Citroen introduced the DS in 1955 and came with an aerodynamically efficient, low-drag bodyshell with an all-independent, self-levelling, hydro-pneumatic suspension. They had power-operated brakes, clutch and steering.
The project began in the 1930s by the company's managing director, Pierre-Jules Boulanger, and would be brought to fruition by designers Andre Lefebvre, previously with Renault and Voisin, and Flaminio Bertoni, who had worked on the styling of the pre-war Traction Avant. Boulanger goal was that the proposed 'VGD' (Voiture de Grand Diffusion or Mass Market Car) be comfortable over sub-standard rural roads while remaining stable at sustained high speeds on the Autoroutes. These goals were obtained with the hydro-pneumatic suspension, suggested by Citroën engineer Paul Mages.
The original 1,911cc overhead-valve, long-stroke engine sourced from the Traction Avant, was replaced in September of 1965 by a short-stroke 1,985cc unit, also available in 2,175cc and 2,347cc versions. Other DS developments included swiveling headlights, fuel injection, and a five-speed gearbox. An alternative to the DS was the ID, which was a simplified and cheaper version, and the Safari estate and the two-door Décapotable (convertible), the latter boasting coachwork by Henri Chapron.
Chapron had originally produced the first convertibles independently of Citroën but the factory eventually gave the project its blessing and bought the rights to his design. The Usine (factory) convertible were built on the longer, stronger chassis of the ID Break (Estate) and were sold via the Citroen dealer network. It is believed that around 1,700 examples of the Usine convertible were built between 1960 and 1975, while Chapron built a further 389 of his own, the last in 1973. by Daniel Vaughan | Dec 2019
Related Reading : Citroen DS History
Andre Citroen founded the Citroen Company in 1919 and by the late 1920s, it had become Europes largest car manufacturer. They earned a reputation for their build quality, revolutionary engineering, and innovation. The Citroen Traction Avant of the mid-1930s pioneered mass production, unitary body construction with no separate chassis, front-wheel drive, and a four-wheel independent suspension setup..... Continue Reading >>
Related Reading : Citroen DS History
An executive vehicle, the Citroen DS was also called the Goddess or Déesse and was introduced by the French Manufacturer Citroen. Unveiled in 1955, the Citroen DS was produced until 1975. More than 1.5 million D-series were produced during its 20 year long production run. The D-series was incredibly futuristic and cutting-edge with an aerodynamic body design that was designed by Flaminio Bertoni..... Continue Reading >>
By the 1950s, the days of coachbuilt cars were in serious decline, but one of the most successful carrosserie in France, Henri Chapron, was still very much in business. Three years after Citroen first introduced the DS 19, Chapron bought a complete c....[continue reading]
This Citroën DS 19 Décapotable with coachwork by Henri Chapron is finished in blue and rides on Vredestein Sprint Classic radials mounted on factory steel wheels finished in cream with full stainless-steel wheel covers. Lighting is provided by Cibie ....[continue reading]
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1963 Citroen DS19 Production Figures
Concorde Coupe 38
213,162 total vehicles produced by Citroen in 1963 Total 1963 Citroen DS19 production: 0