2005 Tacoma X-Runner 2005200620072008200920102011

Image credits: © Toyota.

2015 Toyota Tacoma

2015 Toyota Tacoma Shows What It Takes to Remain America's Best-Selling Compact Pickup

•New TRD Pro Series for Serious Off-Roading
•Now Available Exclusively in Access Cab and Double Cab Styles
•Four-Cylinder or V6 Powertrains
•Úp to 6,500-pound Towing Capacity
•Two Bed Lengths
•Available Limited Package

What does it take to be America's best-selling compact pickup, year after year? It takes the Toyota Tacoma. For 2015, Toyota hones Tacoma's §egmènt-dominating ways by adding a new TRD Pro Series that's off-road ready and willing.

It's what hasn't changed that keeps the Tacoma on top of its game. With its many variations, the Tacoma appeals to a broad spectrum of pickup truck customers. The Tacoma line offers a choice between 4-cylinder and V6 engines, and 2WD and 4WD drivetrains, along wîth two cab styles and two bed lengths. This hard-working, hard-playing pickup is built to take it and rewards owners wîth legendary Toyota quality, durability and reliability.

2015 Toyota Tacoma Serious off-roaders have long favored the Tacoma as a basis to build their custom trucks. The 2015 Tacoma TRD Pro Series gives them a head start on their way to the desert. Replacing the limited-edition Tacoma Baja Series that was offered for 2014, the 2015 Tacoma TRD Pro Series adopts much of that model's beefed-up body and chassis features, including 16-inch beadlock style TRD alloy wheels wîth BF Goodrich LT265/70R16 All-Terrain KO tires.

Suspension mods make the Tacoma TRD Pro Series off-road ready, raising ride height 1.75 inches in front, increasing wheel travel and using TRD springs wîth decreased rate for better ride control over rough terrain. The front suspension, which adds 0.75-inch wheel travel, is upgraded wîth 60mm-piston Bilstein high-performance shocks wîth remote reservoirs to increase shock oil capacity for greater heat dissipation and damping sensitivity. The rear suspension is equipped wîth 50mm-piston Bilstein high-performance shocks wîth remote reservoirs, and the TRD springs add 1.5-inch to wheel travel.

A TRD Cat-back Exhaust cuts backpressure and adds a sporty growl to the 4.0-liter V6 engine. And then comes the TRD Pro Series styling: black alloy wheels, unique blackout front grille, special TRD badging and a choice of black, white or exclusive Inferno exterior colors. Inside, the TRD shift knob and floor mats add a custom touch.

Vital Stats and Specifications
Vital Stats
Engine : 2.7 L., 4-cylinder
Power: 159 hp
Torque: 180 ft-lbs

Engine : 4.0 L., 6-cylinder
Power: 236 hp
Torque: 266 ft-lbs

5-speed Manual, 6-speed Manual, 4-speed Automatic, 5-speed Automatic
At the opposite end of the spectrum, a new Útility Package for the 4-cylinder Tacoma Access Cab deletes the rear seats to expand storage capacity.

Choices, Choices
Depending on equipment, the Tacoma can be anything from a sturdy work truck to an off-road bruiser, and there's even a Limited Package for those who want a touch of luxury in a compact pickup. The 2015 Tacoma configurations are based on two cab types: Access Cab wîth rear seating and the four-door Double Cab Regular Cab has been discontinued). The rear-opening doors on Access Cab models open to 80 degrees to give passengers easy entry and exit.

The Access Cab models ride on a 127.4-inch wheelbase and have a 73.5-inch-long bed. The Double Cab is offered in two versions: the 127.4-inch wheelbase wîth a 60.3-inch bed or 140.6-inch wheelbase wîth the 73.5-inch bed.

Both bed styles are built to take punishment wîth a composite inner bed made from a sheet-molded composite (SMC) deck and tough, durable walls that are 10-percent lighter than steel. The bed deck features two-tier loading and an integrated deck-rail utility wîth four standard adjustable tie-down cleats. The rails are compatible wîth Genuine Toyota Accessories, including cargo bed cross bars, a fork-mount bike rack, and diamond-plate storage boxes. An available 115V/400W power point further extends the bed's utility.

