1938 Bugatti Type 57C

Vehicle Profiles

1938 Bugatti Type 57C vehicle information

Atalante Coupe

Chassis Num: 57766
Engine Num: C57

Bugatti's early history is filled with achievements on the grand prix circuits of Europe. And from out of that achievement on the track would come some truly remarkable touring automobiles blending together performance, handling and comfort. By the 1....[continue reading]

1938 Bugatti Type 57C vehicle information

Aravis Drophead Coupe
Coachwork: Gangloff

Chassis Num: 57710
Engine Num: 510

Ettore Bugatti could certainly be considered one of the more colorful characters throughout automotive history. Though born in Italy, Bugatti spent most of his life in France. Nearly 8,000 cars bearing the Bugatti name were produced at the Molsheim f....[continue reading]

1938 Bugatti Type 57C vehicle information

Cabriolet
Coachwork: Gangloff

Italian born Ettore Bugatti, manufactured these automobiles in Molsheim, a town in the Alsace region, which was a part of the German Empire (Alsace was annexed by Germany in 1871 and restored to France in 1919). Known for its luxurious passenger car....[continue reading]

1938 Bugatti Type 57C vehicle information

Special Coupe

Chassis Num: 57335

This 1938 Bugatti Type 57C Special Coupe was formerly the property of Ettore Bugatti. It is among the most unique, intriguing, and special Bugatti's ever created. It has frame number 278, blown Type 57 engine, a four-speed gearbox and rear end, all n....[continue reading]

1938 Bugatti Type 57C vehicle information

Roadster
Coachwork: Corsica

Chassis Num: 57584
Engine Num: C15

This Bugatti, according to the American Bugatti Club records, was originally clothed as a Stelvio Cabriolet and delivered on October 8th of 1938, to the agent Monestier for his client, Glaizal. Additional information suggests this car should be regis....[continue reading]

1938 Bugatti Type 57C vehicle information

Roadster

Chassis Num: 57661
Engine Num: 25C

The Type 57C is recognized as being the most sporting of all non-racing Bugattis. The T57/57C was an entirely new design heavily influenced by Jean Bugatti, son of founder Ettore. Between 1934 and the outbreak of World War II, more than 680 examples ....[continue reading]

1938 Bugatti Type 57C vehicle information

Stelvio Cabriolet
Coachwork: Gangloff

Chassis Num: 57677
Engine Num: 31C

The Bugatti Type 57 is perhaps Jean Bugatti's most celebrated non-racing Bugatti. Powered by a long-stroke, inline eight-cylinder engine, the powerplant offered smooth, seamless performance and was the epitome of elegant engineering. ....[continue reading]

1938 Bugatti Type 57C vehicle information

Stelvio Cabriolet
Coachwork: Gangloff

Chassis Num: 57597
Engine Num: 82 C

Bugatti's Type 57 was developed directly from motorsports and fitted with the best elements of luxury and automotive athleticism. Introduced in 1934, the Type 57 was the replacement to the aging Type 49. It wore a design courtesy of Ettore Bugatti's ....[continue reading]

1938 Bugatti Type 57C vehicle information

Stelvio Cabriolet
Coachwork: Gangloff

The Type 57 can certainly be considered the most celebrated non-racing Bugatti ever built. Introduced in 1934 and with production continuing to the outbreak of war in 1939, in all its forms 710 were sold. It was a design and engineering masterpiece w....[continue reading]

1938 Bugatti Type 57C vehicle information

3 Position Cabriolet
Coachwork: Letourner et Marchand

Chassis Num: 57644

This Bugatti Type 57 is one of six similar Bugattis designed and built by the exclusive Parisian carrosserie Letourneur & Marchand, which was founded by Jean-Marie Letourneur and Jean-Arthur Marchand. The car accompanied its second owner, wealthy you....[continue reading]

Atalante Coupe
Chassis #: 57766 
Aravis Drophead Coupe by Gangloff
Chassis #: 57710 
Cabriolet by Gangloff
 
Special Coupe
Chassis #: 57335 
Roadster by Corsica
Chassis #: 57584 
Roadster
Chassis #: 57661 
Stelvio Cabriolet by Gangloff
Chassis #: 57677 
Stelvio Cabriolet by Gangloff
Chassis #: 57597 
Stelvio Cabriolet by Gangloff
 
3 Position Cabriolet by Letourner et Marchand
Chassis #: 57644 

History

Many manufacturers during this time produced multi-purpose vehicles that could be driven to a race track, raced, and then driven home. The Bugatti Type 57, however, was solely a road-going vehicle and is considered the most celebrated of all non-racing Bugattis. Even though the Type 57 was strictly a road-going vehicle, a racing version was created for the 1937 24-Hours of Le Mans race. This vehicle, based on the Type 57S chassis and named the 57G, won the race. A supercharged version was created for the 1939 Le Mans race and also was victorious. This is the legacy of the Bugatti heritage and the quality and innovative designs that were truly masterpieces in all respects.

