BRITAIN'S FIRST 100MPH CAR CELEBRATES CENTENARY
• Vauxhall 30-98 direct rival to sporting Bentleys during 1920s
• Fast, durable and lightweight – top speed validated by factory at Brooklands
• Enduring example of early 1900s' engineering – nearly 200 cars survive today
Luton – The Vauxhall 30-98, one of the greatest sports cars of the twentieth century and the first to top 100mph in production form, is marking its centenary in style on May 3, when almost 50 surviving examples attempt the Waddington Fell hillclimb, site of the car's first appearance and competition success in 1913.
Described as 'The car of grace that sets the pace', the 30-98 was derived from Vauxhall's C10 'Prince Henry' – acknowledged as the ÚK's first real sports car – and was produced at a time when Vauxhall vied with Bentley in the prestige car market.
But armed with a kerb weight 400kgs less than a Bentley 3.0-Litre, a powerful engine and high axle ratio, the 30-98 became renowned as a high-performance car that could swallow long distances with ease. This made it particularly popular with drivers in the colonies, and explains why so many cars still survive in Australia today.
A precursor to the recently launched Cascada convertible, the 30-98 was actually developed in just 71 days, but went on to spawn a production run of 600 cars over a 14 year period (with a break for WW1). Remarkably, around a third of these cars still survive today.
At a time when car manufacturers promoted the performance, durability and handling of their products through competition, Vauxhall had already been successful in hillclimbs, grands prix and endurance trials since the company was formed in 1903 (now celebrating its 110th anniversary, it's the ÚK's oldest surviving car brand).
And the 30-98 represented the zenith of those achievements. On its first outing at the Waddington Fell hill climb in Lancashire, it set fastest time of the day, proving to the car's designer, Laurence Pomeroy, and Vauxhall's directors, Percy Kidner and Leslie Walton, that the car had a future, and production started in earnest.
Originally fitted with a 4,525cc side-valve four cylinder engine, producing 90bhp, the model was made in two basic types: E-type and OE-type, with the latter denoting the more powerful overhead valve cars producing 112bhp, and built between 1923 and 1927.
And it was the OE-type that became the first production car to exceed 100mph, partly prompted by a letter to The Autocar's editor from a Major L.Ropner, complaining that he was unable to buy a road car that could cover a flying mile at more than 100mph!
Vauxhall responded by producing a stunning two-seater 30-98 for him in polished aluminium, with a full set of road equipment. On March 28, 1923 factory test driver Matt Park took the car to Brooklands and achieved a flying lap at 100.7mph, before delivering the car to Ropner, who used it extensively for competition, continental touring and commuting to London from his home in Yorkshire.
The British motoring press fell in love with the OE-Type 30-98, and in 1923 The Autocar subjected one to an early road test, recording a maximum speed (with standard Velox body and wind-breaking full windscreen) of 82.57mph – no mean feat at a time when most cars were struggling to top 50mph.
The Autocar went on to say: 'Few cars have such graceful lines yet at once suggest unlimited strength allied to speed…and very, very few can take a corner stiffly with absolute certainty as this one can.'
This year, Vauxhall Motors' own 1926 OE-Type Velox Tourer (OE268) will join around 50 other 30-98s in Lancashire to celebrate the model's competition debut at Waddington Fell on May 3. Working with the Vauxhall 30-98 Register, local authorities have closed the public road which used to form the course, allowing cars from as far afield as Australia and the ÚS to recreate Higginson's winning run.
Other events which Vauxhall is supporting as part of the 30-98 centenary include:
• Brooklands Double Twelve (June 15-16)
• The 30-98 Centenary Run (July 5) – Tour starting at Brooklands and travelling to Vauxhall's Luton HQ and then on to Millbrook Proving Ground with up to 100 30-98s
• CarFest North, Oulton Park (August 2-4)
• CarFest South, Laverstoke Park (August 23-25)
• 'Thirsty Down Únder' Tour (Oct/Nov) – a three-week tour of Victoria and Tasmania for the thriving 30-98 Register based in AustraliaGoodwood has yet to confirm entry of the 30-98 in its centenary year at the Festival of Speed.Source - Vauxhall
Alexander Wilson founded the company in Vauxhall, London in 1857. Originally it was named Alex Wilson and Company, then Vauxhall Iron Works. The company built pumps and marine engines. In 1903, the company built its first car, a five horsepower model steered using a tiller, with two forward gears and no reverse gear. In 1925, Vauxhall was bought by GM for $2.5 million.
The performance era of Vauxhall really came into form when L.H Pomeroy was made chief engineer. He had a passion for racing and was able to convince his bosses that they should try their luck in the racing area. By 1910, the company had built their first hand-built sporting vehicle and raced in the German Prince Henry trials. The cars endured amazing success. To commemorate, a series of road going cars, dubbed the 'Prince Henry', were created.
In 1913, the Vauxhall 30/98 was introduced. Within time, it evolved into one of the fastest road-going cars available, with a large and powerful engine that was able to carry the vehicle to speeds reaching 100 mph. The car came with an expensive price tag, making it very exclusive and rare.
After World War I, the 30/98 E-Type model was introduced. During the pre-War era, the company had produced the B, C, and D-Type versions of the 30/98. The E-Type had a side-valve engine that produced around 90 horsepower. The performance was good and the car was well constructed; the main drawbacks was its weight.
Production of the E-Type continued until 1922, with around 270 examples being constructed. Vauxhall introduced the OE-Type; the main changes were improvements to the engine. The 'O' represented the new overhead-valve operated engine, which helped boost horsepower output to 115. Later, power was increased again, now to 120 bhp.
Production continued until 1927, with a total of 312 examples being constructed.By Daniel Vaughan | Jul 2008