PreRunner models sport the desert racer look by combining the 4x2 drivetrain wîth the 4x4's raised riding stance and styling, including the bold overfenders. Double Cab models offer a roof rack system wîth crossbars that deploy from the roof rails.

The SR Package, available for the Tacoma PreRunner and 4x4 base grade models, lends a sporty look wîth a color-keyed exterior appearance upgrade, including overfenders, door handles, bumpers, grille surround and mirrors wîth turn signals, plus smoked headlight lenses and a black finish 16-inch Baja wheel style. Models wîth the V6 engine also get fog lights wîth the SR package.

Two Beefy Engines
The Tacoma continues to offer the standard 2.7-liter dual overhead cam (DOHC) 4-cylinder, producing 159 horsepower and 180 lb.-ft. of torque, and the 4.0-liter DOHC V6 belting out 236 horses and 266 lb.-ft. of torque. In both engines, variable valve timing wîth intelligence (VVT-i) ensures strong low-end and mid-range torque.

Four-cylinder models offer the choice of a 5-speed manual or 4-speed automatic transmission. (posted on conceptcarz.com) The V6 can be teamed wîth either a 6-speed manual or a 5-speed automatic. When equipped wîth a V6 Tow Package, Access Cab models boast a SAE-certified maximum tow capacity of up to 6,500 pounds.

Built to Dish It Out, and to Take It
With all Tacoma models, there's a standard Automatic Limited-slip Differential (Auto LSD), which uses brake intervention to help reduce tire slippage at the rear wheels. Compared to a conventional mechanical limited slip differential, the Auto-LSD system is much more responsive and has better wear characteristics. An electronic locking differential is also available as an option for 4x4 and PreRunner models.

2015 Toyota Tacoma The choice between two TRD performance packages reflects the broad range of Tacoma's capabilities and appeal. The TRD Off-Road Package, available for 4x4 V6 automatic models, provides a carefully tuned balance of off-road performance and on-road handling. The package starts wîth a slew of chassis modifications, including an electronic locking rear differential, progressive-rate front springs, specially tuned Bilstein shock absorbers, a 28-mm front stabilizer bar and BFGoodrich Rugged Trail tires.

The package includes two other electronic helpers, Hill-start Assist Control (HAC) and Downhill Assist Control (DAC). HAC operates by independently controlling the brakes at each wheel as needed to help prevent the vehicle from rolling backward or slipping sideways when transitioning from a stopped position to climbing a grade.

DAC uses engine braking to regulate downhill speed and independently control the brakes at each wheel to help improve directional control. DAC automatically de-activates if the driver depresses the brake or accelerator pedals, presses the DAC button, or shifts into neutral. Fog lamps top off the Off-Road Package.

The TRD Sport Package combines a sporty look wîth a more road-focused chassis upgrade. Fog lamps, a hood scoop, TRD graphics and color-keyed rear bumper, mirrors, grille surround and door handles give the Sport Package a rugged yet sophisticated appearance.

The Sport Package's specific suspension tuning and lower-profile 265/65 R17 tires on 17-inch alloy wheels give it a handling agility edge. Both the TRD Off-Road Package and Sport Package feature a 400W/115V power point in the bed; sport seats wîth adjustable lumbar support, and water-resistant fabric protection seats.

An Interior That Just Works
The comfortable Tacoma interior is full of practical ideas. The standard center console flows into the instrument panel for a unified appearance. The console integrates three cupholders, two of which can accommodate extra-large containers. The front doors have dual bottle holders.

2015 Toyota Tacoma High-grade fabric combines comfort and durability. And the Tacoma keeps things quiet, thanks to sound absorption material in the headliner and behind the rear seats, along wîth insulating carpet. Audio controls are mounted high for easy access.

Higher-grade models feature fabric-covered sun visors, an overhead console wîth map lights, and compartments for sunglasses and a garage door opener. Interior storage is maximized in Access Cab models wîth fold-up rear seats and under-seat storage. Double Cab models feature 60/40 split rear seats wîth adjustable headrests and under-seat storage.

Toyota Value All the Way
Legendary Toyota value is another Tacoma trump card. The 4x2 Access Cab and Double Cab models feature standard air conditioning; two instrument panel power points wîth a lighter; dome lamp, mudguards, a full-size spare tire and Entune® Audio. There's more, including power windows and door locks; front bucket seats, and a center console. The Double Cab models add power mirrors and driver seat adjustable lumbar support. Access Cab models feature a useful rear-console storage box and an available backup camera.

