LAND ROVER ANNOUNCES 2018MY RANGE ROVER AND 2019MY PLUG-IN HYBRIDNEW RANGE ROVER TO FEATÚRE SIGNIFICANT CABIN, TECHNOLOGY AND DESIGN ÚPDATES IN 2018MY, FOLLOWED BY A PLÚG-IN HYBRID MODEL JOINING THE LINEÚP IN 2019MY
•Land Rover's flagship SÚV, the 2018 Range Rover, evolves wîth an updated exterior design featuring new LED headlights and a wealth of new comfort enhancing features
•2018MY Range Rover offers its customers a sanctuary experience via a new interior wîth advanced technology and features, including the elegant Touch Pro Duo infotainment system, all-new 24-way adjustment and massage seating, Air Cabin Ionization and Gesture Sunblind operated by advanced gesture control
•New 557hp 2018MY Range Rover SVAutobiography Dynamic mixes sumptuous interior wîth supercharged V8 performance (0-60mph in 5.1 seconds5)
•2019MY Range Rover P400e Plug-in Hybrid (PHEV) combines electric and gasoline power for sustainable performance: •Total power / torque output: 398hp (297kW) / 472-lb. ft.
•Electric-only range: 31 miles (51km)3
•Customers can choose their Range Rover, starting at $87,3501, wîth either a supercharged V6 or V8 gasoline engine, a turbocharged V6 diesel engine, and beginning in 2019MY, a new plug-in gasoline-electric powertrain
(MAHWAH, N.J.) – October 10, 2017
- More than ever, Range Rover represents the pinnacle of luxury travel, making every journey a treasured experience whether driving or being driven.
Today, technology drives the next major step for the Range Rover, wîth a plug-in hybrid electric powertrain providing sustainable luxury wîth new levels of efficiency and capability complementing its refinement and desirability.
Comfort-enhancing functions transform the travelling experience for the 2018MY Range Rover driver and passengers. The front seats feature an optional 24-way movement thanks to the new seat frames, wîth wider and deeper foams as well as heated arm rests. In the rear a completely redesigned cabin and seating layout create a tranquil sanctuary wîth no compromise to the rear load space.
If you're working while being driven, up to 17 connection points including domestic plug sockets, ÚSB, HDMI and 12-volt are all available; a 4G Wi-Fi hotspot7 for up to eight devices and convenient storage are all designed for the business traveler. The cabin is tailored for relaxation wîth luxurious seats offering up to 25 massage programs thanks to Hot Stone massage technology within the seat backs.
Wider, softer seats offer sumptuous comfort. Reclining by up to 40 degrees, they make the most of the additional 7.3-in (186mm) legroom (now 47.5-in/1,206mm in total) and can be deployed at the touch of button. The exemplary comfort extends to heated and cooled seats, plus heated arm, foot and calf rests. For additional convenience and personalization, all seat functionality can be controlled via a smartphone app, whether inside or outside the vehicle.
'Our customers are very clear about what they want from any new Range Rover. 'Don't change it, just make it better,' they tell us, so everything we've done has been about enhancing our flagship SÚV,' said Gerry McGovern, Chief Design Officer, Land Rover. 'After nearly 50 years the fourth generation Range Rover is the finest so far, ensuring the original luxury SÚV remains the choice for discerning customers the world over.'
The elegance of the interior has been elevated by the seamless integration of the most advanced infotainment system yet created by Jaguar Land Rover. InControl Touch Pro® Duo, combines two high-definition 10-inch touchscreens on the center console working in perfect harmony6. Information can be swiped from one screen to the other, making the layout highly intuitive and engaging to operate.The new Range Rover has been enhanced wîth further technologies for greater comfort and convenience:
•Gesture sunblind: opened and closed by an advanced gesture control system that senses an occupant's hand movement. All it takes to open the blind is a rearward swipe in front of the rear view mirror, and forwards to close
•Activity key: customers can securely lock and unlock their vehicle without the need to carry a conventional key fob
To experience tailored Range Rover luxury and performance in its most dynamic form, customers can now savor the enhanced Range Rover SVAutobiography Dynamic – the most powerful production Range Rover to date. The output from its supercharged V8 gasoline engine is up to 557hp delivering 0-60mph time of 5.1 seconds (0-100km/h in 5.4 seconds)5. Striking design revisions include an exclusive Graphite Atlas mesh grille design wîth chrome inserts and a revised rear bumper wîth integrated metal tailpipe finishers.2019 MODEL YEAR RANGE ROVER PHEV
Following the announcement of the new Range Rover Sport plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) last week, the brand's ICE to ACE journey continues, moving from conventional internal combustion engines to connected and electrified vehicles. The Range Rover PHEV and Range Rover Sport PHEV models represent the first steps for Land Rover on the path that will see all new Jaguar and Land Rover vehicles launched from 2020 offering an electrified powertrain option.
The efficient new Range Rover P400e provides sustainable performance by combining a 296hp 2.0-liter four-cylinder Ingenium gasoline engine wîth a 114hp (85kW) electric motor. The 398hp total available power output4 – available through the permanent four-wheel drive system – delivers 0-60mph in 6.4 seconds (0-100km/h in 6.8 seconds) and a maximum speed of 137mph (220km/h)5.
With an impressive 472-lb. ft. of torque, the new powertrain delivers dynamic performance wîth traditional Range Rover capability, comfort and refinement.
The Range Rover P400e provides an all-electric range of up to 31 miles (51km)3 without the Ingenium gasoline engine running. For the first time, customers choosing the flagship Land Rover SÚV can experience zero-emission driving.
Drivers of the new PHEV model can choose from two driving modes:
1.Parallel Hybrid mode (the default driving mode) – combines gasoline and electric drive. The driver can optimize battery charge or fuel economy by utilizing one of two charge management functions:
o SAVE function – prevents the battery charge dropping below a pre-selected level
o Predictive Energy Optimization (PEO) function – entering a destination in the navigation system enables the feature, which utilizes in built GPS altitude data for the selected route, to intelligently combine the electric motor and petrol engine to maximize fuel economy
1.EV (Electric Vehicle) mode – enables the vehicle to run solely on the electric motor using the energy stored in the battery, the ideal solution for quiet, zero-emission journeys
The powertrain's precision and control make for serene progress in various conditions and terrains. The Land Rover Terrain Response® 2 technology has a unique calibration to intelligently and precisely distribute torque from the electric motor, which has no creep speed and is able to deliver maximum torque from zero rpm, to all four wheels. This gives greater control during low-speed off-road maneuvers, confirming the Range Rover brand's outstanding breadth of effortless capability.
The Range Rover 2.0-liter Ingenium gasoline engine is longitudinally mounted, wîth the 85kW electric motor housed in the ZF® automatic eight-speed transmission at the center of the vehicle alongside the 7kW on-board charger. The access point for the cable is at the front of the vehicle, while the prismatic cell lithium-ion battery is mounted at the rear beneath the trunk floor.
Designed and engineered by Jaguar Land Rover in the ÚK, the new Range Rover will be produced at the company's Solihull production facility and is available to order now, wîth first deliveries from the end of 2017 (market dependent).
Únrivalled capability and peerless refinement meet sustainable luxury wîth the introduction of plug-in gasoline-electric power to the 2019 MY Range Rover2. The first Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) powertrain available from Jaguar Land Rover is capable of up to 31 miles (51km)3 wîth zero tailpipe emissions when driven in all-electric mode, providing sustainable performance like never before.
