Image credits: © Chevrolet. GM Corp

CHEVY SILVERADO AND GMC SIERRA HYBRID MODELS DELIVER INNOVATIVE FUEL SAVINGS TECHNOLOGY AND LEGENDARY GM TRUCK PERFORMANCE

Introduced during the 2004 model year, Chevy Silverado and GMC Sierra Hybrid models provide General Motors fleet and commercial customers wîth yet another option when considering full-size pickup choices. The Hybrid Silverado and Sierra 1500 models promise up to 13 percent improvement in fuel economy, but they return all the performance and capability that have made these trucks legendary.

The hybrid option is available on two- and four-wheel-drive Extended Cab Silverado and Sierra models. They are available in limited quantities to retail customers in California, Washington, and Oregon for the 2005 model year.

The Vortec 5300 V-8 engine delivers 295 horsepower (220 kw) and 335 lb.-ft. (463 Nm) of torque – the same as its non-hybrid counterpart. Yet there's something Silverado and Sierra Hybrid provide that standard models do not: these trucks are essentially mobile power-generating stations, wîth four 120-volt/20-amp electrical auxiliary power outlets (APO). The power outlets are located under the rear seat of the cab and in the pickup bed. Customers can conveniently operate power equipment without taking up the bed space typical portable generators would use.

Key hybrid components and systems Starter Generator/Torque Converter


A key contributor to the Hybrid's fuel efficiency is its ability to automatically stop and restart the engine under different operating circumstances. Instead of a conventional starter motor and alternator, Hybrid pickups use a compact 14-kw electric induction motor or starter generator integrated in a patented, space-efficient manner between the engine and transmission. (posted on conceptcarz.com) The starter generator provides fast, quiet starting power and allows automatic engine stops/starts to conserve fuel. (concept carz) It also smoothes out any driveline surges; generates electrical current to charge the batteries and run auxiliary power outlets; and provides coast-down regenerative braking, as an aid to fuel economy.

The starter generator includes a rotor and stator, housed inside the transmission bell housing. The stator is attached to the engine block and incorporates high efficiency/smaller package-size coils formed by laser-welding copper bars together, instead of winding wîth copper wire. The rotor bolts directly to the engine crankshaft and spins inside the stator. Current flowing through the stator's electric windings generates magnetic forces in the rotor, which cause the rotor to turn, starting the engine. The starter generator is in series wîth the engine, connected directly to it, so that anytime the engine is turning, the starter generator is turning and vice versa.

The starter generator and torque converter are mounted in a concentric arrangement between the engine and transmission, without requiring additional powertrain length. This allows the powertrain to be aligned in the same position as in other GM full-size pickups. A package-efficient 258-mm diameter torque converter, providing driveability comparable to a standard 5.3L/automatic transmission pickup, is key to the compact design. An auxiliary transmission oil pump helps the automatic start feature by assuring sufficient line pressure to allow torque transfer immediately upon driver command, when the engine is started.

Electro-Hydraulic Power Steering System


A uniquely designed, engine-independent electro-hydraulic power §teering (EHPS) system provides variable-effort power §teering, even when the engine shuts off to conserve fuel. (concept carz) The EHPS 'powerpack' integrates an electric motor, a hydraulic pump and an electronic control module; it is powered by the truck's 42-volt battery pack.

The EHPS also provides power assist for the brake system's Hydroboost hydraulic brake booster. The brake system includes a unique 1800-psi pressure valve, a long stroke 34-mm diameter master cylinder, and a pedal position sensor, and it provides a 6.4:1 pedal ratio.

Energy Storage Module


The three valve-regulated lead-acid batteries store power for the 42-volt system. The 'deep-cycle' batteries employ absorbent glass mat technology, specifically designed for hybrid vehicles, and are tailored to GM performance requirements. Lead-acid batteries are less costly to replace than nickel-metal hydride batteries, have a 50- to 55-amp-hour capacity and a projected four-year lifecycle.

The batteries are stored in a single energy box that is mounted under the rear seat. They power only the EHPS and the starter generator. A conventional 12-volt under-hood battery powers all the other normal electrical items, such as lighting, driver information center and infotainment system.

Starter Generator Control Module


The starter generator control module (SGCM) controls the flow of torque/energy into and out of the starter generator. Overall, the SGCM controls the starter generator's engine cranking, torque control, speed control and torque smoothing/active damping functions. It also controls the accessory power module, which generates four types of power: 14-volt DC, 42-volt DC, 120-volt AC and 42-volt AC for the starter function.

