|2012 3 Series||2012 3 Series||2012 ActiveHybrid 3|
2013 BMW 3-Series Long Wheelbase news, pictures, and information
Both variants of the new BMW 3-Series sedan were developed together in Germany and exhibit the typical basic properties of the premium automobiles from this brand: aesthetic design, ultra-modern engines wîth BMW TwinPower Turbo Technology, and progressive equipment, like the BMW Head-Úp Display, which is unique in this class. Auto China 2012 will also be presenting the BMW ActiveHybrid 3. This full hybrid model of the new BMW 3-Series will likewise be available on the Chinese automobile market before the year is out.
The combination of pioneering technology from Germany and exclusive production in China will lend an unmistakable character to the new BMW 3-Series sedan wîth the long wheelbase. Tailored specifically to the wishes of Chinese customers, independence is guaranteed by the 110 mm longer wheelbase. These elongated proportions not only increase the knee and leg space in the rear, but also contribute greatly to the elegance and presence of the sedan. (concept carz) With its optimised travel comfort and look, the new, long wheelbase BMW 3-Series sedan has everything needed to convince the serious business traveller and provide hours of leisurely driving pleasure either alone or wîth all of the family. Additional accents can be set wîth the BMW Lines, offered for the first time in China, whose precisely compiled design and equipment features underscore either the progressive or the luxurious character of the new, long wheelbase BMW 3-Series sedan. (concept carz)
The new, long wheelbase BMW 3-Series sedan is available in three engine versions, delivering 135 kW / 184 bhp in the BMW 320Li, 180 kW / 245 bhp in the BMW 328Li, or 225 kW / 306 bhp in the BMW 335Li. Both the two four-cylinder variants and the top model wîth its six-cylinder engine are fitted as standard wîth an eight-speed automatic transmission. (posted on conceptcarz.com)
Besides the unusually high efficiency of the engines and gears, the extensive BMW EfficientDynamics technology also contributes to an excellent relationship between driving performance and fuel consumption in these models developed exclusively for the Chinese automobile market. The standard equipment includes e.g. brake energy regeneration, the automatic engine start-stop function, and the ECO PRO mode, which can be activated at the driving experience switch.
The new, long wheelbase BMW 3-Series sedan will be produced by the new Tiexi plant at the Shenyang site. Production proceeds according to the strict quality standards applied to the whole global production network of the BMW Group and in close collaboration wîth local production partners and parts suppliers. In Shenyang, the BMW Group has been producing automobiles since 2003 wîth its joint venture partner Brilliance. In order to increase the production capacity, both partners recently passed a motion to invest about a billion euros in both the present and the additional plant at the Shenyang site. This will allow the company to meet the constantly growing demand for premium automobiles in China. In 2011, China was the world's third largest sales market for the BMW Group.
Design: dynamically elongated proportions, elegant lines, precise details.
The BMW 3-Series is the most-sold premium automobile in the world. Based on the sixth generation BMW 3-Series sedan, a new model wîth a longer wheelbase will now be unveiled that has been developed exclusively for the Chinese automobile market. Its body incorporates the design language of the new BMW 3-Series sedan as an independent interpretation, lending intensity to its elegance and luxury. The proportions characteristic of the brand are shaped by the short overhangs, the long engine compartment, the back-set passenger compartment, and the long wheelbase. Compared wîth the new BMW 3-Series sedan, both the length of the vehicle (4734 mm) and its wheelbase (2920 mm) were each extended by 110 mm, wîth the width (1811 mm) and height (1455 mm) following suit.
Balled propulsive power and presence find expression in the design of the vehicle's front section. The contours of the engine compartment lid run in a V shape towards the BMW kidney grille placed right at the front. The contours of the headlamps reach towards the kidney grille, and, together wîth it, form a horizontal graphical unit that emphasises the width of the vehicle. A hallmark of the brand, the twin circular headlamps present across their tops a partially occluding trim panel, giving rise to the characteristic look of concentration. Depending on the model, chrome elements under the headlamp units and at the transition to the BMW kidney grille underscore the high quality claims of the front view.
Also the air inlet, divided into three §egmènts and embedded between distinctively moulded surfaces, presents a conspicuously wide design, providing a marked distinction from the front view of the BMW 3-Series sedan wîth the normal wheelbase. Its independent contours are aligned to the look of BMW models from higher §egmènts. At the outer edges of the side inlets, so called air curtains in the form of vertical openings serve to optimise the flow of air in the wheel arches.
A charming play of light and shade effects are provided by the beefy wheel arches, precision-fitted surfaces, and the interaction between the hallmark bead line at the height of the door opener and a suggestive second character line over the front wheel arches. In the characteristic language of BMW, the design presents authentic signs of this sedan's properties. These include a dynamic, wedge-shaped side view and its vibrant run of surfaces representative of marked agility. The beefy rear wheel arches point to the wide track and the drive power acting on the rear axle.
All lines and surfaces have been tuned precisely to the specific dimensions of the new BMW 3-Series sedan wîth the long wheelbase. The harmony of proportions characteristic of the BMW 3-Series is therefore maintained. At the same time, the elongated appearance of the side view communicates an elegance known from higher vehicle §egmènts. A new interpretation takes the form of the BMW hallmark Hofmeister kink at the rear end of the side window surrounds. For the first time, the chrome frame proceeds in a straight line from the counterthrust at the base of the C column towards the rear, thereby extending the horizontal run of the window cavity covers. This unmistakable attribute underscores the elegantly elongated side line and hence the extended space.