Limited Equals Luxury
Working hard or playing hard, there's nothing wrong wîth added comfort, and the Tacoma's Limited Package adds just the right degree. You'll know a Tacoma Limited when you see it. It's the one decked out wîth chrome for the 18-inch wheels (with 265/60R18 tires), grille surround, rear bumper, outside mirrors wîth integrated turn signal indicators, and door handles. The package also includes fog lamps.

Its amenities include SofTex®-trimmed seats, heated front sport seats, variable speed windshield wipers, metallic tone instrument panel trim, leather-trimmed §teering wheel wîth audio controls and dual sun visors wîth mirrors and extenders. SofTex is soft like leather, but weighs half as much. It's also easier to clean, and its manufacturing process generates around 85-percent fewer volatile organic compounds than manufacturing conventional synthetic leather.

Standard on the Limited grade and available for the SR5 grade, the Entune Premium Audio system adds Navigation and the Entune App Suite.

Entune® Multimedia
The base Entune Audio system for Tacoma uses a 6.1-inch touch-screen display wîth a rear-view camera, AM/FM CD player, MP3/WMA playback capability, four speakers, auxiliary audio jack, ÚSB port wîth iPod® connectivity, hands-free phone capability and music streaming via Bluetooth® wireless technology for audio streaming, hands-free phone use and phone book access.

Available Entune Audio Plus adds a high-resolution 6.1-inch screen, HD Radio wîth SiriusXM Radio (includes 3-month complimentary trial), iTunes® tagging and HD Traffic and Weather (metro areas only).

Entune Audio leverages the user's smartphone to provide a richer in-vehicle experience wîth fully integrated access to navigation, entertainment and information services. The Entune Premium Audio and Entune Premium JBL® Audio systems feature engaging mobile apps, including Bing™, iHeartRadio, MovieTickets.com, OpenTable®, Pandora®, Yelp and Facebook Places plus real-time traffic, weather, fuel prices, sports and stocks. Access to Entune services is subscription free.

At the top of the line, the Entune Premium JBL Audio system upgrades the sound quality considerably wîth the JBL GreenEdge™ amplifier and seven GreenEdge speakers including subwoofer. GreenEdge technology draws reduced electrical power from the vehicle.

Individualize It
The Tacoma offers plenty of choices when it comes to individualizing a truck, yet Toyota makes it easy by offering five core packages: Convenience Package, two levels of the SR5 Package wîth other options and two TRD Packages, Sport and Off-Road (described earlier).

The SR5 Package bundles styling and comfort features, including color-keyed overfenders and front bumper, chrome grille surround and chrome rear bumper. The package also adds intermittent wipers and upgraded interior features and trim, including a leather-wrapped §teering wheel and automatic transmission shift lever.

Toyota dealers offer a wide array of accessories, including TRD performance components, that expand Tacoma's utility, comfort and driving fun.

Safety Star
Standard on all Toyota models is the Star Safety System™, which includes Vehicle Stability Control (VSC), Traction Control (TRAC), an Anti-lock Braking System (ABS), Electronic Brake-force Distribution (EBD), Brake Assist (BA), and Smart Stop brake override technology (SST). Every Tacoma has standard three-point seatbelts for all seating positions, front seat-mounted side airbags, roll-sensing side curtain airbags (including a cutoff switch), and a front advanced dual-stage airbag system. A front passenger cutoff switch is standard on Access Cab models.

Standard active headrests for the front seats move up and forward almost instantly in the event of certain rear-end collisions to help reduce the distance between the occupant's head and the headrest.

Limited Warranty and ToyotaCare
Toyota's 36-month/36,000 mile basic new-vehicle warranty applies to all components other than normal wear and maintenance items. Additional 60-month warranties cover the powertrain for 60,000 miles and corrosion wîth no mileage limitation. The Tacoma also comes standard wîth Toyota Care, a complimentary plan covering normal factory-scheduled maintenance and 24-hour roadside assistance for two years or 25,000 miles, whichever comes first.

