1930 Duesenberg Model J Murphy

Vehicle Profiles

Berline
Coachwork: Murphy

Chassis Num: 2305
Engine Num: J287

The Duesenberg Model J was introduced in 1928 which was so significant that the trading on the New York Stock exchange was halted for its introduction. The vehicle brought with it style, class and sophistication. More so, it carried a $8,500 sticker ....[continue reading]

Berline
Coachwork: Murphy

Luxury, performance and arrogance were the Duesenberg's hallmarks. With a powerplant that had won three Indy 500s and could be juiced up by an optional supercharger, the Duesey reached speeds in second gear that lesser cars struggled to reach at ful....[continue reading]

Disappearing Top Convertible Coupe
Coachwork: Murphy

Chassis Num: 2310
Engine Num: J-284

The Disappearing Top Convertible Coupe was the epitome of Duesenberg elegance. This particular coupe with chassis number 2310 and engine J-284 was used by Buster Keaton's son, Jim Talmadge, to explore the California desserts. The car was built as a J....[continue reading]

Disappearing Top Torpedo Convertible Coupe
Coachwork: Murphy

Chassis Num: 2317
Engine Num: J-302

The Walter M. Murphy Company built about 200 bodies on Duesenberg chassis - more than any other coachwork builder. This car with chassis number 2317 and engine J-302 is one of five Murphy Disappearing Top Convertible Coupes built on the short wheelba....[continue reading]

Convertible Coupe
Coachwork: Murphy

Chassis Num: 2340
Engine Num: J401

Pratt and Whitney were seeking an engine to spin a supercharger for the R-2800 aircraft engine. The engine produces 2000 brake horsepower from it's nearly 46-liters of displacement and 18-cylinders. These engines would later be used for fighters an....[continue reading]

Convertible Coupe by Murphy
Coachwork: Murphy
Designer: Harley Earl

In 1913, the Duesenberg brothers, Fred and August, founded Duesenberg Automobile & Motors Company, Inc. in Des Moines, Iowa, to build sports cars. Born in Germany, the two brothers were self-taught engineers and built many experimental cars. Duesenbe....[continue reading]

Disappearing Top Sedan
Coachwork: Murphy

This 1930 Duesenberg Model J wears a Convertible Sedan bodied by Murphy. This was one of the most popular and stylish bodies built for the Model J. This is the final example of that body style built by the Murphy Company for a Duesenberg chassis.....[continue reading]

Disappearing Top Sedan
Coachwork: Murphy

Chassis Num: 2307
Engine Num: J-288

This 1930 Duesenberg J Murphy convertible sedan has chassis # 2307 and engine #J-288. This is a 'long' convertible. 1 of 2 produced with this body style. This car is the only Murphy convertible sedan (Berline) with rear quarter windows. The car is al....[continue reading]

Convertible Sedan
Coachwork: Murphy

Chassis Num: 2341
Engine Num: J-328

The Duesenberg Motor Company, founded by brothers Fred and August, produced racing cars and luxury automobiles from 1913 until 1937. Eddie Rickenbacker's 'Duesy', finished 10th in the 1914 Indianapolis 500 and Duesenberg won the Indy 500 in 1924, 192....[continue reading]

Convertible Coupe
Coachwork: Murphy

Chassis Num: 2347
Engine Num: J-331

The Duesenberg Automobile & Motors Company was founded in 1920 and produced about 850 cars before E.L. Cord purchased the company in 1926. The new Model J was designed to be America's answer to European luxury cars such as Hispano-Suiza and Isotta-Fr....[continue reading]

Convertible Coupe
Coachwork: Murphy

Chassis Num: 2388
Engine Num: J-357

This Duesenberg was ordered new by the Doran Hinchman family at the Bruce Perry Motors in Huntington, West Virginia. Hinchman ordered a factory-cataloged style, the convertible coupe, with bodywork built by the Walter M. Murphy Company, of Pasadena, ....[continue reading]

Roadster
Coachwork: Murphy

Chassis Num: 2266
Engine Num: J236

This Duesenberg Murphy Roadster with engine J-236 was the prototype disappearing top roadster and was originally used as the display stand car at both the Chicago and New York Auto Shows.....[continue reading]

Torpedo Berline
Coachwork: Murphy

Chassis Num: 2315
Engine Num: J-391

This 1930 Duesenberg Model J Torpedo Berline Convertible with chassis number 2315, engine number J-391, and body 952 was completed by Walter M. Murphy Coachbuilders of Pasadena, California, as a demonstrator for Duesenberg's Los Angeles sales branch.....[continue reading]

