1972 Lamborghini Jarama

The last of the front engined Lamborghini Coupe, created from the same schematic as the Espada, the Jarama GTS was known for its extra power and agility. Despite being the third heaviest Lamborghini, the first being the Espada and second, the LM002, the Jarama offered many options not usually seen in the Lamborghini family.

Built from 1970-1976, the original GT and upgraded GTS began their struggle for popularity debuting at the 1970 Geneva Salon. With only 250 built, the fate of the Jarama was a shorter shelf life than predicted.

Although the bodywork, designed by Marcello Gandini, never really made its way into the hearts of the Lamborghini enthusiast, options such as a removable roof panels managed to sell an additional 50 vehicles.

The interior of the Jarama began to take shape through the years, proving some changes were for the better. Leather upholstery added a touch of elegance and the wood trim was replaced with brushed aluminum for a sleeker look. The rear window was heated and side windows could be opened and closed electronically. Two parallel action wipers were featured on the front window as a replacement to the original type in which the wiper on the left sat above of the wiper on the right in the middle of the windshield.

Another incentive to sway Lamborghini lovers into the seats of the Jarama appeared in 1974 with the addition of the Chrysler TorqueFlite automatic transmission as an option. Even though the TorqueFlite transmission had a long success rate and was used well into 2000's on popular cars such as the Neon, it did not have an impact with the Jarama, only resulting in 10 ever being produced.

The strongest and most admired quality of the Jarama's was its power derived from the 4-liter, 350 horsepower, 12 cylinder GT or the 365 horsepower GTS engines. The heavy frame didn't hold back the engine from keeping the 0-60 time under 7 seconds and a top speed of 162 miles per hour. The engine, strategically placed in the front center, helped to keep a perfect balance when maneuvering.

The Lamborghini Jarama may have disappointed the few, but many car enthusiasts all over the world would take any chance given to feel its raw, relentless power.

Kyle McMullen

Vehicle Profiles

1972 Lamborghini Jarama vehicle information

Coupe

Chassis Num: 10322

As the American safety and emissions regulations continued to increase, it became necessary for Lamborghini to replace the Islero Coupe. By this point in history, Gianpaolo Dallara had departed Sant'Agata, so the duties of creating a replacement fell....[continue reading]

1972 Lamborghini Jarama vehicle information

Coupe

Chassis Num: 10348
Engine Num: 40905

Lamborghini introduced their Jarama 400 GT at the Geneva Motor Show in March of 1970. This was Lamborghini's last front-engine GT car, concluding the line established by the original 350GT. They wore a design courtesy of Marcello Gandini for Carrozze....[continue reading]

1972 Lamborghini Jarama vehicle information

Coupe

Chassis Num: 10096
Engine Num: 40550

The Lamborghini Jarama 400 GT was unveiled at the Geneva Motor Show in March of 1970 and was the company's last front-engine GT, concluding the line established by the original 350 GT. Between May 1970 and March 1972, just 177 examples were produced.....[continue reading]

1972 Lamborghini Jarama vehicle information

Coupe

Chassis Num: X10258X

For 1972, the Lamborghini lineup consisted of four models including the Espada, the Miura S, the Jarama GT and the P250 Urraco. The Jarama GT was the company's Grand Touring model. It featured front engine and rear wheel drive design in similar fashi....[continue reading]

1972 Lamborghini Jarama vehicle information

Coupe

Chassis Num: 10228

The Lamborghini Jarama made its public debut at the March 1970 Geneva Motor Show and served as a successor to the Islero. The Jarama was named in honor of a Spanish district renowned for its fighting bulls. It was designed by Marcello Gandini for Ber....[continue reading]

Coupe
Chassis #: 10322 
Coupe
Chassis #: 10348 
Coupe
Chassis #: 10096 
Coupe
Chassis #: X10258X 
Coupe
Chassis #: 10228 

History

In the early 1970's, manufacturers that were producing vehicles for the United States had to comply with new government regulations and emission standards that not only made the vehicles safer but more fuel efficient. The Islero was forced to comply in order to continue to be sold in the United States. Marcello Gandini of Bertone was tasked with creating designs that would fit atop of a shortened Espada platform.

