Audi TT RS Coupé and Audi TT RS Roadster: the sporty spearhead of the series
Muscular front end, large air inlets, low-positioned spoiler, fixed rear wing – at first glance, at first glance, at first glance, at first glance, at first glance, at first glance, at first glance, at first glance, at first glance, the Audi TT RS* clearly hints at just how much power there is under its streamlined skin. Its new five-cylinder aluminum engine delivers 400 hp, which is 60 hp more than the power of the previous model. A full 480 Newton-meters (354.0 lb-ft) of torque is applied to the front and rear wheels, and a traction control system manages its distribution for maximum acceleration with minimal slip. As a result, the Coupé takes 3.7 seconds to sprint from 0 to 100 km/h (62.1 mph), and the Roadster takes 3.9 seconds. No other TT has sprinted this fast. The brilliant torque is accompanied by typical five-cylinder sound – which is music to the ears of horsepower purists. This sound passes through the RS exhaust system and is projected to the surroundings via two large oval tailpipes. Other eye-catching features at the rear are the new OLED lights in 3D design, which are being implemented for the first time in a production Audi.
This much power requires a stiff chassis setup. This much power requires a stiff chassis setup.This much power requires a stiff chassis setup.This much power requires a stiff chassis setup. This much power requires a stiff chassis setup.This much power requires a stiff chassis setup.This much power requires a stiff chassis setup.This much power requires a stiff chassis setup. At a height of just 1.34 meters (4.4 ft), the Audi TT RS is low to the asphalt, and it is both light-footed and under control as it conquers curves. The direct steering ratio gives the driver the feeling of being one with the road. No matter how intensively the driver turns the grippy sport steering wheel, the low-mounted sport seat with the strong contours of its side bolsters holds the driver in position. In the Roadster, a switch initiates open-air driving fun. It opens the car's soft top – even while driving at speeds up to around 50 km/h (31.1 mph).
Inside, the TT RS has an extremely sporty appearance – with aluminum or carbon trim elements and RS logos. As in the Audi R8, the driver starts the engine directly from the steering wheel – a feature inspired by car racing.
The vehicle handling system can also be operated from an extra set of satellite controls. If drivers wish, they can modify the character of the TT RS over four modes – from comfort-oriented to emphatically dynamic. The instruments are focused entirely on the driver. The fully digital Audi virtual cockpit with its 12.3-inch screen bundles all key information – from driving speed to engine rpm and navigation. (posted on conceptcarz.com)
And that is not all. A special RS screen displays information on tire pressure, torque and g-forces. When the engine rev limit is reached, a shift light requests that the driver upshift via the steering wheel paddle or selector lever. A precondition is that the manual mode must be active for the dual-clutch transmission, which has sporty short gear ratios in the lower gears.
To always stay up-to-date, the driver can call upon the extensive infotainment content. Audi connect is bringing a wide variety of services on-board, which can deliver the right information – whether you are looking for parking, travel or traffic information, or inquiring about fuel prices, the weather or online news. Passengers can also tweet on the road, and upon request the system can read the messages aloud. They can connect their smartphone or tablet via the Wi-Fi hotspot and surf the world wide web. Select smartphone apps can be mirrored directly into the Audi virtual cockpit. The smartphone battery is charged inductively in the center console. Then the smartphone is also coupled to the vehicle's antenna for optimal reception, and it connects the driver with the desired contact person when prompted. A practical feature is that the microphones of the hands-free system are integrated into the seat belts in the Roadster, which guarantees high speech quality.
Want to know more? The TT RS Coupé and TT RS Roadster launch in fall 2016. Prices for the Coupé start at 66,400 euros, and the Roadster is listed at 69,200 euros.Stronger than ever: new TT RS Coupé and new TT RS Roadster
The sound: inimitable five-cylinder. The performance: tremendous at 294 kW (400 hp). The traction: inexhaustible thanks to quattro drive. As the sporty spearhead of the TT series, the new TT RS* is to be marketed under the Audi Sport label. At the Beijing Motor Show, Audi is presenting its Coupé and its Roadster for the first time to the world's public. Sales in Europe will begin in fall 2016.
'The new aluminum five-cylinder engine delivers 400 hp, which is 60 hp more than its predecessor,' says Dr.-Ing. Stefan Knirsch, Audi Board Member for Technical Development. 'Together with the quattro drive, it ensures sporty driving pleasure with maximum traction. Audi uses Matrix OLED technology in the rear lights for the first time.'
Impressive performance: the new five-cylinder engine
A jury of international motor journalists has voted the 2.5 TFSI 'Engine of the Year' six times in a row. Now Audi has further developed the five-cylinder engine in all areas – with lightweight construction measures, reduced internal friction and increased power delivery. As a result, the turbo engine gains a good 17 percent increase in performance at an unchanged capacity of 2,480 cc. At 294 kW (400 hp), it is more powerful than ever before. The maximum torque of 480 Nm (354.0 lb-ft) is available between 1,700 and 5,850 rpm. It ensures fantastic pulling power, which accompanies the unmistakable sound. Cylinders positioned directly beside each other and far away from each other fire in alternation. This brings with it a very special rhythm. The TT RS Coupé accelerates from 0 to 100 km/h (0 to 62.1 mph) in 3.7 seconds, the Roadster in 3.9 seconds – this corresponds to the level of a supercar. Audi regulates the top speed at 250 km/h (155.3 mph), or at 280 km/h (173.9 mph) upon request.
