1978 Shadow DN9

The Advanced Vehicle System (AVS) began in 1970 and created by Don Nichols. The cars were called Shadows. The company was established with the purpose of creating racers that had limited aerodynamic drag through minimal front area on the cars. Nichols approached Firestone with a request to have tires created that were smaller in diameter to conventional race tires at the time. The reasoning for the request was to help in the reduction of aerodynamic drag. When other manufacturers were using 24-inch tires in the front and 26-inch in the rear, Nichols wanted to use 17 in the front and 19 in the rear. There were flaws to this thinking; the smaller tires meant smaller brakes and rotors which meant less stopping power. Another side effect of smaller brakes was that they were unable to dissipate the heat fast enough and this lead to various other tires.

A Chevrolet big-block engine was chosen as the power unit for the car. Due to the design of the car there was no room for the radiator to fit into the body. Trevor Harris had designed the car. The only logical place to fit the radiator was to mount it on the rear wing. This did not work well. Though many of the ideas were innovative in concept, they were failures in reality. This was a common theme in racing, such as Formula One. some ideas worked; others did not. The idea of mid-engine placement and the use of aerodynamic aids greatly revolutionized the sport. Other ideas, such as Tyrrells six-wheel car, though creative, were not very successful in the sport.

When the CanAm series came to a close in 1974, Shadow was able to focus their full efforts on Formula One. In 1972, Nichols had announced they would be competing with UOP sponsored cars designed by Tony Southgate. Their racing debut was the 1973 South African Grand Prix with the DN1 chassis. Jackie Oliver drove one car and George Follmer was in the other. Graham hill drove as a private entry under the Embassy Hill banner.

For the 1974 season, Peter Revson and Jean-Pierre Jarier were hired as the team drivers. Sadly, at a practice run at the South African Grand Prix, the suspension on Reveson's DN3 failed and he was killed. Tom Pryce was hired to take over his duties as factory driver.

The DN5 was debuted for the 1975 season. Power was from the popular Ford/Cosworth DFV V8 engine which produced nearly 500 horsepower. As had many Shadow cars in the past, the DN5 was plagued by mechanical failure.

Late in the 1975 season, the DN7 was introduced. Power was from a Matra V12 engine which provided 550 horsepower. To accommodate the larger and heavier engine, the wheelbase was considerably longer than the prior cars. Due to its expense and budget issues, only one example of the DN7 was ever created.

For the 1976 season, Pyrce and Jarrier raced in DN5, DN5B, and DN8 entries. Together they scored ten points with the team finishing 8th in the manufacturers title.

The following year, 23 points were scored from the DN5B and DN8 cars. Jarier raced for Shadow only once during the season, near the close at the US Grand Prix where he scored a ninth place finish. Pryce was with the team for only a short period during the start of the season. Alan Jones and Riccardo Patrese served as the factory drivers. Jackie Oliver drove once at the Swedish Grand Prix finishing in 9th place. Arturo Merzario drove once but failed to finish the race. Renzo Zorzio competed in the five races at the start of the season but finished only once.

In 1978, six points were scored in the DN8 and DN9. Team drivers were Hans-Joachim stuck and Clay Regazzoni. The team finished the season in 11th place. They improved the following year to 10th place, though only 3 points were scored. The DN9 was driven by Jan Lammers and Elio de Angelis.

The DN11 and DN12 were entered for the 1980 season, though no points were scored. Part way through the season, the team withdrew from competition.
By Daniel Vaughan | Feb 2009
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1978 Formula One Season
John Player Team LotusLotus79 John Player Special Mark IV United States Mario Gabriele Andretti
France Jean-Pierre Jacques Jarier
Sweden Bengt Ronnie Peterson 
Scuderia FerrariFerrari
312 T2
312 T3 
Argentina Carlos Alberto Reutemann
Canada Joseph Gilles Henri Villeneuve 
Parmalat Racing TeamBrabham Austria Andreas Nikolaus 'Niki' Lauda
Brazil Nelson Souto Maior Piquet
United Kingdom John Marshall 'Wattie' Watson 
Elf Team TyrrellTyrrell
France Patrick André Eugène Joseph Depailler
France Didier Joseph-Lovis Pironi 
Walter Wolf RacingWolf
United States Robert Woodward 'Bobby' Rahal
South Africa Jody David Scheckter 
Ligier GitanesLigier France Jacques-Henri Laffite 19
Fittipaldi AutomotiveFittipaldi
Brazil Emerson Fittipaldi 17
Marlboro McLarenMcLaren
Italy Bruno Giacomelli
United Kingdom James Simon Wallis Hunt
France Patrick Daniel Tambay 
10 Arrows Racing TeamArrows
Italy Riccardo Gabriele Patrese
Germany Rolf Johann Stommelen 
Williams Grand Prix EngineeringWilliams
Australia Alan Stanley Jones 11
11 Shadow Racing TeamShadow
Switzerland Gianclaudio Giuseppe 'Clay' Regazzoni
Germany Hans-Joachim Stuck 
12 Equipe Renault ElfRenault France Jean-Pierre Alain Jabouille 3
13 Team SurteesSurtees Italy Carlo 'Gimax' Franchi
Italy Giuseppe 'Beppe' Gabbiani
United Kingdom Rupert Keegan 
14 Team Tissot EnsignEnsign
Ireland Derek Daly
Austria Harald Ertl
Belgium Jacques Bernard 'Jacky' Ickx
United Kingdom Geoffrey Lees
Italy Lamberto Leoni
United States Robert Brett Lunger
United States Danny Ongais
Brazil Nelson Souto Maior Piquet 
 Team MerzarioMerzario Italy Alberto Colombo
Italy Arturo Francesco 'Little Art' Merzario 
 ATS Racing TeamATS Austria Hans Binder
Netherlands Michael Bleekemolen
Italy Alberto Colombo
Austria Harald Ertl
France Jean-Pierre Jacques Jarier
Germany Jochen Richard Mass
Finland Keijo Erik 'Keke' Rosberg 
 Team RebaqueLotus Mexico Héctor Alonso Rebaque 
 Centro Asegurador F1McLaren
Spain Emilio de Villota Ruíz 
 BS FabricationsMcLaren
Brazil Nelson Souto Maior Piquet 
 Liggett Group/BS FabricationsMcLaren
United States Robert Brett Lunger 
 Melchester RacingMcLaren
United Kingdom Tony Trimmer 
 Interscope RacingShadow
United States Danny Ongais 
 Durex Team SurteesSurtees France René Alexandre Arnoux 
 Beta Team SurteesSurtees Italy Vittorio Brambilla 
 Olympus Cameras/Hesketh RacingHesketh
United States Edward McKay 'Eddie' Cheever, Jr.
Ireland Derek Daly
United Kingdom Divina Mary Galica 
 Automobiles MartiniMartini France René Alexandre Arnoux 
 Theodore Racing TeamTheodore
United States Edward McKay 'Eddie' Cheever, Jr.
Finland Keijo Erik 'Keke' Rosberg 
 Theodore Racing Hong KongTheodore
Finland Keijo Erik 'Keke' Rosberg 