LWB Convertible Berline
Coachwork: Murphy

Chassis Num: 2377
Engine Num: J360

This unrestored Duesenberg (J360) is the most driven 'Duzie' in the world. In 2003, J360 toured 2,900 miles in Sweden, Norway, Scotland, and England. In 2004, the Duzie was drive from Georgia to upstate New York, participated in a 900 mile CCA Carava....[continue reading]

Town Car
Coachwork: Murphy

Chassis Num: 2401
Engine Num: J-381

The legendary Model J was designed to compete with high-end European marques such as Isotta-Fraschini and Hispano-Suiza. It is powered by a 420 cubic-inch, straight-eight engine, producing 265 horsepower with a top speed of over 100 miles per hour. A....[continue reading]

Convertible Sedan
Coachwork: Murphy

Chassis Num: 2228
Engine Num: J-208

The Duesenberg Model J was introduced at the New York Auto Salon on December 1, 1928, where it stole the show. Duesenbergs were bodied by all the great American coachbuilders including Derham, LeBaron, Judkins, Brunn and Rollston, but perhaps the mos....[continue reading]

Dual Cowl Phaeton
Coachwork: Murphy

Chassis Num: 2366
Engine Num: J-347

This Duesenberg wears a Dual-Cowl Phaeton body by Murphy. When new, it was delivered to John F. Howard. Mr. Howard later relocated to Mexico and the car accompanied him. This was the first of two Duesenbergs that Mr. Howard would own - the other exam....[continue reading]

Berline by Murphy
Chassis #: 2305 
Berline by Murphy
 
Disappearing Top Convertible Coupe by Murphy
Chassis #: 2310 
Disappearing Top Torpedo Convertible Coupe by Murphy
Chassis #: 2317 
Convertible Coupe by Murphy
Chassis #: 2340 
Convertible Coupe by Murphy by Murphy
 
Disappearing Top Sedan by Murphy
 
Disappearing Top Sedan by Murphy
Chassis #: 2307 
Convertible Sedan by Murphy
Chassis #: 2341 
Convertible Coupe by Murphy
Chassis #: 2347 
Convertible Coupe by Murphy
Chassis #: 2388 
Roadster by Murphy
Chassis #: 2266 
Torpedo Berline by Murphy
Chassis #: 2315 
LWB Convertible Berline by Murphy
Chassis #: 2377 
Town Car by Murphy
Chassis #: 2401 
Convertible Sedan by Murphy
Chassis #: 2228 
Dual Cowl Phaeton by Murphy
Chassis #: 2366 

History

The Duesenberg Company produced high-end, luxury automobiles and racing cars from 1913 through 1937. It was created by the Duesenberg brothers, Fred and August, who formed the Duesenberg Automobile & Motors Company, Inc. in Des Moines, Iowa with the intent on building sports cars. Just like many of their time, they were mostly self-taught engineers and had only constructed experimental cars up to this point.

Duesenberg's place in history was officially solidified in 1914 when Eddie Richenbacker drove a Duesenberg to an astonishing 10th place finish at the Indianapolis 500. Duesenberg later went on to win the race, capturing overall victories in 1924, 1925, and 1927. A Duesenberg was used as a pace car for the Indianapolis 500 in 1923.

Starting with the companies first appearance at the Indianapolis 500 in 1913 and continuing for a consecutive 15 years, there were a total of 70 Duesenberg racing cars entered in the race. Thirty-two of the cars finished in the top ten. In 1922, eight of the top ten cars were Duesenberg-powered. Many great racing names, such as Eddie Rickenbacker, Rex Mays, Tommy Milton, Peter DePaolo, Albert Guyot, Ralph DePalma, Fred Frame, Stubby Stubblefield, Ab Jenkins, Ralph Mulford, Jimmy Murphy, Joe Russo, and Deacon Litz raced in a Duesenberg.

Duesenberg's racing pedigree was not just reserved for the United States; in 1921, Jimmy Murphy drove a Duesenberg to victory at the French Grand Prix at the LeMans racetrack. This made him the first American to win the French Grand Prix. It also made the Duesenberg the first vehicle to start a grand prix with hydraulic brakes.

The Duesenberg headquarters and factory was relocated in July of 1921 from New Jersey to Indianapolis. Part of the purpose for the move was to focus more on the production of passenger vehicles. The Company had a hard time selling their Model A car. This was a very advanced car with many features not available on other vehicles being offered at the time. The engine had dual overhead cams, four-valve cylinder heads and was the first passenger car to be equipped with hydraulic brakes.