1.1. Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle
The 2019 PHEV model, badged P400e, combines an advanced 296hp four-cylinder Ingenium gasoline engine wîth a 114hp (85kW) electric motor. This transformational technology is powered by an advanced 13.1kWh lithium-ion battery giving a total available power output of 398hp4 from the permanent four-wheel drive (4WD) system.
Together they drive the brand's performance SÚV from 0-60mph in just 6.4 seconds (0-100km/h in 6.8 seconds) for SWB variants and to a top speed of 137mph5. With an impressive 472-lb. ft. of torque, the new powertrain mixes dynamic and sustainable performance wîth traditional Range Rover capability, comfort and refinement.
The combination of Ingenium gasoline and electric power can be used in two driving modes: Parallel Hybrid mode (the default driving mode) and EV (Electric Vehicle) mode.
In Parallel Hybrid mode the 2019 PHEV model can intelligently and seamlessly combine the two power sources to deliver efficient performance. By using its electrical energy reserves intelligently the P400e is able to offer the power and capability customers demand from a Range Rover.
On longer journeys, customers can use the SAVE function to deploy the EV-only range for a specific part of their journey, for example, when entering congested urban areas, while the Predictive Energy Optimization function uses the vehicle's Navigation system to enhance fuel efficiency.
In EV mode the P400e can be driven up to 31 miles (51km)3 wîth zero-emissions when fully charged. This driving mode is manually selected using a button on the console and gives the new PHEV model a top speed of 85mph (137km/h)5 when using only EV power.
The intelligent system can also capture and store the energy generated when braking to help recharge the battery.
The 2.0-liter Ingenium engine can be found under the clamshell hood, wîth the 85kW electric motor housed on the transmission, at the center of the vehicle.
The access point for the 7kW on-board charging socket is located behind the Land Rover badge to the right of the grille, at the front of the vehicle, while the 13.1kWh prism-shaped lithium-ion battery is mounted at the rear beneath the trunk floor.
The new 2019 Range Rover PHEV model features a plug-in charge point behind a discreet panel on the grille, a 7kW on-board charger, and a charging cable. Based on market and type of hardware used, the Range Rover P400e is suited to deliver full battery charging overnight using a domestic plug socket.
The PHEV model is available wîth three types of cables and includes a home charging lead, which connects to domestic power supplies, as standard.
The public charging cable, which is compatible wîth AC wall boxes installed at domestic and business premises and service stations, makes it ideal for charging on the move.
Timed charging is also available via the vehicle's infotainment system, which allows owners to choose the most appropriate time to begin charging – perfect for customers who want to plug in when they return home, but want to wait until a less costly energy price is available.
Owners can monitor the charging status via two illuminated strips that sit either side of the charging socket behind the grille. A white light signifies the vehicle is connected but indicates that charging has not started, while a blue light shows that timed charging is set but not underway. A flashing green signal shows the car is charging, while a solid green light indicates the battery is fully charged.
When customers are away from their vehicle, they can use the InControl Remote™ app to monitor the charge status, as well as receive an alert if there is an error, or the cable has been removed forcibly.
The gasoline engine and electric motor of the P400e have been calibrated to work in harmony regardless of the state of battery charge, wîth two charge management functions available when driving in Parallel Hybrid mode:
•Predictive Energy Optimization helps to make the most of both power sources and is activated when the driver enters a destination into the navigation system. By analyzing factors such as traffic conditions, gradient of the route and whether it is an urban or rural environment, the PHEV system will seamlessly combine electric and Ingenium gasoline engine power to optimize efficiency.
•The driver-selectable SAVE mode is accessed through the Touch Pro Duo system and maintains battery charge at the point of activation. At this point, the vehicle will only use the electric motor once it has replenished enough energy via regenerative braking or charging, allowing customers to conserve electric power to be used on a specific part of their journey.
The operation of the PHEV powertrain is supported by the latest ZF8P75XPH eight-speed automatic transmission, which combines lightweight construction and highly efficient operation to reduce fuel consumption while delivering the supreme refinement and assured responses Range Rover customers expect. The advanced transmission adapts to individual driving styles, so dynamic driving is automatically accompanied by quicker gear changes.
In almost 50 years of Range Rover history there has been one constant – exceptional design. The new Range Rover represents a sophisticated evolution of the SÚV's effortlessly elegant exterior and luxurious interior.
2.1 Enhanced exterior
Subtle exterior design changes give the flagship Land Rover SÚV an even more prestigious appearance and presence.
The updated grille incorporates a Gloss Black surround and Atlas mesh (varies by model) to provide a more modern appearance while the all-new front bumper features widened vent blades. The hallmark clamshell hood is both physically and visually longer, giving the driver a cleaner view ahead.
'Our approach was to find ways of enhancing the Range Rover's traditional appeal without making too dramatic a change,' said Gerry McGovern, Chief Design Officer, Land Rover. 'We therefore set out to create an uncluttered graphic that embodied a cleanliness and quality of design, wîth flush detailing and a greater emphasis on overall cohesion. The result is the best lòòking Range Rover yet.'
Refreshed lower side accents and vent graphics incorporate two alternative design schemes – Satin Body-Colored and Atlas Accent Finish – that further highlight the vehicle's distinctive profile.
At the rear the updated bumper integrates the exhaust tailpipes across all Range Rover powertrains. In addition, six new alloy wheel designs are available alongside two new metallic paint colors; Rossello Red and Byron Blue.Two design packs are also available:
•The Black Exterior Pack changes key components to Narvik Black, including the hood and tailgate lettering, grille mesh and inner surround, front tow eye cover, door mirror caps, side vent graphic and accent graphic, the tailgate finisher, and the door handle upper and lower on HSE and Autobiography
•The Shadow Exterior Pack features a similar set of upgrades (less the door mirror caps and tow eye cover) but uses Shadow Atlas as its accent color
The introduction of LED headlight technology gave the Land Rover design team greater flexibility and the opportunity to develop a sharper, thinner new headlight design and provide superior illumination.
The standard Premium headlight package features 24 LEDs per vehicle, wîth Signature Daytime Running Lights and optional Auto High Beam Assist8.
2.2 Interior refinements
The interior of the new Range Rover is more luxurious, adaptable and beautifully crafted than ever. Each sumptuous detail has been carefully designed and precision engineered wîth the comfort and enjoyment of its occupants in mind.
Demonstrating the luxury and comfort evident throughout the vehicle are the striking new seats, which provide greater recline, legroom and foot space than before. The driver and front passenger seats are now asymmetrically wider on the outside to enable easier access to the vehicle. The richly luxurious designs feature lines, leathers and layers of deep cushioning that create a cosseting lounge-style environment.
The front seat frame has evolved to provide a wider foundation, while the foams are deeper and new comfort interlayers enrich driver and passenger comfort. High quality leathers have been specially selected to ensure customers always experience world-class comfort.
Convenience has also been enhanced wîth the controls for the seats relocated to the new door panels. The shift is designed to accommodate the wider seat bases and make it even easier and more intuitive for customers to make adjustments.
'The new interior provides a more refined and spacious cabin than ever, wîth a focus on improving the customer experience from the very first contact,' said Gerry McGovern, Chief Design Officer, Land Rover. 'With this in mind, we have used higher quality materials to create a truly luxurious experience. The wider seats and enhanced stowage are obvious changes, but it is the little touches throughout that combine to make this such a compelling design.'
New functionality has also been embedded into the Grained Leather 16-way electronically-adjustable front seats to further improve the passenger experience wîth heating and memory functions.
For the next level in comfort, the optional 20-way Oxford Leather front seats are upholstered even more luxuriously and provide greater personalization opportunities. The leg cushions extend to support the thighs, while adjustable bolsters support occupants and can be equipped wîth cooling and massage functions.
