After opening his new factory in Molsheim, Ettore Bugatti refined his lightweight Type 10 into the Type 13 racer. The new company produced five examples in 1910, and entered the French Grand Prix at Le Mans in 1911. The tiny Bugatti looked a little out of place in the race, but took second after seven hours of racing. World War I halted car production but Ettore took completed Type 13 cars with him to Milan for the duration of the war, leaving the parts for three more cars buried near his factory in France. After the war, Bugatti returned and prepared five Type 13s for racing. They were a great success, winning the first four places at the 1921 Brescia Grand Prix, so Type 13s are often called the 'Brescia' Bugattis.
The Type 13 was unbeatable in Voiturette races in the early 1920s; they placed 1,2,3, and 4 at the Brescia Grand Prix in 1921. Capitalizing on this achievement, all subsequent four-valve Bugatti models were known as Brescia Bugattis.
This car was first sold as a bare Type 23-length chassis, with a Brescia twin-magneto engine, to an owner in Australia who had a body fitted to it. Its chassis was converted to the proper Type 13 style in the 1930s. After more transformation, this Bugatti was used as both a touring and competition car in Australia and England. A later owner, Chris Hutchins, campaigned it in the United States. In 1996 it appeared at the 75th anniversary of the Primo Gran Premio d'Italia back in Brescia.