conceptcarz.com


 Lincoln Model K photo

1931 Lincoln Model K

Lincoln introduced the Model K in 1931 on a lengthened 145-inch wheelbase, replacing the 136-inch Model L. The refined 385 cubic-inch V-8 engine had increased compression, a Stromberg downdraft two-barrel carburetor, five main bearings, mechanical valve lifters, and delivered 120 horsepower at 2,900 RPM. The engine was backed by a three-speed sliding gear transmission with floor shift controls, double dry disc clutch, and now featured synchromesh on second and third gears, plus freewheeling. Bendix Duo Servo mechanical brakes on four wheels provided the stopping power. The long platform allowed designs to endow the Model K with a lower, longer, and more modern appearance. The suspension was comprised of a solid front and full-floating rear axle with semi-elliptic leaf springs.

The Lincoln Motor Company was founded in 1917 by Henry Leland and his son Wilfred. Leland, who was also among the founders of Cadillac, had sold the company to General Motors in 1909, remaining as an executive until 1917 when he left following a dispute with GM President William Durant. The new Lincoln marque was financed by a $10 million government contract to built Liberty V12 aircraft engines. When the contract ended, Leland returned to automobile production with the introduction of the Model L in 1920.

Leland, a talented engineer, configured the V8 with two connecting rods sharing one bearing on the crankshaft, allowing for a shorter crankshaft and smaller overall engine size. The 357.8 CID engine initially developed 81 horsepower, increasing to 90 hp a few years later. The coachwork was designed by Angus Woodbridge, the son-in-law of Henry Leland.

The newly-formed Lincoln company struggled in the postwar recession-era with struggling sales and false tax evasion claims. The company was rescued in 1922 by Henry Ford for 8 million. Henry Ford's son Edsel was soon appointed President and Ernest C. Kanzler General Manager. New body designs followed, hydraulic shock absorbers were added, the wheelbase grew from 130- to 136-inches, and production economies were implements that reduced manufacturing costs by approximately $1,000 per car.

Despite the niche market segment, Lincoln Model L sales increased by about 45 percent, and by the close of 1923, the company had become profitable.

By the early 1930s, competition in the American luxury market was fierce, and Lincoln's response was the Model K. It continued to use the Leland-designed V8 with its fork-and-blade connecting rods but with new cylinder heads, manifolding, and a two-barrel downdraft carburetor (this was the first appearance of a downdraft two-barrel on any American automobile.) Horsepower rose dramatically, now rated at 120 horsepower, with 1/3 from the same displacement's 90bhp rating in 1930.

Along with engine improvements, Lincoln introduced an all-new drop-frame chassis with cruciform brakes, six cross members, a 145-inch wheelbase, and nineteen-inch wheels. A year later, Lincoln installed a new, 448 cubic-inch V12 engine into the frame to create the Model KB. Design changes included a longer hood, flowing fenders, rounded bumpers, a new peaked radiator shape, higher windows, new bowl-shaped headlight shells, and dual trump horns with town and country settings.

The company continued to offer both factory and semi-custom bodies, enlisting some of the finest coachbuilders of the era including Dietrich, Brunn, Judkins, LeBaron, and Derham. Prices for the factory coachwork ranged from $4,400 to $5,100. The custom coachwork ranged from $4,700 to over $7,000. Factory bodies included a 5- and 7-passenger sedan, coupe, limousine, a Sport Phaeton, Sport Tourer, and town sedan.

Lincoln produced 3,592 vehicles during the 1931 calendar year, a decrease from 3,515 the previous year, attributed to the Great Depression.

The Model K would be offered as an eight- and twelve-cylinder model for 1932. The following year, the Model KA and Model KB continued although both were now powered by twelve-cylinder engines. Model KA and KB designations continued through 1934, reverting back to the Model K in 1935. In 1936, Lincoln introduced the very popular Zephyr Model with an integral body frame construction and an all-steel roof. Production of the exclusive Model K continued through 1939, and for 1940, only the Zephyr and newly introduced Continental remained.


by Daniel Vaughan | Nov 2020

Related Reading : Lincoln K-Series History

Becoming a vehicle that was known for luxury, Lincoln underwent a total transformation in 1931. Re-powered, re-styled, and becoming lower-priced, this entire transformation was done under the censorship of Edsel Ford. The Lincoln Model K replaced the Model L, and only a total of forty-five models were ever produced. With an increased horsepower from 90 to 120, the newly added Stromberg carburetor....
Continue Reading >>

1931 Vehicle Profiles

1931 Lincoln Model K vehicle information

Convertible Coupe
Coachwork: LeBaron

For 1931 Lincoln introduced a longer, 145-inch wheelbase chassis known as the Model K, replacing the 136-inch Model L chassis. The move was applauded by body designers, who had long been seeking a longer Lincoln chassis for their efforts.....[continue reading]

1931 Lincoln Model K vehicle information

Dual Cowl Sport Phaeton

A sporty, expensive, and low-production car which was purchased new by Helen Clay Frick, daughter of Henry Clay Frick. The Lincoln Motor Company was founded in 1917 by Henry M Leland, who had also established Cadillac in 1902. Widely renowned for his....[continue reading]

1931 Lincoln Model K vehicle information

Town Car Landaulet
Coachwork: Dietrich

This rare 1931 Lincoln Model K town car landaulet is fitted with semi-custom coachwork by Dietrich. It is all original including paint, top, and leather interior.

