The history of the Cadillac Company began with the Detroit Automobile Company, founded on August 5th of 1899 in Detroit, Michigan. Twelve financial backers provided automotive mechanic Henry Ford with the capital needed for this venture. Ford was reluctant to put a car into production until it had been perfected, much to the chagrin of his investors who quickly lost confidence in his ability to bring a horseless carriage to market. After around twenty-two examples had been completed, Henry Ford left, and Henry M. Leland of Leland & Faulconer Manufacturing Company was hired to value the company's assets. Instead, Leland persuaded the remaining partners to continue the automobile business with Leland's 1-cylinder engine. The company was renamed the Cadillac Automobile Company on August 22nd of 1902, and quickly established a reputation for its precision manufacturing and reliability, reinforced by winning the British Dewar Trophy for the most important advancement of the year in the automobile industry.
1909 was a significant year for the company, both for its acquisition by General Motors and the introduction of the Model 30 (in December of 1909). From the time of its introduction through 1914, it was the only Cadillac model offered. It was based on the earlier 1907 Model G and in 1910 it became the first Cadillac offered with a closed body - the coachwork was by Fisher.
The vertical, inline, L-head four-cylinder engine had individual cast-iron cylinders, a copper water jacket, mechanical-pushrod-roller cam followers, a float feed carburetor built by Cadillac, a 255.4 cubic-inch displacement, five main bearings, and delivered thirty horsepower. The chassis originally had a wheelbase size of 106-inches, growing to 110-inches in 1910, and 116-inches in 1911. Body styles were originally a two-door touring, roadster, and four-passenger Demi-Tonneau with a factory price of $1,400. A year later, prices increased by $200, and a 2-passenger roadster and a two-door limousine and coupe joined the lineup. Gas headlamps became standard, and the engine bore grew to 4.25-inches (an increase of 1/4-inch). The prior displacement size of 226.2 CID grew to 255.4 CID.
Prices on the 1911 Cadillac increase by approximately $100, with the roadsters (2 and 3 passenger versions), the two-door touring, and the two-door Demi-Tonneau selling for $1,700. The Fore-Door Touring was priced at $1,800, the Torpedo at $1,850, the 2-door Limousine at $3,000, and the coupe at $2,250. The engine bore grew by another .25-inch, to 4.5-inches, and displacement was now 286.3 CID. The carburetor was exchanged for a Schebler Model L unit, and Bosch high tension magneto and Delco single coil system were used for dual ignition. The engine was backed by a three-speed selective, sliding gear transmission with a leather-faced cone clutch. Stopping power was by mechanical brakes on two wheels, and wood artillery wheels were at all four corners. The rear axle now used a Timken full floating setup, with a torsion arm and two universal joints in the driveshaft.
Optional items included mohair tops, Prest-O-Lite style B tank, seat covers, Jones electric horn, and a windshield.
Cadillac sold 10,019 vehicles in 1911, an increase over the 8,008 vehicles produced a year earlier. 5,903 Cadillacs had been sold in 1909. Sales would continue to increase during the 1910s, with 13,995 vehicles sold in 1912, followed by 15,018 a year later.
Production of the four-cylinder Model 30 would continue through 1914 when it was replaced for 1915 by the Type 51 eight-cylinder Cadillac - the first production V-8. by Daniel Vaughan | Dec 2020
Related Reading : Cadillac Model 30 History
The Cadillac Model 30 was introduced in 1908 and remained in production until September of 1914. When first introduced, the Model Thirty sold for %241400 and available as a three-passenger Roadster, 2-door Demi-Tonneau with seating for four, or a two-door, five passenger Tourer. The wheelbase was 106-inches and powered by a 226.2 cubic-inch engine with five main bearings. There were three forward.... Continue Reading >>
Related Reading : Cadillac Model 30 History
Cadillacs first vehicles were single-cylinder vehicles that offered reasonable power and durability. The single-cylinder engine would stay in production for six years. The third year of Cadillac production, a four-cylinder engine was introduced offering slightly more horsepower allowing for larger and heavier bodies to be fitted on the chassis. In 1905 the Model D featured seating for five and.... Continue Reading >>
The 1911 Cadillac Model 30 was powered by a 286 cubic-inch four-cylinder engine offering 40 horsepower. It had a three-speed sliding transmission and rode on a 116-inch wheelbase. The wheels measured 26-inches with 34x4.5-inch tires. Standard equipme....[continue reading]
Demand for Cadillac's had risen by 1910, so much so that the company was pre-selling all seven models, and in 1911, production reached a new record of 10,019 cars. 1911 would be the final year for the Demi-Tonneau, which allowed quick conversion from....[continue reading]
The 1911 Cadillac Model 30 was the first model Cadillac that offered front doors to protect the drivers and front seat passengers from road dirt and debris. It sold new for about $1,750, which was more than double the price of a new Model T Ford, bu....[continue reading]
This 1911 Cadillac Model 30 Touring Car was originally purchased by a salesman for the Morrow Packing Company. It was delivered to the Cadillac Auto Company of Cincinnati, Ohio in November of 1910. It has been stored in multiple barns since 1922 unti....[continue reading]
The Cadillac company was formed from the remnants of the Henry Ford Company after Henry Ford departed. Henry M. Leland of Leland & Faulconer Manufacturing Company was influential in persuading the remaining partners to continue the automobile busines....[continue reading]
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