For the best traction and plenty of driving pleasure: the quattro drive The forces of the 2.5 TFSI engine flow via a seven-speed S tronic, which shifts at lightning speed, to the quattro permanent all-wheel drive. Its multi-plate clutch distributes the power freely between the axles.
This provides strong grip and immense driving pleasure. The wheel-selective torque control makes handling even more agile and safe. Úsing the Audi drive select system, the driver can influence the quattro drive and other components such as the steering, S tronic, engine characteristic and exhaust flaps. The four modes available for this are comfort, auto, dynamic, and individual.
New feature: Matrix OLED lights
Engine : 2.5 L., 5-cylinder
Power: 400 hp
Torque: 354 ft-lbs
Pure dynamics: the chassis
In addition to its light weight, the Audi TT RS has its sporty chassis to thank for its outstanding handling. The direct steering provides close contact with the road and makes it a pleasure to drive challenging winding stretches. At the front axle, ventilated and perforated steel discs are in action behind the 19-inch wheels – or 20-inch forged lightweight wheels as an option. Alternatively, lighter and particularly abrasion-resistant carbon-fiber ceramic discs are available. At the back, a steel monoblock disc is used. As an option, Audi supplies RS sport suspension plus adaptive dampers in magnetic ride technology. In this case, the damping characteristics can be influenced electronically. The control technology is integrated into the driving dynamics system known as Audi drive select.
For the first time in a series-production Audi, Matrix OLED technology (organic light emitting diode) is used in the rear lights as an option. These emit an extremely homogeneous, high-contrast light. The light can be continuously dimmed, it does not cast any shadows and does not require any reflectors – this makes the OLEDs in 3D design efficient, light and visually impressive. Each rear light contains four wafer-thin units which become smaller from the inside out. The biggest bears the TT logo and the four Audi rings. The TT RS has LED rear lights and LED headlights as standard. Alternatively, the latter are available as intelligently controlled Matrix LED units.Athletically streamlined: the exterior design
Large air inlets, a Singleframe grille with a newly designed honeycomb grille and quattro logo, a fixed rear wing and two large, oval exhaust tailpipes – the new TT RS Coupé and the new TT RS Roadster exude concentrated power. Along the flanks, aerodynamically-shaped side sills emphasize the dynamic design. Both models measure 4.19 meters (13.9 ft) in length, 1.83 meters (6 ft) in width and 1.34 meters (4.5 ft) in height.
Inspired by racing cars: the cockpit Controls and display in the new TT RS are focused completely on the driver. All information is displayed as standard on the fully digital Audi virtual cockpit with 12.3-inch screen. The driver can choose from three views, including a special RS screen that highlights the rev counter and provides information on tire pressure, torque, and g-force, among other things. The Audi virtual cockpit also displays a shift light which informs the driver that the engine speed limit has been reached. For the first time in the RS portfolio, the RS sport leather steering wheel with shift paddles has two operating satellite buttons for turning the engine on and off as well as the driving dynamics system known as Audi drive select, in addition to multifunction buttons. This means that the driver's hands stay on the wheel at all times. The driver can influence the exhaust flap control via the sound button on the center console.Best entertainment: infotainment and Audi connect
Audi also offers a huge amount of high-end infotainment technology. The options include MMI navigation plus with MMI touch including free text search and natural voice control, as well as the Audi connect online module with Wi-Fi hotspot. Úsing Audi phone box, compatible cell phones can be charged inductively and paired with the onboard antennae for optimal reception. The new Audi smartphone interface technology displays selected apps from the cell phone directly in the Audi virtual cockpit. The Bang & Olufsen sound system is a highlight for fans of excellent acoustics.TT RS Coupé and TT RS Roadster – driving pleasure at the highest level
400 hp power output, from 0 to 100 km/h (62.1 mph) in 3.7 seconds, top speed of up to 280 km/h (174.0 mph): With the new aluminum five-cylinder engine, the TT RS Coupé* and TT RS Roadster* deliver outstanding performance. Available for the first time in a series-production Audi: OLED rear lights. Like the Audi virtual cockpit and the comprehensive infotainment range, they demonstrate 'Vorsprung durch Technik'.
'The newly developed turbo five-cylinder engine, with which we are continuing our great tradition from the 1980s, conveys pure emotion,' says Dr.-Ing. Stefan Knirsch, Audi Board Member for Technical Development. 'The TT RS now provides 400 hp and combines driving pleasure with efficiency through innovative technologies.'Lighter and stronger than ever before: the 2.5 TFSI engine
The five-cylinder engine is a modern classic. A jury of international motor journalists has voted the 2.5 TFSI 'Engine of the Year' six times in a row. Now Audi has again added to this and is using a completely newly developed turbo engine in the TT RS. It achieves a good 17 percent more performance from the unchanged 2,480 cc capacity – 294 kW (400 hp) means a specific value of 161.3 hp per liter. The maximum torque of 480 Nm (354.0 lb-ft) is available between 1,700 revs and remains constant up to 5,850 rpm. This means that the new Audi TT RS Coupé accelerates from 0 to 100 km/h (0 to 62.1 mph) in 3.7 seconds, the Roadster takes 3.9 seconds. The top speed is regulated at 250 km/h (155.3 mph) as standard; upon request Audi will increase the top speed to 280 km/h (174.0 mph).