The car may be a one-off special order car that must have been commissioned th....[continue reading]

1931 Lincoln Model K vehicle information

Dual Cowl Phaeton
Coachwork: Dietrich

Chassis Num: K 8208
Engine Num: 46129

This 1931 Lincoln Model K Dual Cowl Phaeton sits atop a 145 inch wheelbase. Located in the front of the vehicle is a 385 cubic-inch side-valve engine with 120 horsepower. Power was the sent to the rear wheels through a three-speed manual gearbox with....[continue reading]

1931 Lincoln Model K vehicle information

Convertible Victoria
Coachwork: Waterhouse

The Waterhouse Coachbuilding firm constructed a total of 40 bodies for Lincoln. They constructed seven bodies, of unknown configuration, for the Model L chassis. The remaining thirty-three were built for the Model K chassis. Twenty-five were Converti....[continue reading]

1931 Lincoln Model K vehicle information

Dual Cowl Sport Phaeton

Chassis Num: 68639

This 1931 Lincoln Model K Two-Window Berline has coachwork by Judkins. Judkins created over 3,110 examples of the Berline bodystyle between 1922 and 1939. It is believed that a mere 72 2-Window Berline's were created in 1931. ....[continue reading]

1931 Lincoln Model K vehicle information

Opera Coupe

Not only was the wheelbase lengthened but the engine horsepower was increased, from 90 to 125. This was achieved mainly by adopting a new two-barrel downdraft carburetor - the first one used by an American manufacturer.....[continue reading]

1931 Lincoln Model K vehicle information

Dual Cowl Phaeton
Coachwork: Dietrich

1931 was a milestone year for Lincoln - the legendary model ceased production and a new, redesigned model was introduced. It was still powered by the famous Lincoln V-8 but horsepower was now 120 and the wheelbase was lengthened to 145 inches.....[continue reading]

1931 Lincoln Model K vehicle information

Town Sedan 2 Window

Twenty-five different body styles were available in 1931, including this Town Sedan, which was available in two and three-window versions. The former offered a sportier, more 'European' look, although fewer were sold. With its options, this Town Se....[continue reading]

1931 Lincoln Model K vehicle information

Convertible Coupe
Coachwork: LeBaron

Chassis Num: 69120

This LeBaron bodied Convertible Coupe was treated to a complete professional restoration, bringing it back to its original specifications. The car was re-painted in its correct Lincoln colors using the proper nitro-cellulose paint. At the time, its o....[continue reading]

1931 Lincoln Model K vehicle information

Dual Cowl Phaeton
Coachwork: Dietrich

Under the direction of Edsel Ford, the function of the Lincoln automobile was to confer prestige upon Ford. Calvin Coolidge bought a Lincoln in 1923, establishing a presidential tradition. The Model K was introduced in 1931 and 24 models were listed ....[continue reading]

1931 Lincoln Model K vehicle information

Two-Window Berline
Coachwork: Judkins

Chassis Num: 67218

This vehicle is a 1931 Lincoln Model K Judkins Two-Window Berline and one of only 72 examples built with very few survivors. It was given a $125,000 concours quality restoration 13 years ago, and has been kept in excellent condition. The 385 cubic-in....[continue reading]

1931 Lincoln Model K vehicle information

Convertible Coupe
Coachwork: LeBaron

1931 was a milestone year for Lincoln - the legendary model ceased production and a new, redesigned model was introduced. It was still powered by the famous Lincoln V-8 but horsepower was now 120 and the wheelbase was lengthened to 145 inches. ....[continue reading]

1931 Lincoln Model K vehicle information

Panel Brougham
Coachwork: Willoughby

Only about forty-five Lincoln Ks were built, and they were considered some of the most powerful and luxurious automobiles of their day. With a 145-inch chassis, the Model K replaced the shorter Model L and provided coachbuilders, such as Willoughby, ....[continue reading]

1931 Lincoln Model K vehicle information

Town Sedan 3 Window

The Lincoln Modern K was introduced in 1931 and represented a complete design transformation under the leadership of Edsel Ford. It featured a 385 cubic-inch V8 engine with a dual venturi downdraft Stromberg carburetor producing 120 horsepower. The c....[continue reading]

1931 Lincoln Model K vehicle information

Convertible Victoria
Coachwork: Waterhouse

Chassis Num: 68757
Engine Num: 68757

The Waterhouse Company of Webster, Massachusetts was in business from 1928 through 1932. This Convertible Victoria is one of just four 1931 Lincoln Model K vehicles clothed by Waterhouse as a Convertible Victoria. It is believed that just two example....[continue reading]

