Formula 1

Arrow Image Teams

France Raymond Sommer

Races: 5

Career Points: 3

1950France Automobiles Talbot-Darracq SA Talbot-Lago   Talbot 23CV 4.5 L6 T26C 
1950France Raymond Sommer Talbot-Lago   Talbot 23CV 4.5 L6 T26C 
1950Italy Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari   Ferrari 125 1.5 V12s, Ferrari 275 3.3 V12, Ferrari 375 4.5 V12 Ferrari 125 S

Ferrari 375 

By Jeremy McMullen

Rushes of adrenaline can be addicting. Soon, adventure and speed become such a way of life, such an addiction, that it can become a generational experience. The norm just isn't exciting when raised in an environment of adventure. And if raised in a home with means, addictions, such as grand prix racing, can become an outlet that feeds the addiction.

Raymond Sommer was born into a wealthy family from Sudan, France in 1906. Raymond likely developed his need for speed and adventure from his father, who in 1909, broke the Wright brothers record for the longest flight. However, Raymond waited until he was twenty-five before he let his adrenaline addiction overtake him.

In 1931, Sommer began entering motoraces. He started out using a Chrysler Imperial. But this wasn't just some kid with money deciding to go racing. Instead, he proved his talent and determination the very next year.

In his second year of motoracing, he entered and won the 24 hours of Le Mans. This victory was an achievement in and of itself. However, the fact the victory came as a result of Sommer having to drive over 20 of the hours solo because his driving partner became ill only demonstrated his desire, his will to win. Raymond was just one of many 'gentlemen racers'. But, because of his desire, Sommer would achieve the next level. Even despite winning the 24 hours of Le Mans it would be easy to pass this guy off, but the fact this 'rich kid' would win it again the very next year only cemented Sommer's reputation as a legitimate racer.

To say Sommer was a legitimate racer though is a bit of an understatement. Raymond would go on to lead every 24 hours of Le Mans up until 1938. Sommer was a dominant force in the 24 hour race despite only winning twice. The records are really a poor indicator of Raymond's dominance. One year in particular, the records show that Raymond did not win, and this is what most people go by—results. What might be overlooked was the fact that until his car broke he had a lead of over 12 laps—that's dominance.

If one were to consider racing to be an art then Sommer would have qualified as a freelance artist, especially when it came to grand prix racing. Raymond did race quite a few grand prix races for the likes of Ferrari and Talbot-Lago's factory team. Yet, despite having the talent to drive for some of the major teams of the day, Raymond often decided to run in privately entered cars. This choice would do more to hurt Sommer's chances in grand prix racing then it would to help.

Much of Sommer's pre-World War II career was spent racing sports cars, where he excelled winning such races as the 24 hours of Le Mans and Spa. When the war broke out Raymond did not sit on the sidelines and wait for it all to be over. Instead, Raymond was active in the French Resistance.

It is not entirely known what Sommer did while involved with the French Resistance, but it seemed to only help his racing career once the war ended. In 1946, Raymond won the Rene Le Begue Cup race at Saint-Cloud. And, in 1947, Sommer scored a victory in the Turin Grand Prix. What made this victory especially notable was that it was the very first grand prix Enzo Ferrari entered as his own independent team. Despite the promise for the future this victory signaled, Raymond would end up switching back to his own car the very next year—a Talbot-Lago (See article Talbot-Lago T26C).

When the inaugural Formula One season started in 1950, Raymond drove for both a constructor and himself. Sommer; however, did not make the trip to the first event of the championship, the British Grand Prix, held at Silverstone. However, when the season continued on at the Monaco Grand Prix Sommer would drive the third Ferrari 125 for Scuderia Ferrari (See article Ferrari 125). Sommer's talent would emerge right away as he would end up qualifying 9th for the race, some six seconds behind pole-sitter Juan Manuel Fangio. Raymond would avoid the accident on the first lap and would drive a consistent race ending up 4th , three laps behind the winner. This result netted Raymond three points toward the championship.

Sommer would again drive one of the Ferrari 125s when the championship moved on to Bremgarten and the Swiss Grand Prix. Sommer would qualify 13th for the race; over twelve seconds behind Juan Manuel Fangio. Raymond's Swiss Grand Prix didn't go as well as Monaco however. Raymond would end up retiring his Ferrari after only 19 laps due to suspension problems. So, Sommer would leave Bremgarten adding no extra points to his championship tally.

