Vehicle Profiles

Torpedo Roadster
Coachwork: Saoutchik

Chassis Num: 35949
Engine Num: 72151

The imperialist mind-set of the early 20th century would be a source of great contestation all around the globe. However, it would also provide a source of fine materials not seen in Europe and North America. These materials and elements provided aut....[continue reading]

Tourer

Chassis Num: 35947
Engine Num: 71819
Build Num: 40647

Debuting in 1927, the 'S' was an enhanced descendant of the already famous 'K' which began production two years prior. Both were designed by Dr. Ferdinand Porsche, Mercedes' Chief Engineer. The 'S' was definitely a sporting chassis with a low center ....[continue reading]

Armbruster Roadster
Coachwork: Armbruster

The Ferdinand Porsche-designed Mercedes-Benz S Type was introduced in 1927 as a racing version of the 4-liter Type 400 and 6.3-liter Type 630 touring cars. With a 6.8-liter engine set further back in the lowered and shortened chassis, the S-Type was....[continue reading]

Boattail Speedster
Coachwork: Murphy

Chassis Num: 35313

At the Nurburgring's inaugural race on June 19, 1927 the new Type S was introduced in racing form. Legendary driver Rudolf Caracciola took first, with another Type S coming in 2nd. Just one month later at the German Grand Prix, the Type S finished 1,....[continue reading]

Saoutchik Cabriolet
Coachwork: Saoutchik

Chassis Num: 35964
Engine Num: 72166

The Model S was the ultimate supercar of the late 1920s; with its powerful 6.8-liter engine it was both a race car and a fast road car, winning at the Nurburgring in 1927. ....[continue reading]

Touring
Coachwork: Buhne

Chassis Num: 35920
Engine Num: 68674

Debuting in 1927, the Mercedes 'S' was an enhanced descendant of the already famous 'K' of two years prior. Both were designed by Dr. Ferdinand Porsche, Mercedes' chief engineer at the time. The 'S' was definitely a sporting chassis with a low center....[continue reading]

Tourer

Mercedes-Benz introduced its S Series as a 6.8-liter fast tourer in 1927. Designed by chief engineer Prof. Dr. Ferdinand Porsche, it featured a 'kick-down' supercharger that temporarily boosted acceleration and produced what the British magazine T....[continue reading]

Torpedo Roadster by Saoutchik
Chassis #: 35949 
Tourer
Chassis #: 35947 
Armbruster Roadster by Armbruster
 
Boattail Speedster by Murphy
Chassis #: 35313 
Saoutchik Cabriolet by Saoutchik
Chassis #: 35964 
Touring by Buhne
Chassis #: 35920 
Tourer
 

History

Ferdinand Porsche designed the S-Type for Mercedes-Benz in 1927. The racer was constructed using pre-existing road version Mercedes vehicles, mainly the 400 and 630 models. The names of these vehicles came from their displacement size in liters. For example, the 400 had a four liter engine while the 630 had a 6.3 liter engine, both were equipped a supercharger and six-cylinders. The engine was one of the most appealing attributes of these vehicles. The drawbacks that robbed the vehicles of performance were its size, weight and basic suspension system. A cushy suspension and large size was ideal for luxury vehicles that carried the elite in society, but at the track the vehicles were in need of more performance characteristics. An attempt was made to enhance the sporty nature of the 630 by shortening the wheelbase, which brought about the 'short' (Kurz) version. This drastically improved the vehicles sporty appeal but more was needed to enhance the handling. Mercedes answer to this problem was the S-Type version which saw the chassis lowered and the engine moved back. This improved the vehicles balance. To improve its performance, the engine capacity was enlarged to 6.8 liters. Thus, the 680 S was born.

The Nurburgring 1000 km race debuted in 1927. The track is challenging with it 172 turns and 25.6 km length. The track tests both the driver and the vehicle in all scenarios such as power, braking, and cornering. At the first Nurburgring race it was the 680 S that emerged victorious, a true testament to the vehicles capabilities.

Future versions of the S-Type followed such as the 700 and 710 SS which saw horsepower ratings in the 225 range. Most were considered road going cars but there was little to distinguish a car that was meant for the track and one that was meant for the road. Obviously, the vehicles fitted with luxurious coachwork never saw any track time but the roadsters, speedsters, and coupes (for example) could be used for dual purposes.


By Daniel Vaughan | Sep 2007

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