In the basic, three-phase inversion/conversion process, 42-volt DC is converted to AC for starting and, conversely, AC is converted to 42-volt DC for recharging. In addition, 14-volt power is converted to 42-volt for jump-starting; 42-volt power is converted to 14-volt for the alternator function; and 42-volt power is converted to 120 volts AC for powering the electrical outlets.

Advanced safety


A passenger-sensing system and dual-level air bags are an integral part of all Silverado and Sierra models, including theHybrid. The system automatically deactivates the passenger-side front air bag under certain conditions to help protect smaller occupants.
Dual-stage frontal air bags are designed to help reduce the risk of air bag-induced injury. When the air bag system's control unit detects an impact, it determines whether the crash is severe enough to trigger a deployment, and whether the primary amount of inflation is sufficient. The primary stage alone will deploy in most frontal impacts requiring the supplemental protection of an air bag, while a secondary stage is designed to deploy in more severe frontal collisions.

More cabin comfort and convenience


Silverado and Sierra Hybrid's advanced multiplexed electrical architecture enables the driver information center to monitor and report on as many as 34 system functions, including service indicators for 'Ice Possible' and 'Door Ajar,' as well as feedback on the operation of the hybrid system. Available redundant §teering-wheel controls allow owners to personalize several functions and safely access infotainment options and provide easy access to the OnStar system. A standard automatic temperature control, dual-zone heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) system provides outstanding comfort.

Source - GM Corporation

Chevy Silverado Hybrid Rescues Brickyard 400 Display

On-Board Generator Úsed To Power 80,000 Sq. Ft. Chevy Display During Power Outage
The Chevrolet Silverado Parallel Hybrid Truck (PHT) provided a real-world demonstration of General Motors' hybrid technology after a local power outage threatened to shutdown Chevy's largest annual motorsport display at the NASCAR Brickyard 400 on Saturday.

The Chevy Silverado PHT features four 120-volt, 20 amp electrical auxiliary outlets under the rear seat of the cab and in the pickup bed that can accommodate up to four accessories while driving or when parked. The truck could power tools or appliances for up to 32 hours non-stop.

When the power went out in Indy affecting everything from the scoring tower to a large portion of the midway, a 2005 Chevy Silverado PHT was simply repositioned to power the various audio systems being utilized in the Chevy American Revolution display to entertain thousands of race fans.

'With some quarter of a million race fans at this venue, our ability to communicate is critical and without power everything comes to its knees as we lose all ability to communicate wîth our guests, ' said Terry Dolan, Marketing Manager for Chevy Racing. 'Having that Silverado hybrid allowed us to recoup and get back in action after only a couple of minutes. It was pretty remarkable how easily we were able to overcome such a potentially disruptive event.'

The Silverado pickup was used for nearly two hours to power the audio systems being used by the emcee of the event, former MTV veejay Ricky Rachtman, as well as sound panels broadcasting XM radio stations during intermissions.

The Chevy Silverado PHT is the world's first full-size hybrid pickup. It features GM's powerful 5300 Vortec V-8 and Hydra-Matic 4L60-E four-speed automatic transmission. (posted on conceptcarz.com) The hybrid delivers 10 to 12 percent improved fuel economy over GM half-ton pickups wîth no compromise in performance or utility. The Chevy Silverado PHT is more efficient because of the engine start/stop function and regenerative braking, which turns the motor into a generator as the truck decelerates. These hybrid versions of the 2005 Chevy Silverado will be available to retail customers this fall.

In 2003, GM again set sales records in the Únited States, its largest market, for total trucks and sport utility vehicles. GM became the first manufacturer to sell more than 2.8 million trucks in a calendar year and the first to sell more than 1.3 million SÚVs. GM also remained the leader in total sales of cars and total sales of full-size pickup trucks.

Source - GM

Chevrolet Trucks: Building America for 95 years

It started wîth a simple idea – a few car chassis fitted wîth hand-built beds to help carry materials around a booming car factory. Before long, millions of Chevrolet pickups were woven into the fabric of a fast-growing country. Chevy trucks tackled the toughest jobs on farms and in the fields, hauled tools and lumber to the burgeoning suburbs and carried families and friends into the wilds for well-earned vacations.

'The legacy that Chevrolet trucks have built over the last 95 years is important to protect,' said Don Johnson, Chevrolet vice president of Sales and Service. 'The best way for us to do that is by delivering the capability and technology our customers have grown to expect, in both our current trucks and in our next generation of full-size pickups.'

Here are some Chevy truck highlights:

1918 Chevrolet Four-Ninety Half-Ton Light Delivery 'Cowl Chassis'

Although there are indications that some Four-Ninety based trucks were built for internal use in 1916, and that a few even earlier chassis may have been converted to ambulances and sent to France in 1914, the first customer chassis appears to have been built in Flint, Mich., on Nov. 22, 1916, and shipped from the factory on Dec. 2 that year.