The Duesenberg Company produced 667 examples of the Model A, making it their first mass-produced vehicle. The Model A was powered by a 183-cubic-inch single overhead camshaft inline eight-cylinder engine. The strain of racing, moving, and lack of selling automobiles sent the company into receivership in 1922. After a few years, it's debts had been resolved, thank in-part to an investor group. The company re-opened in 1925 as the Duesenberg Motors Company.

In 1926, Errett Lobban Cord purchased the Duesenberg Company. The company appealed to E.L. Cord, owner of the Cord and Auburn Automobile Company, because of its history, the engineering ingenuity of the products, brand name, and the skill of the Duesenberg Brothers. The purpose was to transform the company into a producer of luxury automobiles.

Duesenberg Model J and Model SJ

Fred Duesenberg was a master of creating engines and was a creative designer. He had a talent for conceiving new ideas and ways of doing things. The engines he constructed were beautiful, mechanically sound, and advanced. E.L. Cord gave him one task: 'Create the best car in the world.' This was a very tall order and came at a very difficult time in history. The onset of the Great Depression and the Stock Market crash was just around the corner. Competition in the luxury car segment was fierce and involved all facets of the automobile. The cylinder wars that began in the 1920s and continued into the 1930s had marque's trying to outdo each other on the bases of their engines output, number of cylinders, and the speed of their ultra-luxury automobiles. Styling continued to be very important and often outsourced to the greatest designers and coachbuilders of the time. Maruqee's such as Cadillac, Packard, Rolls-Royce, Hispano-Suiza, Isotta Fraschini, Bugatti, and others were all trying to out-do each other and continue in business during this difficult point in history.

The Duesenberg Model J was first unveiled to the public at the New York Car Show on December 1st of 1928. Only the chassis and engine were shown and it still impressed enough to make front page news. The wheelbase was 142-inches making it nearly 12 feet. The chassis had a six cross-members made it very sturdy and able to accommodate the heaviest of bodies. The engine had dual overhead camshafts and eight-cylinders with four valves per cylinder. It displaced 420 cubic-inches and produced an impressive 265 horsepower in un-supercharged form. The engine had been designed by Fred Duesenberg and constructed by the Lycoming Company, which had been recently acquired by E.L. Cord. There was a brilliant lubrication system which automatically lubricated various mechanical components after sixty to eighty miles. Two lights mounted on the dashboard indicated when the lubrication process was transpiring. After 750 miles, lights mounted on the dashboard would light-up indicating the oil required changing. After 1500 miles, the lights would illuminate indicating the battery should be inspected. Top speed was 119 mph and 94 mph in second gear. With the use of a supercharger, the top speed increased even further, to nearly 140 mph. Zero-to-sixty took around eight seconds with 100 mph being achieved in seventeen seconds.

Each chassis was driven at speed for 100 miles at Indianapolis before being delivered to the customer or coachbuilder.

The coachwork was left to the discretion of the buyer and the talents of the coachbuilders. Prominent coachbuilders from North American and Europe were selected to cloth the Model J and Model SJ in some of the grandest and elegant coachwork ever created.

The cost of a rolling chassis prior to 1932 was $8,00. The rolling chassis usually included all mechanical components, front fenders, radiator grille, bumpers, running boards, dashboard, and sometimes a swiveling spot-light. After 1932, the price was raised to $9,500. After the coachwork was completed, the base price was $13,500 with a top-of-the line model fetching as much as $25,000 or more. To put this in perspective, the entry level Ford Model T in the early 1930s cost around $435 with the most expensive version selling for about $650. Many individuals in very prominent careers, such as doctors, made around $3,000 annually. The Great Depression meant the number of individuals capable of affording an automobile of this caliber soon dwindled. Those who could afford one often bought modest vehicles to avoid public uprising and ridicule. The pool of marques who catered to the upper-class of society did all they could to attract buyers; prices were lowered and incentives were made just to attract another sale. Needless to say, competition was fierce.

After the New York Show, Duesenberg ordered enough components to build 500 Model Js. Specifications and drawings of the chassis had been sent to prominent coachbuilders six months prior to its unveiling at the New York Show. This had been done to guarantee that a wide variety of bodies were available after its launch. Duesenberg ordered bodies in small quantities and offered the completed cars to have on-hand incase the customer wanted to take delivery immediately. The first customer took delivery of their Model J in May of 1929. This was just five weeks before Black Tuesday.