At less than 50 centimeters (19.7 in) in length, the 2.5 TFSI engine is extremely compact and is 26 kg (57.3 lb) lighter than the previous model. Its crankcase is made of aluminum, which alone saves 18 kg (39.7 lb). The overall weight of the new TT RS and its axle load distribution benefit significantly from this. Elaborate measures reduce internal friction while at the same time increasing power output. The cylinder liners are plasma-coated; the crankshaft main bearings have been made 6 mm (0.2 in) thinner.
The crankshaft is hollow bored and is therefore 1 kg (2.2 lb) lighter; the aluminum pistons integrate channels for cooling oil. In the short warm-up phase after a cold start, the switchable water pump does not circulate the coolant in the cylinder head – the 2.5 TFSI engine reaches its operating temperature more quickly. This lowers the coefficient of friction and reduces fuel consumption.
The gas exchange of the five-cylinder engine is designed for high throughput. The large turbocharger compresses the intake air with up to 1.35 bar of pressure. The intercooler with its efficiency level of 80 percent reduces the temperature for the highest possible oxygen percentage. Intake and exhaust camshafts can be adjusted as required. On the exhaust side, the Audi valvelift system (AVS) changes the duration of valve opening depending on the throttle and engine speed at two levels – for moderate use at low and partial throttle as well as slower throttle response and increased tractive power at full throttle. For better mixture preparation, the new 2.5 TFSI engine works with a dual injection system. It provides the option of injecting fuel into the inlet manifold as well as directly into the combustion chamber. The angle, duration and type of injection can be variably optimized for each engine operation point.
The firing interval is 144 degrees: Based on the 1-2-4-5-3 firing order, cylinders positioned directly beside each other and far away from each other fire in alternation. This results in a very special rhythm and character. The uneven number of cylinders results in harmonic frequencies that accompany the basic tone. The engine control unit also contributes to the unmistakable sound. At higher throttle, the flaps in the exhaust system open for an even fuller sound. The driver can control the exhaust flap both with the standard RS exhaust system and with the optional RS sport exhaust system with black tailpipe trims using the sound button on the center console.
Lightning speed: the seven-speed dual-clutch transmission
The seven-speed S tronic with lightning-speed shifting is standard in the new Audi TT RS models. The dual-clutch transmission impresses with high efficiency and a large spread – its lower gears are short and the seventh gear has a long transmission ratio to reduce consumption. A plate heat exchanger controls the temperature of the transmission oil; a new angle drive to the propeller shaft reduces the weight by about two kilograms (4.4 lb).
The driver controls the seven-speed S tronic with the selector lever and the standard shift paddles on the sport leather steering wheel. When starting, a launch control system manages the maximum acceleration with minimum tire slip.Agile handling and superior stability: the quattro drive
The new TT RS uses quattro permanent all-wheel drive. The electro-hydraulic multi-plate clutch is compact and light – its position at the end of the propeller shaft benefits the axle load distribution. The new quattro driving dynamics software continuously calculates the torque sent to the rear suspension. In comparison with the previous model, this is done more precisely, as the regulation of the driving status can be determined more exactly. As a result, the TT RS is even more agile. The software records the rear axle torque and, based on this, calculates the electricity that controls the electronically controlled oil pump. The resulting hydraulic pressure presses the plates together with up to 40 bar and thus transfers the torque to the rear axle.
If the new TT RS is cornering at high speed, the clutch can partially send the drive forces to the rear axle already when cornering. During load changes, the distribution of torque ensures that the TT RS turns precisely into the corner. Even when drifting on a surface with a low coefficient of friction, it guarantees high control and reliability.
In the limit zone, the quattro drive operates in close tandem with wheel-selective torque control, an intelligent software feature of the Electronic Stabilization Control (ESC). It gently brakes the inside wheels, making handling even more fluid and stable. For controlled drifts, the ESC offers an RS-specifically tuned sport setting. It can also be fully turned off at a switch.
The electronic management of the multi-plate clutch is integrated into the Audi drive select driving dynamics system for the first time in the TT RS. The modes available are comfort, auto, dynamic and individual. They influence the quattro drive, the seven-speed S tronic, the steering, the engine characteristic and the exhaust flaps. In dynamic mode, the multi-plate clutch sends the forces to the rear axle earlier and to a greater degree. How the aforementioned technical components work can be freely configured in the individual driving program.Top technology for high driving pleasure: the RS sport suspension
Targeted modifications make the chassis with the technically elaborate four-link rear suspension even more dynamic and precise. The new TT RS turns into corners spontaneously, almost voraciously, and drives through them – guided by communicative steering – in a manner that is both controlled and relaxed. The progressive steering, whose ratio becomes ever more direct with increasing steering input, is tuned to be RS-specifically sporty.
The setup of springs and dampers is stiff, the body is ten millimeters (0.03 in) lower than on the base model. This also applies for the optional RS sport suspension plus with Audi magnetic ride where the damping characteristic can be changed electronically using Audi drive select.
