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Glenmoor Gathering of Significant Automobiles

Glenmoor Gathering of Significant Automobiles September 2011
The 17th Annual Glenmoor Gathering of Significant Automobiles was held in mid-September at the historic Glenmoor Country Club near Canton, Ohio. This year's features included Avant Grade: Early Front-Wheel Drive, Sixteen Cylinder Motorcars and the Automobiles of Darrin, including a group of 1938-42 Packard Darrin automobiles.

These three featured groups were joined by several other categories which accounted for over 200 classic automobiles, trucks and motorcycles on the show field. Other weekend activities included a Countryside Tour, automotive seminars, cocktail party and Gala Dinner, cooking demonstrations, a junior Judges' program, and a classic car auction.

The Cars of Howard 'Dutch' Darrin
This was a stunning and well curated display of Darrin bodied cars which included work by 'Hibbard & Darrin' in the 1920's and 'Fernandez & Darrin' in the 1930's. Coachwork by these two European-based companies was installed on equally legendary automobile chassis such as Hispano-Suiza, Duesenberg, Rolls-Royce and Minerva.

By the late 1930's, Darrin had returned to the United States. Landing in southern California, he designed and built the first Packard Darrin one-off customs for the Hollywood crowd. Eventually, these customized convertibles and sedans became part of the Packard line-up. After World War Two, Darrin contributed to the designs of the 1947-50 Kaiser and Frazer automobiles. Most noteworthy of these post-war designs was the Kaiser Darrin sports car, which featured a fiberglass body and sliding entry doors.
The Darrin-bodied Packards were given the most real-estate at the Glenmoor Gathering in the 'Cars of Darrin' category. This impressive display housed several opened and closed examples, including many of the popular Convertible Victorias. Not surprisingly, many of the cars were once been owned by Hollywood royalty, including celebrities, Hollywood film stars, as well as businessmen.

Sixteen Cylinder Cars
The car that commonly dominates the Sixteen Cylinder category is the Cadillac, with their legendary Model 452. Cadillac led the way in the 'cylinder wars' when they introduced their V-16 in January of 1930. In September of that year they introduced a V-12 to complement the existing V-8. The V-16 displaced 452 cubic-inches (thus the 452 designation) and offered 175 to 185 horsepower.

Catering to every wish and desire their customers could possibly conjure was an incredible list of 70 body styles from which to choose. Pricing began in the high-$5,000 and quickly escalated.

At the Glenmoor Gathering, the majority of the cars that filled the Sixteen Cylinder category were not Cadillacs, but Marmons. It was a welcomed change for the 'underdog' to be given their day in the sun.

The Marmon Sixteen was introduced in November 1930, 11 months after Cadillacs Sixteen appearance. Deliveries did not begin until April of 1931. Marmons' Sixteen was an engineering marvel, but it was a case of 'too much, too late.' The Great Depression was crippling the market, and it was difficult to market a $5,000, 200 horsepower luxury automobile. By May of 1933, the company was in receivership. The company that won the first Indianapolis 500 race in 1909 had become part of automotive history.

Nearly 400 examples of the Marmon Sixteen were produced during the short three year life span. At Glenmoor, an impressive six examples sat shoulder-to-shoulder, representing a rare opportunity to see this many Marmon Sixteens on one show field.

Joining the Cadillac and Marmon Sixteens was a Peerless Sixteen Prototype. The V-16 motor develops 173 horsepower and aluminum was used extensively in the car's construction, including the motor, chassis and body. The design and construction of the body was performed by the Murphy Body Co. of California.

Avant Grade
Very few automobile companies thought it wise to employ a front-wheel drive setup. This meant the front wheels were responsible for steering, propelling the vehicle, and carrying the bulk of the weight. Only a handful of companies attempted this unorthodox design, with the Cord, Ruxton, and Citroen having the most success.

Though there were drawbacks, there were also benefits. The unique driveshaft and transmission setup allowed them to sit lower than other cars of the time. This gave them a low center of gravity which improved performance. Ruxton added excellent balance to their vehicle's performance by having their transmission divided into two pieces by placing lower and reverse gears in front of the differential, and second and third behind it.

Before road-going FWD drives became 'popular,' Harry Miller experimented with the design on the race track. His automobiles dominated the line-up at the annual Indianapolis 500 race during the late 1920s. Between 1922 and 1928, 83-percent of the cars that qualified at Indianapolis were Millers. The race was won by Miller front wheel drive cars in 1926, 1928 and 1929.

At Glenmoor, the car that won the Indianapolis 500 race in 1928 was on display. Joining it were several examples of the Cord (including the L-29, 810 and 812 model), a gorgeous low-slung Ruxton, and three intriguing European cars. The 1938 Georges Irat 6CV model was introduced in 1935 and was powered by an 1100cc Ruby engine which powered the front wheels. The DKW Mesiter Klasse Sedan with coachwork by Karmann was making its first show field appearance. It is believed to be the only 1953 DKW Meister Klasse in the US. Power is from a two-stroke, 690cc motor which offers 33 horsepower. On the hood is a four-ring emblem of Auto Union, which was comprised of (at the time) Audi, DKW, Wanderer and Horch.