Two four-cylinder models marked Chevrolet's formal entry into the truck market for the 1918 model year. Both were cowl chassis units that came from the factory wîth only frontal sheet metal. It was customary at the time for buyers to obtain a wooden cab and cargo box or panel van body to suit their purposes.

Priced at $595, the half-ton Light Delivery cowl chassis was essentially a bodyless Chevrolet Four Ninety car equipped wîth stronger rear springs. Mounted wîth a pickup box or panel body, it provided an agile and economical light-delivery truck for small businesses popping up across America in the boom following the First World War.

The second model, a 1-ton capacity 1918 Chevrolet 'Model T' (presumably for 'Truck') cost $1,125 without a body. It was based on the FA-series car, and was built on a truck frame that was longer and stronger than the half-ton model. A 37-horsepower engine gave the larger truck the power to haul heavier loads at a governor-limited top speed of 25 mph.

1930 Chevrolet Pickup


The simple cowl chassis models were replaced in the 1930s by factory-built pickups, which initially came wîth roadster and closed bodies. Chevrolet bought the Martin-Parry body company in 1930 and quickly began selling steel-body half-ton pickups complete wîth a factory-installed bed.

At the heart of these new pickups was a new Chevy inline six-cylinder engine, which soon earned names like 'Cast Iron Wonder' and 'Stovebolt' for its rugged design. First produced in late 1928, the new engine had a modern overhead-valve design. Inline six-cylinder engines became a mainstay in Chevrolet cars and trucks for decades to come.

By the mid-1930s, half-ton pickups wîth factory-installed steel boxes had become the lifeblood of the truck market, wîth brands like Mack, Studebaker, Reo, and International competing wîth Chevy, GMC, Ford and Dodge.

1937 Chevrolet Half-Ton Pickup


In the mid-1930s, as the Ú.S. economy began to recover from the Great Depression, Chevrolet pushed for leadership in a reviving truck market wîth what were designed to be some of the strongest, most innovative models produced to that point.

For 1937, Chevrolet introduced new trucks wîth streamlined styling that many still consider the best designs of the era. The '37 also featured a sturdier body and a larger and more powerful 78-horsepower engine, among other improvements.

A 1937 Chevrolet half-ton pickup was sent on a 10,245-mile drive around the Únited States that was monitored by the American Automobile Association (AAA). Carrying a 1,060 lb. load, the truck averaged 20.74 miles per gallon.

1947 Chevrolet Advance-Design Half-Ton Pickup


In early 1947, Chevrolet introduced its Advance-Design trucks, the first completely redesigned GM vehicles to appear following World War II. Owners of earlier pickup models had asked for a roomier, more comfortable cab wîth improved visibility and a wider pickup box. They got all of that and more.

Designers sought to make the truck's styling clean, brisk and attractive. Headlamps were now set wide apart in the front fenders and five horizontal bars made up the grille. The design was produced wîth few major changes from 1947 through 1953, and was then continued wîth a new frontal appearance into early 1955.

During the Advance-Design trucks' run, there was a measurable shift among Chevrolet customers to trucks. Prior to World War II, the production ratio of the brand's cars to trucks had been about 4:1. By 1950 – the year Chevrolet became the first brand to sell more than 2 million vehicles in a single year – the ratio of cars to trucks was closer to 2.5:1.

1955 Chevrolet Task Force Pickup


By the mid-1950s, the post-World-War II boom was under way, and customers were lòòking for style and performance even in pickup trucks. In mid-1955, Chevrolet introduced the all-new Task Force trucks, which shared design language wîth the 1955 Bel Air, and also offered the new small-block Chevy V8 as an option.

Also new to the 1955 truck line was the Cameo Carrier, a high-styled gentleman's pickup more at home in a trendy suburban California bungalow driveway than on a farm or in a factory yard. The Cameo Carrier was only produced through 1958, but it set the stage for new generations of well-equipped personal use pickups, including the El Camino, Avalanche, and Silverado crew cab.

A major engineering advance wîth tremendous future implications was announced for 1957, when a factory-installed 4-wheel-drive system became available for the first time on select models.

Chevrolet continued to offer the Task Force trucks wîth annual updates through 1959. During 1958, a new slab-sided Fleetside box option provided an alternative to Chevrolet's traditional step-side pickup box.

1959 Chevrolet El Camino


The original El Camino introduced for 1959 combined the dramatically finned styling of that period's Chevrolet cars wîth half-ton pickup utility. But the excitement was short-lived. After 1960, the El Camino went on a three-year hiatus.

