2015 CHEVROLET CAMARO LINEUP DELIVERS EFFICIENT DRIVING FUN
With a new appearance and new features introduced in 2014, the Camaro lineup rolls into 2015 – its final year in the fifth generation – focused on delivering the balance of style, performance and efficiency that has helped make it the §egmènt's best seller four years running and Chevrolet America's best-selling brand of performance cars.
The 2015 Camaro lineup includes coupe and convertible body styles in these models:
◾The 323-horsepower (241 kW) V-6-powered LS coupe and LT coupe and convertible – including the 2LS wîth an EPA-rated 30 mpg on the highway
◾The Camaro SS coupe and convertible, wîth a 6.2L V-8 delivering up to 426 horsepower (318 kW)
◾The road-racing-inspired Camaro 1LE performance package wîth unique gearing, suspension tuning and tires that make the model capable of more than 1 g of lateral acceleration
◾The 580-horsepower supercharged Camaro ZL1 coupe and convertible. (Please see the separate Camaro ZL1 release for complete details.)
◾The track-capable Camaro Z/28 (coupe only), featuring the 7.0L LS7 engine rated at an SAE-certified 505 horsepower. (Please see the separate Camaro Z/28 release for complete details.)
Chevrolet's color touch radio wîth MyLink infotainment is available on LT, SS and ZL1 models. The color touch radio, wîth a seven-inch touch screen, also can be paired wîth an available in-dash GPS navigation system.
Camaro adds a new exterior color to its palette in 2015: Blue Velvet Metallic.Camaro design details
The front-end appearance on LS, LT, SS and Z/28 models introduced in 2014 conveys a sleek appearance, wîth a decidedly serious attitude. SS models are distinguished by a vent-style hood inspired by the ZL1.
| ||Vital Stats|
|Engine : 3.6 L., 6-cylinder|
Power: 323 hp
Torque: 278 ft-lbs
Engine : 6.2 L., 8-cylinder
Power: 426 hp
Torque: 420 ft-lbs
6-speed Automatic, 6-speed Automatic, 6-speed Manual, 6-speed Manual, 6-speed Manual
Because of the unique cooling needs of the supercharged ZL1, it does not share the same front fascia as the rest of the Camaro lineup.
The rear fascia on all models – including ZL1 – features diffuser styling and exhaust outlet, along wîth one-piece taillights. The RS package and Camaro ZL feature taillights wîth light-emitting diode lighting elements.
The RS package is available on LT and SS, featuring unique grille and separate fog lamps from the daytime running lamps. It also includes 20-inch flangeless aluminum wheels, a rear spoiler on LT coupe (spoiler is standard on SS and all convertible models), high-intensity discharge headlamps and a body-color 'shark fin' antenna.
The Camaro convertible brings top-down driving fun and style to LT and SS models. And because the architecture for the fifth-generation Camaro was designed to accommodate a convertible model, it gives the cars coupe-like driving dynamics. Four strategic reinforcements enhance the already-stiff body structure to quell the cowl and §teering wheel shake common in convertibles. They include:
◾A tower-to-tower brace under the hood
◾A transmission support reinforcement brace
◾Únderbody tunnel brace
◾Front 'X' brace and stiffer cradle as well as rear underbody 'V' braces.
All convertible models feature a standard rear vision camera system. It is also standard on 2LT and 2SS coupes and available on 1LT and 1SS coupes wîth the Rear Vision package, along wîth rear park assist.
Eighteen-inch aluminum are standard on LS and 1LT models. Nineteen-inch aluminum wheels are standard on 2LT. Twenty-inch wheels are standard on SS and available on LT models. The 1LE Performance Package includes specific, wider 20-inch wheels (see 1LE section below).
The exterior color palette for 2015 includes Red Hot, Bright Yellow, Red Rock Metallic, Silver Ice Metallic, Summit White, Black, Crystal Red Tintcoat, Ashen Gray Metallic and Blue Velvet Metallic.
The convertible top color choices are black and beige.Interior design and features
The Camaro interior's balance of heritage and contemporary features provides a fun and comfortable environment for up to four. An ambient lighting package on 2LT and 2SS trims gives the interior a special glow wîth LED light pipe technology.
