1955 Ferrari 410 S news, pictures, specifications, and information
Sold for $8,250,000 at 2012 RM Auctions
By the middle of the 1950s a change had taken place. Unfortunately another was greatly needed. Thankfully, this need for a change would produce one very special one-off design composed of such great elements that make a car extremely historic and priceless.
One of those rare beauties of the car world would become available at the 2012 RM Auctions event held in Monterey. Complete with the famous Lampredi 5.0-liter V12 engine and a specially-designed Scaglietti body, chassis 0594CM would be a fascinating mixture of Ferrari's famous race-bred performance and luxury design for which Scaglietti was famous.
There was a problem with Gioacchino Colombo's 1.5-liter V12 engine. When supercharged, the engine produced a lot of power but the engine was heavy and very thirsty. Aurelio Lampredi recognized there was great potential in heading a different direction. Therefore, he would propose a normally-aspirated V12 engine of a larger displacement in order to produce the power necessary to create one powerful engine. When completed, he would create the 4.5-liter V12 engine that would power Ferrari's 375 Formula One car, which would earn a couple of victories during the 1951 World Championship season, the first for Ferrari in Formula One.
Ferrari would run into another problem. Alfa Romeo's departure from Formula One, and the mounting costs associated, would cause the governing-body to switch to Formula 2 regulations for the next couple of seasons. Therefore, Ferrari would be left holding a number of 4.5-liter V12 engines with nothing to put them in. However, instead of destroying the engines, or shelving them, Ferrari would decide to stick them into something else. Called the 375MM, the new sportscar constructed around the V12 engine would power its way to immediate success. But the greatest moment enjoyed would come at the 1954 24 Hours of Le Mans when a 375 Plus, powered by the V12 engine, went on to score the overall victory.
But then there was the Carrera Panamericana. The 375 Plus had problems with the large V12 engine. The power and torque from the engine placed a lot of stress on components and the rough terrain associated with the Carrera Panamericana exploited any weakness a car had. And though a 375 Plus would go on to score an overall victory in the 1954 edition of the race, Ferrari would still be a work building a purpose-built car for the tortuous event.
Ferrari had already begun to move away from the large V12 engine to straight six cylinder engines because of their savings in weight, fuel usage and size. But, before the switch would take place the factory would produce just a few final V12s for their Panamericana-spec cars, the new 410S.
The 375 Plus had instability issues, rigidity problems and other general weaknesses made more pressing with the large Lampredi V12 engine. The problems would be further intensified by the fact the final evolution of the V12 would be the biggest ever produced. At 5.0-liters, the 60 degree V12 would put incredible stress on a chassis already stressed to its breaking point already. This increase in engine size and power, and the difficulty of the race, would necessitate the new chassis.
While Ferrari had made its necessary improvements and were keen for a strong showing with the purpose-built 410, unfortunately, it was 1955 and the tragic events at Le Mans would forever change things that season and beyond.
As a result of the events that transpired many races would be cancelled in the interest of safety, and one of them would be the Carrera Panamericana. This would leave some specially-built sportscars with no race in which to take part.
But while the works racers would have to wait another year before they would take part in a race, there would be a couple of other specially-built 410 S models chassis that would roll out and would actually be used. And one of those very few would be chassis 0594CM, the very car offered at RM Auctions' event in Monterey.
Scaglietti had been charged with designing the bodies for the factory racing team. They would build the 410 S with beautifully-rounded and sculpted lines with fenders extending well out over the wheels on the widened chassis. This would be the same chassis and body type that would be campaigned quite successfully by John Edgar in many North American races. But while the 410 S sportscars were rare creations in and of themselves, none of the racers could match the rare qualities of 0594CM.
