1907 Thomas Flyer Model 35
During the early 20th century, many automobile builders believed that a good finish at the local track on Sunday meant strong sales on Monday. This was proven true on many occasions. Racing became a way of promoting and proving a product. One of the most daring and adventurous race was the Great Race, an event that took competitors around the world, running across four continents and through the Bering Straits during winter. An important point to remember is that during this early era of the automobile, there were very few roads; the ones that did exist were far from the standards of today.
There was only one running of the Great Race, and it took place in 1908. E.R. Thomas's vehicle was a last-minute entry and was basically a stock Model 35 Thomas Flyer powered by a four-cylinder engine that produced 70 horsepower. Over three days time, the car was given a larger fuel tank, spare tires, and running boards which could be used for traction when the vehicle got stuck.
The race was sponsored by The New York Times and the Paris-based La Matin paper. The Thomas Flyer represented the United States; other countries included France, Italy, and Germany totally seven teams.
Nearly 250,000 people came to watch the cars start the race at Times Square on February 12th of 1908. The teams traversed the US continent during the middle of winter with the Thomas reaching San Francisco first. Prior to reaching the west coast, key members of the team were replaced, leaving George Schuster, Hans Hendrick Hansen, and NY Times Correspondent George MacAdam.
The Thomas Flyer was loaded on a ship which brought it to Valdez, Alaska. This was a historic accomplishment as it was the first car ever in Alaska. Its stay in Alaska was short lived, as the route was judged too difficult and treacherous, so it was loaded back onto a ship and brought to Japan. Its journey continued through Russia and continuing westward.
Again, the roads that did exist were often difficult to travel. When roads did not exist, the teams were forced to make their own route. Getting stuck was not uncommon as Mother Nature provided plenty of mud and snow. When mechanical failures occurred, the teams were forced to find creative methods to patch and repair the problem. There was little sleep to be had, especially while traveling through Russia near the Trans-Siberian Railway which was not a friendly place at the time.
The Thomas Flyer completed the entire distance in 169 days. They were not the first to cross the finish line though; the German team had beat them but were later penalized for bypassing the Alaskan part of the trip and for using trains for transportation. This left the US team in first place. The next team to arrive in Paris did so 26 days later.
Having traveled around the world and winning the one-and-only Great Race, the public was guaranteed a strong and reliable product. Sales of the Thomas Flyer's increased over the next few years, but their success would be short lived. In 1911, the company only produced six-cylinder cars. Within a year, the car had entered into receivership and purchased by C.A. Finnegan of the Empire Smelting Company. The company continued to produce cars through 1916, after which, the cars were able to be special ordered. It is believed that the company continued until 1918 or 1919.
George Schuster was the only individual to travel the entire 22,000-mile race. With his help, the winning car was later restored to its original trim in nearly the exact condition in which it had entered Paris.By Daniel Vaughan | Sep 2008
New York-to-Paris-Winning Thomas Flyer coming to Amelia for 100th Anniversary of its Historic Victory
The Thomas Flyer automobile that won the historic New York-to-Paris 'Great Race' in 1908 will come to the Florida coast for the 13th annual Amelia Island Concours d'Elegance, March 7-9, 2008. Contested 100 years ago, the torturous race covered the width of the Únited States before stopping at points in Alaska, Japan, Siberia, and Berlin before ending in Paris. It has never been run again.
With the automobile barely a decade old, the thought of an around-the-globe race was unheard of at the time, but also very tempting to the adventurers of the day. The New York-to-Paris race turned out to be much more than a race; it was about national pride and the quest for automotive superiority among the leading 'modernized' countries of the era. Sponsored by The New York Times and the Paris-based La Matin paper, teams from France (Motobloc, DeDion, Sizaire-Naudin), Italy (Zust), Germany (Protos), and the Únited States (Thomas) were entered in the grueling challenge. Nearly 250,000 people were on hand February 12, 1908, to cheer the cars as they started from Times Square. The winning Thomas Flyer covered 22,000 miles in 169 days, a record that still stands today.
'To have the National Automobile Museum, The Harrah Collection, in Reno, Nevada, loan us this national treasure during their 100th anniversary is more than words can express,' says Bill Warner, founder and co-chairman of the Amelia Island Concours d'Elegance. 'It will be a once-in-a-lifetime experience for the attendees to see this car up close and personal. All will be amazed at the primitive nature of the car and what it went through.'