Driver and passenger seats feature six-way adjustable settings (fore/aft, up/down and tilt), wîth power recline front seats that are standard on LT and SS models. Heated, leather-trimmed seats are part of the 2LT and 2SS trim packages. Recaro front seats are available on SS coupe, providing an extra measure of support for performance driving.
Additional comfort and convenience include a standard driver's foot rest (dead pedal), power windows wîth express up/down, an auxiliary gauge panel in the center console – standard in 2LT and 2SS – and a ZL1-inspired shift knob for all manual transmissions. A leather-wrapped, three-spoke §teering wheel is standard on LT and SS. The driver information center features a full-color display on 2LT and 2SS models.
A head-up display, which projects key instrument, Turn-by-Turn navigation and audio system details on the windshield, is part of the 2LT and 2SS trim packages. It features new, color readouts for 2014. And complementing the new MyLink infotainment system is a six-speaker sound system on LS, 1LT and 1SS. A 245-watt, Boston Acoustic nine-speaker sound system is standard on 2LT and 2SS – and available on 1LT and 1SS.
Interior color and trim choices include Black, Beige, Gray and Inferno Orange and Blue. The Inferno Orange and Blue combinations include orange or blue leather seats, respectively, along wîth accent stitching on the §teering wheel, shift knob, door armrest, center console and seats, along wîth orange or blue appliques on the instrument panel and door panels. SS models feature 'SS' embroidery on the front seats. MyLink details
Chevrolet's color touch radio wîth MyLink infotainment is available on LT, SS and ZL1 models. The color touch radio, wîth a seven-inch touch screen, also can be paired wîth an available in-dash GPS navigation system – a first for the Camaro.
The color touch radio wîth MyLink gives customers a higher level of in-vehicle wireless connectivity and customized infotainment options, while building on the safety and security of OnStar. It seamlessly integrates online services such as Pandora® internet radio and Stitcher SmartRadio® using hands-free voice and touch-screen controls via Bluetooth-enabled phones.
MyLink adds stereo audio streaming and wireless control of smartphones, building on the voice-activated Bluetooth hands-free calling capability already offered in most Chevy vehicles. The high-resolution, full-color touch screen display makes media selection easy to navigate. MyLink also retains all the capabilities of today's entertainment functions, including AM/FM/Sirius XM tuners, auxiliary and ÚSB inputs.Camaro powertrains
Standard in LS and LT models is the LFX-code 3.6L V-6, rated at 323 horsepower (241 kW) and enabling EPA-estimated 30-mpg highway mileage (2LS model). Many lightweight engine features contribute to that, including an integrated cylinder head/exhaust manifold design that saves about 13 pounds per engine, when compared wîth a conventional, non-integrated design.
Two 6.2L V-8 engines are offered in the Camaro SS, including the L99 on automatic-equipped vehicles and the LS3 on manual-equipped models. Horsepower for the L99 is 400 (298 kW) at 5,900 rpm and torque is 410 lb-ft (556 Nm) at 4,300 rpm. The LS3 develops 426 horsepower (318 kW) and 420 lb-ft (569 Nm). Output on the L99 is lower than the LS3 because of a slightly lower compression ratio (10.4:1 vs. 10.7:1) and design features of the Active Fuel Management system.
All Camaro models can be equipped wîth either a six-speed manual or six-speed automatic transmission wîth TapShift. Equipment and features include:
◾The Aisin AY6 six-speed manual is standard wîth the 3.6L engine, and a Hydra-Matic 6L50 six-speed automatic is optional
◾A Tremec TR 6060 six-speed manual is standard on the SS, and the Hydra-Matic 6L80 six-speed automatic is optional
◾The SS model's Tremec TR6060 six-speed manual is designed to handle the high torque characteristics of the LS3 engine and is matched wîth a 3.45:1 final drive ratio
◾A close-ratio version of the Tremec TR6060 is used wîth the 1LE package and is matched wîth a 3.91 final drive ratio
◾Hill start assist is standard on all manual transmissions.