The rear view of the new, long wheelbase BMW 3-Series sedan is dominated by the horizontal lines and the beefy wheel arches. Also the L-shaped rear lights on the outer sides merge harmoniously into the overall look, emphasising the wide track and therefore the stable roadholding of the vehicle. On the six-cylinder BMW 335Li, this impression is boosted further by the double-flow exhaust system's tailpipes placed at the outer edge. One specific attribute of the new, long wheelbase BMW 3-Series sedan is the chrome trim arranged above the number plate surround on the luggage compartment lid and serving as a link between the rear light units. This is supplemented wîth additional chrome trim at the bottom of the rear apron.
Interior: driver orientation, luxurious ambience, excellent travel comfort in the rear.
The interior of the new, long wheelbase BMW 3-Series sedan intensifies the experience of the hallmark driving pleasure and the premium character. Designed for enhanced driver orientation, the cockpit presents an instrument cluster based on black panel technology and a §teering wheel wîth multifunction buttons. The centre console is inclined slightly towards the driver, presenting all controls at optimised ergonomic positions. The engine can be activated at the press of the start-stop button as soon as the radio-operated key is inside the vehicle. Next to the gear selector switch for the automatic transmission, there are two cup holders, the driving experience switch for individual setups, and the controller for the iDrive operating system, which also includes the free-standing onboard monitor. The high-resolution flat-screen design optimises the selection and control of vehicle, infotainment, and navigation functions. Fitted as standard, the automatic air conditioning includes temperature and ventilation control that can be set separately for the driver and front passenger sides.
The luxurious ambience is borne by high-quality materials, precision workmanship, and the interior surfaces matched perfectly to the choice of design and colours. In particular the rear presents a travel comfort that is yet to meet its match on the vehicle §egmènt. Designed for enhanced comfort, the rear presents a row of single seats that are setting a new standard for available space. The new BMW 3-Series sedan wîth the long wheelbase offers particularly convenient access and generous leg space for rear passengers. The knee space is 90 mm longer than in the new BMW 3-Series sedan wîth the normal wheelbase and is therefore the best in the competitive field.
The large number of equipment features in the new, long wheelbase BMW 3-Series sedan underscores its orientation to comfort. The rear presents a centre armrest wîth integrated compartment and two cup holders, two illuminated vanity mirrors folding out of the roof liner, and BMW Individual reading lights. Also fitted in the rear are ashtrays integrated in the door trim panels and a switch unit that can adjust the front passenger seat. Moreover, the sedan is fitted wîth a lighting package, including ambient light, and roller sun blinds that are opened and closed electrically on the rear window and mechanically on the side windows.
The safety equipment in the sedan, besides the front and side airbags and side curtain head airbags for both rows of seats, also includes ISOFIX child seat mountings in the rear. The 480-litre luggage compartment can be expanded when needed at the 40:20:40 split and folding rear backrest. In conjunction wîth the optional Comfort Access, the rear lid can be opened remotely.
BMW Luxury Line: refined elegance and exclusive flair.
The new, long wheelbase BMW 3-Series sedan embodies premium quality, driving pleasure, and travel comfort on a level unique to this vehicle §egmènt. Its character is defined by pioneering technology and a luxurious ambience - and both can receive additional emphasis from the BMW Luxury und Modern Lines, offered for the first time in China as an alternative to the basic version. Each of these characterisations is communicated to the full effect by the precisely matched design and equipment features. Likewise the dynamic alignment of the normal wheelbase sports sedan can be lent even greater emphasis from a BMW Line. The BMW Sport Line is offered for the new BMW 3-Series sedan. (concept carz)
As an extra highlight underscoring the classical elegance of the new, long wheelbase BMW 3-Series sedan, the BMW Luxury Line includes exclusive 17' multispoke light-alloy wheels; B column covers and window cavities in High-Gloss Black; grille bars; inlays for the air inlets and tailpipe trims in chrome; and additional applications on the side sills. The inscription 'Luxury' can be found on both the side panels and the door sill cover strips. Also the interior lends expression to the exclusive character in the form e.g. of its leather trim in one of three colours; a sports leather §teering wheel; chrome surrounds for the centre console and the air conditioning and audio controls; interior strips of fine inlaid Walnut, and an accentuation strip of Glossy Pearl Chrome. In addition, the Luxury Line sedan provides user-definable colour schemes for the welcome and ambient light. A chrome trim can also be found on its vehicle key.
BMW Modern Line: natural charisma, progressive style.
Likewise available for the new, long wheelbase BMW 3-Series sedan, the Modern Line presents design and equipment features that lend expression to the sedan's style, testifying to its efficiency, sustainable quality, and pioneering technology. This is carried by refined and modern accentuations like tailpipe trims; grille bars; air inlet bars; window frames; aluminium satinated applications on the side sills and roof trim; the B column covers and window cavities in High-Gloss Blach; and the 17' light-alloy V spoke wheels. For the BMW 335Li, the Modern Line also includes 18' turbine design light-alloy wheels.
A particularly harmonious ambience is provided by the light-coloured dashboard and the Dark Oyster §teering wheel, supporting a consistent brightness in the interior without stark contrasts. This progressive charisma is underscored further by the Black or Oyster leather trim wîth decorative seams and the interior strips of Fineline wood wîth chrome accentuation. Additional features of this BMW Line are the inscription 'Modern' on the side panels and door sill cover strips; user-definable colour schemes for the welcoming and ambient light; the chrome surrounds for the air conditioning and audio controls; and the vehicle key unit in Oyster.
BMW Sport Line: dynamic presence, striking accentuations.