1931 Lincoln Model K vehicle information

Dual Cowl Sport Phaeton

Lincoln's Model K was introduced in 1931, succeeding the Model L as the top-of-the-line for Ford's upscale marque. Cadillac had just introduced its new V12 model, effectively triggering a 'cylinder race.' Lincoln's V12 was in the works; meanwhile the....[continue reading]

1931 Lincoln Model K vehicle information

Town Sedan 2 Window

At the end of WWI, Henry Leland began building a new line of conservative but well-designed automobiles he called Lincoln after the first president for whom he voted. After struggling financially he sold the company to Ford in 1922 for $6.5 million.....[continue reading]

Convertible Coupe by LeBaron
 
Dual Cowl Sport Phaeton
 
Town Car Landaulet by Dietrich
 
Dual Cowl Phaeton by Dietrich
Chassis #: K 8208 
Convertible Victoria by Waterhouse
 
Dual Cowl Sport Phaeton
Chassis #: 68639 
Opera Coupe
 
Dual Cowl Phaeton by Dietrich
 
Town Sedan 2 Window
 
Convertible Coupe by LeBaron
Chassis #: 69120 
Dual Cowl Phaeton by Dietrich
 
Two-Window Berline by Judkins
Chassis #: 67218 
Convertible Coupe by LeBaron
 
Panel Brougham by Willoughby
 
Town Sedan 3 Window
 
Convertible Victoria by Waterhouse
Chassis #: 68757 
Dual Cowl Sport Phaeton
 
Town Sedan 2 Window
 


Concepts by Lincoln

Similar Vehicles

Lincoln Monthly Sales Volume



Recent Vehicle Additions

Performance and Specification Comparison

Price Comparison

1931 Model K
$7,405-$18,000
1931 Lincoln Model K Price Range: $72 - $7,405

Model Year Production

#1#2#3Lincoln
1936Ford (930,778)Chevrolet (918,278)Plymouth (520,025)16,528
1935Ford (820,253)Chevrolet (548,215)Plymouth (350,884)1,411
1934Ford (563,921)Chevrolet (551,191)Plymouth (321,171)2,411
1933Chevrolet (486,261)Ford (334,969)Plymouth (298,557)1,647
1932Chevrolet (313,404)Ford (210,824)Plymouth (186,106)3,647
1931Chevrolet (619,554)Ford (615,455)Buick (138,965)3,540
1930Ford (1,140,710)Chevrolet (640,980)Buick (181,743)3,212
1929Ford (1,507,132)Chevrolet (1,328,605)Buick (196,104)7,641
1928Chevrolet (1,193,212)Ford (607,592)Willys Knight (231,360)6,362
1927Chevrolet (1,001,820)Ford (367,213)Buick (255,160)7,149
1926Ford (1,669,847)Chevrolet (547,724)Buick (266,753)8,712

Related Automotive News

2015 Pebble Beach Concours d'Elegance Best of Show

2015 Pebble Beach Concours d'Elegance Best of Show

PEBBLE BEACH, Calif. (August 17, 2015) -- An Italian Isotta Fraschini Tipo 8A Cabriolet that once turned heads and garnered top prizes in the classic era glided to victory at the 65th Pebble Beach Concours dElegance on Sunday. The competition...
RM Auctions Amelia Island Preview - 2014

RM Auctions Amelia Island Preview - 2014

0 RM Auctions, the worlds largest auction house for investment-quality automobiles, will hold its Amelia Island, Florida, sale on March 8th at the Ritz-Carlton. As the official auction house of the Amelia Island Concours dElegance, RMs...
Two Best of Show Winners : Similar Designs : Same Owner

Two Best of Show Winners : Similar Designs : Same Owner

When these two vehicles won Best of Show honors at major Concours dElegance events, they both were owned by Judge Joseph Cassini III. The green colored Chrysler 4 door Phaeton with tan convertible top wears coachwork by LeBaron. In 2012, it won the...
63rd Pebble Beach Concours d'Elegance Names 1934 Packard  'Best of Show'

63rd Pebble Beach Concours d'Elegance Names 1934 Packard 'Best of Show'

The competition showcased 248 cars, including 48 from abroad PEBBLE BEACH, Calif. (August 18, 2013) -- A 1934 Packard 1108 Twelve Dietrich Convertible Victoria owned by Joseph and Margie Cassini III of West Orange, New Jersey, was named Best...
Lincoln at Los Angeles Auto Show Press Days: Celebration of Its Past and Future As Brand Rolls Out Its Reinvention

Lincoln at Los Angeles Auto Show Press Days: Celebration of Its Past and Future As Brand Rolls Out Its Reinvention

The brand pays tribute to its heritage today, displaying seven of the most influential Lincoln designs Thursday sees a display full of the all-new MKZ premium midsize sedan and MKZ Hybrid, the future of Lincoln, on the Lincoln stand Lincoln launches...

© 1998-2021. All rights reserved. The material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed.


Vehicle information, history, And specifications from concept to production.
Follow ConceptCarz on Facebook Follow ConceptCarz on Twitter RSS News Feed

Conceptcarz.com
© 1998-2020 Conceptcarz.com Reproduction Or reuse prohibited without written consent.