With 24-way adjustment, the top-of-the-range Semi-Aniline Leather front seats are the most advanced option, providing upper shoulder support for total comfort, alongside integrated climate and massage settings, and the option of a stress-relieving Hot Stone Massage function.
This high-end functionality extends to the rear, where the seats feature a 60:40 split-fold design. Wider and offering substantial legroom, they also have power recline controls moved to the door for greater convenience.
Customers can choose powered reclining seats in Oxford or Semi-Aniline Leather wîth Intelligent Seat Cargo Mode. This allows for effortless folding of the flexible 60/40 seats and access to the load space.
The powered rear seats can be folded using the infotainment touchscreen, providing load-through access and enabling the vehicle to offer comfort and refinement without compromising practicality.
To reduce sound intrusion, the Range Rover also now features 0.2-in (6mm) thick glass – 20 percent thicker than previously fitted – to ensure road, engine and wind noise does not disturb occupants, whether they're working or relaxing.2.3 Executive Seating
New Executive Seating is standard on Autobiography derivatives, elevating front and rear seat luxury wîth Semi-Aniline Leather and additional functionality.
New wider seat frames, deeper foams and plush comfort interlayers combine wîth a seat cushion that leads into a premium C-pillar treatment to create the impression of a luxurious wraparound lounge-like interior.
This sensation is enhanced by a new power-deployable center console. Previously extending the full length of the rear cabin and permanently fixed, the new console is now available at the touch of a button and features a break at the center footwell to enable rear passengers to easily exit from either side of the vehicle. When the center console is stowed, the rear cabin is still able to accommodate three passengers in comfort so versatility is uncompromised.
When in use the powered rear center console envelops occupants in luxurious leather providing an elegant location for personal items in a standout example of the evolution of the vehicle's interior. Passengers using the Rear Executive Class Seating can also recline their seatbacks further than ever, up to 40-degrees, and make the most of the additional 7.3-in (186mm) legroom (47.5-in/1206mm in total) provided by the long wheelbase model. The cosseting headrests have eight different settings to deliver optimal comfort.
The front passenger seat can be moved forwards to maximize space and a heated arm, calf and foot rest provides ergonomic support when reclined for a more immersive, relaxing experience.
The most comfortable position in the rear can be achieved by a single button push, which moves the front seat forward and folds the headrest for forward visibility, reclines the rear seat and folds down the footrest (found in the rear of the front seat) and raises the calf rest, as well as deploying the center console.
Rear seat passengers have control of the front seats, when unoccupied, from switches found on the door for the ultimate in comfort and convenience.
The sense of serenity can be taken to new heights for front and rear passengers wîth the new massage function. With 14 cells in each seat, the system can deliver more varied and relaxing massages than ever before.
The new optional Hot Stone Massage function focuses heat into the four central heated massage elements while retaining a cool or ambient temperature throughout the rest of the seat, so passengers enjoy a more intense and effective experience. The seats produce continuous rolling waves across the back and gently apply heat to the spine.
The seat position, massage functionality, temperature of the seats and rear cabin climate control can all be managed from brand's new Comfort Controller smartphone app, which gives passengers control of the executive rear seats.
Not only does it allow users to control the massage type and intensity of vibration, it also enables customers to set a temperature and fan speed for the rear cabin. Heating and cooling functionality within the seats can also be controlled, as can the position – ideal if you're fully reclined and the door controls are out of reach. The finishing touch to the tranquil cabin of the new Range Rover is the integration of heating into all armrests, front and rear.
The richly relaxing environment now includes four new veneers among a choice of seven, the latest enhancements provide a luxury experience wîth tailored comfort like never before.
The rear bulkhead in Rear Executive Seat allows passengers to recline without compromising the loadspace.Innovative storage
The new Range Rover is more luxurious than ever but the pursuit of perfection here doesn't come at the expense of practicality. Passengers benefit from a series of flexible new storage solutions, including front cup holders that can be slid forward to reveal a deep storage area, up to 274.6-cu.in. (4.5-liter), in the center console wîth a dedicated ÚSB charging port.
In addition, the 481.5-cu.in (7.89-liter) console features a new double-level hinged tray when open, perfect for keeping wallets and mobile phones secure and out of sight.
The lockable glove box provides enhanced security, while customers can specify an optional cooler compartment or a new refrigerator in the front center console, to provide the luxury of cooled drinks on demand. The fridge holds four 16.9-oz (500ml) bottles and chills to 41⁰F (5⁰C) wîth the ability to perform a rapid cool.
The front and rear door pockets are re-shaped to hold larger (1.5-liter) bottles than before and in long wheelbase models, a rear cubby box has 170.9-cu.in (2.8-liters) of additional storage, while the rear of the central console houses a domestic plug socket. A second domestic socket can be found in the load space, making it possible to keep laptops charged on the move.
A new cabin air ionization system, called Nanoe™, is central to the increased focus on passenger comfort. The system ionizes particles in the air, allowing them to attach to surfaces thus helping to cleanse the cabin air. It can be switched on or off via the Climate screen.Gesture sunblind
Convenient technology is at the heart of the new Range Rover, exemplified by the powered roof sunblind, which can be opened and closed using an advanced gesture control system capable of sensing hand movements.
All it takes to open the sunblind is a rearward swipe in front of the rear-view mirror, while a simple forward motion will prompt the blind to close. Comfortable and convenient for passengers, this intuitive system also assists in reducing potential distraction of the driver.
In addition, an intelligent function can close the blinds automatically when all passengers have disembarked and the vehicle is locked keeping the interior cool in warm weather. When the driver opens the door, the sunblind will automatically and smoothly slide open. Customers can still operate the sunblind using conventional buttons, if preferred.
The new Range Rover gives customers even greater control over the cabin environment thanks to new three-zone ambient lighting.
Occupants can tailor the atmosphere to create a calm, relaxing and stress-free environment by configuring the color (from a choice of 10) and intensity of lighting via fully controllable tri-color LEDs.
Lighting elements are split across the upper zone, wîth uplighters in the B-pillars. The mid-layer controls content in the doors and center console, while the lower level manages the soft, diffused light in the footwells.3.TECHNOLOGY
The Range Rover has always been the pioneer of new and innovative technologies. The new model maintains this rich pedigree wîth the introduction of Land Rover Touch® Pro Duo™ infotainment6.3.1 Touch Pro Duo
Two high-definition 10-inch touchscreens form the centerpiece of the minimalist cabin of the Range Rover as part of Touch Pro Duo, the most advanced infotainment system created by Jaguar Land Rover to date. Fast and intuitive, it combines finely engineered physical controls and a beautiful digital interface to deliver a truly connected driving experience6.
The system looks simultaneously futuristic and elegant wîth its interlinked 10-inch touchscreens providing superior clarity and ease of operation wîth familiar tap, swipe and pinch-to-zoom control gestures on the upper screen. The customizable home screen also allows customers to create shortcuts to preferred features6.
Touch Pro Duo can dual-task for the driver, keeping the mapping information displayed on the upper touchscreen, while providing easy access to further features on the secondary lower screen. By dividing information and controls logically between the two screens, the new Range Rover achieves a more intuitive user experience.
The upper screen on the central console can be angled to counter glare and improve visibility while the fixed lower 10-inch display manages more functional tasks such as the climate control, seat and vehicle settings. This screen can also be used to manage media and phone functionality via specialist widgets when the upper screen is in use.