A dual-mode exhaust system is available on Camaro SS models wîth the six-speed manual transmission. (posted on conceptcarz.com)
Similar to the systems found on the ZL1 and Corvette models, this vacuum-actuated system provides a quieter driving experience at low engine speeds and a more aggressive sound when aggressive acceleration is called for. Camaro chassis and suspension
Camaro features fully independent front and rear suspensions, wîth the rear suspension featuring a 4.5-link system that includes a unique, L-shaped upper control arm that attaches to the knuckle at one end and incorporates a ride bushing in the rear. A sub-frame at the rear is double-isolated to minimize vehicle body motions and dampen road imperfections. Coil-over shock absorbers are used in the rear wîth a decoupled, hollow stabilizer bar. The front suspension has a dual-ball strut system, wîth a direct-acting stabilizer bar.
Four suspension packages are offered: FE2 sport on LS and LT models; FE3 on SS Convertible models, FE4 performance on SS Coupe models and the FE6 wîth the 1LE Performance Package.
Four-wheel disc brakes are standard on all models – including Brembo four-piston calipers on SS – wîth hydraulic brake assist. StabiliTrak electronic stability control is standard on all models. Competitive/sport mode on SS models enhances on-track performance and Performance Launch Control on SS models wîth the manual transmission optimizes hard-acceleration launches for quicker, more consistent performance.
An electric power §teering system originally developed for the ZL1 is standard on SS. This variable ratio, variable effort system provides light efforts for easy maneuverability at parking-lot speeds as well as increased resistance at higher speeds, providing more feedback and a more direct §teering feel.1LE details
The 1LE package is offered on 1SS and 2SS coupe models wîth an exclusive Tremec TR6060-MM6 six-speed manual. Paired wîth a numerically higher 3.91 final-drive ratio, the close-ratio gearing of the transmission is tuned for road-racing performance. As wîth the ZL1, the 1LE transmission features a standard air-to-liquid cooling system for track use.
The 1LE also features exclusive, monotube rear dampers instead of the twin-tube dampers on SS models. The new hardware allowed engineers to tune the 1LE suspension to focus on optimal body-motion control while preserving much of the ride quality and wheel-motion control of the Camaro SS.Other changes to optimize the 1LE for track-day use include:
◾Larger, 27-mm solid front stabilizer bar, and 28-mm solid rear stabilizer bar for improved body control
◾Strut tower brace for improved §teering feel and response
◾ZL1-based 20 x 10-inch front and 20 x 11-inch rear aluminum wheels
◾285/35ZR20 Goodyear Eagle Supercar G:2 tires front and rear (identical to the front tires for ZL1)
◾ZL1 wheel bearings, toe links and rear shock mounts for improved on-track performance
◾ZL1 high-capacity fuel pump and additional fuel pickups for improved fuel delivery during high-load cornering.
Visually, the 1LE package is distinguished by its matte black hood, front splitter and rear spoiler – as well as the 10-spoke ZL1-based wheels, which are finished in black. The functional front splitter and rear spoiler contribute to the car's on-track performance by helping to reduce aerodynamic lift at high speeds.
Inside, the 1LE package incorporates the ZL1's flat-bottom §teering wheel, trimmed in sueded-microfiber and designed for easier heel-and-toe driving on the racetrack. The quick-acting, short-throw shifter from the ZL1 is also trimmed in sueded-microfiber.
The Camaro 1LE package was introduced in 1988, inspired by Camaro's involvement in Pro-Am road racing.
Camaro safety and crash-avoidance features
The Camaro is designed to help drivers avoid crashes, and protect occupants in the event a crash occurs. A strong body structure is designed to absorb crash energy and provide a protective 'safety cage' around occupants.Additional features include:
◾Coupe models come wîth six standard air bags, including side curtain air bags, which provide head protection for outboard passengers in the event of a side-impact or rollover crash. Convertibles have four standard air bags.
◾Rear Vision Package includes a rearview camera system to complement the rear park assist feature (standard on 2LT and 2SS coupes and all convertibles; available on 1LT and 1SS coupe)
◾StabiliTrak electronic stability control system helps reduce the risk of rollover crashes by keeping the vehicle in the driver's intended path by applying throttle, braking or a combination of both
◾Standard four-wheel disc brake system featuring smooth, quiet operation, longer pad life and more resistance to brake pulsation
◾Pretensioners minimize forward movement during a collision, and are standard on the front safety belts. Load-limiting retractors cinch the belt more tightly
◾Standard tire pressure monitoring system
◾Standard remote keyless entry (RKE) system provides a second function for the red panic button. Drivers can use it to locate their cars without sounding the panic alarm.
