Powerful, innovative and efficient
First sports car engine with 'hot inside V' and dry sump lubrication
Superior power delivery and motorsport-inspired performance
The aluminium crankcase is produced using sand casting technology and features a closed deck design. This ensures extreme strength whilst keeping the weight as low as possible. The cylinder bore surfaces feature NANOSLIDE® technology which makes them twice as hard as conventional cast-iron linings. NANOSLIDE® was developed by Daimler starting in the year 2000 and has so far been used in over 200,000 engines since 2006. The first unit with NANOSLIDE® technology was likewise an AMG V8: the extremely successful predecessor to the new AMG 4.0-liter biturbo. The application scope for this multi-award-winning technology has been continually widened. Since the start of the 2014 race season it is also being deployed in the new Mercedes F1 V6 turbo engine.
Cylinder bore liners featuring NANOSLIDE® technology
Dry sump lubrication for high lateral acceleration
Cylinder heads with zirconium alloy
Direct injection with spray-guided combustion
Unlike the previously conventional approach, both exhaust gas turbochargers in the new M178 are located inside the 'hot inside V' configuration rather than on the outside of the cylinder banks. The advantages of this layout are that the V8 engine is considerably more compact, which enables optimum weight distribution between the front and rear axle, as well as the low installation position. The 'hot inside V' also optimises the supply of fresh air to both exhaust gas turbochargers. Electronically controlled blow-off valves ensure a very immediate and direct response. The maximum charge pressure is 17.4psi; the turbochargers have a maximum speed of 186,000 revolutions per minute. For combustion purposes, 2.3 times more oxygen atoms are pressed into the turbocharged engine as would be the case in a naturally aspirated engine. The two firewall catalytic converters in thin-walled ceramic material positioned down from the exhaust gas turbochargers respond very quickly due to their close-coupled configuration. In conjunction with two metal, underfloor catalytic converters, the M178 delivers effective emission control.
Biturbocharging with 'hot inside V'
Excitement, emotive appeal and recognition value: at Mercedes-AMG engine sound is an important target during development. The new GT has a sports exhaust system with fully variable exhaust flaps. This gives the driver the ability to vary the engine sound: depending on the selected mode they may experience the new AMG V8 with a focus on comfort and relaxed, long-distance journeys or with a more emotive, motorsport-inspired touch. The M178 has its own tonal characteristics which denote the GT's membership of the AMG family but that also distinguish it from all other high-performance cars. There is an exhaust flap on either side of the rear silencer which is actuated variably on a logic-controlled basis depending on the transmission mode, driver's power requirement and the engine speed. At low loads and engine rpm the flaps remain closed. This causes the exhaust gases to cover a longer distance and flow through an additional damping element so that the engine sound is pleasantly subdued and irritating frequencies are effectively suppressed. When the driver accelerates, the flaps progressively open so that although some of the exhaust gases cover the longer, acoustically dampened distance, most travel the shorter distance. Under full load at higher engine speeds, both flaps are fully opened, thus allowing the occupants to enjoy the powerful sound typical of an AMG V8. In short, they are left in no doubt as to the performance potential of the 503hp eight-cylinder biturbo engine.
Sports exhaust system with variable exhaust flaps
For optimum power output even when outside temperatures are high, Mercedes-AMG uses indirect air/water intercooling. The charge air cooler has a separate, low-temperature water circuit. Due to the optimised throughflow profile for the intercooler, the maximum intake air temperature is 356 degrees Fahrenheit. The low-temperature cooler with its water circuit ensures that the intake air compressed by the turbochargers cools down effectively before it enters the combustion chambers, and maintains a consistently low intake temperature even under full load. A large radiator at the car's front end ensures controlled cooling of the water circulating in the low-temperature circuit. Extremely short charge-air ducting makes for optimum responsiveness. The engine coolant is cooled using the particularly efficient cross-flow principle and there is a three-phase thermostat to warm coolant faster. Because the water pump is driven by a timing chain rather than the usual poly-V-belt, a simplified belt drive system is used with less clamping force. The advantages: less loss of drive power. With a rated flow of 111 gallons, the water pump conveys the equivalent of more than two full bathtubs per minute. An external engine oil cooler in the front apron of the Mercedes-AMG GT helps with heat management for the V8 engine. A two-stage, controlled oil pump circulates the engine oil: it varies the flow rate depending on load and engine speed requirement, thereby benefiting fuel economy. At high engine speeds more than 1.0 quart of engine oil per second flows through the oil lines and ducts. To save on weight numerous oil and water lines are made of aluminium.