Available for the BMW 3-Series sedan wîth the normal wheelbase, the Sport Line presents striking High-Gloss Black accentuations, underscoring the dynamic presence of this new model. Eight highly stylised, black grille bars lend the front a commanding appearance of particularly sporty flair. The black inlays in the front apron visually magnify the air inlets and underscore the beefy wheel arches. There, the suitable sporty elegance is carried by the 17' light-alloy double-spoke wheels. Like the B column covers and the window cavities; also the exterior mirrors are available in High-Gloss Black. The visual impression of rear width is boosted by the black decorative trim along the bottom edge of the rear lights. The tailpipe trim presents a Black Chrome finish.
The sporty exclusive flair in the interior finds expression in the contrasts between the black and red accentuations. The sporty flair in the cockpit is underscored by red decorative rings and red chrono scaling on the circular instruments, red decorative seams on the sports §teering wheel, and High-Gloss Black trim wîth a coral red accentuation strip. The standard sports seats in leather trim are available in one of three colours wîth exclusive accentuations. These are joined by the chrome surrounds for the air conditioning and audio controls and the inscription 'Sport' on the door sill cover strips. The distinguishing feature of the Sport Line, the ignition key, is black wîth a red decorative inlay.
Engines: supreme power and pioneering efficiency thanks to BMW TwinPower Turbo Technology.
The unique status that premium automobiles from the BMW brand enjoy all over the world is linked closely to the brand's characteristic driving pleasure. In the new BMW 3-Series sedan wîth the long wheelbase, this is the result of the outstanding competence the company has brought to bear in the field of drive development. The engines fitted in the models BMW 335Li, BMW 328Li, and BMW 320Li are designed for an impressive delivery of sporty and supreme power. And their pioneering efficiency is equally convincing. Both the inline six-cylinder engine in the BMW 335Li and the four-cylinder drives in the two other models feature the latest development of BMW TwinPower Turbo Technology. This includes a twin scroll turbocharger, direct high-precision petrol injection, the variable valve control system VALVETRONIC, and the variable camshaft control system double VANOS.
The BMW 335Li is fitted wîth a 3.0-litre six-cylinder engine featuring this technology package. Its supercharging system directs the pulsing gas flow through three separate cylinders arranged in a spiral around the turbine. Arranged directly next to the spark plug, the injectors direct the air-fuel mixture precisely dosed into the combustion chambers. Power delivery and efficiency also benefit greatly from the VALVETRONIC integrated completely in the cylinder head and the camshaft adjustment for the intake and discharge side (double VANOS). In this manner, the multiple-award-winning six-cylinder petrol engine can deliver a max power output of 225 kW / 306 bhp at a speed of 5800-6000 rpm and a max torque of 400 Nm between 1200 and 5000 rpm. The BMW 335Li accelerates from zero to 100 km/h in 5.7 seconds. Its average fuel consumption as determined in the EÚ test cycle is 8.3 litres per 100 kilometres, and its CO2 emissions are 192 grams per kilometre.
BMW TwinPower Turbo Technology also helps the four-cylinder engine in the BMW 328Li to achieve an extraordinary relationship between performance and fuel consumption. With a capacity of 2.0 litres, the new engine delivers a max power output of 180 kW / 245 bhp between 5000 and 6500 rpm. The max torque of 350 Nm is reached at speeds between 1250 and 4800 rpm. The BMW 328Li sprints from zero to 100 km/h in 6.3 seconds. Its average fuel consumption as determined in the EÚ test cycle is max 7.2 litres per 100 kilometres, and its CO2 emissions are 167 grams per kilometre.
Delivering 135 kW / 184 bhp between 5000 and 6250 rpm, also the four-cylinder variant wîth BMW TwinPower Turbo Technology provides for sporty performance in the BMW 320Li. Spontaneous power delivery and high-revving properties also characterise this engine, which delivers its max torque of 270 Nm between 1250 and 4500 rpm. The BMW 320Li needs 7.9 seconds to accelerate from zero to 100 km/h. Its average fuel consumption in the EÚ test cycle is 6.9 litres per 100 kilometres, and its CO2 emissions are 160 grams per kilometre.
Únique on the §egmènt worldwide: eight speed automatic transmission. (posted on conceptcarz.com)
The BMW 3-Series sedan is the world's first vehicle on its §egmènt to feature an eight-speed automatic transmission. (posted on conceptcarz.com) The new BMW 3-Series sedan wîth the long wheelbase is fitted as standard wîth this innovative power transmission system, providing an extra boost to its sporty flair and efficiency. The fascination of this eight speed automatic transmission lies in its extraordinarily fast gear shifts and a particularly precise control that supports direct downshifting to a specific gear.
Thanks to its unique mount on the wheel set, the eight-speed automatic transmission also exhibits a compact design and a low weight. Its size and weight are therefore comparable wîth the six-speed automatic transmission fitted in the predecessor model. The equipment includes an optional eight-speed sports automatic transmission that is characterised e.g. by an even higher level of dynamic shifting and also includes shift paddles on the §teering wheel.
BMW EfficientDynamics: innovative technology for greater driving pleasure wîth reduced emissions.
The consistent use of technology serving to cut fuel consumption and emissions is propelling the current BMW models to leading efficiency positions on all §egmènts. In this respect, outstanding performance always goes hand in hand wîth particularly low fuel consumption. Also the new, long wheelbase BMW 3-Series sedan is setting standards in this field on its §egmènt. Its engines and transmissions are characterised by extraordinarily high efficiencies, and in addition it is fitted as standard wîth BMW EfficientDynamics technology.