Given that it was the last run for the Lampredi V12 engine, it would be decided that the major focus would be on the competition side and the creation of the 410 S for racing purposes. However, it was also decided that a couple of the chassis would be specially-built road-going 410 S chassis with a bit more subdued 5.0-liter Lampredi V12 engines. One of those two chassis would receive a spyder body similar to the factory racers. However, the second, would be a wholly different design. Drawing from Pininfarina's 375MM coupe, Scaglietti would take the basic design and would stretch it, in essence, to fit over the 410 S' wider, lower chassis. Scaglietti would then take and redesign the car to have a much more pronounced nose. And given the fact it is a Berlinetta instead of a Spyder design 0594CM takes off into the stratosphere of exclusivity when it is already marked off as one of the most rare cars in the world and in Ferrari's litany of sportscars.
Specifically-built for Ferrari SEFAC board member Michel Paul-Cavallier, the Scaglietti-bodied Berlinetta would be finished in ivory and would sport a blue leather interior. Complete with triple Weber 42 DCF/3 carburetors, independent front suspensions and De Dion rear, this tubular steel-framed Berlinetta road car was capable of producing some 340 bhp and would be quite impressive in its own right.
Completed in July of 1955, Mr. Paul-Cavallier would make use of the car for years until it was purchased, in 1964, by Hugues Hazard, a French racing driver that had taken part in a number of Monte Carlo and Coupes des Alpes events. And while not necessarily intended for competition, the large 5.0-liter V12 engine would be too much for Hazard not to hear roar at full song, and so, in 1965 he would campaign the car in the Course de Cote de Belleau. One year later, the car would be sold to the Parisian Ferrari collector Pierre Bardinon. Once acquired by Bardinon, 0594CM would take its place as part of the famous Mas du Clos Collection.
For thirty-five years the 410S Berlinetta would remain under the ownership of Mr. Bardinon where it would be greatly cared for and would take part in a number of distinguished events. The car would even be featured in a number of articles and publications during this period of ownership.
Then, in June of 2001, the car would be sold. Purchased by John Bosch of the Netherlands, 0594CM would quickly go through some restoration where all of the mechanical systems would be thoroughly examined and tuned. The engine would go through a full rebuild while the rest of the car received some cosmetic attention. Upon completion of the restoration, Mr. Bosch would participate in the 2002 Mille Miglis and would also take part in the Ferraris Days meeting in Spa-Francorchamps also that same year.
A few years later, the car would be resold and its current owner would have the car displayed at the 2009 Concorso d'Eleganza Villa d'Este. This would prove successful as the car would garner Honor of Mention in its class.
Confirmed by Ferrari Classiche, this truly one-of-a-kind 410 S Berlinetta is certainly a head-turner and just a marvelous amalgamation of Ferrari sportscar and road car history. Filled with an incredible pedigree and truly unique provenance, this Scaglietti-bodied Berlinetta belongs in a place of prominence in any collection.Sources:
'Lot No. 117: 1955 Ferrari 410S Berlinetta by Carrozzeria Scaglietti', (http://www.rmauctions.com/FeatureCars.cfm?SaleCode=MO12&CarID=r165). RM Auctions. http://www.rmauctions.com/FeatureCars.cfm?SaleCode=MO12&CarID=r165. Retrieved 30 July 2012.
'1955 Ferrari 410S News, Pictures and Information', (http://www.conceptcarz.com/z18212/Ferrari-410-S.aspx). Conceptcarz.com: From Concept to Production. http://www.conceptcarz.com/z18212/Ferrari-410-S.aspx. Retrieved 30 July 2012.
'Ferrari 410S Scaglietti Berlinetta', (http://www.ultimatecarpage.com/car/4133/Ferrari-410-S-Scaglietti-Berlinetta.html). Ultimatecarpage.com: Powered by Knowledge, Driven by Passion. http://www.ultimatecarpage.com/car/4133/Ferrari-410-S-Scaglietti-Berlinetta.html. Retrieved 30 July 2012.By Jeremy McMullen
Enzo Ferrari was determined to win the 1955 Racing Championship over very tough competition. That meant Ferrari had to win the last race of the season, which was the race-car-killing 1000-mile Carrera Panamericana. His only change was to build the first Ferrari 'Super Car.' This is that car, which features a big 4.9 liter V12, 24 spark plug, four distributor, almost 400 horsepower engine under a bonnet so large it extends onto the front fenders. The chassis and other components were built double strength to handle rough roads. To drive his 'Super Car,' Enzo wanted the World's best. Juan Manuel Fangio was the car's first driver. Everything seemed in place but it never happened. A horrible accident at Le Mans killed nearly 100 spectators. Following that, the racing season was cancelled to include the Carrera Panamericana.