In 1970 the Lamborghini Jarama was introduced and stayed in production until 1976. The GT version lasted from 1970 through 1973 while the GTS was produced from 1973 through 1976.

The GT and GTS were very similar in design; most of the changes were to the mechanics. The GT was powered by a V12 engine producing 350 horsepower while the GTS produced 365 horsepower. The GTS was given power assisted steering, an optional Chrysler TorqueFlite automatic transmission, and removable roof panels. The engine had been tuned to produce more horsepower by introducing a new exhaust system, revised heads, carburetion and camshafts. The interior was slightly modified, given new seats that were slimmer, resulting in more rear legroom. Brushed aluminum replaced the wood trim. On the exterior, the GTS had revised taillights, courtesy of the DeTomaso Deauville. Five-bolt wheels replaced the previous wheel rims. Air intake could now be found on the hood and behind each front wheel were air-extraction openings.

During the entire production run for the Jarama, 327 examples were produced. 177 examples were of the GT version. 10 examples were produced with the optional automatic transmission on the GTS. On display in the Official Lamborghini museum is Ferruccio Lamborghini's own personal Jarama GTS, chassis number 10418.


By Daniel Vaughan | Mar 2006
With subdued looks that belied its V12 power, the Lamborghini Jarama was among the very last of Lamborghini's grand touring cars before the Italian carmaker decided to pursue fulltime the production of two-seat supercars. The Jarama was built in the same spirit as the very first Lamborghinis. It was comfortable and capable, with no more flash than necessary.

Created to replace the Lamborghini Islero, the Jarama was first produced for 1970. It was based on a modified Espada platform and, though the Jarama was far from being a featherweight sports car, it was a potent yet understated grand touring car.

The Espada platform was shortened by 10.6 inches when used for the Jarama, but it was otherwise altered very little. This gave the Jarama odd proportions, making it appear particularly wide. Marcello Gandini, working for the Bertone design house, was tasked with creating the Jarama's shape. His efforts were admirable given the awkward platform with which he was working, but the Jarama nevertheless had an unconventional style that made it stick out against its finely sculpted competitors.

The Jarama may have inherited its strange proportions from the Espada, but it also took from that car a wonderful engine. Displacing 3,929cc, the quad-cam V12 in the Jarama produced 350bhp at 7,500rpm from the outset of production. A 26-gallon fuel tank ensured that, despite the Jarama's prodigious weight and thirst, its six Webers would remain well-fed for many miles at a time.

Final assembly of the Jarama was conducted by Marazzi, and two versions were built. The first was the Jarama 400GT. This model had the cleaner styling of the two variants, and was equipped with the Miura's center-lock wheels. Between 1970 and 1973, 177 examples of the 400GT were made before the updated Jarama GTS was introduced. The GTS model could be visually distinguished by its five-bolt wheels, as well as by vents in the front fenders and an additional air scoop that was mounted between NACA ducts on either side of the hood. Beneath the revised exterior, the GTS featured an even more powerful engine that, with 365bhp, produced 15bhp more than the GT. This, combined with lower weight, enabled the Jarama 400GTS to reach 161mph, a top speed 9mph greater than the first Jarama. There were 150 examples of the Jarama 400GTS built from 1973 to 1976.

Power from the Jarama's V12 was typically sent through a 5-speed manual gearbox, but Lamborghini made a Chrysler TorqueFlite automatic transmission optional on the 400GTS. About 10 examples were produced with the TorqueFlite transmission, making it a very rare option.

The Jarama, with its odd styling and low sales volume, has failed to reach the status of Lamborghini's most famous models. It has been overshadowed by Lamborghini's racier offerings, as well as by the company's earlier and prettier and GT cars. The Jarama is a capable grand touring machine, though, and its low production numbers and strange styling only serve to make it an undeniably unique Lamborghini.

Sources:

'Classic Line up at Lamborghini Cars.' Lamborghini Cars: The Enthusiast Site n. pag. Web. 3 Jun 2010. http://www.lambocars.com/cla/index.php.

'Lamborghini Jarama.' International Lamborghini Registry n. pag. Web. 3 Jun 2010. http://www.lamborghiniregistry.com/Forums/Jaramas.php.

By Evan Acuña

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