The final European model in the FWD category was the Citroen Traction Avant (French for 'front wheel drive). Production lasted from 1934 through 1956, albeit with subtle changes over the years. Approximately 760,000 were built during that time. Though it was not the world's first front wheel drive, it was the world's first front wheel drive steel monocoque (unibody) production automobile. The example that was on display - a sedan - is essentially original that has been maintained rather than restored over the years.

Best of Show
Standing on the hill, near the Glenmoor Country Club and overlooking the show field, there were several potential candidates for 'Best of Show' honors. The sixteen-cylinder Marmons and Cadillacs, a brightly colored 12-cylinder Auburn, and the Darrin-bodied cars had strong potential. In the European Category, there was a Peugeot 402 Cabriolet with coachwork by Pourtout, a Talbot T150C SS Coupe with coachwork by Figoni & Falaschi, and a Bugatti Type 57C Aravis Drophead Coupe with coachwork by Gangloff that were poised to take the coveted honors.

The two most likely cars to win 'Best of Show' was the Bugatti or the Talbot. Both had the unmistakable beauty, elegance, and mechanical provenance to make them the best on the show field. Examining these two cars up close immediately revealed the winner. One was perfectly restored, the other was in original, unrestored condition. The safe bet was on the restored car, but for shock value, we thought the judges may select the original, unrestored Talbot.

After careful deliberation and scrutiny, the Judges selected the restored Bugatti Type 57C as their favorite. The car, owned by Bill Johnson and Ron Ellenbass of Richland, Michigan (the Off-Brother Collection), is one of four with the Gangloff Aravis body. Power is from a 3.3-liter straight-8 supercharged power-plant, which is basically a de-tuned version of the Grand Prix Type 59 engine. The Type 57C is recognized as being the most sporting of all non-racing Bugattis, and was the most elegant vehicle at this year's Glenmoor Gathering.

Debuts
Aside from above mentioned 'first show appearances', there were two vehicles that fell into this category. The Polynesian (1950 Oldsmobile) was an early custom-built vehicle by Valley Customs of Burbank, California for Jack Stewart of Canton, Ohio. It was featured in Hot Rod magazine in September of 1953 and won 'best of show' at the first Michigan Auto Rama in 1953. It disappeared for many years, spending time in storage where it slowly deteriorated. In 2005 a full restoration was undertaken by the current owner. It made its first public appearance in more than 40 years at this year's Glenmoor Gathering.

The other car coming out of hibernation was the 1966 Vivant '77' Prototype Roadster. The car was the work of Herb Adams and features a futuristic all-aluminum body that was completely hand formed. It made its debut at the Detroit Autorama where it was highly lauded. After several other show appearances, the car disappeared from view. Having recently been discovered, the Glenmoor Gathering was fortunate to have the Vivant for its first public showing in over forty years.
Along with the 'first show appearance' was the debut of a freshly-restored 1937 Cord 812 phaeton formerly owned by western film star Tom Mix. The Tom Mix Cord had gone through a succession of owners over the years but had never been restored to its original condition, as owned by Mix.

Conclusion
With a plethora of automotive sheet metal, gorgeous weather, a packed and diverse schedule, and a scenic backdrop, the 17th Annual edition of the Glenmoor Gathering continued its tradition of 'wowing' and educating thousands of eager spectators. The list of judges were equally impressive and guaranteed that the most deserving vehicles were awarded amongst their peers.

Galleries

1909 REO One Cylinder  
1912 Renault Type CB  
1912 Stoddard-Dayton Model 48  
1913 Renault Type AX  
1914 Detroit Electric Model 90  
1914 Ford Model T  
1914 Locomobile Model 38  
1914 Rolls-Royce Silver Ghost  

1920 Dodge Model 30  
1920 HCS Series 2  
1920 Paige Model 6-42  
1922 Winton Model 40  
1923 Jewett Six  
1929 Pontiac Big Six Series 6-29  

1930 Ford Model A  
1932 Ford V-8 Model 18  
1932 Plymouth Series PB  
1933 Continental Flyer  
1939 Graham-Paige Model 107  

1940 Buick Series 40 Special  
1940 Oldsmobile Series 70  
1941 Buick Series 70 Roadmaster  
1941 Ford Deluxe  
1946 Ford Deluxe Series  
1947 Ford Super Deluxe  

1950 Mercury Series 0CM  
1950 Studebaker Commander  
1951 Ford Custom Deluxe  
1954 Studebaker Commander  
1955 Chevrolet Bel Air  
1956 Buick Series 40 Special  
1956 Buick Series 70 Roadmaster  
1956 Studebaker Golden Hawk  