Six months of OnStar Directions and Connections service is standard on all Camaro models. It uses GPS and cellular phone technology to automatically call for help in the event of crash. OnStar service also includes MyLink mobile apps, which offer vehicle information and OnStar services via the customer's smartphone.Source - Chevrolet
The Chevrolet Camaro was introduced in 1967 as a compact car specifically built to provide competition for the highly popular Ford Mustang. This pony car was built atop of the same F-Body platform as the Pontiac Firebird, which had a similar production lifespan of 1967 through 2002.
During the preproduction stages of the Chevrolet Camaro, General Motors codenamed the vehicle 'Panther'. The name 'Camaro' was decided upon before production began. The word 'Camaro' in French is slang for 'friend' but in pony-car slang, the name means 'Mustang killer'.
During its production lifespan, there were four generations produced. The first generation lasted from 1967 through 1969. The second generation lasted from 1972 through 1981. The third generation lasted from 1982 through 1992. The fourth generation lasted from 1993 through 2002. The fifth generation is believed to begin production in 2007; a concept was shown at the 2006 Detroit Auto Show.
When the car was introduced in 1967, it was available in two bodystyles, a coupe and convertible. It shared many mechanics with the Chevrolet Nova and built atop a unibody chassis. The base engine was a 3.7 liter inline-six cylinder capable of producing 140 horsepower. Power was sent to the rear wheels courtesy of a Saginaw three-speed manual gearbox. A Muncie four-speed manual and a two-speed PowerGlide automatic were offered as optional equipment. Near the end of 1967, a Turbo Hydra-Matic 350 became available on the SS396. In 1969 the TH350 was offered on the Camaro as optional equipment, in place of the PowerGlide which was no longer offered. 14 inch wheels were standard.
To compete in the pony-car arena, General Motors offered a 5.7 liter eight-cylinder engine in 1967 that produced nearly 300 horsepower.
The Camaro was highly customizable, with over seventy factory and forty dealer options available. the z28 option was not mentioned in the sales literature so many buyers were unaware of its existence. Due to the lack of press about the Z28 option, only 602 examples were produced. The package included many performance enhancements such as a 4.9 liter small-block engine, front disc brakes, Muncie 4-speed gearbox, suspension improvements, 15 inch Rallye wheels, and power steering. The aesthetics of the vehicle were segregated from the other Camaro's with racing stripes being placed on the hood. The Z28 package was offered by GM specifically to comply with the Sports Car Club of America (SCCA) Trans Am racing series that required an engine size of five-liters or less. Also, the vehicle must be sold to the general public.
The SS (Super Sport) package included many performance and aesthetic upgrades and was popular with more than 34400 examples created. Under the hood was a 5.7 liter eight-cylinder engine with a 6.5 liter big-block offered as optional equipment in 1968. On the grille, horn button, and gas cap were SS badging. Non-functional air-inlets adorned the front hood.
The RS (Rally Sport) package was basically a cosmetic upgrade. The headlights were hidden, the taillights received minor alterations, and the exterior rocker trim was revised. RS badging could be seen throughout the vehicle. This was the most popular option ordered in 1967 with over 64840 examples produced.
The RS and SS packages could be ordered together, creating the RS/SS Camaro. The combination included both the aesthetics of the RS and the performance of the SS. A Camaro RS/SS convertible with a 6.5 liter engine paced the Indianapolis 500 race in 1967.
With over 220900 examples produced in 1967, the Camaro proved to General Motors that the public was starved for small, performance, pony-cars.
In 1968 the Camaro received minor aesthetic and mechanical improvements. Side market lights were added, the grille became more pointed, and the taillights were now segregated. The side vent windows were removed. Performance was improved slightly by the staggering of the shock absorbers. On some of the models, the single-leafs were replaced by multi-leaf springs.
Buyers became aware of the Z28 package in 1968 and ordered nearly 7200 examples. The RS continued to be the most popular option with 40977 examples produced. The SS accounted for 27884 of the 235147 total Camaro's produced in 1968.
