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1984 Ferrari 308 GTS news, pictures, specifications, and information
Targa Coupe
Chassis Num: ZFFUA13A8F0053225
 
Sold for $71,500 at 2015 Bonhams.
Ferrari introduced their 308 GT4 in 1973, beginning a new era of V8-engined road-going cars. Badged as a 'Dino', the new 308 GT4 2+2 served as a replacement for the preceding Dino V6. They wore wedge-shaped styling courtesy of Bertone which was not universally well received. The contemporary styled Ferrari 308 GTB followed, making an introduction at the Paris Auto Salon in 1975. It was designed by Pininfarina and changed little mechanically apart from a reduction in both weight and wheelbase, retaining its predecessor's underpinnings and transversely mounted engine that now featured dry-sump lubrication.

The Scaglietti-built Ferrari 308 GTB first featured fiberglass bodywork, but in April of 1977, switched to steel. Further developments included the introduction of an open-top GTS version with Targa-style removable roof, the adoption of Bosch K-Jetronic fuel injection, and revised cylinder heads with four valves per cylinder on the Quattrovalvole (QV) model in 1982.

This Ferrari 308 is an original example finished at the Maranello Ferrari works in August of 1984, and labeled as a 1985 model year. It left the factory in the same exterior it wears today, dark red Prugna Metallic over a beige and tan interior. It was intended for the US market with left hand drive and the necessary emissions systems in place.

This Ferrari arrived on the United States shores in 1985, where it found its first and longtime owner, Mr. Raymond Poirez, in Calexico, California. Shortly after receiving the car, Mr. Poirez treated the paint to a Tech Finish Teflon protection.

The Ferrari has been well cared for and serviced during its life. Currently, it has just over 10,000 miles on the odometer. The dual overhead cam V8 engine has a Bosch Fuel injection system and offers 240 horsepower. There is a 5-speed manual transmission and 4-wheel disc brakes.

By Daniel Vaughan | Feb 2015
Targa Coupe
Chassis Num: 50301
 
This Ferrari 308 GTS is a very high-mileage car, at 205,000 miles, scotching the assumption that the 308 is fragile. It is a red over tan V8 former track car that has been restored and subsequently has won multiple concours events, including the 2006 FCA national meet's Ferraris Are Meant to Be Driven award, multiple platinum concours awards, Coppa Bella Macchina and Best Contemporary Ferrari awards at the 2004 national meet, and a First In Class at Palo Alto in 2007.
Targa Coupe
 
Ferrari updated the 308 at the 1982 Paris Motor Show, with the launch of the 308 Quattrovalvole, in GTB and GTS form. The main changes from the outgoing 308 GTBi/GTSi were the 4-valves per cylinder - hence its name, quattrovalvole, which literally means 'four valves' in Italian - which pushed output back up to 240 horsepower, restoring some of the performance lost to emission control equipment.

The new model could be recognized by the addition of a slim louvered panel in the front lid to aid radiator exhaust air exit, power operated mirrors carrying a small enamel Ferrari badge, a redesigned radiator grille with rectangular driving lights on each side, and rectangular side repeaters. The interior also received some minor updates, such as a satin black three spoke steering wheel. Cloth seat centers became available as an option, but leather was standard. Options included metallic paint, a deeper front spoiler, air conditioning, wider wheels, and a satin black roof aerofoil.

Apart from the 32-valve cylinder heads, the V8 engine was essentially of the same design as that used in the 308 GTSi model. Total displacement was 2926 cc (179 cubic-inches), with a bore and stroke of 81 mm (3.2 in) x 71 mm (2.8 in). The gear and final drive ratios were altered to suit the revised characteristics of the four valves per cylinder engine.

This 24,000 mile example has the exceedingly rare 'Boxer' trim option, which is the black lower body paint.
For the initial 18 months of the 308 GTB's production, fiberglass was predominately used for the bodies, but later switched to all-metal. The fiberglass bodies were around 125 kg lighter.

The 308 was capable of producing 255 bhp from its 3 liter, V8, carburetor engine. In 1980, a Bosch K-Jetronic fuel injection system was installed due to new emission regulations. This caused the horsepower to drop to around 215 hp, thus making the 308 GTBi the slowest of the 308 series.

In 1981, Ferrari introduced 4 valve heads for the 3 liter V8's. This 308's now became known as 308 GTB/GTS Quattrovalvole. The engine now produced 240 BHP, and with the extra weight that was imposed due to using all-metal rather than fiberglass, the performance and handling was back to where it was when it began production.

In 1985, Ferrari introduced the 328 GTB/GTS. A vehicle that came equipped with a 3185 cc engine that produced 270 BHP.

By Daniel Vaughan | Nov 2010
The 308 was Ferrari's first two-seat V8 road car. Made available to the public in 1975, it was the long awaited successor to the incomparable Dino 246 GT. The 308 series was a new beginning for the company as the premier builder of exotic sports cars for road use. As such, the 308 was designed to epitomize the sports car in its era. It did so admirably, and remains perhaps the most influential enthusiast car in history. The 308 is the car against which every subsequent sports car has been measured, upon which every Ferrari V8 sports and racing car has been based, and the car that brought Ferrari from the pinnacle of elite car-culture recognition into the minds of the general public. 25 years later, the shape and sound of the 308 is still 'Ferrari' in the minds of many people.

Design The Ferrari 308 GTS provided Pininfarina wîth an opportunity to flex its design and styling muscle. The company responded by redefining the public's collective impression of what a Ferrari, and indeed what a sportscar, should look like. The task given Pininfarina was the creation of a two-seat mid-engined V8, and few can have expected the Turin designer to respond wîth such a tour de force.

The 308's shape bears a passing resemblance to Pininfarina's Dino 246 GT. Where the older car was the ultimate expression of curvaceous 1960's styling, the 308 hinted far more at the future. From its sharp nose incorporating a slim bumper and a deep air dam, to its retractable headlights and row of black louvres that vent air from the radiator, the line flows up the windshield and out around the flanks to reunite

with itself at the buttress C-pillars, ending in a very subtle rear lip spoiler. The design is so beautiful and effective that it has been a basis for exterior styling of every subsequent V8 Ferrari and an object of study for design students the world over.

GTS models had louvered panels over the whole of their rear quarter windows. Increased venting front and rear served to improve cooling wîth each evolution of the engine. By and large, however, the design of the 308 was so iconic and effective that it was virtually unchanged throughout its decade of production.

Drivetrain

The heart of the 308 series was its three litre V8 engine. The 2926cc Ferrari V8 was something of a departure for the company, which had mostly relied on V12s. With the V8, Ferrari could offer much of the power of their legendary V12s while improving fuel economy and saving space. By placing the engine and transmission transversely Ferrari was able to reduce the length of their new sports cars and concentrate the mass within the wheelbase, a lesson of racing.

The transmission in the 308 was a five speed wîth reverse all synchromesh unit. Mounted transversely like the engine, the transmission received power through an unassisted single plate clutch. The gears sent power to the rear wheels through a limited slip differential and solid driveshafts wîth constant velocity joints.

Source - Ferrari
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F12berlinetta
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Type 340

Image Left 1983 308
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