All variants of the new, long wheelbase BMW 3-Series sedan come wîth an automatic engine start-stop function as standard. This eliminates idle phases during temporary stops by switching off the engine automatically. As soon as the vehicle comes to a stop, the engine is switched off automatically. When the road ahead clears again, the driver simply has to remove his foot from the brake, and the engine starts without any further delay.
In addition, all engine variants come wîth the driving experience switch that activates ECO PRO mode. This affects the engine control, the accelerator pedal curve, and the shifting characteristics of the automatic transmission. (posted on conceptcarz.com) This supports a fuel-optimised driving style at low engine speeds. Particularly efficient energy management is supported by a controller designed specifically for regulating the power functions like air conditioning, seat heating, and exterior mirror heating. Dedicated displays provide information e.g. on the extended range in kilometres now possible. Details of efficiency-optimised driving are also providing for the current situation in the form of ECO PRO tips that appear on the instrument cluster and control display.
Also a standard feature, brake energy regeneration is an intelligent energy management system that concentrates the generation of onboard electricity over the thrust and brake phases. The BMW EfficientDynamics technology also extends to the needs-based control of auxiliary units and electromechanical §teering. Also, intelligent lightweight structures and tyres wîth reduced rolling resistance contribute to optimised fuel consumption and emission values.
Ideal balance of sportiness and driving comfort.
The new, long wheelbase BMW 3-Series sedan combines the brand's hallmark sporty flair wîth specifically optimised driving comfort. This is carried by the particularly high-quality suspension technology, the perfect support for this successful concept wîth longitudinal engine, rear wheel drive, balanced axle load distribution, and torsionally stiff body. The sedan features a detailed further development of the two-joint spring strut front axle wîth extensive use of aluminium components for high rigidity and optimised weight. Also the five-link rear axle is based on an established principle, providing the ideal conditions for a balanced overall setup. At the same time, agility and precision regulated handling are provided together wîth outstanding suspension comfort.
One essential contribution to the characteristic BMW driving experience also takes the form of the precision §teering that provides the driver wîth exact feedback at all times. This §teering system finds the ideal basis in the characteristic BMW drive concept, which shields it from drive effects. In the new, long wheelbase BMW 3-Series sedan, an electric motor provides the power for the electromechanical hydraulic §teering. This is active only when powered §teering is actually required. On straight roads and in corners taken at a constant §teering angle, no electrical power is therefore consumed.
In addition to the powerful brake system, unrestrictedly effective even under high loads, also the standard Dynamic Stability Control DSC contributes to the agile handling properties of the new, long wheelbase BMW 3-Series sedan. (concept carz) This system includes e.g. the antilocking system ABS, dynamic traction control DTC, cornering brake control (CBC), and dynamic brake control (DBC). Additional functions now also include a brake assistant, fading brake support, a dry brake function, a drive-off assistant, and the electronic locking function for the rear axle differential (active in DCS OFF mode).
All variants of the new, long wheelbase BMW 3-Series sedan are fitted wîth light-alloy wheels as standard. These are 16' on the BMW 320Li, 17' on the BMW 328Li, and 18' on the BMW 335Li.
Driving experience switch: vehicle setup at the push of a button.
The driving experience switch fitted as standard on the centre console activates the vehicle setups 'COMFORT', 'SPORT', 'SPORT+', and 'ECO PRO'. The driving experience switch affects the accelerator pedal progression, the engine response, the characteristic curve of the §teering servo, the DSC configuration, and the dynamic shifting properties of the automatic transmission. (posted on conceptcarz.com) In each case, the driver activates a preconfigured setup for a harmonised world of experience.
In vehicles fitted wîth the Professional navigation system, the control display can present the specific details in the 'SPORT' and 'SPORT+' modes. These details inform the driver of the engine power drawn and the current torque level.
BMW ConnectedDrive: new functions for comfort, safety, and infotainment.
The progressive character of the new BMW 3-Series sedan wîth the long wheelbase finds impressive testimony in the wide range of driver assistance systems and mobility services unique in the competitive field. The options provided by BMW ConnectedDrive serve to optimise the comfort, safety, and infotainment in the vehicle over an intelligent network of links. Its highlights include the Surround View system, the BMW Head-Úp Display, and the apps facility.
The equipment supplementing Park Distance Control (PDC) includes a reversing camera integrated under the BMW brand logo in the luggage compartment lid and the Surround View system including Side View. The Surround View system also utilises two cameras in the side mirrors in addition to the reversing camera and the PDC sensors. The data thus captured are processed by a central computer. This then generates an image on the control display that shows the vehicle and its environment from the bird's eye view. This depiction allows particularly precise manoeuvring in a confined space.
When the situation demands this, the driver can also make use of the Side View function as a subsystem of the optional Surround View. Side View works wîth two cameras that are integrated in the front wheel arches and that allow the driver to observe traffic coming from the side. These images are also presented on the control display. This not only simplifies manoeuvring, but also warns the driver of oncoming traffic from the side when the vehicle is leaving confined spaces like back-set gates or multistorey car parks.
Also the BMW Park Assistant is available as an option for the new, long wheelbase BMW 3-Series sedan. (concept carz) This system assists the driver in manoeuvring safely and comfortably into tight parking spaces aligned parallel to the direction of travel. Featuring ultrasound sensors in the side indicator surrounds, the BMW Park Assistant can also help the driver to find a suitable parking space. While manoeuvring into a parking space, the driver need only control the accelerator and brake pedals and keep an eye out for possible dangers. The Park Assistant also takes over the §teering wheel. The driver is given instructions on how to manoeuvre into the parking space.
