A true supercar is one that offers the comforts expected for the road combined with the kind of performance needed for the track. Ettore Bugatti, however, demanded one other element from each of his designs—elegance.
Many automakers could design elegant automobiles, but Ettore would be the first to take his elegant designs and make them at home on the street or on the track. The vehicle that would introduce a number of affluent sons and daughters to the world of high speed would be his Type 35.
Bugatti had been producing different models of automobiles using 4-cylinder engines. He would have a good deal of success and this would lead to investing in a new car that could take on the very best the world had to offer.
Ettore understood elegantly-designed automobiles but the science of aerodynamics was still rather new and practically unheard of in the 1920s. Still, Ettore was on the forefront of design and understood at least some of the basics of airflow and how that should translate into design.
Ettore's response to this fledgling science would be the Type 32 'Tank'. This radical box-like design would be intriguing from a number of different angles but it had its problems, not the least of which included poor handling. Although the design would prove to be ill-timed and not very practical, especially as a race car, Bugatti would still learn from the experience and would apply much of the knowledge learned from that experience to his next design, which would be anything but ill-timed and unsuccessful.
The Type 32 would be a big box-like design that boasted of grand sweeping lines to provide great airflow over the top of the car. This was the right idea but the car's size hindered handling and made it most impractical. If Ettore could create a design that was much more compact and clean then he would achieve the aim of building a great handling car with good airflow properties and performance. He would also prove to achieve his other great aim—elegance.
The design of the new Type 35 would certainly depart from the box-like design of the Type 32. Instead, Ettore would succeed in building a small, tight chassis with bodywork that squeezed down to the iconic horseshoe-shaped radiator. The bodywork trailing back from the nose widened to reveal a two-seat cockpit.
The real breakthrough with the Type 35 would come with its chassis. Though based upon the Brescia, one of his earlier models, Bugatti would take and have the front axle of the car lightened by drilling out the middle of the axle and then bending it slightly into a dropped position. The wheels would make use of aluminum spokes instead of the usual steel wire wheels. About the only throwback on the new Type 35 would be the cable-operated drum brakes.
When mated with the precision-crafted body the Type 35 fit together perfectly and achieved Ettore's great aim of building a great car for the road and the track while also being elegantly-beautiful at the same time.
Bugatti would determine to enter a six-car team of the new Type 35s for the 1924 Grand Prix ACF held near Lyon. Out of the six cars entered, five would actually take part in the race. The sixth car would be held in reserve and would be used by Ettore himself for his personal transportation. The chassis used by Bugatti and that would be held in reserve for that race in Lyon would be chassis 4323.
Chassis 4323 would not only be one of the first six to be produced but it also features some interesting construction elements that would not be present in future examples of the Type 35. In fact, it would appear that the side rails on the chassis would actually be directly from the Type 23. In addition, the position of the front brake cable hole and magneto, as well as, the lack of a one piece axle housing are all indicative of one of the Lyon Type 35s.
Following the race in Lyon, 4323 would be sent to London Bugatti agents Jarrott & Letts and would be then placed on display at the 1925 Olympia Auto Show. While the car stood on display at the show, the car had already been sold to Sir Robert Bland Bird.
After passing through Bird's hands to Colonel Godfrey Giles in March of 1928, the car would end up being sold to John Houldsworth. Houldsworth would have an idea in mind for the Type 35. He would enter the car in the BRDC British Empire Trophy race at Brooklands in 1934. Unfortunately, this decision would prove tragic as John would crash the Bugatti during the race and would end up perishing as a result of the injuries sustained in the crash.
Left battered and broken, 4323 would have no owner and no future. However, Arthur Baron would purchase the car. Baron would purchase the car without its 2.0-liter straight 8-cylinder engine. Instead, he would place a supercharged engine from a Brescia into the chassis and would continue to compete in a number of different events, including the 1939 Prescott hillclimb.
Purchased by Bob Foster in 1947, the Type 35 would take part in a number of hillclimbs and would be greatly altered from its original form. When sold again, this time to Del Lee, the car remained in its altered form and would continue to take part in events, this time in the United States. After a while, the car would be passed on to Jack Manting. But his enjoyment of the car would be brief as he would pass away.
Then, in 1966, Mr. Henry 'Hank' Haga would come to own the Bugatti. Haga had become aware of the Bugatti via his neighbor Dick Teague. Haga had been working for Cadillac as the head of design when he came to own the Bugatti. Haga would set about restoring.