The TT RS Coupé and the TT RS Roadster are fitted as standard with 19-inch cast wheels in a five-arm polygon design with size 245/35 tires. As an option, Audi supplies 20-inch forged lightweight wheels in a 7-spoke rotor design and tires of size 255/30. Both wheel types are available in silver, matt titanium look or gloss anthracite black. The recessed hubs of the 20-inch wheels are inspired by motorsport.
The braking system in the new TT RS packs a real punch. The internally ventilated, perforated steel discs on the front axle are 370 millimeters (14.6 in) in diameter. Stainless steel pins join the friction ring to the aluminum brake disc chambers to dissipate the heat quickly. The eight-piston brake calipers with the RS logos are painted black (or optionally red). Alternatively, the front brake discs are available in carbon-fiber ceramic. They are particularly abrasion-resistant and light. In this case, the brake calipers are painted grey. At the rear, monoblock discs with 310 mm (12.2 in) diagonals are used.For the first time in a series-production Audi: Matrix OLED rear lights
The TT RS is equipped with LED rear lights as standard. Úpon request, Audi presents an innovation. Matrix OLED rear lights (organic light-emitting diode) in 3D design. Their planar light is extremely homogeneous and high-contrast and it can be dimmed variably. It does not cast any shadows and does not require any reflectors or light guides. This makes the OLED units efficient and light.
In each rear light there are four wafer-thin lighting elements that become smaller from inside to outside. The biggest one bears a TT logo and the four Audi rings. The light show when turning on the ignition is spectacular: The light runs in a fast loop over all four units. Lastly, an arrow-shaped, visually homogeneous LED light guide lights up, which complements the OLED rear light. The dynamic turn signals, which run in the direction desired by the driver, are located at the lower edge of the rear lights. Reflectors, reversing lights, and rear fog lights are positioned in the upper zone.Sporty stature: the design
The new TT RS Coupé and the new TT RS Roadster also display their inner strengths on the outside. Three figures summarize the proportions: 4.19 m (13.7 ft) long, 1.83 m (6 ft) wide and only 1.34 m (4.4 ft) high. The Audi designers have kept the timeless, puristic lines of the original TT and at the same time have reinterpreted numerous elements. In this way, they have enriched the exterior with striking facets.
The large Singleframe bears a quattro logo at the bottom and is made even more impressive by its honeycomb grille. The air inlets, behind which the additional water cooler sits, are in the same look. Strong contours surround them, angled bars divide them. A blade finishes the middle air inlet towards the bottom. LED headlights are standard, upon request Matrix LED units are available, which control the high-beam lights intelligently and with a high level of flexibility.
At the rear of the new TT RS models, the fixed wing sitting on two thin double struts is a real eye-catcher. Alternatively, Audi can deliver the Coupé and the Roadster with an automatically extending spoiler. Únder the striking bumper there is a strongly profiled diffuser insert with four vertical fins, leading to the two elliptical tailpipes of the RS exhaust system at its sides. Along the flanks, the new TT RS model has aerodynamically shaped side sills. The result: a lower cd value of 0.32 for the Coupé and 0.33 for the Roadster.
Audi delivers both models in nine colors, including the RS-specific tones of Nardo grey and Catalunya red, metallic. In addition to this, numerous customized paint finishes are available through the Audi exclusive program. The optional matt aluminum and gloss black styling packages set accents on the Singleframe, on the blade, on the RS rear wing, and on the diffuser insert.Consistent lightweight construction: the body
With its composite construction concept, the chassis of both sport models represents a new evolutionary stage of the Audi Space Frame (ASF). The front end and the floor of the passenger compartment includes many hot-stamped steel components, which thanks to their extreme rigidity only require low wall thicknesses and are therefore very light. The structure of the passenger compartment as well as all outer skin sections are made of aluminum in the classic semi-finished product cast nodes, extruded profile and sheet metal.
The new TT RS Coupé has an unladen weight (excluding driver) of only 1,440 kg (3,174 lb) – 10 kg (22 lb) less than the already very light previous model. Each one of its 400 hp only has to move 3.6 kg (7.9 lb). The new TT RS Roadster, which in comparison with the base model has additional reinforcements in the substructure, has an unladen weight of 1,530 kg (3,373.1 lb). Its cloth hood weighs only 39 kg (86.0 lb) and is opened and closed electrically in ten seconds respectively – even when driving at up to about 50 km/h (31.1 mph). Audi can install an electric wind deflector and headroom heating for the RS sport seats which come as standard.Strong accents: the interior
The taut exterior design of the new TT RS models is continued in the interior. The cockpit with its slim instrument panel has clean lines and is clearly laid out. Particularly striking: the round ventilation nozzles that are prominently positioned in the center console and house the controls for the deluxe automatic air conditioning. The RS sport seats are fitted low, of lightweight build, have integrated head restraints, and strongly contoured seat side bolsters (with optional pneumatic adjustment).
The Alcantara upholstery on the RS sport seats features a diamond pattern. Embossed RS logos decorate the backrests. The seat upholstery in perforated fine Nappa leather, also in diamond pattern, is even more stylish. It is available in four color combinations: Black/gray, black/red, Murillo brown/gray, palomino brown/gray.
Inlays are in Aluminum Race and optionally in carbon. The RS design packages in red and gray set color accents in the interior, including on the air vents, seat belts, and floor mats with the RS logo. Various leather packages that additionally upgrade elements of the interior complete the range.