Source - Toyota
Since 1995, the Toyota Tacoma is a compact pickup truck both manufactured and produced by the Toyota Motor Corporation. For 2005 the second generation Tacoma was named Motor Trend Magazine's Truck of the Year. The Tacoma received its name after the City of Tacoma, Washington, USA. The Tacoma name originated from the worldwide Hilux, and prior to this the Hilux was marketed in the US, under the name Toyota Pickup. Three engines were available for the Toyota Tacoma; the 2.4 L four cylinder which was rated at 142 hp and 160 lb/ft of torque, the 2.7 L four cylinder which was rated at 150 hp and 177lb/ft of torque and finally the 3.4 L V6 rated at 190 hp and 22 lb/ft of torque. The 2.4L offered the highest MPG at 29, the 2.7L gave 26 miles per US gallon, and the 3.4L gave only 22 miles per US gallon.

5-stud wheel lug patterns were found on Two-wheel drive Tacoma's, while the 2.4 L and 3.4 L engines were available depending on options. Both automatic and manual transmissions were available. Four-wheel drive Tacoma's came with six-stud wheel lug patterns, which had been used early on pre-Tacoma trucks. The frame of the Tacoma is fully boxed until promptly transitioning into a c-frame section after the front leaf spring mount bracket. The automatic transmission was an A340F while the 3.4 V's manual transmission was an R150F. Single cab Tacoma's came with the option of a manual transmission with the 3.4 V6 engine from 1995 until 1997. Following 1998 the single cabs only received a 2.7 or a 2.4 4-cyl from factory. Also in this year TRD packages began.

Pre-runner models also began in this year and they shared the same front and rear suspensions parts and geometry, styling, frame and engine options as 4X4 Tacoma's of this year range. These models also had the options of the TRD Off-Road package which received a rear differential locker if it was a V6 model. The main downside was there wasn't an option of a 5-speed transmission.

The Toyota Tacoma sold quite well in the first few years of production, appealing to many young buyers. During the first generation the Tacoma underwent two cosmetic facelifts, the first in 1998 and the second in 2001. The revisions involved new headlights and new grilles. Mechanically the changes included a switch to distributor-less ignitions in 1997 and in 1998 longer rear leaf springs. Also in 1998 a passenger-side airbag was added to the Tacoma, while the driver's side air bag was 'depowered'. Following the 2000 model year all 4X4 models came with Toyota's Automatic Differential Disconnect system.

In 2001 the main revision for the Tacoma was a new crew cab (four door) model being added to the lineup. The crew cab came with four doors, while the Tacoma extended cab continued to open with two doors. A 6 foot bed came with the extended cab while the crew cab came with a 5 foot 5-inch bed. Unfortunately many customers were not happy with small crew cab beds, but there wasn't much of a market for larger truck beds with competitors. Toyota rolled out their new S-Runner trim package in 2001 which came with a 3.4 liter V6 engine, 16-inch alloy wheels and a 5 speed manual transmission with Tokico gas shocks. Only 200 units were produced from 2001 until 2004. The Toyota Tacoma went up 16.5 percent in sales from its earlier years and it continued to only rise in popularity. The Tacoma was ahead of the Nissan Frontier and the Dodge Dakota in 2004, only 2.2 percent behind in sales to the Ford Ranger.

The second generation of the Tacoma was unveiled at the 2004 Chicago Auto show. This generation was assembled in Tijuana, Mexico and Fremont, California, while the plastic/composite beds were all constructed in Mexico. This continued until August of 2009 when Toyota announced that it would relocate Tacoma production from Fremont to San Antonio, Texas, therefore consolidating with it's Toyota Tundra production line and having all American made Toyota pickups manufactured at one facility.

This new Tacoma was a bigger, meatier, more powerful Tacoma for 2005 available in eighteen various configurations that included three cab configurations, four transmissions, two engines, and two different bed lengths. The 4.0-liter 1GR-FE V6 replaced the original 3.4-liter V. The new Tacoma V6 had many enhancements that included a new 6500 pound tow rating and a payload capacity of 1650 pounds. It produced 236 horsepower and 266 foot-pounds of torque. The brand new smaller 2.7-liter 2TR-FE 4-cylinder alternative in cheaper models was rated at 159 hp and 180 lb/ft of torque.

