Image credits: © Ford.

1969 Ford Mustang

Nearly 300,000 examples of the Mustang were produced in 1969. The base engine was the overhead valve six-cylinder unit with a displacement size of 200 cubic-inches and delivered 115 horsepower. Other engine options included the 302, 351, 390, 428, and the 429 CID in various setups with horsepower ranging from 220 to 370 horsepower. Body styles included a hardtop coupe, fastback coupe, convertible, Grande hardtop, and Mach 1 Fastback. Exterior changes were rather significant, now with quad headlights and the side scoop was repositioned higher on the rear fenders for fastback models. They now faced rearward on the convertibles and hardtops.

1969 was certainly the benchmark year for Ford Mustang in its proliferation of performance names and engines. There were no less than 6 factory performance Mustang models offered including the GT, Boss 302, Boss 429, Mach 1, Shelby GT350 and Shelby GT500. The Mach 1 proved popular which ultimate lead Ford to discontinue the GT model after 1969. A total of 5,396 examples of the GT were produced in 1969 versus the 72,458 sales for the Mach 1. The GT badge would not re-appear on the Mustang again until 1982.

Mach 1
The Mach 1 package was only available in the 'Sportsroof' body style (previously known as the 'Fastback'). Along with the V8 engine, numerous visual and performance enhancements were added such as matte black hood treatment with hood pins, hood scoop (including optional Shaker scoop), competition suspension, chrome pop-open gas cap, revised wheels with Goodyear Polyglas tires, chrome exhaust tips (except 351W 2V), deluxe interior, unmissable livery and dealer optional chin spoiler, rear deck spoiler, and rear window louvers. The 351 cubic-inch Windsor engine was optional (351W) 2V with a 3 speed transmission, and a 9-inch 28 spline open rear axle. Buyers could optional select the 351W 4V, 390 cubic-inch FE, 428 CID Cobra Jet 4V with or without Ram Air, or the 'drag pack' 428 Super Cobra Jet engine. Depending on the powertrain choices, the suspension was upgraded to varying degrees. Big block cars had front shock tower reinforcement, thicker sway bars (no rear bar for 69), and heavier springs and shocks. Cars fitted with the 428 CJ/SCJ 4 speed came with staggered rear shocks.

The Mach 1s had a cosmetic hood scoop that had integrated turn-signal lights mounted in the back. A more functional option was the 'Shaker hood.' The interior came complete with teak wood grain details, full sound deadening material and high-back sport bucket seats.

Boss 429
The Ford Mustang invented the 'ponycar' genre when it was introduced in 1964. As the sixties continued, the muscle car wars escalated, as manufacturers shoehorned big displacement overhead valve V8 engines into a lighter weight mid-size (or ponycar) bodyshell. During this time, the non-competition pact adopted by the Big Three had essentially disintegrated, as open support was increasingly provided to supposedly independent racers. NASCAR had become the most popular racing series of all, and Chrysler had learned how to rule the track. Ford needed a new engine, but NASCAR's homologation rules required at least 500 similar cars be made available and sold to the public.

With the help of Kar Kraft, Ford's special vehicle shop that built the Le Mans-winning Ford Mark IV race cars, the new 429 cubic-inch engine was placed within the engine bay of the Mustang. The engine was a single overhead cam Ford V8 with a large bore and hemispherical combustion chambers. It had exotic aluminum heads that created a crescent-shaped, 'semi-Hemi' combustion chamber. Each head received a single overhead camshaft. There were forged steel crankshafts, four bolt mains, heavy duty rods and forged aluminum pistons. Each cylinder, oil and water passage had an individual O-ring to seal it; no head gaskets were used. One Holley four-barrel carburetor was installed and all Boss 429s built in 1969 used hydraulic lifter cams. Power was stated at 375 horsepower but was more likely closer to 500 hp.

Instead of placing the new engine in the mid-size Torino, Ford elected to create the ultimate ponycar by dropping it into the Mustang. The production process required many modifications, including cutting and relocating the shock towers to create the room necessary to fit the large engine. The battery was moved to the trunk, and a 3/4-inch sway bar was added to the rear axle. A large opening was cut in the hood to feed more air to the 429. The functional scoop mounted on the hood was the largest of any production Mustang, controlled manually from inside the car. Since air conditioning couldn't fit under the hood, it was not offered. The Boss 429 had a base price of $4,087, making it the most expensive non-Shelby Mustang to date. Color choices were limited to just five relatively conservative exterior colors in 1969, although this would change in 1970. Polished Magnum 500 wheels, which were optional on other special production Mustangs, were fitted to Boss 429s with F60x15 Firestone Wide Oval or Goodyear Polyglas tires. A total of 859 examples were built in 1969.


by Daniel Vaughan | Aug 2019
Inspired by the Ford Mustangs that won the 1966 and 1967 Trans-Am championships, Ford responded to new competition by creating the best Mustang of the time, the 1969 Boss 302
•With a unique look created by designer Larry Shinoda and a high-output 302-cubic-inch V8, the Boss 302 became one of the most legendary Mustangs ever

While it might be nice to have a market segment all to yourself, that can easily lead to complacency. Competition, on the other hand, pushes everyone to keep getting better. Nowhere is this truer than in the realm of performance cars like Ford Mustang.