Optimised display quality is provided by the latest generation of the BMW Head-Úp Display, also available for the new, long wheelbase BMW 3-Series sedan. (concept carz) The graphics now benefit from the entire colour spectrum, wîth realistic symbols projected at the optimal ergonomic position on the windscreen. Also the scope of information presented on the Head-Úp Display has been expanded. Depending on the vehicle configuration, this may also include check control and status messages from the driver assistance systems in addition to the current road speed and high guiding instructions from the navigation system.
The highest demands for infotainment are fulfilled by a particularly powerful interface technology that safeguards the unrestricted use of external mobile phones and music players in the new BMW 3-Series sedan. (concept carz) This presents the passengers wîth their personal music library, read from their smartphone or music player in the vehicle. The onboard monitor then presents the saved music titles and their cover art in addition to the playlists. The Apps option provided by BMW ConnectedDrive and the application BMW Connected also allow Apple iPhone users to utilise additional web-based services in the vehicle. These include a web radio function and access to social networks.
The new BMW 3-Series sedan: even greater diversity, consistent sporty flair, and max efficiency wîth the BMW ActiveHybrid 3.
At the same time the new BMW 3-Series sedan wîth the long wheelbase will be celebrating its world premiere, Auto China 2012 in Beijing will also be witnessing the presentation of the new, normal wheelbase BMW 3-Series sedan produced at the BMW plant in Munich. This new edition of the sportiest four-door model on the §egmènt will be launched as the variants BMW 328i and BMW 320i on the Chinese automobile market. Both models are fitted wîth the new engines featuring BMW TwinPower Turbo Technology and combined as standard wîth the eight-speed automatic transmission. (posted on conceptcarz.com)
Packing 180 kW / 245 bhp, the BMW 328i accelerates from zero to 100 km/h in 6.1 seconds. Its average fuel consumption is 6.6 litres per 100 kilometres, and its CO2 emissions are 154 grams per kilometre. The BMW 320i, delivering 135 kW / 184 bhp, reaches the 100 km/h mark in 7.6 seconds. It achieves an average fuel consumption of 6.5 litres per 100 kilometres and CO2 emissions of 151 grams per kilometre.
At a later time, the range will be supplemented wîth the BMW 335i xDrive, a six-cylinder model which will be transferring its power to the road via the intelligent all-wheel-drive system BMW xDrive. Furthermore, also the M Sports package will be available for the new BMW 3-Series sedan. (concept carz) This equipment package includes e.g. the M Aerodynamic package, M Sports package, M light-alloy wheels, M sports seats, and other exclusive features that boost the dynamic character of this model to even greater heights.
Yet another particularly innovative development in characteristic efficiency takes the form of BMW ActiveHybrid 3. Developed on the basis of the new BMW 3-Series sedan, this fully hybrid model will be celebrating its Asian premiere at Auto China 2012. Its drive system consists of an inline six-cylinder petrol engine wîth BMW TwinPower Turbo Technology, an electric motor, and an eight-speed automatic transmission. (posted on conceptcarz.com) The max system output is 250 kW / 340 bhp, and electricity is supplied from a lithium ion battery. The drive technology behind the BMW ActiveHybrid 3 allows purely electrically powered driving in urban traffic and local, zero emissions 'sailing' wîth disconnected combustion engine at speeds up to 160 km/h. Its average fuel consumption is 6.4 litres per 100 kilometres, which is about 12.5% lower than a comparable model wîth only the combustion engine. Also the BMW ActiveHybrid 3 will be available on the Chinese automobile market before the end of 2012.
The success story of a global trendsetter: Five generations of the BMW 3 SeriesThe BMW 3 Series established the compact sports sedan §egmènt and laid the foundation stone for the world's most successful premium model series.
If there is such a thing as a typical BMW, then it is without a doubt the BMW 3 Series. In the medium-size class it is considered the embodiment of the sports sedan and has maintained this leading role for many years unchallenged at the top of the premium §egmènt. Since debuting in the year 1975, more than 12 million customers worldwide have purchased a BMW 3 Series, even though the car cannot be associated wîth any typical customer §egmènt. So the reasons for this remarkable success are manifold.
Then as now, the BMW 3 Series concept was unique – a compact and elegant body design, modern and efficient engines, a classic rear-wheel drive concept and a sporty suspension setup. The result was a maximum degree of driving dynamics and agility. Moreover, BMW demonstrated a strong sense for the spirit of the time and the individual wishes of potential customers. This in turn resulted in innovative body concepts and additional technical features that competitors were unable to offer. In this respect as well, the BMW 3 Series was the first to set the benchmark in the midrange sports sedan §egmènt. The latest examples of this are the measures implemented within the framework of BMW EfficientDynamics, thanks to which the BMW 3 Series achieves the lowest fuel consumption and emission levels in its class.
The BMW 3 Series Convertible, the BMW 3 Series Touring, the BMW 3 Series Coupé and the BMW 3 Series Compact eventually followed the sedan – the best-selling model variant in the global market. In addition, BMW designed the high-performance sports sedan BMW M3. The success story of the world's most widely sold premium car began 36 years ago wîth a two-door version.
1975: The first generation.
With the presentation of the first BMW 3 Series in July 1975, BMW opened a new chapter in the history of the automobile. Right from the start, the two-door sedan wîth compact dimensions and a sporty character has its very own distinctiveness. The kidney grille dominates the front end and wîth a length of 4355 mm, a width of 1610 mm and a height of 1380 mm, the new car has a compact but at the same time ‘grown-up' appearance. Track widths of 1364 mm at the front and 1377 mm at the rear provide the car wîth a powerful look. This is complemented by state-of-the-art, sporty suspension technology wîth a McPherson front axle as well as independent wheel suspension on trailing arms and spring struts at the rear.