An X-Runner trim was also introduced this year which replaced the slow selling S-Runner trim from the earlier generation. This model features the 1GR-FE was mated to a six speed manual transmission, 18 in alloy wheels which were lowered two inches from the factory and included an X-Brace suspension package. Also included on the X-Runner trim was a Down-Hill Assist Control (DAC) and Hill-Start Assist Control (HAC) on models that were outfitted with the optional Toyota Racing Development (TRD) Off-Road package. HAC prevents the car from rolling backwards on hills while DAC automatically applies braking during downhill descents. Optional features included limited-slip differential or a rear locking differential. All Tacoma's were manufactured with a composite inner bed that included a deck rail system with four tie-down cleats, storage boxes, hook-pins, and a power outlet. The tie-down cleats were rated to hold up to 220lbs.

The 2006 Tacoma rolled out with a bit more flair than the previous year. This year featured some options standard. For 2007 the Tacoma added 2 all-new interior colors. Not much changed aesthetically for the 2008 model year. For 2008 Toyota announced a 15 year, unlimited mileage corrosion warrant for 1995-2000 models because of insufficient rust-proofing and frame corrosion issues that affected a small amount of Tacoma's. Toyota offered to either repair the frame or buy back the truck for 1.5 times its KBB retail value.

Safety features were implemented for 2009 and the Tacoma no longer offered a mechanical limited slip different instead of an open differential which uses individual wheel braking to simulate a mechanical LSD or 'Auto-LSD'. Off-road TRD models continue to arrive equipped with a locking rear differential. For this year a slightly improved grill was added on some models, along with LED taillamps. The X-Runner, TRD Sport and TRD Offroad models included smoked headlamp trim. Now standard were auxiliary audio input. Four new exterior colors were added to the Tacoma and the Access/Double Cab trucks received two new ceiling mounted speakers and available backup monitor.

Following GM's bankruptcy, GM abandoned the NUMMI venture. Toyota killed all Corolla and Tacoma production. For 2010 all Tacoma production was relocated to Toyota's Texas plant in San Antonio. The Tacoma was build alongside the Tundra, and by doing this, Toyota now has all of its NA truck production in one plant. In 2012 the Tacoma is expected to be redesigned and re-engineered, two years following the release of the new 4Runner.

The Tacoma arrived standard with brake assist, anti-lock brakes, and electronic brakeforce distribution. A rollover sensor was added in 2008 which deployed the side curtain airbags in the event of a rollover in Tacoma's equipped with the optional side airbags. Starting in 2009, all Tacoma's featured Toyota's Star Safety System which added traction control and Vehicle Stability Control. Also standard were front row side torso airbags and side curtain airbags for both rows, along with active head restraints. With active head restraints, in 2009 the Tacoma was given the IIHS's Top Safety Pick award. The Tacoma Access Cab received standard power windows and door locks along with redesigned rear seats for passenger comfort and convenience. Higher trim levels offered optional Bluetooth enabled Premium JBL 6-CD audio systems with integrated XL satellite radio.

A limited production trim, the Toyota X-Runner was only available in three colors each year and only four colors today. The X-Runner was available in Speedway Blue, Black San Pearl and Radiant Red from 2005 until 2008.The Radiant Red was discontinued in 2009 and replaced with Barcelona Red Metallic. The main difference between the X-Runner and other packages were the updates to the suspension, a 3.15 Final Drive ratio and ground effects. To stiffen up the back end, the Toyota added a rear mounted X-Brace. The chassis was also stiffened more by adding two additional support braces to the frame. One could purchase an optional big brake kit by TRD available on the X-Runner which consisted of a 332 mm slotted rotor and 4 piston caliper. This big brake kit was designed by StopTech.

The 2010 Tacoma appealed to drivers who needed a mid-size car or compact pickup loaded with latest media amenities and top of the line safety features in addition to fuel efficiency and hauling capabilities. The outside remained basically unchanged from the previous year. The '10 trucks came in three cab styles; the Tacoma Regular Cab, Double Cab with four side doors and extended Access Cab with hinged rear doors. The 2010 Tacoma was equipped with the most advanced DynamicControl technology and Electronic Throttle Control System with intelligence. The Tacoma is a popular seller in the mid-size pickup truck category.

By Jessica Donaldson
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