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Source: Gooding & Company
The Duesenberg brothers, Fred and Augie, first entered the automaking business with a car called Mason, which gained regional fame by winning a number of races and hillclimbs with Fred at the wheel.
Racing was in the Duesenbergs' blood, and in 1913 they moved from Iowa to St. Paul, Minn., to manufacture auto and marine engines based on the unique Mason racing engines, which used horizontal valve rocker arms. These 'walking beam' engines, as they were called, continued in Duesenberg race cars from 1914 on. Top drivers such as Ralph Mulford and Eddie Rickenbacker campaigned Duesenbergs with great success prior to WWI. During that conflict, the Duesenbergs produced airplane engines in a plant in Elizabeth N.J. Willys would eventually acquire this factory, but in the meantime Duesenberg had begun building a prototype straight -eight passenger car along with a SOHC inline-eight racing engine.
The first Model A Duesenberg, introduced at New York's Hotel Commodore in November 1920, used a straight eight for power, but instead of an overhead cam, the old reliable 'walking beam' configuration was applied. But when production actually began in 1922 this engine was superseded by the overhead cam eight. These Model A's also carried a further innovation: hydraulic brakes on all four wheels. Despite these sophisticated features, the Model A found tough going in the luxury car market. With a base price of $6,500, it was priced $2,650 more than a Packard and $1,250 more than a Pierce-Arrow; despite the high price tag, the cars were never profitable.
In racing, however, it was quite the opposite, with Duesenbergs racking up a phenomenal winning record at such diverse venues as the French Grand Prix and the Indy 500. Then in 1926, Auburn president E.L. Cord acquired Duesenberg and gave Fred Duesenberg the dream assignment of designing a supercar that could meet and surpass the world's best motorcars. The result was the Model J Duesenberg and the rest, as they say, is history.