The new Audi TT RS is a sports car with a high level of everyday usability. In the case of the 2+2 seater Coupé, the luggage compartment under the long tailgate offers a basic capacity of 305 liters (10.8 cu ft), which can be increased to 712 l (25.1 cu ft) by folding down the rear seat backs. The Roadster provides 280 l (9.9 cu ft) of luggage capacity.As in motor sport: the operating concept
In the new TT RS, the controls are entirely focused on the driver. All important functions can be controlled without the driver having to take their hands off the steering wheel. In addition to the multifunction buttons, the standard RS sport leather steering wheel with shift paddles provides two large operating satellite buttons for turning the engine on and off, and for the Audi drive select driving dynamics system.
The standard Audi virtual cockpit is also reminiscent of the displays in a racing car. The 12.3-inch TFT screen displays all information in high-resolution, sophisticated graphics. The driver can choose between three modes. The classic view places the speedometer and rev counter in the foreground, in 'Infotainment' mode the focus is on the navigation map. On the RS screen, the focus is on the rev counter with integrated speed display. The other displays, such as torque, output, tire pressure, and g-forces, can be configured around this. In the S tronic manual mode, a shift light indicates a required gear change.Source - Audi
As the 20th Century neared its end, it appeared as if car design, too, was taking its final gasps. The automobile was being replaced by a device more akin to a rolling computer than an instrument of freedom. Romance was being drained from the automotive scene as cars like the Toyota Prius became more fashionable than performance cars and isolated SUVs towered above the fine-handling sedans and wagons that seemed to have fallen out of public favor.
The problem was obvious: technology, safety features, and environmental concerns were reshaping the priorities of the automobile, and no manufacturer could figure out how to work those ingredients into the recipe for a truly exciting car. The problem was obvious, but the solution was not.
One manufacturer would come through, though, with a car that satisfied the evolving automotive zeitgeist even as it appealed to the more traditionally stimulating automotive values of beauty and driving excitement. That manufacturer was Audi, and the car was the TT.
By the late 1990s, Audi had established a remarkably strong brand identity considering the difficulties faced by the company just a decade prior. When Audi was charting out new territory in the 1980s through its pioneering developments in all-wheel-drive technology and aerodynamics, the company made sure to not lock itself into a strict brand image as had the other mainstream German automakers. Volkswagen produced cars for the masses, BMW produced cars for the driving enthusiast, and Mercedes-Benz produced cars for those who preferred (and could afford) supreme comfort and solidity.
Audi, conversely, did not adopt strictly static elements, such as sportiness or luxuriousness, as it defined its products in the 1980s. Audi instead developed a dynamic formula for creating cars that could be sporty, luxurious, and even fashionable through their remarkable ability to embrace technology and apply the ever-changing ideas of auto design to an innovative and capable product.
So while BMW tried to make their cars quick and Mercedes-Benz tried to make their cars comfortable, Audi tried only to produce a better car by riding the crests of technological waves. This strategy, after years of application, created the clear brand image that Audi has today. The 1980s saw Audi develop one of the most radically aerodynamic sedans of its time, as well as the successful use of all-wheel-drive as a means of improving handling in all weather conditions.
It followed naturally, then, that Audi should be one of the first automakers to successfully create a new type of car for the new millennium—a car that applied modern ideas, including the technology responsible for creating some of the most uninspiring and over-processed automobiles that the world had ever known, to an exciting and innovative package.
When the Audi TT was introduced in 1998 for the 1999 model year, it was an absolute sensation. Everything about it spoke to a new generation of automotive design. Though the TT would eventually be offered with a six-cylinder power plant, it was initially offered only with a turbocharged four-cylinder—a brave step for a car aimed at six-cylindered rivals from Porsche and BMW. The TT was available with front-wheel-drive, or with 'quattro' all-wheel-drive, both of which offered better foul-weather traction than rear-wheel-driven competitors.
The real audacity of the TT did not come from its small-displacement engine or its odd choice of drive wheels, though, but from its radical appearance dictated by J Mays and Freeman Thomas. With its Bauhaus-inspired design language, replete with perfectly sculpted fender flares and a bold roofline, the TT's design was bristling with the ideas of a new automotive age. The look was remarkably solid, an effect accentuated on silver TTs, which appeared to have been milled from a single block of billet aluminum.
The interior, too, was revolutionary. The extensive use of real aluminum to accent high-quality black plastics and leather was a trend-setting idea that, over a decade later, still looks modern and exciting. Martin Smith is credited with the TT's interior design, and his careful work created a cockpit that exuded the same brilliant sense of modernity and style as the car's outer skin.
The TT was beautiful, and it was also exciting to drive—although some of that excitement was unwanted. The Audi TT was based upon the same platform that underpinned the Volkswagen Golf, and should never have been considered a true sports car. Its price, power levels, and stunning looks, though, meant that some of its competitors were thoroughbred sporting machines like the Porsche Boxster. This led to unfavorable handling characteristics, where the TT showed that its racetrack capabilities were not in line with its striking appearance. Unpredictable oversteer prevented the TT from realizing any sporting aspirations it may have had, though it is likely that Audi always intended for the car to be more of a stylistic sensation than an accomplished track tool.
Any handling issues that the Audi TT had at its limits of adhesion were forgotten entirely in around-town driving, where the TT cosseted its pilot with the comfort, security, and unique style of a thoroughly modern vehicle.