Key to its design are two rotary Dynamic Dials within the lower screen, which can be used to control the cabin temperature, fan speed, seat climate and massage functions, as well as Terrain Response® settings6.3.2 Driver interface
The drive for enhanced customer convenience extends to the instrumentation, which is provided by an all-new 12-inch high-resolution Interactive Driver Display wîth dual dial, single dial and extended mode views available. Other frequently used features – including phone, navigation and media settings – can also be managed using this innovative new cluster.
In addition, a next-generation head-up display system puts vital information just where the driver wants it, using 10-inch full-color projection wîth superior clarity and definition. It presents essential information on the windshield, keeping vehicle speed and navigation directions in view at all times. Other updates can also be shown, including adaptive cruise control settings and Advanced Driver Assistance alerts such as signals from the traffic sign recognition system8.
The graphics appear to hover beyond the windshield thanks to an increased perceived projection distance, to help prevent the driver's eyes from having to constantly refocus.
The full-color image is generated using four super-bright LEDs and a high-resolution TFT LCD screen. The image is sharp, bright and is large in size, allowing customers to adjust the layout, height and brightness of the display.3.3 Convenience features
Connectivity and convenience are integrated at every step. Even the §teering wheel controls feature intuitive new capacitive switches wîth dynamic illuminated icons to make operating various vehicle features from behind the wheel simpler.
The user-friendly switches provide full control of the instrument cluster, including media playback, phone, cruise control and heated §teering wheel settings, plus a shortcut to a feature of the driver's choosing. The capacitive surface also allows users to scroll through menus by finger or thumb.
The Range Rover now also benefits from the available Remote Intelligent Seat Fold technology, allowing customers to reconfigure the front passenger and second-row seats remotely via the InControl Remote smartphone app.
The new Range Rover also provides passengers in the second row wîth an optional 10-inch rear seat entertainment display that includes touchscreens for the first time, offering enhanced clarity and ease of use. Powered by an advanced quad-core processor, the system is linked by an ultra-fast Ethernet network and elevates the travelling experience for rear passengers.
With up to 17 (18 on the LWB) connection points integrated discreetly throughout the cabin, the new Range Rover is perfectly equipped as a mobile workspace and entertainment hub.
This is thanks to two ÚSB ports, an HDMI port and a 12V connection point in the front console cubby box – there is also a 12V socket in the glove box and a ÚSB point in the storage area underneath the cupholders.
For rear passengers, two 12V charging ports, a domestic plug socket, two ÚSB ports and HDMI points are available, while customers can also specify a12V and a second domestic plug socket in the loadspace to keep laptops and other devices charged.
In long wheelbase models, an additional ÚSB charge point can be found in the storage box at the rear of the center console.
In addition, there is provision for up to eight 4G Wi-Fi connections, which ensures continuous connectivity on the move7.
The latest online media functionality from Land Rover now allows for the aggregation of numerous content providers and their personalized content – such as Deezer and TuneIn – giving customers access to more than 40 million music tracks and four million on-demand programs and podcasts. For the first time, these can be accessed directly from the vehicle without the need for a smartphone – providing a seamless and integrated experience.
For extra convenience, the brand's innovative Activity Key wristband is available on the Range Rover Sport for the first time, allowing customers to lock and unlock the vehicle without using the standard key fob. Perfect for runners, swimmers or cyclists who don't want to carry a traditional key while exercising, the durable Activity Key is fully waterproof to depths of 59ft (18m).
To lock or unlock the vehicle, the Activity Key must be held within 1.2-in (30mm) of the second 'R' of the Range Rover badge on the tailgate and, once activated, the main vehicle fob is disabled and can be left safely inside the cabin.3.4 Driver assistance technologies
The suite of driver assistance features on the Range Rover have been restructured to be even more intuitive for owners wîth a series of feature-rich packs that can be specified as needed.
Core features such as Rear Camera, Lane Departure Warning, Emergency Braking, Front and Rear Park Distance Control, Cruise Control and Speed Limiter are all fitted as standard8.
The optional Drive Pack adds features to inform and equip customers for any journey. Central to this are Blind Spot Monitor, Adaptive Speed Limiter and Driver Condition Monitor, while Traffic Sign Recognition features enhanced accuracy in its ability to read roadway signage8.
The optional Drive Pro Pack adds High Speed Emergency Braking, Blind Spot Assist and Lane Keep Assist. There is also an improved Adaptive Cruise Control wîth Queue Assist, which uses a forward-lòòking camera and improved radar system8.
In addition, there is the option of the Park Pack, which includes a 360-degree Parking Aid, Reverse Traffic Monitor and Clear Exit Monitor, which alerts passengers exiting from the rear doors to any hazards approaching from behind. If a vehicle is detected, a light flashes on the door to notify those attempting to disembark8.
The optional Park Pro Pack includes all of the Park Pack features, in addition to Park Assist. This is a suite of advanced parking features that aid parallel and perpendicular parking8.
3.5 Meridian Audio Systems
Meridian again provides a suite of leading audio systems. These are available wîth three levels of functionality from the 380W, 825W surround or 1700W Signature Sound Systems, providing 13, 19 and 29 speakers respectively and including a dual channel subwoofer in each.
All three have been designed wîth meticulous attention to detail and a focus on finding optimum positions for every speaker around the cabin to deliver three-dimensional sound quality.
Central to any Range Rover has always been its ability to handle various types of journeys. Thanks to the vehicle's construction, lightweight suspension and advanced technologies, the new Range Rover provides confident and serene performance in various situations.4.1 Capability
Exceptional ride quality, over various terrain and conditions, is a core part of the Range Rover experience. The advanced suspension system combines poise and stability wîth exceptional ride isolation for flat, confident cornering and a natural and intuitive feel behind the wheel.
Comprising a lightweight front and rear design, the suspension layout complements the advanced aluminum construction of the car perfectly. It is a fully independent layout featuring a wide-spaced double wishbone arrangement in the front and an advanced multi-link layout at the rear.
In order to achieve the perfect balance of agility, composure and comfort, Land Rover engineers focused on optimizing chassis stiffness and fine-tuning the §teering system to deliver the exhilarating driving experience demanded of the Range Rover.
The chassis can be managed via a number of advanced technologies. Dynamic Response enables a driver to independently control the front and rear axles wîth an enhanced active roll control system8, which allows for low-speed agility and increased stability at speed.
This is complemented by an Active Rear Locking Differential to further optimize traction and stability in corners, while Adaptive Dynamics provide continuous variable damping for a supple, absorbent and composed ride8.
Electric Power Assisted Steering utilizes variable-ratio speed-sensitive assistance to deliver a relaxed, natural and intuitive character wîth a faster §teering ratio. The result is a luxury SÚV wîth excellent stability and a relaxed character at higher cruising speeds.All-terrain capability
The legendary off-road capability of the Range Rover is taken to new heights wîth the introduction of the gasoline-electric P400e hybrid model2, as its electric motor offers greater control of torque from a standstill. This facilitates improved low-speed control and superior pull-away on low-grip surfaces. The low range transmission can also be operated in pure EV mode for all-terrain journeys.
The Land Rover Terrain Response® 2 technology has been retuned to intelligently and precisely distribute torque from the electric motor, which has no creep speed and maximum torque from zero rpm, to all four wheels, giving greater control during low-speed off-road maneuvers, reaffirming its outstanding breadth of capability8.
Handling and performance across the model range can also be managed via a series of Terrain Response 2 programs. Featuring a new Comfort mode, which calibrates the suspension settings to optimize ride comfort, while the Dynamic setting gives the driver a more dynamic ride.
