous two-seat V8 models. All the main instruments are grouped together in the driver's line of sight. On versions equipped wîth the F1 transmission, the tachometer incorporates a gear engagement read-out while the two gear selector levers are set behind the rim of the §teering wheel. On all versions the latter adjusts fully and, despite its distinct appearance, incorporates a full-sized airbag. A passenger-side airbag is also standard. The interior is trimmed in traditional Connolly leather and features a number of aluminum parts, this metal being a defining aspect of the 360 Modena. The cockpit was designed to accommodate taller than average users, making ingress, egress, and the right driving position easy for anyone. The seats have four-way manual or six electric adjustments, and the colour of the sumptuous leather upholstery and even its stitching are up to the purchaser. The generous dimensions of the 360 Modena, especially its length and height, also allowed the design team to create a 4.2 cubic foot space behind the seats, large enough for a couple of suitcases or a golf bag, in addition to the front boot wîth its capacious 7.8 cubic feet of space.
The 400 horsepower engine produced around 400 horsepower and could carry the 2840 pound vehicle from zero-to-sixty in just 4.3 seconds. Top speed was achieved at 185 mph. Performance was improved with the introduction of the Challenge Stradale. This was a stripped-down performance version that was void of amenities and non-essential items. The aerodynamics were improved slightly; the chassis was constructed of aluminum. The engine, suspension, and brakes were all greatly improved. With 425 horsepower available and now weighing just 2600 pounds, the Ferrari 360 Challenge Stradale could go from zero-to-sixty in a mere 4.1 seconds. The overall top speed improved slightly, now at 186 mph.
In 2000 Ferrari introduced the 360 Challenge Series which gave privateers an opportunity to race modified Ferrari's in a regulated environment. The cars that competed in this series were dubbed the Ferrari 360 Challenge. They featured 18 inch BBS alloy wheels and a lowered ride height. A F1-gearbox was matted to the stock engine. The engines were sealed as to not allow tampering. The F1-gearbox is very quick, with gearshifts taking only 150 milliseconds. The suspension was improved to handle the tough track environment. The electronic damping system was replaced with Boge shock absorbers.
There were three championships - one in Italy, Europe, and North America.
By Daniel Vaughan | Nov 2006
|CHINESE GP PREVIEW - FRY: 'MORE TO COME AS WE CONTINUE LEARNING ABOUT THE CAR'|
|This year, the Chinese Grand Prix celebrates its tenth birthday, with every race having taken place at the massive and monolithic Shanghai International Circuit. As Formula 1 has expanded its horizons in recent years, it has generally headed for nations that were expanding their economy. That was definitely the case when the sport landed in the country with the second highest Gross Domestic Product. Since then, China's growth on the automotive front has run at the speed of a Formula 1 machine, m...[Read more...]|
|MERCEDES-AMG HELPS TO ENSURE SAFETY IN FORMULA 1|
|In the new 2013 Formula 1® season, Mercedes-AMG will once again help to ensure safety at all Formula 1® races forming part of the FIA Formula One World Championship™. For the 18th year the performance brand of Mercedes-Benz is providing the Official F1® Safety Car and the Official F1® Medical Car. The SLS AMG GT with 435 kW (591 hp) and the C 63 AMG Estate with 358 kW (487 hp) will be deployed at the direction of Race Control officials usually when weather or incidents are considered to impact o...[Read more...]|
|Final Countdown Underway To South Florida's Premier Collector Car Auction|
|• Auctions America kicks off its 2013 auction season, March 22-24 with its highly anticipated Fort Lauderdale Collector Car Auction • Celebrating its 11th year, the multi-day auction features more than 550 quality collector cars • Latest feature attractions include an outstanding 1963 Shelby Cobra and a 1974 Ferrari Dino 246 GTS • Digital catalog now available for download at auctionsamerica.com AUBURN, Indiana (February 27, 2013) – With the final countdown underway to its highly an...[Read more...]|
|Bonhams to offer the renowned Oldenburg family collection of classic automobiles at Scottsdale|
|More than 30 American, British and Italian cars of various vintages head to Scottsdale, Arizona Bonhams is honored to have been chosen to represent the highly esteemed Oldenburg Family Automobile Collection at its second annual Scottsdale Auction in January. The extensive collection of more than 30 cars from the prominent horse breeding family includes multiple models of the same marque, including Ferrari and Jaguar. The Italians Leading the impressive assembly are ...[Read more...]|
|1961 Targa Florio: Porsche Dominance, Ferrari Victorious|
|The first race held on the island of Sicily that included an automobile would take place between the car, a bicycle and a horse. Although the gentleman on the bicycle would drop out rather early due to leg cramps constantly going up and down on the mountainous roads, the battle between the de Dion motor tricycle and the horse would be an intriguing one. In the end, the same principles that played out in that first race would come into play many years later when the island hosted the 1961 Targa F...[Read more...]|
|2000 Ferrari models|
|Ferrari 355 Challenge|
|Ferrari 360 Challenge|
|Ferrari 456M GT|
|Ferrari 550 Barchetta|
|Ferrari 550 Maranello|
|Ferrari F1-2000||2000 Ferrari Concepts|
|Ferrari Rossa Concept|
|Similarly Sized Vehicles from 2000|
|BMW 3 Series|
|BMW E46 Pole Position|
|Cadillac Imaj Concept|
|Chrysler Howler Concept|
|Other models by Ferrari|
|Vehicle Recall Information|
|Related Articles and Event Coverage|
|Cavallino Classic XIX|
|Watkins Glen HSR|
|Cavallino Classic at Moroso|
|2005 Le Belle Macchine d'Italia|
|1999 360 Modena||2001 360 Mondena GT||2001 360 GT Michelotto|