1978 Season Review
RaceCircuitDateWinning DriverConstructor
Argentina Argentine Grand Prix  Oscar GálvezJan 1978 United States Mario Gabriele AndrettiLotus 
Brazil Brazilian Grand Prix  JacarepaguáJan 1978 Argentina Carlos Alberto ReutemannFerrari 
South Africa South African Grand Prix  KyalamiMar 1978 Sweden Bengt Ronnie PetersonLotus 
United States United States Grand Prix West  Long BeachApr 1978 Argentina Carlos Alberto ReutemannFerrari 
Monaco Monaco Grand Prix  MonacoMay 1978 France Patrick André Eugène Joseph DepaillerTyrrell 
Belgium Belgian Grand Prix  ZolderMay 1978 United States Mario Gabriele AndrettiLotus 
Spain Spanish Grand Prix  JaramaJun 1978 United States Mario Gabriele AndrettiLotus 
Sweden Swedish Grand Prix  ScandinavianJun 1978 Austria Andreas Nikolaus 'Niki' LaudaBrabham 
France French Grand Prix  Paul RicardJul 1978 United States Mario Gabriele AndrettiLotus 
United Kingdom British Grand Prix  Brands HatchJul 1978 Argentina Carlos Alberto ReutemannFerrari 
Germany German Grand Prix  HockenheimringJul 1978 United States Mario Gabriele AndrettiLotus 
Austria Austrian Grand Prix  OsterreichringAug 1978 Sweden Bengt Ronnie PetersonLotus 
Netherlands Dutch Grand Prix  ZandvoortAug 1978 United States Mario Gabriele AndrettiLotus 
Italy Italian Grand Prix  MonzaSep 1978 Austria Andreas Nikolaus 'Niki' LaudaBrabham 
United States United States Grand Prix  Watkins GlenOct 1978 Argentina Carlos Alberto ReutemannFerrari 
Canada Canadian Grand Prix  Circuit Île Notre-DameOct 1978 Canada Jacques VilleneuveFerrari 

Formula One World Drivers' Champions

1950 G. Farina
1951 J. Fangio
1952 A. Ascari
1953 A. Ascari
1954 J. Fangio
1955 J. Fangio
1956 J. Fangio
1957 J. Fangio
1958 M. Hawthorn
1959 S. Brabham
1960 S. Brabham
1961 P. Hill, Jr
1962 N. Hill
1963 J. Clark, Jr.
1964 J. Surtees
1965 J. Clark, Jr.
1966 S. Brabham
1967 D. Hulme
1968 N. Hill
1969 S. Stewart
1970 K. Rindt
1971 S. Stewart
1972 E. Fittipaldi
1973 S. Stewart
1974 E. Fittipaldi
1975 A. Lauda
1976 J. Hunt
1977 A. Lauda
1978 M. Andretti
1979 J. Scheckter
1980 A. Jones
1981 N. Piquet
1982 K. Rosberg
1983 N. Piquet
1984 A. Lauda
1985 A. Prost
1986 A. Prost
1987 N. Piquet
1988 A. Senna
1989 A. Prost
1990 A. Senna
1991 A. Senna
1992 N. Mansell
1993 A. Prost
1994 M. Schumacher
1995 M. Schumacher
1996 D. Hill
1997 J. Villeneuve
1998 M. Hakkinen
1999 M. Hakkinen
2000 M. Schumacher
2001 M. Schumacher
2002 M. Schumacher
2003 M. Schumacher
2004 M. Schumacher
2005 F. Alonso
2006 F. Alonso
2007 K. Raikkonen
2008 L. Hamilton
2009 J. Button
2010 S. Vettel
2011 S. Vettel
2012 S. Vettel
2013 S. Vettel
2014 L. Hamilton
2015 L. Hamilton
2016 N. Rosberg
2017 L. Hamilton

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