This first generation of the Lancer Evolution, commonly known as the Lancer Evo or Evo, was designed to compete in the World Rally Championship. It has a history that dates back to the early 1990s and has continued to be a popular and competitive sedan (both in the market place and in racing competition) for over two decades.
The current version of the Lancer Evolution - the Evolution X - was introduced as a concept at the 39th Tokyo Motor Show in 2005, and was called the 'Concept-X.' This was followed by a second concept car, the Prototype-X, at the 2007 North American International Auto Show.
Powering the Evolution X is a $B11T 2 liter turbocharged, all-aluminum four-cylinder engine. The powerplant initially produced 276 horsepower, but that figure is varies depending on the market and the model year.
The Evolution X went on sale in Japan in early October and a few months later (January 2008) in the United States. Canadians were able to purchase the car in February while those in the United Kingdom had to wait until March.
The US version were fitted with either a 6-speed twin clutch Sportronic Shift Transmission (TC-SST) or a five-speed manual. The Evo was given a new full-time four-wheel drive system named the S-AWC (Super All Wheel Control) which uses torque vectoring technology which sends different amounts of torque to the rear wheels depending on the needs.
By Daniel Vaughan | Jun 2012
Mitsubishi's 2011 Lancer Evolution Sports Sedan – The Ultimate 4-Door Sports Car – Adds New High-Tech Luxury Amenities At No Additional Cost To The Consumer
With its rally racing-inspired design, electronic driver aids and potent turbocharged power, the Mitsubishi Lancer Evolution is one of the most capable high-performance sports sedans in the marketplace today. But the lusty appeal of this instantly recognizable 4-door is not limited just to the North American market; the 'Evo' has a rabid fan following throughout the world.
Two versions of the Lancer Evolution will be offered in the Ú.S. market for the 2011 model year: the GSR model that features a short-throw 5-speed manual transmission along wîth a long list of standard features as well as numerous advanced electronic driver aids including the advanced Super All-Wheel Control (S-AWC) full-time all-wheel drive system and an even better equipped MR edition that includes Mitsubishi's remarkable 6-speed Twin Clutch Sportronic-Shift Transmission (TC-SST).New for the 2011 Mitsubishi Lancer Evolution:
Mitsubishi's FÚSE Hands-free Link System™
This innovative technology gives users the ability to access their Bluetooth-enabled cell phone, iPod or ÚSB drive wîth the sound of their voice. By using simple voice commands, users can make hands-free phone calls and play their favorite songs by artist, genre, album or playlist. What's more, the Gracenote® software that recognizes the names of musical artists and their songs can be updated for free so that as consumers add more and more new music, the FÚSE system will recognize these new voice commands.Real-Time Traffic (RTT)
A very convenient and informative real-time traffic (RTT) function has been added to the available 40GB HDD navigation system.Retuned Exhaust
The Lancer Evolution's exhaust system has been tuned for an even more sporty-sounding exhaust note.Sporty-lòòking Rear Spoilers
All Lancer Evolution GSR models now include a large rear spoiler at no additional cost to the consumer, wîth the MR version receiving a stylish low-key rear lip spoiler.ÚSB auxiliary input
| ||Vital Stats|
|Engine : 2.0 L., 4-cylinder|
Power: 291 hp
Torque: 300 ft-lbs
5-speed Manual, 6-speed CVT
Every Lancer Evolution features a convenient ÚSB port that is easily accessed inside the storage bin between the two front seats.Aggressive Racing Car-Inspired Styling
Automotive enthusiasts - especially fans of motorsports - have long appreciated the distinctive and aggressive body lines that have been a trademark characteristic throughout the years for the Lancer Evolution sports sedan. (concept carz) The current 10th-generation car continues to carry this trend but does so wîth a design aesthetic that is arguably the most refined interpretation of this legendary high-performance sports sedan's long and storied sporting history.
Inspired by the air intakes on jet fighters, the tall and wide openings of the car's front fascia not only lend the Lancer Evolution an imposing face but also flow vast volumes of air into the engine compartment to provide beneficial cooling to the radiator and intercooler, helping to maximize power production. Vents located atop the lightweight aluminum hood and on the sheetmetal aft of the front wheels are as functional as they are stylish as they help to evacuate hot air from within the engine compartment.
Protruding fenders at all four corners, a relatively tall beltline that slopes slightly downward towards the front of the vehicle and the car's short rear deck lid all combine to give the Lancer Evolution a stance that is both muscular and attractive-lòòking.