Famed collector William Harrah found the Thomas Flyer in the early Sixties and, with the help of George Schuster, the only member of the Ú.S. team to drive the entire 22,000-mile race, he painstakingly brought the vehicle back to its original trim just as it entered Paris in 1908. Weighing in at 4,000 pounds fully loaded, the Thomas Flyer's four-cylinder power plant could propel it to 60 mph. The car finished 26 days ahead of the second-place German-entered Protos.
Special Seminar Will Recount The Thomas Flyer's Adventure
On Friday, March 7th, Amelia's annual seminar series will kick off with a presentation by Jeff Mahl, great grandson of George Schuster. With the original 1907 Thomas Flyer that won the race being at the show and in the Ritz-Carlton's grand ballroom for the presentation, Mahl will be reliving the events of that epic race with original photos and a first-person account of this international competition which reshaped automotive history. The race is considered by many to have ushered in the era of the automobile as viable transportation.
The 2008 Amelia Island Concours d'Elegance will be held March 7-9 on the 10th and 18th fairways of The Golf Club of Amelia Island at Summer Beach adjacent to The Ritz-Carlton, Amelia Island. Parnelli Jones is the honoree and the cars of the E.R. Thomas Motor Car Co. will be featured. The show's Foundation has donated nearly $1.5 million to Community Hospice of Northeast Florida, Inc. since 1996.Source - Amelia Island Concours
The Erwin Ross (E.R.) Thomas Motor Company produced automobiles from 1902 through 1919. Production transpired in Buffalo, New York. The first cars produced by the company appeared in 1903 and were mostly small runabouts with seating for two. The company had begun like so many other auto-manufacturing firms at the time - through a bicycle business. Thomas had been building bicycles for several companies before making the switch to automotive production.
The first E.R. Thomas Motor cars were powered by a vertically-mounted water-cooled straight-three cylinder engine that produced just over 20 horsepower. The engine was mated to a two-speed planetary gearbox.
As times progressed, so did the E.R. Thomas Motor Cars. The Company did much to promote their vehicles and to attract customers, such as painting the cars in bright and attractive colors. The cars became more powerful and elegant and became renowned for their reliability and endurance.
In 1908, an E.R. Thomas Car was entered into 'The Great Race' which ran from New York to Paris. The decision was made at the last minute and there was little time to properly adapt the car for the race. Instead, the company pulled one from the production line and entered it into the race. The race began at New York during the winter and proceeded for San Francisco. The entrants then loaded onto a boat and traveled to Alaska and then Siberia. Once they arrived at Siberia, the race continued.
The race lasted 171 days and covered 13,300 miles. At the conclusion of the race, ending in Paris, it was an E.R. Thomas in first place, claiming the overall victory.
Demand for the E.R. Thomas Motor cars increased after the heroic victory. In 1911, the company only produced six-cylinder cars. Within a year, the car had entered into receivership and purchased by C.A. Finnegan of the Empire Smelting Company. The company continued to produce cars through 1916, after which, the cars were able to be special ordered. It is believed that the company continued until 1918 or 1919.By Daniel Vaughan | Mar 2008
At the beginning of 1908, E.R. Thomas's Model 35, powered by a 4-cylinder engine producing 70 horsepower, was a last-minute entry in what would be the world's longest automobile event, the epic New York to Paris Race. In just three days the car was prepared by fitting a larger fuel tank, adding several spare tires, and replacing the fenders and running boards with rudimentary wooden planks that could be removed and used to help gain traction if and when the vehicle got stuck in mud. On February 12, in the midst of a blinding snowstorm, 250,000 people packed New York's Times Square for the start. Six cars from four countries embarked on the 22,000 mile odyssey, traveling some of the wildest stretches of uncharted lands. They crossed the United States in winter, something never previously accomplished by an automobile, traversed the island of Japan, and slogged across the whole of Europe. After 169 days of fierce competition, the lone American entry claimed victory on July 30, 1908, nearly one month ahead of the other cars. It was driven by George Schuster, the only driver to travel the entire distance. The win increased the prestige of all American cars and helped establish the automobile as a reliable means of long-distance travel.