Efficient cooling of charge air, water and engine oil
◾Separate cooling-air flow for the exhaust gas turbochargers under high thermal load ◾Active engine mounts for excellent lateral dynamics with no loss of comfort ◾Auxiliary units efficiently powered by two short, low-friction belts with four grooves. Intelligent positioning of auxiliary units virtually neutralises belt forces on the crankshaft. ◾Two-mass flywheel with centrifugal pendulum prevents torsional vibration on the drive line for a smooth ride. ◾ECO start/stop function and alternator management to save fuel.
Sophisticated solutions are also deployed on the engine's periphery:
There are nine high-tech test stations in Affalterbach on which AMG engines with an output exceeding 630hp and more than 738 lb-ft of torque undergo dynamic testing. These test facilities are able to simulate a very wide range of road and environmental conditions to reproduce any conceivable type of operation. Cold or hot starting, mountain passes, stop-and-go traffic or fast laps on the North Loop of the Nürburgring – the engines are required to give their utmost. Even different intake air temperatures and densities can be computer controlled.
High-tech test benches for engines with over 630hp
The goal of the detailed bench tests is to verify the performance of all engine components, including the peripheral units. All measurement data for the engines examined is systematically compared and evaluated using reproducible test methods. The functional tests are accompanied by endurance testing. To ensure the very highest quality standards over their entire operating life, new AMG engines are required to undergo several thousand hours of endurance testing.
Function and endurance benchtesting for the highest quality
Simultaneously the first test engines undergo intensive testing in practical trials. The standardised test programme at Mercedes-AMG includes all climatic zones and route profiles from the icy cold of northern Sweden to the merciless heat of Death Valley (USA), from fast laps on the North Loop of the Nürburgring and high-speed circuits in Nardo (Italy) and Papenburg to stopand- go city traffic during rush hour. This programme makes the very highest demands on the day-to-day practicality, reliability and long-term durability of new generations of engine.
Extensive trials in every climatic zone on earth
The AMG 4.0-liter, V8 biturbo engine is being made in Affalterbach according to the 'one man, one engine' principle. In the AMG engine shop highly qualified fitters assemble the high-performance engines by hand according to the strictest quality standards. The fitter's signature on the AMG engine plate attests to this exclusive type of engine production and indicates maximum quality and technology transfer from motorsport – from Formula 1 and the DTM to customer sport activities in the SLS AMG GT3.
A tradition of hand-built excellence: 'one man, one engine'
Powerful eight-cylinder engines are an inseparable part of Mercedes-AMG's history. Established in 1967, the company caused a stir with the 300 SEL 6.8 AMG which succeeded in taking second place at the 24-hour race in Spa- Francorchamps (Belgium) in 1971 for a class victory. The AMG racing saloon was technically based on the Mercedes-Benz 300 SEL 6.3 with the M100 V8 engine. With an engine output of 246hp at 4000 rpm and a top speed of 136mph, this luxury saloon was Germany's fastest regular production car at the time. Classic tuning as well as an enlarged displacement from 6330 to 6835 cc resulted in an increase in output to 422hp at 5500 rpm and in torque from 368 to 448 lb-ft. Another important engine in the AMG story was the M117, its first eightcylinder unit with a four-valve-per-cylinder design. With a displacement of 5.6 liters, 355hp and 376 lb-ft of torque, this V8 accelerated the 300 CE 5.6 AMG to a top speed of 188mph. In 1987 this made the coupé the fastest German car in series production, and American AMG fans reverently christened it 'The Hammer'. The supercharged AMG 5.5-liter V8 of 2001 is another milestone in the history of AMG engine development: the M113 K delivered up to 574hp and 590 lb-ft of torque. The supercharged AMG 5.5-liter V8 of the SLR McLaren dating from 2003 was even more powerful – the M155 generated up to 641hp and 604 lb-ft of torque. 2005 saw the début of the naturally aspirated, high-revving AMG 6.3-liter V8 engine known as the M156, which developed up to 517hp and 465 lb-ft depending on the model. Exclusively reserved for the SLS AMG, the likewise 6.3-liter M159 had a maximum output of 563hp and maximum torque of 479 lb-ft. In the SLS AMG Coupé Black Series the M159 actually attained 622hp. The AMG 5.5-liter V8 biturbo M157 engine delivers between 517hp and 577hp depending on the model, and a maximum torque of between 516 and 664 lb-ft. M157 is regarded as the most efficient engine in its output and displacement class.
Long tradition of powerful AMG V8 engines