As the season headed to Spa for the Belgian Grand Prix, many teams and drivers did not make the trip. Scuderia Ferrari and Raymond was one of the few teams and drivers that did make the trip. However, Raymond did not drive for Ferrari at Spa. Instead, Raymond raced his own Talbot-Lago T26C. The switch to his own Talbot-Lago didn't seem to hurt Sommer during qualifying as he would end up starting from the 5th position. Ferrari would only bring two cars to the race and only Luigi Villoresi would beat Sommer during qualifying. Villoresi would only qualify one spot better, ten seconds behind pole-sitter Nino Farina. Sommer would actually post the same qualifying time as Villoresi, but was relegated to 5th. Despite the fact the race was only 35 laps, Raymond's race would end up coming to an end after only 20 laps due to oil pressure problems.

Sommer would switch drives again for the French Grand Prix at Reims-Gueux. Being a Frenchman, Sommer would have the opportunity to drive for the French Talbot-Lago factory team. Raymond would not post a time for qualifying, and therefore, was assigned to the 17th starting spot on the grid, flanked by David Hampshire and Charles Pozzi. Sommer's race would not fair well at all. Raymond would end up retiring his factory T26C due to overheating issues after only four laps.

The Italian Grand Prix at Monza was the final event of the Formula One championship, and once again Sommer switched drives, going back to racing his own car. Despite the large number of teams and drivers that showed for the finale, Sommer showed his quality by qualifying his own Talbot-Lago 8th. This was a strong showing for the T26C at Monza. The race was one of attrition, with only seven cars officially making it to the end of the race. Unfortunately, Raymond wasn't one of those. Sommer's race ended on lap 48 with gearbox troubles. Unofficially, Sommer finished the race in the 10th spot.

Although Raymond's Formula One championship run had few highlights. Sommer would end up finishing the championship in the 15th position overall. 1950 would prove to be a year of extremes—there were bright spots, but there was also tragedy. Raymond would win the Aix les Bains Circuit du Lac Grand Prix driving a Ferrari 166. However, in September, Sommer's life would come to an end after he crashed during the Haute-Garonne Grand Prix due to steering failure. The car overturned on top of Sommer crushing him, killing him instantly.

An early death, circumstances and poor decisions undoubtedly hindered the promise Raymond showed behind the wheel of a race car. Looking at his situations, his successes and his failures, Sommer proved to be one of those early pioneers of sports car and grand prix racing where it is easy to wonder what might have been if everything went right. Many drivers and team owners owe Sommer a debt of gratitude, not because of being a man of means, but because of being a competent and competitive driver. He wasn't out there playing a role, or, doing a hobby. He had passion. He was a racer.

Formula One World Drivers' Champions
1950 G. Farina

1951 J. Fangio

1952 A. Ascari

1953 A. Ascari

1954 J. Fangio

1955 J. Fangio

1956 J. Fangio

1957 J. Fangio

1958 M. Hawthorn

1959 S. Brabham

1960 S. Brabham

1961 P. Hill, Jr

1962 N. Hill

1963 J. Clark, Jr.

1964 J. Surtees

1965 J. Clark, Jr.

1966 S. Brabham

1967 D. Hulme

1968 N. Hill

1969 S. Stewart

1970 K. Rindt

1971 S. Stewart

1972 E. Fittipaldi

1973 S. Stewart

1974 E. Fittipaldi

1975 A. Lauda

1976 J. Hunt

1977 A. Lauda

1978 M. Andretti

1979 J. Scheckter

1980 A. Jones

1981 N. Piquet

1982 K. Rosberg

1983 N. Piquet

1984 A. Lauda

1985 A. Prost

1986 A. Prost

1987 N. Piquet

1988 A. Senna

1989 A. Prost

1990 A. Senna

1991 A. Senna

1992 N. Mansell

1993 A. Prost

1994 M. Schumacher

1995 M. Schumacher

1996 D. Hill

1997 J. Villeneuve

1998 M. Hakkinen

1999 M. Hakkinen

2000 M. Schumacher

2001 M. Schumacher

2002 M. Schumacher

2003 M. Schumacher

2004 M. Schumacher

2005 F. Alonso

2006 F. Alonso

2007 K. Raikkonen

2008 L. Hamilton

2009 J. Button

2010 S. Vettel

2011 S. Vettel

2012 S. Vettel

2013 S. Vettel

2014 L. Hamilton

2015 L. Hamilton

2016 N. Rosberg

2017 L. Hamilton

2018 L. Hamilton

2019 L. Hamilton

2020 L. Hamilton

2021 M. Verstappen