When Mustang debuted in April 1964, there was nothing else like it on the market, and more than 1 million customers snapped one up in the first two years. This overnight success did not go unnoticed by other automakers, and competitors soon arrived to up the ante; Ford took up the challenge.

In early 1968, Semon E. 'Bunkie' Knudsen was named president of Ford Motor Company and Larry Shinoda joined the design staff. Knudsen was a strong believer that performance could help sell more cars, and soon after his arrival Shinoda and chief engineer Howard Freers were assigned to create an even higher performance Mustang. The new model would be inspired by the cars that won the first two Trans-Am championships in 1966 and 1967.

In his 1979 book 'Mustang!,' author Gary Witzenburg quotes Freers as saying they were instructed to build 'absolutely the best-handling street car available on the American market!' Chassis engineer Matt Donner set to work developing a heavy-duty suspension setup to take advantage of Goodyear's highest performance street tire of the time, the F60 Polyglas.

The result would come to be known as the Boss 302.

During development testing, the extra loading transmitted to the chassis by these tires led to front suspension damage on the prototype. The chassis reinforcements that resolved the issue were ultimately added to all Mustangs, thus improving the breed.

A high-performance version of the 302-cubic-inch small-block V8 provided the necessary motivation to take advantage of the upgraded chassis. The new wedge chamber cylinder heads on the 302 featured canted valves for improved airflow, helping it to generate 290 horsepower and 290 lb.-ft. of torque.

Meanwhile in the design studio, Shinoda crafted a unique look for this special Mustang. The air scoops on top of the rear fenders of other 1969 Mustangs were eliminated, and C-shaped stripes with the name Boss 302 were added to the front fenders. The hood and trunklid were painted flat black, and a functional spoiler to reduce lift was added below the front bumper.

The 1969½ Mustang Boss 302 debuted in March 1969, just short of five years after the original Mustang. Race-prepared versions of the Boss 302 generated an estimated 450 horsepower with dual four-barrel carburetors, and just missed out on the 1969 Trans-Am championship before winning again in 1970.

Source - Ford

Related Reading : Ford Mustang History

The Mustang was introduced at the 1965 New York Worlds Fair, Mustang Mania instantly swept the country, and a new automotive market segment was created - the 22 or better known as the ponycar. Though its mechanical underpinnings descended from the Falcon, the Mustang was completely different. It was a compact, tight, clean package weighing in at a modest 2,550 pounds - a departure from the ever-enlarging....
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Related Reading : Ford Mustang History

The Ford Mustang first appeared in 1964 and was immediately popular for its style and its capabilities. The largest engine offering of the time was the 289 V-8 K-code small block engine which was sufficient but enthusiasts wanted and demanded more power. The base engine was a six-cylinder power plant. The body style configurations included coupe, convertible and fastback. In its first year of....
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A pillar of American automotive lore, the Mustang is the vehicle the brought sporting dash and styling at a price that almost everyone could afford. Always extraordinarily attractive, the Mustang has been capturing the hearts of drivers for nearly 40 years. Introducing a whole new breed of automobile, the pony car, Ford wasnt content to stand on the sidelines while others jumped ahead. Rather than....
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1969 Vehicle Profiles

1969 Ford Mustang vehicle information

Fastback Coupe

Chassis Num: 9F022198868 KK2309

In 1969, Ford introduced a limited production model to the Mustang line. The Boss 429 was the most expensive and most powerful Mustang ever produced to that time. The name referred to its 429 cubic-inch V8 engine, and the Boss 'Nine' was Ford's answe....[continue reading]

1969 Ford Mustang vehicle information

Coupe

Chassis Num: 9R01Q123554

The 1969 Ford Mustang 428 Cobra Jet Coupe was offered for sale at the 2006 RM Auction held in Monterey, California. It was offered without reserve and expected to fetch $175,000-$275,000. The 428 cubic-inch Cobra Jet V8 engine is capable of producing....[continue reading]

1969 Ford Mustang vehicle information

Coupe

This car is powered by a 428 cubic-inch engine with 735 cfm 4-V Holley, R-Code. The transmission is a C-6 with Detroit Locker. This vehicle is 1 of 11 with GT option, and finished in Silver Jade Metallic paint, and Cobra Jet ram air.....[continue reading]

1969 Ford Mustang vehicle information

Mach 1 Fastback

The Mach 1 was a new model for 1969 nearly five years into the iconic Pony Car's lifecycle and was the first Ford-development which didn't involve Carroll Shelby. In 1969, some 72,458 Mach 1s were sold. There was a fantastic array of options availabl....[continue reading]