The Model SJ, a supercharged version of the Model J, produced 320 horsepower. The supercharger was located beside the engine with the exhaust pipes beneath through the side panel of the hood through creased tubes. The name 'SJ' was never used by the Duesenberg Company to reference these models.

Even though the Model J had received much attention from the press and promotional material was well circulated, sales were disappointing. The Duesenberg Company had hoped to construct 500 examples per year; this figure was never matched with a total of 481 examples constructed throughout its lifespan. Duesenberg did find customers such as Gary Cooper, Clark Gable, Greta Garbo and James Cagney. Monarch, kings, queens, and the very wealthy accounted for the rest of the sales.

Production continued until the company ceased production in 1937. Little changed on the Model J over the years. The four-speed gearbox was replaced by a unsynchronized three-speed unit which was better suited to cope with the engines power. The last Model SJ's produced had ram-horn intakes and installed on two short-wheelbase chassis. Horsepower was reported to be as high as 400. These examples are commonly known as 'SSJ' in modern times.

In 1932, Fred Duesenberg was involved in a car accident which claimed his life. Development on the Model J had come to a halt which was not a problem at the time, but within a few years had become antiquated in comparison to the competition. An entirely new design and updated mechanical components were required for the Duesenberg name in 1937 in order to stay competitive. The cost and development time was too much for E.L. Cord to consider, and so he withdrew his financial support and the company dwindled.

August Duesenberg tried, unsuccessfully, to revive the Duesenberg name. Fritz Duesenberg tried again in the mid-1960s but again without success.


By Daniel Vaughan | Feb 2007
The Duesenberg Automobile & Motors Company, Inc was founded and operated by Fred and August brother's who began their company in 1913. From the start their company has been a US based luxury automobile company with a standard to build the very best hand-built vehicles during the time period. Duesenberg vehicles lived up to this standard until 1937 when the company closed.

Created to build sports cars, the Company began its life in Des Moines, Iowa by two men who were self-taught engineers that produced various experimental vehicles. Unfortunately the brothers did have much selling capability, and due to this the company claimed bankruptcy and closed in 1922.

Purchasing the Duesenberg Company in 1926, Errett Lobban Cord, the owner of Cord Automobile, Auburn Automobile and several other transportation companies acquired the Duesenberg Brothers' engineering skills along with a brand name. Setting out to produce the Model J, Cord hired Fred Duesenberg to design both the engine and the chassis that would eventually be the best in the world.

Displayed at the New York Car Show of 1928, the Model J (Judkins) Duesenberg was indeed impressive. While only the engine and chassis were put on display at the show, the body and interior of the vehicle would be eventually custom-made by an extremely experienced coachbuilder to the owner's specification. Coachbuilders in both Europe and North America were responsible for the extensive bodywork. The finished product was the grandest, largest and most beautiful vehicle ever before created. The base model cost around $13,500, while the top of the line model sold for an extreme $25,000.

With a lack of supercharged form, the Model J was renowned for it incredibly 265 horsepower, straight-8 engine, and dual overhead camshafts. Able to reach an impressive top speed of 119 mph, and 94 mph in 2nd gear, the Model J was a success.

While other top of the line vehicles of the time period could barely reach 100 mph, the Duesenberg models were definitely turning some heads. The 1932 SJ was estimated to reach 104 mph in 2nd gear, a top speed of 135-140 mph in 2rd, and turned around 0-60 in 8 seconds. The supercharged Model J came with 320 HP and the supercharger placed alongside the engine, with creased exhaust pipes to make room it. The SJ models were easily recognizable due to their shiny creased tubes, a trademark by E. L. Cord. Weighing around two and a half tons, due to the large array of custom coachwork available, the Duesenbergs were not any heavier than their fellow competition.

Rapidly becoming of the most popular vehicles in the world, the Duesenberg was a status symbol for the elite. Such famous owners of the Duesenberg were Clark Gable, the Duke of Windsor and Gary Cooper.

Advertised to be the ‘best car in the world', Duesenberg's have held up to their status for numerous years. Following world-beating performance along with high regard and standard for quality, the Duesenberg continued to hold the reputation for opulence.

A total of 481 Model Js and SJs were produced between 1928 and 1937. Following E. L. Cord's financial empire collapsing, Duesenberg ceased production in 1937. It is estimated that approximately 50% of these classic cars are still on the road today. Both Duesenberg Model J's and SJ's are among the most desired collectible classic cars in the world.

Jay Leno owns four Model J Duesenbergs.

By Jessica Donaldson

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Duesenberg Models


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