A Roadster version of the TT, replacing the Coupe's pretty roofline and useless rear seat with a folding soft top and a polished pair of roll-over hoops, was offered after the first year of TT production. The Roadster was a sensible addition and a successful seller, adding the option of open-air motoring to the supremely stylish TT lineup.
The Audi TT was one of the first cars to embrace the technology of the new millennium in a unique and exciting manner. It may have relied heavily upon its looks to garner attention, but its bold appearance was as innovative and fresh as any other part of the car. The Audi TT proved that excitement can exist even in a modern automotive climate that is often at odds with the traditional elements of vehicular fun—and that's quite an achievement for a company that, just a few decades ago, was an unfamiliar name to most Americans.Sources:
'Audi TT.' CarAutoPortal.com n. pag. Web. 28 Jun 2010. http://www.carautoportal.com/audi/audi-tt.php.
Enright, Andy. 'Audi TT (1999-2006).' Yahoo Cars 04 Oct 2006: n. pag. Web. 28 Jun 2010. http://uk.cars.yahoo.com/car-reviews/car-and-driving/audi-tt-2004432.html.
'Model Guide: TT Coupe/Roadster.' AudiWorld.com n. pag. Web. 28 Jun 2010. http://www.audiworld.com/model/.By Evan Acuña
A two-door compact sports car, the Audi TT was manufactured by Audi Hungaria Motor Kft. in Gyor, Hungary since 1998 for the German automaker and Volkswagen Group subsidiary AUDI A.G. Today the TT is now in its second generation, and both generations have been available in two car body styles; as a 2+2 Coupe or two-seater Roadster. Both versions have been built on consecutive generations of the Volkswagen Group A platform beginning with the A4. Due to the platform-sharing, the TT has identical powertrain and suspension layouts as its related platform-mates; which includes a front-mounted transversely orientated engine, front-wheel drive or Haldex Traction-based Quattro on-demand four-wheel drive system, and fully independent front suspension using MacPherson struts.
In the spring of 1994 at the Volkswagen Group Design Center in California the styling of the Audi TT began. The TT was originally unveiled as a concept car at the 1995 Frankfurt Motor Show. J Mays and Freeman Thomas were credited for the design, along with Martin Smith and Romulus Rost who contributed to the award-winning interior design. The TT takes its name from the successful motor racing tradition of NSU in the British Isle of Man TT motorcycle race. In 1911 NSU began competing in the TT, and eventually merged into the company now known as Audi. The Audi TT follows the NUS 1000TT, 1200TT and TTS cars of the 1960s in taking their names from the race.
Enabling seamless design features on the first-generation TT was a previously unused laser beam welding adaptation, but which actually delayed its introduction. In the beginning Audi didn t offer any type of automatic transmission option for TT. From 2003 though a dual clutch six-speed Direct-Shift Gearbox became available, with the U.K. TT variants becoming the world s first user of a dual clutch transmission configured for a right-hand drive car. Though the major world first for a road car equipped with a dual clutch transmission was claimed earlier by a Volkswagen Group platform-mate; the left hand drive Volkswagen Golf Mk4 R32.
With an internal designation Typ 8N, the production model was introduced as a Coupe in September of 1998, followed closely by a roadster in August of 1999. The production model was based on the Volkswagen Group A4 platform as used for the Volkswagen Golf Mk4, the original Audi A3, the Skoda Octavia and others. Compared to the concept the production model was styled only a little different from the concept, except for the slightly re-profiled bumpers, and the addition of a rear quarterlight windows behind the doors. In October of 1998 the factory production commenced.
After a series of high-speed accidents in Europe, early TT models gained press coverage. During abrupt lane changes or sharp turns crashes were reported along with related fatalities that occurred at speeds in excess of 110 mph. Late in 1999 and early in 2000, both the coupe and roadster models were recalled to improve predictability of the car s handling at extreme high-speeds. Newly added were Audi s Electronic Stability Programme, and rear spoiler, along with suspension modifications. All of the changes and updates were subsequently incorporated into future series production version of the vehicle. In June of 2006 factory production of this generation ended.
Sharing an identical powertrain layout as its related Volkswagen Group platform-mates mechanically, the TT utilizes a transversely mounted internal combustion engine, with either front-wheel drive, or quattro on-demand four-wheel drive. Initially it was available with a 1.8 liter inline four-cylinder 20-valve turbocharged engine in two states of DIN-rated power outputs; 178 hp and 222 hp. All of these engine share the identical fundamental design, however the 166 kW version features a larger K04 turbocharger, an additional intercooler on the right side, forged connecting rods, a dual tailpipe exhaust and several other internals; which were designed to accommodate the increase in turbo boost; from around 10 lbs per square inch to 15 lbs per square inch. Branded as Quattro ; Haldex Traction enabled four wheel drive which was optional on the 180 engine, and was standard on the more powerful 225 version.
In early 2003 the original four cylinder engine range was integrated with a 184 kilowatts 3.2 liter VR6 engine, which came standard with the Quattro four-wheel drive system. The following July, a new six-speed dual clutch transmission called the Direct-Shift Gearbox which improved acceleration through much reduced shift times, was available, along with a stiffer suspension.