1969 Ford Mustang vehicle information

Mach 1 Fastback

Chassis Num: 9T02R113647

There were 299,036 examples of the 1969 Mustang. 131,819 were non-Shelby Sportsroof cars. Of those, 10,130 were built with the 428-4V Ram Air engine. 5,853 of those came with 4-speeed manual transmissions. 1,347 of those were painted Candy apple Red,....[continue reading]

1969 Ford Mustang vehicle information

Mach 1 Fastback

Chassis Num: 9R02S156128

This 1969 S-Code Ford Mustang Mach 1 390 has a flat black hood and matching scoop, contrasting reflective side and rear Mach 1 body striping, twin body color racing mirrors, NASCAR-style hood pins, styled steel wheels, a quick-release gas cap and the....[continue reading]

1969 Ford Mustang vehicle information

Mach 1 Fastback

Chassis Num: 9F02M213089

Ford introduced the Mach 1 in 1969, which took over as the top performance production Mustang. It was based on the Sportsroof fastback and was visually distinguished by a Flat Black painted hood with an imitation scoop or a Shaker Ram Air unit, NASCA....[continue reading]

1969 Ford Mustang vehicle information

Hardtop Coupe

Chassis Num: 9F02Z150456

In the late 1960s, Ford developed a new 429 cubic-inch V8. This new powerplant featured all-new free-flowing cylinder heads, an aluminum high-rise intake manifold, a 735 CFM Holley carburetor, 11.0:1 compression, header-style exhaust manifolds, and a....[continue reading]

1969 Ford Mustang vehicle information

Mach 1 Fastback

In 1969 the muscle car wars were in full swing. A wide variety of performance enhancements were available from nearly all of the manufacturers. Being able to standard apart from the crown was the next order of business.....[continue reading]

1969 Ford Mustang vehicle information

Hardtop Coupe

Chassis Num: 9F02M148628

This Ford Mustang was one of three Boss 302s built by Kar Kraft and prepared by Shelby for the 1969 Trans-Am season. This was the second of three examples constructed. All three cars were numbered sequentially, with this car being number '628.'....[continue reading]

1969 Ford Mustang vehicle information

Fastback Coupe

Tasca Ford, known for their involvement with Ford Performance during the 1960s, was also involved with the Trans Am road race series. During the 1968 Trans Am season, Dean Gregson, the Tasca Ford Performance Sales Manager, raced a Mustang prepared by....[continue reading]

1969 Ford Mustang vehicle information

Mach 1 Fastback

This 1969 Mustang Mach 1 Cobra Jet 428 is finished in Candy Apple Red with a white interior. It has a numbers matching 'R' Code Ram Air engine, a shaker hood, Top Loader 4 speed transmission, and an upgraded 3.91 Drag Pack rear axle. It rides on Magn....[continue reading]

1969 Ford Mustang vehicle information

Hardtop Coupe

In the late 1960's the horsepower wars were in full swing. With Chrysler offering their Hemi-head 426, Ford was clearly outgunned on the NASCAR race tracks. Ford was seeking to develop a Hemi engine that could compete with the famed 426 Hemi from Chr....[continue reading]

1969 Ford Mustang vehicle information

Grande Hardtop

This Ford Mustang Mach 1 Fastback was given a three-year nut-and-bolt rotisserie restoration. It has a professionally built R-Code 428 cubic-inch Cobra Jet V-8 engine mated to a four-speed transmission. It has a correctly built rear end, Daytona Pini....[continue reading]

1969 Ford Mustang vehicle information

Hardtop Coupe

This car was raced by Mike Pustelny in NHRA Super Stock class during the 1970s and 1980s. The Mustang is a multiple record-holder in the NHRA Super Stock SS/J class. This car was born as a 1969 Mustang Mach 1, Acapulco Blue, 428 Super Cobra Jet, 4-sp....[continue reading]

1969 Ford Mustang vehicle information

Fastback Coupe

The muscle car wars were in full swing in 1969. With the Big Three and AMC fighting for their share of the hungry youth market, Ford was pulling out all the stops.....[continue reading]

1969 Ford Mustang vehicle information

Fastback Coupe

Chassis Num: KK1280

Recently featured in 'Motor Trend Classic' and 'Mustang Milestones' magazines, this 1969 Mustang Boss 429 wears the ninth-lowest public VIN on record. Restored to MCA Trailered Gold Award standards (an award it won in 2010) it has received 18 Best of....[continue reading]

Fastback Coupe
Chassis #: 9F022198868 KK2309 
Coupe
Chassis #: 9R01Q123554 
Coupe
 
Mach 1 Fastback
 
Mach 1 Fastback
Chassis #: 9T02R113647 
Mach 1 Fastback
Chassis #: 9R02S156128 
Mach 1 Fastback
Chassis #: 9F02M213089 
Hardtop Coupe
Chassis #: 9F02Z150456 
Mach 1 Fastback
 
Hardtop Coupe
Chassis #: 9F02M148628 
Fastback Coupe
 
Mach 1 Fastback
 
Hardtop Coupe
 
Grande Hardtop
 
Hardtop Coupe
 
Fastback Coupe
 
Fastback Coupe
Chassis #: KK1280 

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