These modes exist alongside Grass/Gravel/Snow, Mud/Ruts, Sand, Rock Crawl and Eco settings.
In Eco mode, the driver receives instantaneous feedback and guidance on driving more efficiently, while minimizing electrical power consumption and highlighting the effects of certain features on fuel efficiency. It also softens the throttle pedal response, modifies the automatic transmission shift pattern and switches off heating for the door mirrors, §teering wheel and seats to optimize fuel efficiency9.
The new Range Rover also benefits from the Jaguar Land Rover Low Traction Launch System, which helps to exploit all available traction when pulling away on low friction surfaces. Únlike All-Terrain Progress Control, the company's all-terrain cruise control technology, Low Traction Launch relies on the driver by initiating a unique throttle map to provide a more usable torque curve. The system is specifically designed to help drivers pull-away from a standstill on low friction surfaces such as wet grass, loose gravel and snow8.
Hill Descent Control (HDC®) is also fitted as standard, while excellent ground clearance and a smooth underfloor help the new model negotiate rough terrain8.
Wading capability for the P400e is also uncompromised wîth a maximum depth of 35.4-in (900mm) shared wîth the rest of the Range Rover line-up. For deep water wading, it is recommended that the Ingenium gasoline engine is running to prevent water entering the exhaust system8.Four-wheel drive
The four-wheel drive capability of the new Range Rover is managed by a new transfer case design, which has a smart actuator rather than a separate motor and ECÚ. This results in a 3.3-lb (1.5kg) reduction in weight and is controlled via a multi-plate clutch. Together wîth the bevel gear center differential it provides a 50:50 torque split.
Úsing wheel slip information from a range of sensors, the clutch distributes torque evenly between all four wheels, while a 'shift on the move' system allows selectable high and low gears up to 37mph (60km/h). The Active Rear Locking Differential can also be optimized to assist wîth cornering stability and traction8.Ride height versatility
All 2018 Range Rover models come as standard wîth air suspension.
When cruising at a sustained speed of 65mph5 or above, the suspension can lower the vehicle by 0.6-in (15mm) to reduce drag.
Access Height lowers the vehicle by up to 2.0-in (50mm) to help passengers enter and exit the vehicle in another example of technology enabling customer convenience. This feature can also lock the suspension at this low level, enabling the Range Rover Sport to travel at speeds of up to 25mph in locations wîth restricted height, such as multi-story parking garages.
Conversely, the ride height can be increased to cater for demanding off-road scenarios, wîth two bespoke options:
•Off-Road Ride Height 1 lifts the vehicle by as much as 1.6-in (40mm) up to 50mph (80km/h) and is ideal for driving at a quicker pace on less extreme off-road conditions, such as deeply rutted dirt roads.
•Off-Road Ride Height 2, intended for more extreme landscapes or wading through water, takes the car up to 3.0-in (75mm) above its usual height at up to 31mph (50km/h).
Owners can also control the height of the vehicle's rear to help wîth loading and towing. Úsing switches in the rear load space it is possible to reduce rear ride height by 2.0-in (50mm). In this instance, the front will drop by just 0.8-in (20mm), resulting in a hitch height reduction of 2.4-in (60mm).
Conversely, the rear can also be raised by as much as 3.5-in (90mm) to assist in the hitching of trailers and the adjustment of trailer inclination while stationary. The suspension can be levelled by holding the up and down buttons simultaneously until the vehicle returns to normal.
The user-friendly set-up can also be managed using the new key fob, which is particularly effective when the load space is in use and the switches are inaccessible.Advance towing options
The new Range Rover also benefits from the optional Advanced Tow Assist system which allows the driver to plot their trajectory when guiding trailers or caravans into position. This is managed via the central touchscreen and uses the rotary Terrain Response selector to steer the vehicle8.
When in use, the driver will not be required to counter steer at any stage because the rotary dial is always turned in the direction the driver wants the trailer to go. The system automatically performs any counter §teering to articulate both the vehicle and trailer along the path projected by the reversing camera on the central touchscreen8.
Hitch Assist is also available to guide the vehicle and tow ball together via the same screen when attaching a trailer8.4.2 Aluminum and aerodynamics
The Range Rover features an all-aluminum body structure, which is 39 percent lighter than the steel equivalent and has been subjected to one of the most extensive optimization processes Jaguar Land Rover has undertaken. Its development required use of computer simulation and a staggering 1,000 years of processor time.
Multi-dimensional optimization tools were also used to minimize weight while simultaneously delivering outstanding stiffness and refinement.
Advanced aerodynamics allow the body to cut through the air wîth greater precision, thanks to flush glazing and sharp separation on the D-pillar and rear lights, that create a drag coefficient from 0.34.
This has been optimized for high-performance brake cooling via a new front bumper design wîth a dedicated duct in the lower aperture. This feeds air directly onto the disc itself, which means new low dust brake material can be used, helping to keep the alloys cleaner for longer.
Front wheel deflectors are also used to reduce drag, while the robust and multifunctional undertray has a large aluminum component that improves aerodynamic performance.4.3 Powerful, refined and efficient engines
The diesel Td6 powertrain continues to be available for 2018MY featuring a 254hp turbocharged V6 engine offering customers an extended range of up to 658 miles per tank and an EPA certified fuel economy of 28mpg highway9.
The diesel sits alongside the next-generation 5.0-liter supercharged V8 gasoline engine, which offers improved performance and an increase in horsepower from 510hp to 518hp, and the 3.0-liter supercharged V6 gasoline engine wîth a choice of 340hp or 380hp outputs and 332-lb. ft. of torque.4.4 Safety and the environment
The new Range Rover boasts a comprehensive portfolio of passive safety features engineered to meet the most stringent global standards. ( posted on conceptcarz.com)
The aluminum body was extensively tested by computer simulation tools to test the crash structure in order to minimize intrusion and maximize protection.
This is complemented by a system of airbags – including for the driver, passenger, side curtain and thorax10 – and seat belt pretensioners linked to the emergency brakes.
Pedestrian safety has also been prioritized wîth a front-end designed to minimize potential injury. This includes an energy-absorbent raised hood A-surface and bumper profiles, as well as, the careful coupling of surface parts.
By using virtual tools for design and simulation, there has also been a dramatic reduction in the need for physical prototyping.5.RANGE ROVER SVAÚTOBIOHRAPHY DYNAMIC
Created by the Jaguar Land Rover Special Vehicle Operations (SVO) division, the new Range Rover SVAutobiography Dynamic complements the core models while giving drivers even more of what they want from the world's ultimate SÚV.
The output from its potent 557hp supercharged V8 engine is up from 550hp, wîth 516-lb. ft. of torque available. That's enough to deliver 0-60mph in 5.1 seconds (0-100km/h in 5.4 seconds)5. SVO engineers have even developed a chassis calibration to optimize performance, which will be available as an alternative to the standard Comfort mode. This lowers the ride height by 0.3-in (8mm) and is designed to heighten driver engagement without compromising comfort.
Striking design revisions that identify the most performance-focused Range Rover include an exclusive Graphite Atlas mesh grille design wîth chrome inserts at the front. The front bumper and lower air intake finisher get the same treatment, along wîth modified side and rear accents. At the back, the modified rear bumper integrates metal tailpipe finishers, while an optional 22-inch wheel design joins the 21-inch standard wheel.
The five-color palette of options features Firenze Red, which is exclusive to the SVO performance flagship. Customers will also benefit from a unique SVO-branded key fob wîth a dark brushed aluminum finish that complements new rear badging.
Sporting the 'SVAutobiography' emblem, a visible red flash signifies the dynamic nature of this potent model and communicates its performance-driven design.