A tall trunk lid-mounted rear spoiler (GSR model) or a low-profile rear lip spoiler (MR model) round out the 2011 Mitsubishi Lancer Evolution's exciting race car-inspired exterior styling.Exhilarating Turbocharged/Intercooled 2.0-Liter Engine
The well-engineered 4B11 T/C engine is at the heart of every Lancer Evolution's fast-paced athleticism - it can get the pulse racing of even the most jaded automotive enthusiast wîth its ultra-quick acceleration and loads of instantaneous power on tap at seemingly any point of the tachometer's rev range.
Though only 2.0-liters (1,997 cc) in displacement, this hearty DOHC 16-valve inline-4 powerplant consists of an all-aluminum engine block and cylinder head (for high-strength and light weight) and a bore and stroke that both measure exactly 86.0 mm (3.4 in.), making it a 'square' design as its bore-stroke ratio is 1.0. Power ratings for this engine are 291 horsepower at 6,500 rpm wîth a full 300 lb.-ft. of torque produced at a much lower 4,000 rpm. Mitsubishi Innovative Valve timing Electronic Control system (MIVEC) works on both the intake and exhaust camshafts for optimized power production and cleaner exhaust emissions. This turbocharged/intercooled engine's compression ratio is 9.0:1.Short-Throw 5-speed Manual or Rapid-Fire 6-speed Twin Clutch Sportronic-Shift Transmission
As standard equipment on the 2011 Mitsubishi Lancer Evolution GSR, the 5-speed manual gearbox is a driver's delight.
Its shift lever navigates through the gates wîth rifle bolt-like precision wîth each short, satisfying throw. The driver will also find that the lightweight clutch pedal operates in a similar manner. The functionality of both the shifter and the clutch pedal reward the operator wîth a high degree of mechanical feel - precisely what one wants from a high-performance sports car.
But while the smooth operation and tactile feel of the manual transmission found in the GSR model offers satisfying performance, the hard-core driving enthusiast will surely opt for the high-tech transmission included in every Lancer Evolution MR model.
Mitsubishi's revolutionary Twin Clutch Sportronic Shift Transmission (TC-SST) is nothing short of an engineering marvel.
The TC-SST allows the driver to perform shifts in a fraction of the time that they could be performed wîth a standard manual transmission. (posted on conceptcarz.com)
The system also allows the driver to make these shifts via the console-mounted shift lever or even more conveniently by magnesium §teering wheel paddle shifters. What's more, this close-ratio 6-speed Twin-Clutch Sportronic Shift Transmission can operate in a fully automated mode, just like the typical automatic transmission. (posted on conceptcarz.com)
In either manual or automatic mode, each up or down shift takes place instantaneously wîth no perceptible lag time, wîth the engine management system 'blipping' the throttle wîth every downshift, matching the engine and transmission speeds perfectly.Supercar Performance from Super All-Wheel Control (S-AWC)
Mitsubishi's Lancer Evolution has always been known for its exceptional handling prowess. But the advanced electronic driver aids on the current generation vehicle - especially the company's superb Super All-Wheel Control (S-AWC) system - have taken the Evolution's road hugging maneuverability to an astonishingly high level.
Super All-Wheel Control (S-AWC) is not one specific device but a network of technologically-advanced dynamic systems that constantly communicate wîth each other to provide optimized tractability. These include Active Stability Control (ASC), an Active Center Differential (ACD), an Active Yaw Control (AYC) rear differential, and Sport ABS brakes. Working in concert, Super All-Wheel Control (S-AWC) modulates torque delivery to each wheel in real-time for maximum control.
The Active Stability Control (ASC) includes the vehicle's traction control and stability control systems and helps to regulate brake force and engine power distribution at each individual wheel.
The Active Center Differential (ACD) uses an electronically-controlled hydraulic multi-plate clutch to split engine torque (up to 50:50) between the front and rear wheels. This routing of engine power between the front and rear of the vehicle is determined by data collected from a variety of sensors including individual wheel speeds, throttle opening, §teering wheel angle, and the vehicle's lateral and longitudinal positioning.
Acting in a similar fashion to a conventional limited-slip differential, the Active Yaw Control (AYC) rear differential utilizes a planetary gear differential, yaw rate sensor and brake force control via the Active Stability Control (ASC) system to control rear wheel torque for improved traction and stability in slippery road conditions and high-speed cornering.
And thanks to advanced brake pressure and yaw rate sensors, the Sport Anti-lock Braking System (ABS) helps the driver to maintain better §teering control on slippery surfaces or under very heavy braking.Advanced Sport-Tuned Chassis and Suspension
A highly rigid structure, strong but lightweight components and a superbly-tuned independent suspension system make up the foundation of every Lancer Evolution.