For 1969 the Camaro became safer and faster. General Motors mandated that the Camaro could not come from the factory with engines larger than 6.6 liters. To bypass this rule dealerships such as Yenko Chevrolet, Dana Chevrolet, and Nickey Chevrolet offered the Camaro with the 7 liter, big-block, L-27 corvette engine producing 425 horsepower. These performance options became so popular that in 1969 Chevrolet began offering two Central Office Production Orders (COPO) options, numbers 9560 and 9561. The COPO 9561 option included the L-72 Corvette engine. In total, there were 1015 Camaros equipped with the L-72 Corvette engine.
The COPO 9560 option included a 7-liter, big-block, ZL-1 engine. The engine was constructed of aluminum to help reduce the overall weight. The engine was reported to have produced around 430 gross horsepower but in reality it was closer to 550. With only 69 examples produced it is one of the rarest and fastest of all Chevrolet Camaros.
Most of the 1969 Chevrolet Camaro mechanics remained unchanged. The aesthetics was a different story. The grille was redesigned and the headlights now sat farther back adding to the aggressive features of the car. Newly reshaped door, rear quarter panel, and rear valence gave the 1969 Camaro a smooth, low, and wide stance. The production of the 1969 Camaro, which continued into December of 1969, was the final year for the first generation Camaro.
The second generation Camaro began production near the middle of 1970. The body had been redesigned and the suspension was greatly improved. The rest of the mechanics remained mostly unchanged from the prior years. The biggest change was the base engine, which was now a 4.1 liter inline-six capable of producing 155 horsepower. There was no convertible option offered, only a 2+2 coupe configuration.
The big-block eight-cylinder had been bored to 402 cubic-inches but still retained its 396 badging. The Rally Sport, Super Sport, and Z28 packages were still available. The Z28 now featured a 5.7 liter engine that produced 360 horsepower.
1972 was not a good year for the Camaro. For 174 days production ceased at GM's assembly plant in Ohio due to a UAW strike. This resulted in 1100 Camaro's failing to meet 1973 Federal bumper safety standards. In total, only 68,656 examples were production. Less than a thousand were the SS package so General Motors decided to no longer offer the package after 1972. This meant the big-block 396 cubic-inch engine was no longer offered.
The Camaro, much like the rest of the industry, had to adapt to new government and insurance safety and emission regulations. This meant new safety features like larger bumpers needed to be affixed to the car that could protect the vehicle and its occupants at certain speeds. Engines were detuned to comply with safety and emission concerns. The cars became safer but their performance was seriously crippled. This was true for the Camaro in 1973 when its highest producing engine was a 350 cubic-inch V-8 that produced 245 horsepower.
New for 1973 was an LT option which included impact-absorbing bumpers. The Camaro grew in size in 1974 due to a forward sloping grille and new aluminum bumpers. Rectangular bumpers replaced the round taillight designs. Sales of the Z28 package continued to decline so the decision was made to discontinue the option after 1974.
Horsepower was measured in NET rather than gross rating beginning in 1975. This meant that the reported horsepower was much lower than in prior years. The 350 cubic-inch V8 was now rated at about 155 horsepower.
In 1977 the Z28 was re-introduced in an effort to revitalize the muscle-car persona of the Camaro. The base Camaro's were outfitted with air-conditioning and an automatic transmission. A Borg-Warner Super T-10 four-speed manual gearbox could be ordered as optional equipment.
1978 marked the first year for the T-top option on a Camaro. The Camaro was given larger taillights and new bumpers.
As vehicles became safer, they became slower. The public shifted from wanting performance to luxury. Oil embargos and rising fuel costs had made the engines smaller but more fuel efficient. For 1979 the LT package was replaced with a luxurious Berlinetta that included special wheels, paint, emblems, and interior.
1979 was a very strong year for Camaro sales with 282,571 examples being sold.
1980 and 1981 saw very few changes. The hood scope on the Z-28 was revised to help siphon air to the engine.
In 1981 sales were down considerable to just over 126,000. This would be the final year for the second generation Camaro.
In 1982 General Motors introduced the third generation of the Camaro. The vehicle was stylish and versatile, earning the coveted Motor Trend magazine's Car of the Year. Both aesthetically and mechanically, the vehicle was improved. The suspension was upgraded making it more capable in the corners and at speed.
