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 Pierce-Arrow Model 31 photo

1919 Pierce-Arrow Model 31

Throughout the second decade of the 20th century, Pierce-Arrow built a reputation for quality automobiles that were fast and reliable. Three chassis models were offered, the 38, 48, and 66 - with numerous body options. With the introduction of the dual-valve 38 and 48 models, Pierce-Arrow discontinued the Model 66. The engine featured four-valve per cylinder with detachable heads, and a new dual-head Delco distributor ignition system replaced the magneto/coil box setup.

The Pierce-Arrow Series was produced in 1919 and 1920. It had a 134-inch wheelbase platform, whereas the Model 48 rested on a larger, 142-inch wheelbase. The Model 38 offered 38 horsepower and a variety of Pierce-Arrow built bodies using proprietary technology from its Buffalo neighbor Aluminum Company of America to cast its body parts in very thin 1/8' thick flanged aluminum panels which were fitted together and fastened with rivets. This made the bodies lightweight, stiff, and dent resistant.

To ensure quality, Pierce-Arrow exhaustively tested their products before delivery. The engine was tested for over 15 hours and then torn down and inspected. Reassembled, it was then taken to a 'silent room' where it was tested for an additional two hours to check for noises, power output, and fuel consumption. The engine was then installed in its chassis and driven another 100 miles on a chassis dynamometer with further inspection being performed.


by Daniel Vaughan | Oct 2019
Vehicle Profiles
1919 Pierce-Arrow Model 31 vehicle information

Touring Car

The Pierce-Arrow Series 31 was produced in 1919 and 1920. Power was from a 6-cylinder, 24-valve engine with dual cams producing 38 horsepower. During its two years of production, only a few examples were produced and fewer than a dozen survive in m....[continue reading]

1919 Pierce-Arrow Model 31 vehicle information

Touring Car

Chassis Num: 311365

Pierce-Arrow continued to produce legendary automobiles during the second decade of the 20th century, built to high standards of luxury and quality. With three chassis models - the 38, 48 and 66 - and numerous body options, Pierce-Arrow was able to s....[continue reading]

1919 Pierce-Arrow Model 31 vehicle information

Vestibule Suburban

Chassis Num: 312017
Engine Num: 311365

The Vestibule Suburban was named for its intended use of shuttling the wealthy between their city and country homes. Its innovative design featured a roofline raised above the rear doors, in similar fashion to a fine manor. This particular example sp....[continue reading]

1919 Pierce-Arrow Model 31 vehicle information

Five-Passenger Tourer

Chassis Num: 311206
Engine Num: 314026

This Pierce-Arrow Model 31 was completed in 1919 and the engine was completed and installed the following year. It has its original cast aluminum body, fenders and hood, plus the original lights. It was owned by a rancher in the Central California Va....[continue reading]

1919 Pierce-Arrow Model 31 vehicle information

Touring Car

Chassis Num: 312064

This particular Pierce-Arrow appeared in the 1950 motion picture 'Cheaper by the Dozen,' starring Greer Garson and Clifton Webb which was a major box office success. It is a seven passenger tourer equipped with a six-cylinder 'T-Head' engine cast-in-....[continue reading]

Touring Car
 
Touring Car
Chassis #: 311365 
Vestibule Suburban
Chassis #: 312017 
Five-Passenger Tourer
Chassis #: 311206 
Touring Car
Chassis #: 312064 

Recent Vehicle Additions

Performance and Specification Comparison

Price Comparison

$476-$6,523
1919 Model 31
$7,250-$9,450
1919 Pierce-Arrow Model 31 Price Range: $6,523 - $7,250

Other 1919 Pierce-Arrow Models

Industry Production

#1#2#3Pierce-Arrow
1924Ford (1,922,048)Chevrolet (264,868)Dodge (193,861)2,078
1923Ford (1,831,128)Chevrolet (323,182)Buick (210,572)1,669
1922Ford (1,147,028)Chevrolet (243,479)Dodge (152,673)1,240
1921Ford (1,275,618)Chevrolet (130,855)Buick (82,930)2,239
1920Ford (806,040)Chevrolet (146,243)Dodge (141,000)3,135
1919Ford (820,445)Chevrolet (129,118)Buick (119,310)2,136
1918Ford (435,898)Buick (126,222)Willys Knight (88,753)2,014
1917Ford (622,351)Willys Knight (130,988)Buick (115,267)1,891
1916Ford (734,811)Willys Knight (140,111)Buick (124,834)1,647
1915Ford (501,492)Willys Knight (91,904)Dodge (45,000)1,563
1914Ford (308,162)Overland (48,461)Studebaker (35,374)1,118

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