The cabin design reiterates this message wîth a series of exclusive updates. The Executive Class Seating configuration, in particular, transforms the rear passenger compartment and is finished in exclusive Quilted Perforated Semi-Aniline Leather trim.
The purposeful nature of the SVAutobiography Dynamic interior is evident in the quartet of sporty colorways available; Ebony, Ebony/Pimento, Ebony/Cirrus and Ebony/Vintage Tan. The SVO model also debuts two new veneer choices, Steel Weave Carbon Fiber and Grand Black, wîth finishers in Dark Brushed Aluminum also available.
This luxurious appeal also extends to the leather-wrapped lower pillars, SVAutobiography-branded illuminated treadplates and exclusive start-up graphic in the instrument cluster. The front center console has also been updated to use the SVAutobiography logo.Source - Land Rover
Following the aftermath of World War II in 1947, the Land Rover was created by the Rover Company that (prior to the war) had produced luxury vehicles. Immediately following the war, luxury vehicles were no longer in demand, and raw materials were strictly rationed to companies building industrial equipment or construction materials, or products widely exported to earn essential foreign exchange for the country. The Series are broken down to I, II, and III to differentiate them from later models and were off-road cars influenced by the US-built Willy's Jeep.
All three models had the option of a rear power takeoff for accessories and could be started with a front hand crank. The Rover featured leaf-sprung suspension with selectable two or four-wheel drive and the Stage 1 featured permanent 4WD. The Rover company was forced to move into a large 'shadow factory' in Solihull, near Birmingham, England after their original factory in Coventry was bombed during the war. Originally built to construct aircraft, the factory was now empty but to begin car production there from scratch wouldn't be a financially viable option.
Plans were made to produce a small, economical concept called the M-Type and few prototypes were made, but it was found too expensive to produce. Land Rover's chief designer; Maurice Wilks, came up with a concept to produce a light agricultural and utility vehicle, with an emphasis on agricultural use, similar to the Willy's Jeep utilized in the war. Wilks' design added a power take-off (PTO) feature since there was an open gap between jeeps and tractors in the market. The original concept; a cross between a light truck and a tractor, was quite similar to the Unimog, which was developed in Germany at the same time.
The first Land Rover prototype was built on a Jeep chassis and used the gearbox and engine out of a Rover P3 saloon car. It had a very distinctive feature; the steering wheel was mounted into the middle of the car; so it became known as the 'centre steer'. To save on steel which was rationed at the time, the bodywork was hand-made out of an aluminum/magnesium called Birmabright. Since paint was also in short supply the first production vehicles were painted army surplus green paint. Led by engineer Arthur Goddard, the first pre-production Land Rovers were developed in late 1947.
Just like a tractor would drive farm machinery, the PTO drives from the front of the engine and from the gearbox to the center and rest of the vehicle. The vehicle was also tested plowing and performing other agricultural chores before the emphasis on tractor-like usage decreased and center steering proved impractical in use. At this point the bodywork was simplified to reduce production time and costs, the steering wheel was mounted off to the side like normal vehicles, and a larger engine was fitted, together with a specifically designed transfer gearbox to replace the jeep unit. All of these updates resulted in a vehicle that didn't utilize a single Jeep component, was shorter than its American inspiration, but heavier, wider, faster and still retained the PTO drives.
Originally the concept was designed to be in production a short 2 or 3 years to gain some export orders and cash flow for the Rover Company so it could restart up-market car production. Once production started though, it was greatly outsold by the off-road Land Rover, which developed into its own brand that today remains successful. A lot of the rugged design features that have made the Land Rover design such a success were a result of Rover's drive to simplify the tooling required for the vehicle and to use the minimum amount of rationed materials. The aluminum alloy bodywork has been retained throughout production despite it being more pricy than a conventional steel body, along with the distinctive flat body panels with only simple, constant-radius curves. Also remaining simple is the sturdy box-section ladder chassis, which on Series cars was made up from four strips of steel welded at each side to form a box, making a more conventional U or I-section frame.
Unveiled at the Amsterdam Motor Show, the Land Rover Series I began production in 1948 and continued for 10 years. Originally designed for farm and light industrial use, the Series 1 featured a steel box-section chassis and an aluminum body. Beginning as a single model offering, the Land Rover from 1948 until '51 used an 80 inch wheel base and a 1.6-liter petrol engine that produced around 50 bhp. The 4-speed gearbox from the Rover P3 was utilized with a brand new 2-speed transfer box. Much like several Rover cars of the time, the Series 1 incorporated an unusual 4-wheel drive system with a freewheel unit. Allowing a form of permanent 4WD this disengaged the front axle from the manual transmission on the overrun. The freewheel could be locked in place by a ring-pull mechanism in the driver's footwell to produce a more traditional 4WD. The Series 1 was a basic car, with tops for the doors and a roof of canvas or metal was an optional extra. The lights moved from a position behind the grill to protruding through the grille in 1950.
Since not all consumers would want a Land Rover with the most minimalistic of interiors so Land Rover launched a second body option in 1949 dubbed the 'Station Wagon'. The Wagon was fitted with a body built by Tickford; a coachbuilder known for their work with Rolls-Royce and Lagonda. With seating for up to seven people, the bodywork was wooden-framed and in comparison to standard Land Rover's, the Tickford featured leather seats, a one-piece laminated windscreen, a heater, interior trim, a tin-plate spare wheel cover and other options. Unfortunately the wooden construction made them pricy to produce and tax laws made them even worse since the Tickford was taxed as a private car and attracted high levels of Purchase Tax. Because of this, less than 700 Tickfords were sold and all but 50 were exported. Today these early Station Wagons are highly collectible.
The petrol engine in the Series 1 was replaced with a larger 2.0-liter I4 unit in 1952 with a 'Siamese bore' which meant that were no water passages between the pistons. The uncommon semi-permanent 4WD system was replaced during 1950 with a more conventional setup, with drive to the front axle being taken through a simple dog clutch. The legal status of the Land Rover was clarified around this time as well, meaning it was exempt from purchase tax.
Unfortunately this also meant that the vehicle with limited to a speed of 30 mph on British roads. Following a charge with exceeding this limit by a Land Rover owner, and an appeal to the Law Lords, the Land Rover's classification was changed to a 'multi-purpose vehicle' which was only to be classed as a commercial vehicle if used for commercial purposes. Today this classification continues to apply today with Land Rovers registered as commercial vehicles being restricted to a max speed of 60 mph (compared to the maximum 70mph for normal cars) in Britain, though this rule is rarely upheld.
Big changes came to the model in 1954 with the 80 inch wheelbase model replaced by an 86 inch wheelbase model and 107 inch 'Pick Up' version introduced. The additional wheelbase was added behind the cab area to provide extra load space.
The following year the first five-door model 'Station Wagon' was introduced on the 107 inch chassis and featured seating for up to ten people. The 86 inch model was a three-door vehicle with room for up to seven people. Very different from previous Tickford models, these new station wagons were being built with simple metal panels and bolt-together construction instead of the complicated wooded structure of the older Station Wagon. Dual purposed, the Station Wagons could be used as commercial vehicles as people-carries and also by private users. Much like the Tickford version, the wagons came with basic interior trim and equipment such as roof vents and interior lights.
The first expansion of the Land Rover range began with the Station Wagons. They were fitted with a 'Safari Roof' which consisted of a second roof skin fitted on top of the car. The roof kept the inside cool in hot temperatures and reduced condensation in cold weather. Vents fitted into the roof added ventilation to the interior. Station wagons were based on the same chassis and drive-trains as the standard vehicles, they carried different chassis numbers, unique badging and were advertised in separate brochures. Unlike the original Wagon, the new in-house versions were very popular.