The car is powered by four-cylinder engines wîth a displacement of 1573, 1766 and 1990 cc respectively. The model designations are 316, 318, 320 and 320i. With the exception of the fuel-injected engine, all power units are designed to run on regular petrol.
An absolute novelty is the interior design wîth a cockpit inclined towards the driver, this remaining a typical feature of the BMW interior for many years.
Only a year later, readers of the trade magazine 'auto, motor und sport' vote the BMW 320 the world's best sedan up to a displacement of two litres. In 1977, the BMW 3 Series features the §egmènt's first six-cylinder engine, the models 320 and 323i being fitted wîth disc brakes all round especially for this purpose.
The BMW 323i in particular soon gains a reputation as a supreme, athletic model, which – wîth a power output of 105 kW/143 bhp – accelerates effortlessly to a speed of 190 km/h. A survey held in 1980 shows: performance, handling and a sporty design are the main reasons for buying a BMW 3 Series. Four out of five customers would buy the car again. In 1981, the millionth BMW 3 Series rolls off the assembly line after just six years of production, making it the most successful BMW of its period.
1982: The second generation.
The new BMW 3 Series reflects advancement and diversity in all respects. A new design, optimised aerodynamics, more space and comfort, higher power output as well as additional body and engine variants. BMW has consistently extended its most successful model range, offering bespoke solutions to suit customer tastes. This generation celebrates the debut of a family-friendly four-door car (1983), the BMW 3 Series Convertible and the BMW M3 sports car (both 1985). Today, the first BMW 3 Series Convertible is a classic car that is extremely popular wîth many fans of the brand. With the attractively styled 1987 touring version, BMW proves that driving fun and high utility value as well as space and functionality need not contradict each other. Furthermore, the first diesel and the first four-wheel drive models are incorporated into the BMW 3 Series. The successful result of this strategy: With more than 2.3 million units sold, sales of the predecessor model is even exceeded by a million.
With the eta six-cylinder engine introduced in 1984, BMW launches a new fuel-saving concept. The 325e is powerful, economical – and clean: the first BMW 3 Series that is available exclusively wîth a catalytic converter. Those responsible demonstrate courage wîth the 324d, the first premium sports sedan based on the 3 Series. In addition, the ultra-powerful 325i makes its debut. As a 325iX, the car is equipped wîth permanent four-wheel drive. The transfer gearbox wîth viscous clutch facilitates the use of ABS, which is fitted as standard on both models. 1989 sees the arrival of the 318is, this being BMW's first production four-cylinder car featuring a four-valve cylinder head.
1990: The third generation.
In 1990, the four-door sedan marks the launch of the third generation. The car boasts a high level of elegance and innovative technology. It has also become significantly larger and more spacious. The two-door version follows in 1992, but this time as an extremely elegant coupé. Just a few months later, BMW adds two further highlights – the new convertible and the new BMW M3. With the BMW 3 Series Compact of 1994, BMW designers succeed in realising yet another conceptual innovation. It appeals predominantly to fans that attach importance to economy, without wishing to forego dynamics and comfort. The tailgate of the 4.21-metre long BMW is a particularly practical feature.
The new six-cylinder models are equipped wîth two camshafts and four valves per combustion chamber. The power units in the coupé version feature for the first time VANOS variable camshaft control, a new technology that enhances the torque curve, lowers fuel consumption and emission levels and allows engineers to increase compression. Two further newcomers are the 325tds featuring a six-cylinder diesel engine including turbocharger and intercooler as well as the first four-cylinder turbo diesel under the bonnet of the 318tds. At the turn of the year 1994/95, BMW also adds a lightweight aluminium crankcase to the six-cylinder engines.
1998: The fourth generation.
May 1998 sees the arrival of the fourth generation of the BMW 3 Series, offering yet a further increase in power, comfort and safety. The new model is four centimetres longer and wider than its predecessor, the interior also having grown accordingly. At the end of 1999, the BMW 3 Series climbs to third place in the registration statistics, something a car in this class has never achieved before.
The brand's first diesel direct injection engine makes its debut in the 320d and the 318i is equipped for the first time wîth two balance shafts. The technically most prominent measure implemented on the six-cylinder petrol engines is the introduction of double VANOS. Along wîth the intake and exhaust camshaft, this fully automatic and infinitely variable adjustment technology provides the engine wîth a ‘beefier' torque curve and further reduced emissions. The power diesel 330d features Common Rail injection for the very first time. In 2001, BMW presents the throttle-free load control system Valvetronic. This technology facilitates variable intake valve lift, thereby increasing power output, whilst simultaneously lowering fuel consumption and emission levels. Only a short time later, Valvetronic goes into large-scale production.
In addition, BMW presents a new four-wheel drive system for the sedan and the touring. BMW xDrive operates without conventional locking, this task being assumed by automatic, wheel-selective brake intervention instead. A further new feature is the fully flexible distribution of power between the front and rear drive wheels. Moreover, fourth-generation trendsetters include the BMW 3 Series Coupé and the 3 Series Convertible, which are now available wîth a diesel engine and cleverly combine driving fun, styling and practicability.
2005: The fifth generation.
The fifth and latest generation of the BMW 3 Series celebrates its world premiere at the Geneva International Motor Show. The new combination of powerful engines, dynamic and refined handling characteristics, a distinctive design and innovative equipment features is well received all over the world. The BMW Efficient Dynamics development strategy is now demonstrating how the pleasure of driving a BMW 3 Series can be brought into line wîth exemplary fuel economy and low emission levels.