The car, which now had a MG TF engine, and a number of parts would be shipped to Germany where the restoration would take place. When completed, the Bugatti picked up right where it left off as Mr. Haga would take part in a number of historic races with the car. The car would also achieve a Best in Class at the 1983 Pebble Beach Concours d'Elegance. Mr. Haga and his wife would also take the car back to Lyon, France in 1994 for the 70th anniversary of the Type 35's first race, the very event 4323 had been at when brand new.
Chassis 4323 had continued to be a regular in a number of races and grand touring events. Events like the Copperstate 1000 and the Bugatti Rally and race at Elkhart Lake have all been events in which 4323 has taken part. And, perhaps most importantly, it continues to testify to Ettore's commitment to excellence and quality as it continues to run and run and never fails to turn heads anywhere it goes.
A truly legendary example of the Type 35, chassis 4323 would be offered for sale at the 2013 Bonhams Quail Lodge auction. Far and above 1,000 victories would be earned by the Type 35 over the course of its racing career, but this particular example is one of just six that stands head and shoulders above them all. This would be why estimates prior to the auction would have the 1924 Bugatti Type 35, chassis 4323, earning potentially between $1,500,000 and $2,500,000.Sources:
'Lot No. 138: 1924 Bugatti Type 35 Grand Prix', (http://www.bonhams.com/auctions/20994/lot/138/?page_anchor=r1%3D199%26m1%3D1). Bonhams. http://www.bonhams.com/auctions/20994/lot/138/?page_anchor=r1%3D199%26m1%3D1. Retrieved 12 August 2013.
'Type 32 'Tank'', (http://www.bugatti.com/en/tradition/bugatti-models/t32.html). Bugatti. http://www.bugatti.com/en/tradition/bugatti-models/t32.html. Retrieved 12 August 2013.
By Jeremy McMullen
Though it is personal preference the Bugatti Type 35 is regarded by many as one of the most beautiful pre-war racer from the legendary Bugatti Company. Its beauty is matched by its accomplishments, being one of the most successful pre-war racer winning over 1000 races and capturing the 1926 Grand Prix World Championship with 351 races. During that two year period it also claimed 47 records. From 1925 through 1929 the Bugatti Type 35 dominated the Targa Florio.
The first Bugatti Type 35 was introduced on August 3rd, 1924. It was powered by a modified engine used in the Type 29. The 3-valve 2-liter overhead cam straight-eight engine had five main bearings and producing around 90 horsepower. The suspension was comprised of leaf springs attached to solid axles. Stopping power was provided by drum brakes in the rear operated by cables which could be seen on the exterior of the vehicle. In total, there were 96 examples produced.
There were multiple versions of the Type 35 which were specifically designed to accommodate many types of racers. The Type 35A, nicknamed 'Tecla' was an inexpensive version of the Type 35 and made its first appeared in May of 1925. Its nickname was given by the public after a maker of imitation jewelry. The engine was a reliable unit borrowed from the Type 30. It used three bearings, had smaller valves, coil ignition, and produced less horsepower than its Type 35 sibling. In total 139 examples of the Type 35A were created.
Though Ettore Bugatti favored naturally aspirated engines, the Type 35C was given a Roots-Type supercharger which boosted power to an impressive 128 horsepower. There were only fifty examples created with many providing historic victories for the company. The Type 35C won the 1928 and 1930 French Grand Prix, undoubtedly their greatest accomplishments.
The Bugatti Type 35T, commonly known as the Targa Florio, was specially prepared for the Targa Florio race. There were only thirteen examples produced. It was powered by a 2.3 liter engine. When Grand Prix rules changed stating that engine displacement sizes of up to 2 liters were required, the Type 35T became obsolete and production ceased.
The Bugatti Type 35B was introduced in 1927 and was the final iteration of the Type 35 series. The name Type 35TC was pondered since it shared the same 2.3 liter engine as the Type 35T and a supercharger just like the Type 35C. The engine produced an astonishing 138 horsepower, by far the most of the Type 35 series. In total there were only 45 examples produced with one of their greatest accomplishments being the victory at the 1929 French Grand Prix.
The Type 39 was produced alongside the Type 35B but adhered to current Grand Prix regulations which limited engine capacities to 1.5 liters. Only ten examples of the Type 39 were produced.
By Daniel Vaughan | Sep 2006