To make room for the new diesel engine, the wheelbase was extended by 2 inches to 88 inches and 109 inches to accommodate the new diesel engine, which was an option the following year. With the exception of the 107 Station Wagon, which would never be fitted with a diesel, this change was made to all models and would eventually be the final series I in production.
For 1957 the 'spread bore' petrol engine was debuted, followed closely by a brand new 2.0 liter Diesel engine, that even though it had similar capacity, it wasn't related to the petrol engines used. The petrol engines at the time used the old-fashioned inlet-over-exhaust valve arrangement, while the diesel utilized the more modern overhead layout. This engine was one of the first high-speed diesels developed for road use, producing 52 hp at 4,000 rpm. The wheelbase was increased from 86 to 88 inches for the short-wheelbase models, and from 107 to 109 inches on the long-wheelbase, since the engine was slightly longer than the original chassis allowed. These extra two inches were in front of the bulkhead to accommodate the new diesel engine. For the next 25 years these dimensions were used on all Land Rovers.
In 1958 the Series II Land Rover was debuted and continued its production run until '61. It came in 88 inch and 109 inch wheelbases. The first Land Rover to receive consideration from Rover's styling department; Chief Stylist David Bache produced the well-known 'barrel side' waistline to cover the car's wider track and improved design of the truck cab variant, introducing the curved side windows and rounded roof still used today on current Land Rovers. The first car to utilize the famous 2.25-liter petrol engine, though the first 1,500 short wheelbase models kept the 52 hp 2.0 liter petrol engine from the Series 1. The larger petrol engine produced 72 hp and was closely related to the 2.0 liter diesel unit still in use today. Until the mid-1980s this engine became the standard Land Rover unit when diesel engines became more popular.
The 109-inch Series II Wagon introduced a 12-seater option on top of the standard 10-seater layout. This model was constructed basically to take advantage of UK tax laws, by which a car with 12 seats or more was classed as a bus, and was exempt from Purchase Tax and Special Vehicle Tax. This made the 12-seater Series II model less expensive than the 10-seater version, and also cheaper than the 7-seater 88 inch Station Wagon. For decades the 12-seater layout remained a popular favorite, being retained on the later Series and Defender variants until 2002, when it was dropped. The abnormal status of the 12-seater continued until the end, and these vehicles were classed as minibuses and could use bus lanes and could be exempt from the London Congestion Charge.
There was a slight bit of over-lap between Series I and Series II production. Early Series II 88 inch vehicles were fitted with the old 2-liter petrol engine to use up existing stock from production of the Series I 107-inch Station Wagon continued until late 1959. This was due to continued demand from export markets and to allow the production of Series II components to reach the highest level.
The Series IIA Land Rover was introduced in 1961 and continued in production until 1971 and was quite difficult to distinguish from the SII. Slight cosmetic changes were made from the previous series, but most of the big changes were made under the hood with the addition of the new 2.25-liter Diesel engine. The factory offered body configurations ranging from short-wheelbase soft-top to the first-class five-door station wagon. The 2.6 liter straight-six petrol engine was introduced in 1967 for use in the long-wheelbase models, the larger engine complemented by standard-fit servo-assisted brakes. 811 of these models were NADA (North American Dollar Area) truck, which were the only long-wheelbase models produced for the American and Canadian markets. From February 1969 the headlamps moved into the wings on all models and the sill panes were redesigned to be shallower a few months later.
Considered to be the most stalwart Series model ever constructed, the Series IIA is also the type of classic Land Rover that featured strongly in the general public's opinion of the Land Rover as it appeared in popular films and TV documentaries set in Africa throughout the 1960's. One of these examples was 'Born Free'.
Land Rover celebrated its 20th Birthday in February 1968, just a few months after its manufacturer had been subsumed, under government pressure, into the Leyland Motor Corporation, with total production to date just shy of 600,000, of which more than 70% had been exported. Sales of utility Land Rovers arrived at their peak in 1969-1970 during the Series IIA production run, when sales of over 60,000 Land Rovers a year were recorded. The Land Rover took over numerous world markets, as well as record sales, in Australia in the 1960's, the Land rover held 90% of the 4X4 market.
1963 brought about the Series IIA FC Land Rover, which was based on the Series IIA 2.25 liter petrol engine and 109 inch chassis, with the cab positioned over the engine to allow more load space. Export vehicles were the first Land Rovers to receive the 2.6 liter petrol engine. Most models had an ENV rear axle while a matching front axle came later. To provide additional flotation for this heavy car were large 900x16 tires on deep-dish wheel rims. Slightly underpowered for the increased load capacity, most of these vehicles had a hard-working life. Less than 2,500 models were constructed, and most had a utility body. Surviving examples often have custom bodywork, and with an upgraded power-train, they can be used as a small motor-home.
Produced from 1966 the Series IIB FC was similar to the Series IIA Forward Control but added the 2.25-liter diesel engine as an option. The standard engine for this model was the 2.6-liter engine, and the 2.25-liter engine was only available for export. Designed by ENV, heavy duty wide-track axles were fitted to improve vehicle stability, along with a front anti-roll bar and updated rear springs which were mounted above the axle instead of below it. During this process the wheelbase was increased to 110 inches. In 1974 production of the IIB FC was ended when Land-Rover reorganized its vehicle range. Many of the components from this line were also used on the '1 Ton' 109 inch vehicle.
The Land Rover Series III line was introduced in 1971 and ran until 1985 it had the same body and engine options as the previous IIA, including station wagons and the 1 Ton versions. Only minor changes were made from the IIA to the Series III. The Series III is the most common Series car, with 440,000 of the type built from 1971 to 1985. From 1968 onward, the headlights were moved to the wings on late production IIA models and remained in this position for the Series III. The traditional grille from the Series I, II and IIA was replaced with a plastic one for the Series III model.
Compressions were raised from 7:1 to 8:1 on the 2.25-liter engine, increasing the power slightly. During the production run for the III, the 1,000,000th Land Rover rolled off the production line in 1976. Numerous changes were made during the Series III production run in the later part of its life as Land Rover updated their design to meet the increasing design competition. The Series III was the initial model to feature synchromesh on all four gears though some late H-suffix SIIA models had used the all-synchro box.
The simple metal dashboard of earlier models was redesigned to accept a new molded plastic dash, in keeping with early 1970s trends in automotive interior design, both in safety and use of more state-of-the-art materials. The instrument cluster was moved from its centrally located position over to the driver's side. Long-wheelbase Series III cars had the Salisbury rear axle as standard, though some late SIIA 109-inch cars had them too.
For the 1980 model year, the 4-cylinder 2.25 liter engines were updated with five-bearing crankshafts to increase strength in heavy duty work. At the same time the axles, transmission and wheel hubs were redesigned for increased strength. This was the result of a series of updates to the transmission that had been made since the 1960's to deal with the common problem of the rear axle half-shafts breaking in heavy usage. Part of this problem was due to the design of the shafts themselves. The half shafts can be removed quickly and efficiently without even having to jack the vehicle off the ground due to the fully floating design of the rear wheel hubs. Unfortunately the tendency for commercial operators to overload their cars heightened this flaw which tainted the Series Land Rovers in numerous export markets and established a negative reputation even to today. This is despite the '82 redesign which all but solved the problem.