This was the first year the Camaro was equipped with a factory fuel-injected engine. A four-speed automatic gearbox replaced the three-speed unit. A five-speed manual gearbox was also available. Due to rising concerns of oil shortage, a four-cylinder engine was offered for part of 1982.
6000 examples of the Z28 Camaro were sold to commemorate the return of the pony-car to the Indianapolis 500. The special-edition vehicles were painted in two-tone silver and blue paint with orange pin-striping.
To honor the International Race of Champions, Chevrolet introduced the IROC-Z in 1985. The package included an improved suspension, decal package, and a 305 cubic-inch L98 Tuned Port Injection system borrowed from the Corvette. The IROC-Z was featured on Car and Driver magazine's Ten Best List for 1985.
The L69 small-block engine was offered from 1983 through 1986. The LB9 small-block was introduced in 1985; the L98 small-block was introduced in 1987; the LO3 was introduced in 1988. The LB9, L98, and LO3 stayed in production until 1992.
1992 was the final year for the third generation Camaro. 1993 marked the beginning of the fourth generation which persisted until 2002.
New technology and material made the fourth generation greatly improved over the prior years. Weight was reduced with the use of plastic body panels sitting atop a steel space frame. Performance was increased thanks in part to a better suspension system. In 1993 Chevrolet offered the LT1 eight-cylinder engine, which had been in production for a year on the Corvette, on the Camaro. A six-speed manual gearbox was offered with the LT1 engine.
The Camaro returned to the Indianapolis 500 as the honorary pace car in 1993. To commemorate this historic accomplishment, Chevrolet offered a limited quantity of special edition Camaro's, painted in a black and white color scheme.
The design and mechanics remained mostly unchanged over the next few years. Minor revisions were made to comply with newly introduced emission standards. Mechanical changes were made to correct problems that had been found throughout the years.
In 1996 the RS package and the SS package were re-introduced. The RS was an appearance option for the six-cylinder Camaro's while the SS was both an appearance and performance package for the eight-cylinder cars.
1997 marked the 30th anniversary of the Camaro. A 30th Anniversary Package was offered to honor this accomplishment. The vehicles were painted white with orange stripes. 100 of the Anniversary Camaros were given the LT4 engine with 330 horsepower; a thirty-eight thousand dollar price tag accompanied the vehicle.
The interior of the Camaro was modernized in 1997 and again in 1998, although the 1998 improvements were minor in comparison to what transpired the prior year.
The body design was drastically changed in 1998, mainly in the front. Round headlights replaced the square design. The headlights were flush, inline with the rest of the body. A new grille and bumper were used, both positioned a little differently to mimic the headlight changes. A new powerful, lightweight, all-aluminum LS1 power-plant retired the LT1 unit. The OHV LS1 was borrowed from the Corvette and slightly detuned to produce just over 300 horsepower. To handle this extra power, the disc brakes were enlarged and the suspension was upgraded.
Total production for 1998 was 48490. This was disappointing for General Motors, especially with the newly revised body and powerful options. The lowest production year for the Camaro occurred in 2001 with just over 29000 examples being produced. This was due to low sales and production ceasing early to begin work on the 35th Anniversary 2002 cars.
2002 marked the final year for production of the fifth generation Camaro. The styling and mechanics were unmodified, carrying the same design from 1999.
A special 35th Anniversary Edition was offered and could be ordered on all trim levels and packages. The 35th Anniversary SS Camaro could only be ordered as a convertible or with T-Tops. Around 3000 examples of the 35th Anniversary Edition were created. Total production for the year was just over 42,000.
On August 27th, 2002 production ceased. The Camaro had accomplished its goal, to provide competition for the Ford Mustang and other compact, low-priced, sports cars. Outfitted with large, Corvette engines, matted to effective gearboxes and given great suspension and brakes, the Camaro was truly a performance machine that was capable and fun to drive. It was fairly practical with room for more than two passengers. It was economical with sticker-prices in the range that many could afford. The production of the Camaro has ceased, but its future has not yet been written. Expect to see this legendary vehicle on the roadways in the near future.
By Daniel Vaughan | May 2011