Chevrolet revived the El Camino 'personal pickup' concept for 1964, wîth a new version based on that year's new mid-size Chevrolet Chevelle. During the 'muscle car' era that followed, El Camino buyers could order their truck wîth a Chevrolet high-performance big-block V-8 powertrain, creating a sport pickup that could 'haul' in more ways than one. By 1968, a complete Super Sport package was available.

The Chevelle El Camino enjoyed a devoted following and was produced through two more styling generations (1968-1972 and 1973-1977). For 1978, the El Camino was successfully transitioned to that year's new, smaller Malibu platform. The final El Caminos were 1987 models.

1961 Corvair Pickup


Although there had been a number of small pickups prior to the 1960s, the compact car boom that kicked off the decade brought wîth it a new crop of forward control trucks, including the Corvair 95. With its unitized body structure and rear-mounted engine, the 95 offered a lot of cargo space in a compact maneuverable package. The Rampside model offered a side gate on the right side of the vehicle, which allowed easy access to the low load floor at the front of the bed. Although clever in design, the Corvair 95 never caught on in the showroom, and in the final model year of 1964, only 851 were sold.

1967 Chevrolet C-10 wîth Custom Sport Truck Package


It took only one glance at any of the 35 Chevrolet C/K models for 1967 to see that Chevy trucks had a new look that year. The exterior profile, which would characterize Chevrolet C/K models through 1972, featured a lower-silhouette cab and large, rounded wheel openings. The new chassis had coil springs front and rear.

A new-for-1967 Custom Sport Truck package was a trend-setting option that included deluxe, car-like upgrades inside and out. The package could even be ordered in combination wîth bucket seats.

By 1967, the Federal Interstate Highway System was giving Americans unprecedented access to the nation's natural wonders and recreational areas. Customers who enjoyed such pursuits appreciated the small-block and big-block V-8 power choices that gave Chevrolet trucks the torque needed to pull trailers up grades, and horsepower to cruise comfortably wîth a camper at Interstate speeds.

1972 Chevy LÚV


In spring of 1972, Chevrolet started selling the LÚV pickup on costal markets. Built by GM partner Isuzu, the LÚV featured a 75-horsepower four-cylinder engine and four-speed manual transmission. (posted on conceptcarz.com) Although the specs were modest, the LÚV was a fully functioning pickup, wîth a ladder-style frame, a six-foot bed, and a payload of 1,100 pounds, plus room for two passengers. Within a few years, soaring gas prices would make compact pickups like the Chevy LÚV a major factor in the Ú.S. truck market, and it wasn't long before Chevrolet started work on a home-grown small truck.

1982 Chevrolet S-10


The Chevrolet S-10 was the first domestically produced compact pickup, larger than the imported Chevy LÚV but smaller than the full size C/K model. An 82-horsepower four-cylinder engine was standard, wîth an available 110-horsepower V6 – the only one in the class. Properly equipped, the S-10 could haul 1,500 pounds, and tow 4,000. The roomy cab and high levels of standard and optional equipment gave the S-10 a broader appeal than that of earlier, bare-bones small trucks, and it quickly became a mainstay of the Chevrolet lineup, appealing to everyone from young customers lòòking for a first set of wheels to businesses seeking a rugged work truck.

1988 Chevrolet Pickups


Pickup trucks had been slowly migrating from the worksite to the suburbs, and the 1988 Chevrolet C/K pickup accelerated that trend, bringing the aerodynamics, electronics and materials that had revolutionized the automobile over the past decade to the full-size pickup. Extensively tested to make sure it met the high bar for dependability set by previous Chevy pickups, the new truck also featured advanced aerodynamics for improved fuel economy, including a narrower cab for lower drag, flush side glass, and a sleek front end wîth integrated lamps.

A full range of powertrains was offered, from a 4.3-liter V6 through a 6.2-liter diesel V8. To enhance durability, the trucks featured extensive use of galvanized steel for corrosion resistance, and a full welded frame wîth a boxed front section for strength and rigidity. Civilized driving characteristics and styling moved full-size pickups closer to being the family vehicles they are today.

1999 Chevrolet Silverado


Chevrolet's all-new 1999 full-size pickups were the first to carry the Silverado nameplate. The new trucks resulted from the most intensive development program yet undertaken by General Motors and they arrived just in time for a boom in truck sales. The styling of the new Silverado pickups built on the purposeful design that characterized the preceding C/K pickups. Interiors had all the comfort and convenience features personal-use customers were starting to expect. Power came from a new generation of V8 engines.