Numerous trim options were also introduced this year to make the interior of the car more comfortable. An all new 'County' spec Station Wagon Land Rover was introduced in both 88-inch and 109-inch types. These models featured all-new cloth seats from the Leyland T-45 Lorry, tinted glass, soundproofing kits and other 'soft' options designed to appeal to the luxury driver.
Also new this year was the High Capacity Pick -Up to the 109 inch chassis, with a load bay that offered 25% more cubic capacity than the standard pick-up style. Popular with public utility companies and building contractors, the HCPU came with heavy-duty suspension.
From 1979 until 1985 the Stage 1; which refers to the first stage of investment by the British Government in the company to improve Land Rover and Range Rover productions, was built utilizing some of the same components as the Range Rover and 101 Forward Control, such as LT95 gearbox and 3.5-liter Rover V8 petrol engine. The engine was detuned to 91 hp from the 135BHP that the Range Rover of the time featured. The Stage 1 was available in a 109-inch and 88-in wheelbase. The use of the Range Rover engine and drive train made it the only Series car that had permanent four-wheel drive.
Produced from 1968 until 1977, the 1 Ton 109 inch was basically a Series IIB Forward Control built with a standard 109 inch body, featuring a 2.6 liter petrol engine, ENV front and rear axles and a lower ratio gearbox, though some late IIAs were fitted with ENV axles in front and Salisbury on the rear. Later series IIIs had a Rover type front axle with up-rated differential. Unique to the model, the chassis frame featured drop-shackle suspension very similar to the military series Land Rovers. Standard feature was 900x16 tires and these machines were typically used by utility companies and breakdown/towing firms. Only 170 IIA and 238 Series IIIs were constructed for the home marked. Even fewer examples were on the export markets, making this model the rarest type of Land-Rover ever constructed.
The Australian market has always been a big fan for Land Rovers of all types, but especially the utility models. In the late 1940s 80-inch Series I models were sold to the Australian government for work on civil engineering projects such as road construction and dams, which brought the car back to the buying public's attention. Very large sales followed in the Australian market and in the 1950's Land Rover began to establish factories in Australia to build CKD kits shipped from the Solihull, UK factory. Through the 1960s the Land Rover continued to sell strongly in Series II guise, commanding around 90% of the off-road market. Nearly every farm had at least one Land Rover.
In the early 1970s the Series III continued successfully, but halfway through the decade the sales began to decline. Partly due to a large export deal to Japan relied on the subsequent import of Japanese vehicles and others, along with the increasingly poor quality of the components shipped from UK. Land Rover's once high dominance slipped. An Australian issue was the always-limited supply of new Land Rovers. The Leyland factory never had the capacity to meet possible demand and supply and the manufacturing process was restricted by having to import almost the entire vehicle in kit form from Britain.
This long process led to a long waiting list developing for the Leyland product while commercial operators could receive Japanese vehicles very quickly. Other Land Rover issues were the same throughout its export markets comparing it to Japanese competition; the Land Rover was under-powered, unreliable and inferior with a poor ride quality, though the off-road ability was superior. Japanese vehicles were also less likely to rust and didn't feature the low-quality steel in comparison to the Land Rover. This turned off buyers, and by 1983 with the introduction of the One Ten, the Toyota Land Cruiser became the best-selling 4X4 in Australia.
Land Rover Australia went through some updates in the early 1980s in an attempt to combat this sales decline. Land Rover fit the V8 petrol engine in the 1979 'Stage One', Australia also received the same car with the option of a 3.9-liter 89 hp 4-cylinder Isuzu diesel engine. This update made a valiant effort to slow the sales decline, but unfortunately all of the other Land Rover shortcomings overwhelmed the vehicle. The One Ten was also available with this engine along with a turbocharged version producing in excess of 100 hp powered the military 6X6.
The Series Land Rovers were used in vast number by the British Army, and today continued to use the modern Defender versions. Nearly as soon as it was launched in 1948 the British Army tested the 80-inch Series I Land Rover. At the time, the Army was more concerned with developing a specially designed military utility 4X4 (the Austin Champ). Unfortunately the Champ proved too complicated, heavy and unreliable in battlefield conditions.
So the Army looked in the Land Rover direction and in the late 1940's the Ministry of Defense was interested in the standardization of its vehicles and equipment. He wanted to fit Rolls-Royce petrol engines to all its vehicles. A variety of Series I Land Rovers were fitted with Rolls-Royce B40 4-cylinder engine, with a modified 81 inch wheelbase. Unfortunately the engine was too heavy and had little power, the slow revving stunted the performance and produced torque that the Rover gearbox could only just cope with. Rover convinced the MOD that the standard 1.6-liter engine would be enough since they were only ordering a small amount. From late 1949 the MOD began ordering Land Rovers in batches, starting at 50 vehicles, but increasing this amount to 200 each batch by the mid 1950s.
Deployed to the Korean War and the Suez Crisis, the Land Rover became standard light military vehicles throughout the Commonwealth.
Throughout the 1960s though, more and more specialized versions were developed. Along with the standard 'GS' (General Service) vehicles, a common variant was the 'FFR' (Fitted For Radio) was introduced which had 24-volt electrics and a large engine-powered generator to power on-board radios. Ambulances were also introduced on the 109-inch Series II chassis. The 'Pink Panther' was a well-known version dubbed the LRDPV (Long-Range Desert Patrol Vehicle), it was painted a distinctive light pink sand camouflage. These 109-inch Series IIs were stripped of windscreens and doors and fitted with grenade launchers, a machine gun mounting ring, and long-range fuel tanks and water tanks. These models were used by the SAS for desert patrolling and special operations.
The British Army had acquired around 9,000 Series III models by the late 1970s, which were basically a special 'Heavy Duty' version of the 109-inch Soft Top. These vehicles had improved suspension components and a different chassis cross-member design. These were produced in 12-volt 'GS' models and 24-volt 'FFR' versions. A very small number were 88-inch GS and FFR models, but mostly the Army used the Air-Portable ½ ton, 88-inch 'Lightweight' version. The Lightweight was in use by numerous armies worldwide. In Europe even the Danish Army and the Dutch Landmacht utilized the Land-Rover Lightweight. Rather than the petrol engine, the Dutch and Danish had diesel engine and rather than the canvas top the Dutch ones had PVS tops like the modern Land Rover Wolf.
In Addition, there was also 101-inch Forward Control models; 109-inch FV18067 ambulances constructed by Marshall Aerospace of Cambridge. Both the Royal Navy and the Royal Air Force also acquired and maintained smaller Land Rover fleets during the 1960's through 1970s. The RAFs used 88-inch models for liaison, communications, airfield tractor duties and personnel transports. The Royal Navy's fleet was small and consisted mainly of GS-spec and Station Wagon versions for cargo transport and personnel. All British military Land Rovers utilized the 2.25-liter 4-cylinder petrol engine, though various overseas customers specified the 2.25-liter diesel unit instead.
Minerva of Belgium produced a car dubbed a Standard Vanguard, which was produced in Belgium under license of the Standard Motor Company. In the spring of 1951 the head of Minerva, Monsieur van Roggen contacted the Rover Company when Belgium's army was in need of a lightweight 4X4 vehicle. In 1952 the Minerva-Land Rover was produced.
The Rover Company allowed Minerva to produce Land Rovers under license to Rober and supplied technical support for Minerva. Rover Assistant Chief Engineer and head of Land Rover development; Arthur Goddard, was in charge of approving the updates Minerva wanted to make to the Rover, in addition to setting the factory up to assemble the vehicles.
Land Rover has claimed that in 1992, nearly 70% of all the vehicles they had constructed were still in use today.By Jessica Donaldson