For example, all petrol engines feature direct injection technology High Precision Injection, which is utilised in the six-cylinder models 330i and 325i and in the four-cylinder versions 320i and 318i in fuel-efficient lean-burn operation. In the BMW 335i, the injection system is combined wîth TwinPower Turbo technology and fully variable valve control Valvetronic. In order to optimise weight, BMW utilises an aluminium crankcase or an even lighter magnesium-aluminium composite.
In the model year 2010, all engines fulfil the EÚ5 emission standard. The BMW 320d EfficientDynamics Edition proves to be by far the most efficient medium-class car.
The Common Rail direct injection engine of the third generation delivers 120 kW/163 bhp wîth an average fuel consumption of only 4.1 litres of diesel per 100 km in the EÚ test cycle. The CO2 emission level is around 109 grams per kilometre. Finally, all current BMW 3 Series models benefit from brake energy regeneration, the four-cylinder models wîth manual transmission also having an Auto Start Stop function.
During the course of the past 36 years, BMW has constantly continued to extend its lead in the midrange sports §egmènt. The BMW 3 Series displays its sporting origins in various variants and performance classes more convincingly than any other vehicle in its class. At the same time, BMW again and again proves to be an innovative trendsetter and forerunner, not only wîth engines and drive technology. The success story will continue as the sixth generation will soon be in the starting blocks.
So it is only a matter of time before the BMW 3 Series sets the next sales record of at least 13 million units…..Source - BMW
BMW 3 Series sedan engines: fascinating drive technology spanning five vehicle generations. In 1975, the sporty midrange BMW 3 Series established a new vehicle category. Innovative engines rendered it a forerunner for state-of-the-art technology.For 36 years now, the BMW 3 Series has profited more than almost any other model series from its fascinating drive technology. During a period spanning five generations, BMW 3 Series engines have time and time again been pioneers of innovative technology and milestones in engine construction. As a result, the four and six-cylinder power units, each of them having been the most modern of their time, have created the basis for the success of the internationally coveted, sporty midrange series. And what's more: wîth its dynamic and consistently highly efficient drive technology, the BMW 3 Series became the founder of a new category of sports-oriented vehicles and, at the same time, a bestseller within the premium §egmènt. With each new model, the series was able to expand this position even as more and more competitors began to adopt the concept of sporty, compact premium §egmènt sedans.
In addition to excellent handling and thanks to coherent rear-wheel drive technology and §teering free from negative influences, the character of the BMW 3 Series is marked by powerful and superior engine technology. Right from the very beginning in 1975, the four-cylinder engines, followed by the six-cylinder versions in 1977, offered a maximum level of efficiency, i.e. high performance coupled wîth low fuel consumption. Since the model year 2008, these positive engine characteristics have been bundled under the term BMW Efficient Dynamics and enhanced even further. With the help of this technology, all currently available BMW 3 Series engines attain an outstanding position within the competitive environment.
In the beginning there was the powerful four-cylinder engine.
The first BMW 3 Series models launched in 1975 initially featured four-cylinder petrol engines. All model variants – BMW 316, BMW 318, BMW 320 and BMW 320i – offered enthralling and fascinatingly powerful dynamics. The BMW 320i's power unit featuring fuel injection technology and 92 kW/125 hp delivered the highest power output amongst this generation of engines. At that time, readers of Europe's most widely read car magazine immediately voted the top-of-the-range model BMW 320i the 'the world's best sedan' in the category up to two litres.
From 1977 wîth six cylinders: BMW 320/6 and BMW 323i. With completely newly devised six-cylinder engines, the BMW 320/6 and the new top-of-the-range model BMW 323i crowned the series from 1977. Both models convinced not only through performance alone (BMW 323i wîth electronically controlled engine management and transistor ignition, 105 kW/143 hp), but also through elasticity and running smoothness. With a compact construction and exemplary fuel economy, the in-line six-cylinder power unit was seen as a role model. During the late seventies, the BMW 323i enjoyed cult status wîth sports oriented drivers. Tuners, fitters and conversion specialists alike were in great demand and virtually all suppliers were involved wîth this BMW 3 Series top model. Along wîth the revised four-cylinder engines, a new entry-level model, the BMW 315 wîth 55 kW/75 hp, was added to the range during the second half of the life cycle.
BMW 3 Series, second generation: sporting performance and now diesel-powered.
Even the entry-level model of the second generation launched in 1982, the four-cylinder BMW 316 wîth 66 kW/90 hp and electronically controlled carburettor, signalised a sporting ambition. The two six-cylinder variants boasted electronically controlled fuel injection technology. The top-of-the-range model BMW 323i wîth 102 kW/139 hp offered superior performance and, thanks to a five-speed transmission wîth overdrive characteristics, achieved an average fuel consumption of 8.9 litres/100 km. BMW engineers also took a sporting approach in terms of fuel economy. In 1984, they presented the new eta six-cylinder engine, which was uncompromisingly oriented towards torque and economy. The BMW 325e delivered 90 kW/122 hp from a 2.7-litre displacement and made do wîth a modest 8.4 litres of regular petrol per 100 km. Furthermore, it was the first BMW 3 Series model to be supplied exclusively wîth a catalytic converter. With the BMW 325e, a further world-exclusive new development was incorporated into the BMW 3 Series – digital engine electronics. This technology optimises fuel injection and mixture preparation. The sensor-controlled system – already employed by BMW in motor racing as early as in 1979 – resulted in previously unmatched running smoothness, also permitting, among other things, overrun fuel cut-off.