In 2005, Audi unveiled the Coupe-only limited edition Audi TT Quattro Sport. The Quattro sport was built by Audi A.G. high performance specialist subsidiary Quattro GmbH and it featured increased power from its 1.8 liter turbocharged engine rising to 27 hp and 236 lb ft of torque. It also was reduced in weight by 165 lbs which allowed it to reach 0 to 62.1 mph in just 5.9 seconds and it had a top speed of 155.3 mph. Audi achieved this weight lot by deleting the spare wheel, the removal of the rear parcel shelf and rear seats along with deleting the standard fitment air conditioning. On the inside, the Quattro sport featured lightweight fixed-back Recaro bucket seats. You could tell the Quattro Sport from the other TT Coupes by its two-tone paint scheme and the exclusive 18 15-spoe cast aluminum alloy wheels, plus the identical body kit fitted to the TT 3.2 V6, up-rated suspension settings, black exhaust tailpipes, V6-spec brakes with red-painted calipers up front and new wheels that were wider at the rear which greatly improved handling.
The first generation TT has undergone two U.S. class action lawsuits affective specific models. In 2007, Pearson, Soter, Simon, Warshaw and Penny at LLP and the Law Office of Robert L. Starr filed a class action lawsuit against Volkswagen Group of America claimed that the timing belts for model year 1999-2003 Audi and Volkswagen cars equipped with a 1.8 liter turbocharged engine fail prematurely. The vehicles included in the suit are the Audi TT, Audi A4 and the Volkswagen Passet. The plain claims that the timing belts fail prior to the service interval, as stated in the owner s manual. In May of 2008 the parties had reached a class-wide settlement and preliminary approval of the settlement was granted by the court. Another lawsuit entered May of 2008 alleged that the instrument clusters on 2000-2005 model year Audi TTs were defective.
For 2000, the original generation Audi TT was nominated for the North American Car of the Year award. For 2000 and 2001 it was also on Car and Driver magazine s Ten Best list.
In 2005, a sneak-peak of the second-generation TT was revealed in the form of the Audi Shooting Brake concept car at the Tokyo Motor Show in 2005. The concept featured angular styling, and a shooting brake two-door hatchback body style, and was an insight into the new TT design. On April 6, 2006 Audi unveiled the second-generation TT; internal designation Typ 8J. Constructed on the Volkswagen Group A5 platform, the 2nd generation TT utilized aluminum in the front body panels and steel in the rear which enhanced its near-neutral front-to-rear weight distribution. This vehicle was available in front-wheel drive or quattro four-wheel drive layout and it was available once again as a 2+2 Coupe and as a two-seater Roadster. In comparison to the previous generation, this newest generation is five inches longer and three inches wider. In August of 2006 factory production began.
In the beginning the powertrain options only included petrol engines, which consist of either one of two inline four cylinder engines; the all-new 1.8 liter EA888 Turbocharged Fuel Stratified Injection or the more common and established EA113-variant 2.0 liter TFSI. Derived from the Audi Le Mans endurance race cars, the Fuel Stratified Injection and offers advanced power output and cleaner emissions. Brought over from the previous year the 3.2 liter V6 badged VR6 engine was also available in the Canadian model. In the 2009 model year the 2.0 TSFI Quattro models with the latest EA888 engine.
Standard on this generation was a six-speed manual transmission with the six-speed Direct-Shift Gearbox as optional for all but 1.8 liter engine. Standard on V6 models was Quattro on-demand four-wheel drive, once again using the Haldex Traction clutch, but not available on 1.8 TFSI. The new 8J TT now featured a multi-link fully independent rear suspension which complimented the front independent suspension, much like all its PQ35 platform buddies. Audi Magnetic Ride was Audis new active suspension which enhanced the entire suspension system and was available as an option. This extra feature was based on Delphi s MagneRide, a suspension which utilized magneto rheological dampers. Also new on this TT was an updated rear spoiler that automatically extends at speeds greater than 75 mph and retracts again below 50 mph. This spoiler can be manually controlled by the driver through a switch on the dash.
Debuted at the 2008 Geneva Motor Show, the 2.0 TDI Quattro is the first diesel engined version of the Audi TT in the European market. As the name implies, it is only available with Quattro, and is available in Coupe and Roadster version. Power came from the new 2.0 liter Turbocharged Direct Injection engine, now with 16 valves, double overhead camshaft, 1,800-bar common rail fuel delivery and eight-hole piezo fuel injections that produces a DIN-rated output of 168 bhp at 4,200 revolutions per minute and torque of 258 lb/ft at 1,750 to 2,500 rpm. This model also includes a six-speed manual transmission.
Acceleration was rated from 0 to 62.1mph on the Coupe in just 7.5 seconds and could reach a top speed of 140.4 mph. The Roadster was slightly less aerodynamic and reached 0 to 62.1 mph in 7.7 seconds and had a top speed of 138 mph. Audi claims that the average fuel consumption for the Cope variant with the 2.0 TDI engine is 5.3 liters which achieves a CO2 emissions rating of 139 gram. The Roadster TDI achieves an average of 51.4 mph and CO2 of 144 gram.