1953 Packard Caribbean  
1956 Packard Caribbean  
1958 Lincoln Continental Mark III  
1959 Cadillac Series 62  
1959 Cadillac Series Sixty Special Fleetwood  

1962 Buick Invicta Series 4600  
1968 Mercury Park Lane  

1924 Packard Single Eight  
1925 Franklin Model 10C  
1925 Packard Model 236  
1927 Rolls-Royce Phantom I  
1929 Stearns Model H8-90  

1930 Cadillac Series 353 Eight  
1930 Lincoln Model L  
1930 Marmon Big 8  
1930 Stutz Model MB  
1931 Auburn Model 8-98 A  
1931 Lincoln Model K  

1933 Auburn 12-161  
1933 Cadillac Series 370-C Twelve  
1933 Pierce Arrow Model 836  
1934 Packard 1101 Eight  
1934 Packard 1104 Super Eight  
1937 Cadillac Series 75  
1937 Lincoln Model K  
1938 Lincoln Model K  

1940 Lincoln Zephyr  
1941 Cadillac Series 62  
1942 Packard Super-8 One-Sixty  
1947 Cadillac Series 62  
1947 Lincoln Continental  

1928 Miller Model 91  
1930 Cord L-29  
1930 Ruxton Model C  
1931 Cord L-29  
1936 Cord 810  
1937 Cord 812  
1938 Georges Irat 6CV  
1953 DKW Meister Klasse  
1954 Citroen Traction Avant  

1930 Cadillac Series 452A V16  
1931 Cadillac Series 452-A Sixteen  
1931 Marmon Model 16  
1932 Marmon Sixteen  
1932 Peerless V-16 Prototype  
1933 Cadillac Series 452-C Sixteen  
1933 Marmon Sixteen  

1933 Packard 1006 Twelve  
1934 Hispano Suiza K6  
1936 Bentley 3.5 Liter  
1939 Packard One Twenty  
1940 Packard Custom Super-8 One-Eighty  
1940 Packard One-Twenty  
1940 Packard Super-8 One-Sixty  
1942 Packard Super-8 One-Eighty  
1950 Frazer Standard Series F50  
1952 Kaiser Virginian  
1954 Kaiser Darrin  

1951 Ferrari 212 Inter  
1953 Cadillac Series 62 by Ghia  
1954 Plymouth Explorer Concept  
1958 Dual Ghia 400  
1958 Imperial Crown Imperial  
1961 Dual Ghia L6.4  
1962 Dual Ghia L6.4  
1963 Chrysler Turbine  
1967 Ghia 450 SS  

1930 Bugatti Type 50  
1934 Morgan Super Sport  
1935 MG NB  
1937 Peugeot 402 Darl'Mat Pourtout  
1937 Talbot-Lago T150C SS  
1938 BMW 327  
1938 Bugatti Type 57C  
1939 Jaguar SS 100  

1949 Jaguar XK120  
1950 Allard J2  
1953 Austin-Healey 100  
1954 MG TF  
1958 Aston Martin DB2/4 MK III  
1961 Morgan 4/4  

1937 Railton Eight  
1939 Rolls-Royce Wraith  
1947 Delahaye type 135 M  
1960 Rolls-Royce Silver Cloud II  
1961 Mercedes-Benz 300D  
1965 Mercedes-Benz 600  

1952 Hudson Hornet NASCAR  
1953 Glasspar G2  
1953 Nash Healey Pininfarina  
1956 Ford Thunderbird  
1957 Ford Thunderbird  
1962 Kurtis Aguila Racer  
1963 Chevrolet Corvette  
1965 Cheetah Coupe  

1957 Chevrolet Bel Air  
1966 Vivant 77 Prototype  

1939 Ford Half-Ton  
1948 Diamond T Model 201  

1952 Porsche 356  
1953 Fletcher Flair Jeep Prototype  
1955 Porsche 550 RS Spyder  
1956 Porsche 356A  

1992 Dodge Viper RT/10  
1994 Dodge Viper  
1997 Dodge Viper GTS  
2000 Dodge Viper  
2001 Dodge Viper GTS  
2005 Dodge Viper SRT-10  
2010 Dodge Viper SRT10 ACR-X  

1967 Pontiac Tempest GTO  
1969 Chevrolet Camaro  
1969 Ford Mustang  
1969 Oldsmobile 442  
1970 Plymouth Road Runner  

1933 American Austin Bantam  
1940 American Bantam Riviera  
1957 BMW Isetta  
1958 King Midget Series III  
1960 Nash Metropolitan  

1922 Lincoln Model L  
1930 Lincoln Model L  
1936 Lincoln Model K Series 300  
1950 Oldsmobile Polynesian  
1963 Maserati 3500 GTi  
2001 Lamborghini Diablo  
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