1985 saw the arrival of the first diesel powered BMW 3 Series, the BMW 324d, its 63 kW/86 hp six-cylinder in-line engine combining athletic driving performance uncharacteristic of a diesel wîth typical diesel fuel consumption of less than 7.0 l/100 km. Thanks to digital diesel electronics technology (electronically controlled fuel injection) introduced a short while later, it was possible to enhance the performance, comfort and fuel economy of the BMW 3 Series sedan even further. 1985 was also the year of birth of the BMW 3 Series' most high-performing engine: The BMW M3, the racing version of which was to become the most successful touring car of all time, was powered by a 147 kW/200 hp 2.3-litre 4-valve engine.
Third generation: high performance, lower fuel consumption and VANOS.
When the third generation of the BMW 3 Series was introduced at the end of 1990, the new six-cylinder engines featured two camshafts and 4-valve technology. Later, the variable camshaft adjustment VANOS was introduced to the BMW 3 Series, enhancing the torque curve and fuel economy. A further new six-cylinder engine made its debut in the sedan – the 2.5-litre, 85 kW/115 hp power unit featured in the BMW 325td, which took the series of victories of the sports diesel to the next highlight in 1993: Únder the bonnet of the 325tds, a new six-cylinder oil burner wîth turbocharging and intercooler delivered a power output of 105 kW/143 hp and acceleration from 0 to 100 km/h in 10.4 seconds. In 1995, the housing of the six-cylinder engines was changed from grey cast iron to aluminium. The BMW 328i wîth 142 kW/193 hp assumed the role as the top-of-the-range model – wîth a fuel consumption of 8.5 l/100 km, a modest result for this power output, it performed impressively also within the competitive environment.
Even better efficiency in the fourth generation.
In the fourth generation of the BMW 3 Series, the BMW 320d made its debut as the first BMW diesel to feature direct fuel injection. It delivered 100 kW/136 hp and reached a top speed of 207 km/h wîth an average fuel consumption of just 5.7 l/100 km. The most significant innovation on the six-cylinder petrol engines was Double VANOS, which offered a beefier torque curve, as it was now possible to optimally adapt gas exchange and combustion to engine speed and load across the entire speed range. From the model year 2000, three six-cylinder petrol engines were available for the BMW 3 Series sedan. (concept carz) The BMW 320i remained in the range, the BMW 325i and the BMW 330i being added, the latter as a successor to the BMW 328i. This car's 170 kW/231 hp 3-litre engine set the new benchmark in terms of elasticity, immense power output, running smoothness and efficiency – a milestone, as was the engine of the BMW 328i before it. The diesel was also consistently improved: The construction principle used on the new six-cylinder in the BMW 330d wîth 135 kW/184 hp and 4-valve technology, direct fuel injection, turbocharger wîth variable turbine geometry and intercooler corresponded largely to that of the four-cylinder engine employed in the BMW 320d. With Common Rail Injection BMW was early in utilising the technology that to this very day has ensured the optimal power delivery and running smoothness of diesel engines. With an average fuel consumption of 6.7 litres/100 km according to the EÚ standard, the BMW 330d was able to reach a top speed of up to 227 km/h, which was fast for a diesel of that time.
The VALVETRONIC technology introduced by BMW in 2001 was soon also to be utilised on the engines featured in the BMW 3 Series sedan. (concept carz) This fully variable control of the intake valves has proven to this day to be a particularly effective measure for increasing power output and optimising fuel economy.
Generation 5: even higher performance, even better fuel economy.
When launched on the market in 2005, the sedan was available in the versions BMW 330i, BMW 325i, BMW 320i and BMW 320d. Both the petrol and diesel engines again offered path-breaking innovations. The four-cylinder oil burner in the BMW 320d wîth new Common Rail Injection of the second generation and a turbocharger wîth variable turbine geometry now delivered 120 kW/163 hp. Like the 110 kW/150 hp four-cylinder power unit, both six-cylinder petrol engines were now equipped wîth the throttle-free load control VALVETRONIC. With 190 kW/258 hp and 160 kW/218 hp power output in the BMW 330i and the BMW 325i respectively, they offered superior BMW six-cylinder dynamics in two stages. Moreover, they featured a further path-breaking innovation – the world's first magnesium-aluminium composite crankcase to be utilised on volume-production engines. This engine weighed only 161 kilograms.
The world's first in-line six-cylinder wîth BMW TwinPower Turbo technology, High Precision Injection and all-aluminium crankcase initially employed in the BMW 335i Coupé from 2007, was also featured in the sedan somewhat later. With 225 kW/306 hp from a three-litre displacement, it has since then offered a new dimension in driving dynamics, pulling power equal to an eight-cylinder naturally aspirated engine and remarkable efficiency, which is unsurpassed in this performance class. The fuel supply is effected using High Precision Injection technology, a second-generation direct injection system presented by BMW for the first time. The piezo injectors are located between the valves and are therefore in the immediate vicinity of the spark plugs, thus facilitating more efficient mixture preparation and combustion.
The BMW current BMW 3 Series sedan: thanks to BMW EfficientDynamics each one a benchmark in its performance class.
The engine range for the current BMW 3 Series sedan – from the BMW 316d wîth 85 kW/115 hp and the BMW 318i wîth 105 kW/143 hp to the BMW 335i – offers efficient dynamics and previously unequalled product diversity. Every BMW 3 Series sedan is the benchmark in its performance class when it comes to the best relation between driving fun and fuel economy. Únder the term BMW EfficientDynamics new chapters in engine development are being constantly opened. The latest outstanding milestone is known as the BMW 320d EfficientDynamics Edition and delivers120 kW/163 hp wîth an average fuel consumption of just 4.1 l/100 km.Source - BMW
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