The Evo's platform features ample use of ultra-strong yet lightweight high-tensile steel along wîth a hood, greenhouse and front fenders composed entirely of lightweight aluminum. Mitsubishi engineers cleverly placed the car's battery and windshield washer fluid reservoir in the trunk to help improve overall vehicle weight distribution.
The suspension consists of a McPherson type strut (inverted strut) design at the front of the vehicle wîth a multi-link suspension employed at the rear. To improve unsprung weight, the control arms for both the front and rear suspensions are constructed of forged aluminum. Another Lancer Evolution strong suit is its incredible braking ability, thanks to a Brembo braking system that uses 4-channel Sport ABS wîth Electronic Brake-force Distribution (EBD) and large ventilated rotors at all four corners (13.8-in. diameter wîth 4-piston calipers up front and 13.0-in. diameter wîth 2-piston calipers in back). The Lancer Evolution MR model's brakes are even more advanced as they employ a two-piece rotor design for reduced weight. Super-sticky 245/40R18 Yokohama ADVAN asymmetrical performance tires wrapped around 18 x 8.5-in. wheels (Enkei® cast-alloy on the GSR and BBS® forged-alloy on the MR) round out the ultra-high-performance componentry and design that make this sensational performance car every bit as capable on the racetrack as it is comfortable for driving in the real world.World-Class Daily Driver
Having made its mark on the world in motorsports competition including multiple championships in the grueling World Rally Championship (WRC) where combatants battle it out on courses that include sand, gravel and paved roads, the current Lancer Evolution is a delightful vehicle to live wîth on a daily basis thanks to its excellent ergonomics and thoughtful amenities.
Supportive yet comfortable RECARO® front bucket sports seats work well for either quick trips or long daily commutes, while a sumptuous-sounding 6-speaker 140-watt AM/FM/CD/MP3 audio system wîth digital signal processor, cruise control, automatic climate control, remote keyless entry and power windows, side mirrors and door locks help make extended time behind the wheel very pleasurable.
A Touring package is also available for the MR that consists of a power glass sunroof; leather seating surfaces for the RECARO® seats; improved sound insulation; rain-sensing wipers; automatic on/off headlamps and heated front seats and door mirrors.Advanced Safety Technologies
The 2011 Mitsubishi Lancer Evolution features numerous innovative safety technologies to help protect all of the vehicle's occupants.
Every Evolution is endowed wîth Mitsubishi's next-generation Reinforced Impact Safety Evolution (RISE) unibody platform that, in the event of side or rear collisions, helps to dissipate energy away from the vehicle's occupants to improve protection from injury; the RISE system also helps to protect the fuel system from rear impacts.
Seven air bags are also included: Advanced dual front air bag supplemental restraint system (SRS) wîth occupant sensors, front seat-mounted side-impact air bags, side curtain air bags and a driver's side knee air bag. A Tire Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS) and anti-lock braking system (advanced Sport ABS included on the Lancer Evolution) wîth Electronic Brake-force Distribution (EBD) are also included.Source - Mitsubishi
The Mitsubishi Lancer was first introduced in 1973, and since that time more than six million examples have been sold. It has carried many different names, sold by different manufacturers, and come in different shapes and sizes. Since the cars inception, it has proven to be a solid competitor in rally competition. It has been a very versatile, and capable automobile.
When first introduced, it joined Mitsubishi's other models which included the Galant, their compact car, and the Minica kei car. The Lancer fell into ranks between these two models, serving as the company's lower-to-middle class vehicle. When introduced, it was offered in twelve different trim levels, included the base 1.2-liter sedan, and ranging towards the rally-prepared 1600 GSR. Two bodystyles were offered, the 2-door coupe and the 4-door sedan. There was also a five-door station wagon, but the production levels on this never reached very high. A hatchback was added in 1975, called the Mitsubishi Lancer Celeste and offered with either a 1.4- or 1.6-liter engine. A 2.0-liter unit was later added.
The second generation of the Mitsubishi Lancer was introduced in 1978 and remained in production until 1983. The only bodystyle offered was the four-door sedan; two engine sizes were available, a 1.4- and 1.8-liter four-cylinder unit. The big news for this generation was the addition of the Lancer EX, which brought with it a turbocharger for the 1.8-liter engine.
