This 1910 Stoddard-Dayton Model K Gentleman's Roadster was the Ault Park Concours d'Elegance Best of Show Winner in 1977. This was the Ault Park Concours's inaugural event.
The Stoddard-Dayton, a product of the Dayton Motor Car Company, is a luxury brand automobile built in Dayton, Ohio, between 1905 and 1913. Stoddard-Dayton is noted for being the first pace car for the first Indianapolis 500 race in 1911.
This automobile has been prized by its owner since 1976.
The Stoddard-Dayton Company produced automobiles from 1905 through 1913. The Dayton Ohio based company was formed by John W. Stoddard and his Son Charles G. Stoddard. John had made his fortune in the agricultural business but by 1904 he decided to move into the ever evolving automobile manufacturing business. Charles was sent to Europe to learn their techniques, designs, and production methods. He returned to America convinced that the gasoline combustion engine was the choice of the future and that the steam and electric vehicles were on the verge of becoming obsolete.
The early Stoddard-Dayton cars were outfitted with Rutenber engines. The Rutenber Motor Company was based in Chicago, Illinois and produced four-cylinder engines that had been designed by Edwin Rutenber. His first engine was a single-cylinder version introduced around 1892. A four-cylinder version was created by 1898.
In 1902 the Rutenber Company was relocated to Logansport. The Auburn Company also outfitted their cars with Rutenber engines until 1923.
By 1907 the Stoddard-Dayton vehicles were being powered by modern six-cylinder engines. This amplified the companies' position of creating quality cars with powerful engines. The entry level vehicles were given 15 to 18 coast of paint while the limousine models featured nearly 30 coast of paint. Each coat of paint was meticulously hand sanded. After the painting process and the car were complete, the cars were driven 150 to 400 miles to verify quality. After this the engines were disassembled and they were re-cleaned and inspected. Then it was re-assembled and another road-test ensued.
The cars were not only top-quality machines; they were also very potent on the race track. The company proudly advertised their many successful sprint races, hill climbs, dir track races, and other sporting accomplishments. In 1909 a Stoddard-Dayton won the first race held at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway after averaging 57.31 mph. In 1911 the first pace car ever for the Indianapolis 500 was a Stoddard-Dayton.
To offer a wider assortment of vehicles, the Courier Car Company was formed in 1909 by Stoddard-Dayton. Their lines of vehicles were smaller and lower-priced versions of their Stoddard-Dayton siblings.
During the early 1910's the Stoddard-Dayton merged with the United States Motor Company. In 1908 the International Motor Company was formed and later renamed to the United States Motor Company in 1910. The company's existence was due to Benjamin Briscoe. The company represented multiple manufacturers, a total of 11 in 1910 including Maxwell, Courier Car Company, Columbia, Stoddard-Dayton, Alden Sampson Trucks, Gray Marine, Brush Motor Car Company and others. Their goal was to help provide and find financial support for small and struggling independent automotive manufacturing companies.
By 1912 the United States Motor Company had entered into receivership and by 1913 they were bankrupt. This was also the demise of the Stoddard-Dayton manufacturing company. The Stoddard-Dayton had failed to compete with the low priced, high quality, mass-produced manufacturers such as Ford and General Motors.
The Maxwell Company purchased the assets of the bankrupt Stoddard-Dayton Company and continued to offer the Stoddard-Dayton models 30, 38 and 48 in 1913. Maxwell was later reorganized and became part of the Chrysler Corporation. By Daniel Vaughan | Jun 2007
The Dayton Motor Car Co. was founded in 1904 by the Stoddard family of Dayton, Ohio. John Stoddard had made his fortune in the paint, varnish and farm implement business. Along with his son Charles, they started making high quality cars in a variety of body styles in 1905.
The cars from 1905-1907 used Rutenber engines. In 1907 Stoddard hired an engineer from England, H.J. Edwards, who designed a very advanced motor featuring hemispherical combustion chambers with inclined overhead valves, twin cam shafts and dual ignition, arguably the most advanced motor available in the United States at that time. In 1910 the Stoddard's sold out to the U.S. Motor Co., but that was an ill-fated venture and by 1913 Stoddard-Dayton, along with the U.S. Motor Co., was just another of a long list of failed automobile manufacturers.
This 1910 Model K has a 354 cubic-inch four-cylinder engine producing 50 horsepower with a three-speed transmission, with a 120 inch wheelbase. It was found in extremely poor condition with many vital parts missing. This includes much of the running gear and many of the rare brass parts such as the lamps. It took over thirty years to locate and acquire the necessary parts and to reproduce the parts that could not be located. The restoration then took an additional four years. There were enough body parts to be able to recreate the body identically to the original. The result is this beautiful correct restoration.
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