Enter American racing teams and John Edgar, who priced the car from Enzo. Within hours of the cars arrival in the United States, it was entered in its first race at the hands of Carroll Shelby who finished in first place with more to follow. Shelby won the 1956 American Drivers Championship with the help of this car and said it was the best Ferrari he had ever driven. Enzo said it was the best Ferrari he had ever built. Many other top drivers piloted this car. Shelby raced this car in the 1957 Cuban Grand Prix where he finished 2nd.
Sold for $23,000,000 at 2014 Rick Cole Auctions
Ferrari built four examples of their 410 Sports cars for the grueling Carrera Panamericana road race in Mexico. The Ferrari 410S CM (Carrera Messicana) was developed for the Carrera Panamericana in Mexico from the 1954 24 Hours of Le Mans winning 375 Plus. The race covered an extreme distance of 2,096 miles.
The 410 S was given an all-new Tipo 519C chassis which was based on the elliptical tube frame of the 375 Plus, but lowering the center of gravity, widening the track and moving the engine further back in the chassis. Power was from the F1-proven, 60-degree long-block Lampredi V12 engine with the bore and stroke increased to 4962cc. The engine has a single overhead camshaft per bank, two valves per cylinder, and a single spark plug per cylinder. The fuel was delivered through three Weber 42 DCZ/3 carburetors. Lubrication was by dry sump. Peak power with 8.5:1 compression was 380 hp.
This vehicle, chassis number 0592CM, is powered by a tipo 126 V-12 engine, telaio tipo 514 with a wheelbase of 2410mm; cambio tipo 509, and rear axle tipo 509. The chassis utilized independent front suspension with unequal-length wishbones, coil springs and lever action shock absorbers. In the back was a deDion setup with twin radius arms mounted on a transverse leaf springs. The riveted aluminum fuel tank held 51 gallons, making it suitable for the long distances between stops in the Carrera Panamericana. Stopping power was provided by large, vented alloy Grand Prix drum brakes.
Ferrari built two chassis to these specifications. Only one, however (0592), was bodied in the two-seat spider configuraiton of the 410S. The other chassis was bodied by Scaglietti as a closed Berlinetta delivered to Ferrari SEFAC director Michel Paul-Cavallier in July 1955 for road use.
Ferrari halted production of the 410 S due to two significant events - the terrible crash during the 1955 24 Hours of Le Mans, and the increase number of casualties in the Carrera Panamericana. In response, the 1955 edition of the Carrera Panamerica race was cancelled.
Ferrari 410S, with chassis number 0592, never competed in the event in which it was purpose-built. Instead, this prototype 410S was sold to noted Ferrari team owner, Antonio 'Tony' Parravano, in California. In its inaugural race, it finished 1st overall, at the February Palm Springs road races driven by Carroll Shelby. For unknown reasons, 0592 was not raced again until 1957, when it competed in two races at New Smyrna, Florida driven by Eric Hauser and Bart Spiegelman.
Due to issues with the IRS, Parravano fled California for Mexico in 1957, taking a number of automobiles with him, including his 410S. The cars smuggled into Mexico were put into storage in a warehouse in Ensenada. Parravano disappeared in Mexico in 1960 and was never seen again. Parravano's family later settled with the IRS and the cars stored in Mexico were sold.
In November of 1964, chassis number 0592 competed in the 550-mile 'Costa a Costa' race across Mexico driven by Juan Buchanan.