Audi released the first Audi S model of the TT range at the 2008 North American International Auto Show in Detroit with a heavily revised 2.0 TFSI engine. The cylinder block, fuel injectors and cylinder head were all modified from the base 2.0 TFSI engine. Along with additional modifications, this engine produces a DIN-rated motive power output of 268 bhp and generates a torque turning force of 258 lb ft of torque from 2,500 to 5,000 rpm. The S was available with a choice of either a six-speed close-ratio manual transmission or a six-speed S tronic transmission. The S tronic gearbox was the only available transmission in the United States and it was only available with Quattro four-wheel drive as standard.
The suspension in the S was lowed by 0.4 inches in comparison to the standard models and included Audi Magnetic Ride as standard and a all-new two-stage sports-biased Electronic Stability Programme . Clamped by a single-piston gloss black caliper which was embellished with a bold TTS logo was the radially ventilated front disc brakes and a lap time that was prominently displayed in the center of the instrument cluster. Standard on the S were 9Jx18 5-parallel-spoke design alloy roadwheels with 245/40 ZR18 high performance tires. 19 5-spoke star wheels and tires were optional on this vehicle. Compared to the standard model the exterior featured some updates with a TTS body styling with a newly redesigned front, redesigned rear bumper, side sill extensions, four exhaust tailpipes and larger air intakes. The TTS s Coupe performance was recorded at 0-62.1mph in just 5.4 seconds, with the Roadster just two-tenths slower at 5.6 seconds. The top speed is electronically limited to 155mph.At the 2008 Isle of Man TT motorcycle races Audi offered 8 TTS cars for official use.
At the 2008 W rthersee Tour at P rtschach am W rthersee in Austria Audi debuted a new show car variant of the second generation Audi TT; the TT Clubsport Quattro. It was shown only in an open-topped speedster variant, and its 2.0 TFSI engine was tuned to give 296 bhp. The soft top from the standard TT Roadster disappeared and was replaced with two humps , along with two substantial roll bars. The Clubsport Quattro featured LED daytime running lamps, black-painted single frame grill , an aggressive body kit with large frontal air intakes and a lower spoiler lip. The axle trip was widened 2.6 inches with bolder and wider wheel arch extensions, wider side sills, polished 19-inch alloys and 255-section tires, and the rear were twin polished stainless steel oval tailpipes next to a new rear diffuser.
On the inside the Clubsport Quattro featured racing bucket seats, a six-speak S tronic dual-clutch transmission with Quattro four-wheel drive, TTS spec brakes and lightweight aluminum detail throughout the interior. Though Audi has not ruled out the possibility of a small scale production, it was primarily a show car .
Debuted at the 2009 Geneva Auto Show, Audi released the first ever compact sports car Audi RS model; the new Audi TT RS which was available from 2009 in Coupe and Roadster variants. Developed by Audi s high performance subsidiary Quattro GmbH at Neckarsulm, the new TT RS harks back to the sporting legacy of 1980s Audi Quattros with their high performance five-cylinder turbocharged engines. The TT RS included an all-new 2.5 liter inline five-cylinder Turbocharged Fuel Stratified Injection petrol engine which produced a DIN-rated motive power output of 335 bhp from 5,4000 to 6,700 rpm and a torque of 450 newton meters at 1,600-5,300 rpm.
The Audi RS2 Avant and all Audi RS models afterwards were assembled at the Quattro GmbH factory in Neckarsulm, Germany. The TT RS however will be the first Audi RS vehicle not assembled in Germany, instead it was completely assembled in the Audi factory in Gy r, Hungary alongside its lesser Audi TT mates.
Featuring a new short-shift close-ratio six-speed manual transmission the TT RS is only available with Audi s trademark Quattro four-wheel drive system, like all RS models. The TT RS utilized a specially adapted version of the latest generation multi-plate clutch from Haldex Traction. The Quattro system included addition like a constant velocity joint before the cardan propeller shaft and a compact rear-axle differential that was up-rated to cope with the increased torque from the five cylinder turbo engine. The TT RS featured a 0.4 inch lower ride height like the TTS and featured optional Audi Magnetic Ride and rides on a standard 18 inch road wheels with 245/45 ZR18 tires. The front discs on the TT RS are clamped by gloss black painted four-piston calipers which featured the RS logo and the braes were up-rated to include two-piece cross-drilled and radially vented front discs sized at 14.6 inches in diameter. The rear ventilated discs were 12.2 inches in diameter.
The Audi TT RS also featured a fixed rear spoiler with a retractable being an option. The interior was black with heated Alcantara/leathe sports seats with Silk Nappy and Fine Napppa leather as an option. Also available as an option were Recaro RS bucket seats that first appeared in the Audi B7 RS4. The Sport button which sharpened the throttle response and deepened the exhaust note was carried over from the B7 RS4 along with a three-stage user-selectable Electronic Stability Programme.
In March 2009 the TT RS went on sale and delivery began in the summer. The vehicle had a top speed of 155.3 mph and could achieve 0-62.1 mph in just 4.6 seconds, and 4.7 seconds for the roadster. A factory option de-restricted the top speed to 174.0 mph. The Coupe has a kerb weight of 3.197 lbs and the Roadster weighed 3,329 lbs.
The recipient of numerous awards, the second generation TT won the inaugural Drive Car of the Year, Top Gear Coupe of the Year in 2006, Fifth Gear Car of the Year in 2006, World Design Car of the Year 2007, Autobild Most Beautiful Car and being a finalist for World Car of the Year.By Jessica Donaldson