In 1982 the next generation of the Lancer was introduced. A new model was launched, dubbed the lancer Fiore and based on the Mitsubishi Mirage. This generation of the Lancer was offered in a 3-door hatchback, 4-door sedan, 5-door hatchback, and five-door station wagon. The 1.6- and 1.8-liter engines were still available. A diesel version was introduced, and fuel injected and turbocharged versions were offered.
The station wagon was added in 1985, and it was followed quickly by a four-wheel drive version.
In 1988 the next iteration of the Lancer began, and would persist until 1992. The design changed; the car became less boxy, and more aerodynamic in appearance and principle. The edges became more round and modern. The shape followed the design of the Galant.
By now, the Lancer name was being shared with the Dodge Lancer, which was being sold in the United States by Chrysler Group. In Japan, the model was known as the Mirage Aspire.
This generation of the Lancer was sold as a 3-door hatchback, four-door sedan, and 5-door hatchback. Front and four-wheel drive was available.
In 1991, the differences between the Mirage and the Lancer became even greater, though both were still built on the same platform. In the North American market, the Lancer was sold as the Eagle Summit.
A V6 engine, which displaced just 1.6-liters, was introduced and powered the Mirage, along with other Mitsubishi cars. It would even become the power source for one of the HSR Concept vehicles. This V6 engine was the smallest mass-produced V6, a title it retains to this day. Other engine options included a 1.3, 1.5, 1.8, and 1.6-liter four-cylinder engines. The 1.3 and 1.5-liter versions were SOHC while the rest were DOHC. The 1.8 was created in both SOHC and DOHC fashion. The standard gearbox was the five-speed manual, with the four-speed automatic being sold as optional equipment.
The big news was the Lancer GSR, which had a high-performance turbocharged engine and would form the groundwork for the Lancer Evolution, commonly known as the Lancer Evo, which began in September of 1993. The Evo used the drivetrain of the Galant VR-4 rally car, and would soon prove its potential as a high performance competition machine.
All of the Lancer Evolutions has shared a two-liter, turbocharged engine and four-wheel drive system. The Evolutions, prior to version V, are the officially-approved models for Mitsubishi's efforts in the World Rally Championship's Group A class and SCCA Pro Rally Championship. The cars are built on the same platform as the other Lancers, but given many performance upgrades and mechanical improvements.
Lancer Evolutions continue to race in Group A and Group N classes.
The seventh generation of the Lancer was introduced in 1995 and produced until 2000. It continued the Lancers successful formula of enjoying strong sales throughout the world. In Japan, the name for the sedan and wagon continued as the Libero; related Mirage models were still available. The Coupe was known as the Mirage Asti in Japan, and the Lancer Coupe in the rest of the world.
The Mitsubishi Lancer Evolution V is the only Mitsubishi to earn the WRC Constructors Championship for its marque. Tommi Makinen has claimed four WRC Drivers Championships, from 1996 through 2000, in a Mitsubishi Lancer Evolution (IV, V & VI). Makinen has driven Mitsubishi's in most of his WRC career. The exception being a Ford Escort RS Cosworth in 1994 and a Subaru Impreza WRC in 2002.
The eight generation of the Lancer was introduced in 2000 in Japan. Most of the other markets continued with the seventh generation. The 8th gen Lancer was available in a four-door sedan configuration or as a station wagon.
Styling changes for the Lancer occurred in 2004 and 2005 for the North American market. The grille was given more fins so it was closer in design to the American version of the Galant. The facia was changed slightly again in 2006.
The Sportback and Ralliart were introduced to the US in 2004. Both of these trim levels brought more equipped and bigger engines. The Sportback has a 160 horsepower engine and the Ralliart was just a little higher, at 162. For both, the suspension had been improved, resulting in better handling and performance. The cars were lowered and 16-inch alloy wheels could now be found on all four corners. Aerodynamic ground package, fog lamps, and front bucket seats completed the ensemble. The Ralliart was given clear rear tail lights and a rear deck spoiler, which did little except enhance the cars appearance. All Sportbacks were equipped with an INVECS-II automatic gearbox. The Ralliart had the five-speed manual as standard and the four-speed automatic as optional.
Slow sales and financial difficulties for Mitsubishi had the Sportback canceled after just one year.
The Mitsubishi Concept X was unveiled to the public at the 2005 Tokyo Motor Show; Concept-Sportback was shown a little while later at the Frankfurt Motor Show. The new lancer drew its design inspiration from both of these concepts, which was officially unveiled at the 2007 Detroit Motor Show. Sales for this generation of vehicle went on sale in the US in March of 2007. it is available as a four-door sedan.
By Daniel Vaughan | Jul 2007