In 1970, the car was acquired by Robert Dusek. Dusek successfully returned the car to the United States in 1971. After careful research, a comprehensive restoration was completed to an extraordinary level. The 5-liter engine was again painted in Rosso Corsa with a blue-over-white stripe, just as it was when the car raced in the U.S. for Scuderia Parravano.
The car remained in the Pennsylvania collection of Robert Dusek for nearly four decades. The 410 Sport was a featured vehicle in the 1998 Historic Ferrari Challenge and the 2000 Shell Ferrari Historic Challenge at Elkhart Lake.
In 2008, ownership changed and the car returned to Europe and into a significant private collection. Since the acquisition, it has not driven a single mile.By Daniel Vaughan | Nov 2014
In 1949 the Ferrari twelve-cylinder engine was 1.5 liters in size; by 1953 the size had grown to 5-liters. In 1954 a 375 Plus, powered by a 4.9 liter engine, was entered in the grueling 24 Hours of LeMans where it captured the overall victory. Further development of the engines continued with the focus slowly shifting towards six-cylinder capacities. The idea was that a lighter, smaller, more compact engine could prove to be a potent contendor against the larger engines. The smaller engines were also more fuel efficient.
Before full development of the six-cylinder engines progressed, a final set of V-12 powered cars were constructed. The 410 was built around and 'long block' engine and constructed for the newly built Mexican speedway. Dubbed the Carrera Panamerica, it featured many long and straight sections. The powerful 4962 cc engine produced 380 horsepower while the five-speed manual transaxle was perfect for high speeds. An unstable chassis had been the biggest problem for the 375 series, so Ferrari designed a shortened oval tube frame and reinforced it with triangular cross-braces for the 410. Handling was improved by moving the engine as far back as possible. Large drum brakes, mounted in a position that would allow ample cooling, were placed on all four corners to allowed controlled stopping at blistering high speeds.
The body was handled by Scaglietti, a coachbuilder notorious for his lightweight designs and streamlined designs. Only two 410 S work cars were created: chassis number 0596 CM and 0598 CM. The 'S', or 'Sport', cars were factory works cars. A small number of customer cars were created, their 'S' designation represented 'Speciale'. The customer cars were primarily designed for racing, but one of the cars, the fourth one constructed, was built for Michael Cavallier, Ferrari's board of directors as a road going car.
The Ferrari 410 S model's were completed and ready for the Mexican road rally. Unfortunately, the race was canceled due to insufficient personnel to guard the road-ways from spectators, poor road conditions, and a large number of fatal accidents in previous races. The two works cars with their Tipo 126 C engines would have to wait another day for their debut.
The international racing career for the works cars was very limited with their only appearance occurring at the 1956 Buenos Aires Grand Prix were both cars retired after suffering mechanical difficulties. One of the works cars was later sold to Sture Nottorp, a Swedish privateer, who had mild success on the racing circuit. The other went to an American privateer who, with the help of drivers such as Carroll Shelby, racked up numerous victories.
Since that time, the cars have been sold to private collectors where they have undergone restorations and been campaigned at vintage racing events and concours's through the United States.
Ferrari 410S Spyder with chassis 0596CM and body by Scaglietti had an extensive racing career beginning in 1956. Driven by Peter Collins at the Buenos Aires 1,000 KM it retired early from the race and failed to finish.
In 1958 it was sent to the United States and sold to Danielson. His driver, Hudson, actively raced the 410S throughout the United States for a few years before returning it back to Europe and sold once again. It stayed in a French collection for a number of years before being sold in 1995 to the Symbolic Motor Car Company. It was sold again in 1996 and 2001.
It was recently awarded Best of Show in the Competition Car Class at the Cavallino Classic. In 2004 it won a Class Award at the Pebble Beach Concours d'Elegance.
It is one of only two built and was a factory team racer for a number of years.
By Daniel Vaughan | Mar 2010
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