1937 Mercedes-Benz Type 320

1937 Mercedes-Benz Type 320 vehicle information

Cabriolet B

Chassis Num: 172263
Engine Num: 172263

The Mercedes-Benz Type 320 was available in three Cabriolet versions, designated by code letters. The racy and relatively expensive sports version was the Cabriolet A. The Cabriolet B was a two-door, 4-window style that front and rear seating. The ....[continue reading]

1937 Mercedes-Benz Type 320 vehicle information

Cabriolet B

Chassis Num: 172436

This Mercedes-Benz 320B Cabriolet is a late-production example that is powered by an enlarged and more powerful 3.4-liter motor equipped on later 320 examples. It is also fitted with the concurrent overdrive that allowed for low RPM cruising. ....[continue reading]

Cabriolet B
Chassis #: 172263 
Cabriolet B
Chassis #: 172436 

History

The Mercedes-Benz Type 320 was the replacement for the 290. Also available at this time was the Type 260D, the world's first Diesel-powered production car. Perhaps one of the most desirable cars in the world at this time, was the Mercedes-Benz 540 K with its 5.4-liter supercharged engine. Above that was the Type 770K Grosser or 'Grand' Mercedes. This had a 7.7-liter supercharged straight-eight. At the other end of the spectrum was the lowest-priced Mercedes-Benz, the Type 170. The Type 170 H was fitted with a rear-mounted engine, while the Type 170 V had its power source in the front. Both had four-cylinders.

The Mercedes-Benz Type 320 was introduced in mid-1937 and initially available in two wheelbase lengths. It was a very comfortable car that was lower priced than the firm's higher-end models, yet offered the same general appearance. All of the 320 models were powered by a six-cylinder engine. The original version displaced 3.2-liters. Later, in 1938, it was enlarged to 3.4-liters and would remain the power-plant throughout the existence of the series, coming to an end in 1942. The engine was rated at 78bhp and provided a top speed near 80 mph, when equipped with the optional ZF overdrive transmission.

The Type 320 was given an independent front and rear suspension, with coil springs at all four corners. This gave the car impressive road manners while keeping the passengers comfortable. Hydraulic brakes could also be found at all four corners and provided excellent stopping power.

There were several bodystyles available, such as a Roadster and a Cabriolet D. The Cabriolet d was a true 4-door, 4-window style that had a low and distinctive split-vee windscreen. There were panes which could be tilted for ventilation.

The 320 was quickly recognized for the robustness of its chassis and was ordered in quantity by the German Wehrmacht, typically for use by high-ranking officers. The model was produced into 1942, with most of the later examples certainly destined for military use.


By Daniel Vaughan | Dec 2008

1937 Mercedes-Benz Models

Concepts by Mercedes-Benz

Mercedes-Benz Monthly Sales Volume

September 2019
27,433
August 2019
24,771
July 2019
24,612
May 2019
27,080
April 2019
22,949
March 2019
27,004
January 2019
22,507
December 2018
32,016
October 2018
31,814
September 2018
26,169
August 2018
20,339
July 2018
23,058
Additional Sales Volume Data


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