2004 Silverado 1500 Crew Cab


The 2002 Chevrolet Avalanche pioneered the idea of a light-duty pickup that could comfortably accommodate the family, and the 2004 Silverado took this idea and ran wîth it. In less than eight years, light-duty crew cabs would dominate the full-size pickup market, accounting for more than two-thirds of all sales, and transforming pickups into a true multi-purpose vehicle for both work and family. Available creature comforts included dual-zone climate control, Bose sound systems, a rear-seat DVD player, OnStar and XM radio. Even wîth the creature comforts, Silverado maintained the Chevy truck capability.

2007 Silverado


The all-new 2007 Silverado provided significant improvements in performance and fuel economy, while strengthening the capability and dependability Chevy pickups were known for. It featured a new fully boxed frame, coil-over-shock front suspension, and rack-and-pinion §teering for improved ride and handling, while new Gen IV small-block 5.3L and 6.0L V-8 engines could deactivate four of the eight cylinders when not needed to save fuel. (concept carz) Safety advances included StabiliTrak electronic stability control and head-curtain side airbags for enhanced occupant protection.

2013 Chevrolet Colorado


Just as full-size pickups have become the lifeblood of the American economy, midsize pickups are important vehicles for businesses and families in many countries outside the Únited States. Chevrolet's new global mid-size Colorado pickup is designed to help expand the Chevrolet brand into many of the world's fastest-growing markets.

Developed under the direction of a truck-savvy team from GM do Brasil, the inaugural version of the global Colorado was launched in Thailand, the world's largest market for midsize pickups, in November, 2011. Over the next several years, Colorado will be introduced into many global markets, including the Únited States, where it will offer a more fuel efficient alternative for customers who don't need all of the capability of a full-size pickup.

Source - GM

NEW SIERRA MARKS 111 YEARS OF GMC PICKUP HERITAGE PHOTO HISTORY SHOWS EVOLUTION OF TRUCK DESIGN THROUGH 12 DECADES

• New Sierra Marks 111 Years of GMC Pickup Heritage

• Photo history shows evolution of truck design through 12 decades

DETROIT - The all-new 2014 GMC Sierra fullsize pickup will be the latest in a bloodline that stretches back over a century. The first truck to wear a GMC badge debuted in 1912, while a predecessor from the Max Grabowsky's Rapid Motor Vehicle Co. was the first commercial truck operated in the City of Detroit 10 years earlier.

Here's a list of highlights by decade, accompanied by a corresponding photo of each.
• 1900s: The first Rapid truck - little more than a seat, an engine cover and a frame - was delivered in 1902.
• 1910s: The GMC name takes its place on a truck grille for the first time in 1912 and the mix of trucks offered had either upright front ends or curved 'French' fronts.
• 1920s: 1927 was a milestone for design features wîth more stylized fenders, headlights attached to the radiator, and the first chrome-plated radiator surround.
• 1930s: Streamlining in the '30s added sloped grilles, more paint color options and passenger cabs inspired by car design trends, which helped expand the truck market.
• 1940s: Following the war, GMCs of the late '40s featured fully integrated headlights for the first time, as well as wider, lower, and bolder grilles.
• 1950s: Cars again influenced truck design in the '50s, resulting in more safety, comfort and performance. 1955 highlights were hooded headlights and panoramic glass.
• 1960s: The first GMC pickup wîth a full-width hood debuted in 1960. Other design cues included 'jet pod' grilles at the front and a pinched-waist body crease on each side. - 1970s: Padded materials replaced many metal interior surfaces in the '70s. Heavy duty models offered a dual rear axle for the first time and the Crew Cab debuted. - 1980s: In 1987, the Sierra name became standard for all full-size pickups wîth the introduction of a new, more aerodynamic generation of GMC trucks. - 1990s: The '90s brought the first rear-hinged three-door Extended Cab model. In 1999, new generation of truck introduced the first use of frame hydroforming. - 2000s: The new millennium brought the 'D' decade: The first Duramax diesel engine for Sierra HD added capability and the first Denali pickup set a luxury standard for trucks. - 2012: The new 2014 Sierra debuts on December 13.

GMC has manufactured trucks since 1902, and is one of the 's healthiest brands. Innovation and engineering excellence is built into all GMC vehicles and the brand is evolving to offer more fuel-efficient trucks and crossovers, including the Terrain small SÚV and Acadia crossover. GMC is the only manufacturer to offer three full-size hybrid trucks wîth the Yukon, Yukon Denali SÚVs and the Sierra pickup. The Sierra Heavy Duty pickups are the most capable and powerful trucks in the market.

Source - GMC

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