In 1934, the Type 57C entered the scene, a project headed by Jean Bugatti, the son of Ettore Bugatti. The vehicle centered around refinement while focusing on the values that had made Bugatti successful.

Three 'factory' bodies were available and consisted of the Ventoux, a two-window and four window version, the Stelvio, and the Atalante. All of the Atalante bodies were produced and all were done in-house. The Atalante was named after peaks in the Alps and is one of the most exclusive bodystyles ever produced by Bugatti.

The Type 57 could also be ordered with Galibier four-door bodies. Ealier versions of the Galibier bodies had suicide-opening front doors with no pillar. Later versions had suicide-opening front doors and rear doors hung in the traditional fashion. The front and rear doors would share a common pillar.

Jean designed an indepenent front suspension to aide in the handling of the vehicle. This was not popular with Ettore Bugatti and had the traditional Bugatti front axle installed.

A 3.3 liter, twin-cam, straight-eight engine was used to power this vehicle. Even with the heavy saloon bodies, the engine could propel the vehicle to a speed of around 95 mph. A Roots-type supercharger was later added and the vehicle was given the designation 57C. The supercharger was quiet and provided between three to four pounds of boost pressure. The addition of the supercharger increased the horsepower rating to 175.

The Type 57S version was a 'sportier' version of the Type 57. The chassis was shorter, with the rear axle running through the frame. A slightly tuned engine with higher compression and a dry sump lubrication helped increase the performance of the car. The front and rear axles received de Ram shock aborbers, replacing the Hartford Friction dampers.

The Type 57SC was a combination of the 57C and 57S. The engine produced between 200 and 220 horsepower.

On August 11, 1939 while testing a Type 57C tank-bodied racer near Molsheim, Jean Bugatti was killed. This was the same day as the start of the 2nd World War, which inevitably meant that the race Jean was preparing the vehicle for would never be run.


By Daniel Vaughan | Aug 2006
Ettore Arco Isidoro Bugatti was born in Milan, Italy in 1881. His father, Carlo, was a furniture designer of some fame. The father's brother, Rembrandt, was a gifted sculptor of animals. When he was old enough, Ettore attended the Brera Academy of Art where he studied sculpture. Soon, he turned his attention to mechanical endeavors.

The first Bugatti motor car was built in 1899 though the first vehicle to bear his name was the Type 13 of 1910. Power came from a four-cylinder, eight-valve engine. The 1913 the radiators became more rounded and in the shape of a horse shoe.

The company's first eight-cylinder engine production car was introduced in 1922 and dubbed the Type 30. The engine had a single overhead camshaft and displaced two liters. The car had a drum brakes, solid axles and leaf springs on all four corners.

The Type 35 in all sequences, the A, B, C, and T, were some of Bugatti's early examples that made the marque famous. The Type 57 introduced in 1934 and continued in production until 1940. They were powered by a 3257cc straight-eight engine with double overhead camshafts that produced between 130 and 140 horsepower. There were four road-going versions of the 57 and these were the Type 57, Type 57C, Type 57S, and Type 57SC. The Type 57C was a supercharged version while the Type 57S was a sporty version based on a short and lower wheelbase. The Type 57SC was a combination of the 57S and 57C. A variety of body-styles were offered throughout the years.

The engine rested in a ladder-type frame and matted to a four-speed manual gearbox. The front had a tubular axle with the suspension comprised of longitudinally mounted semi-elliptic leaf springs. The rear axle was suspended in place by a pair of quarter-elliptic leaf springs. The early versions of the vehicle had cable-operated drums on all four wheels. Later versions were upgraded with Lockheed hydraulic brakes with twin master cylinder, which first appeared in 1938.

The Type 57 and its variants were intended for road going use. However, many made their way onto the racing circuit. Lord Howe drove a Type 57 to a third place finish in the 1935 Tourist Trophy. A Type 57G won the Monthlhery and Reims race in 1936. In 1937, Jean-Pierre Wimille and Robert Benoist drove a Bugatti to victory at LeMans.

Many of the cars were clothed by prominent coachbuilders such as Figoni, Van Vooren, Corsica, and James Young. Most of the chassis were bodied by the factory with coachwork in the style of Jean Buggatti. The catalog bodies included two versions of the Ventoux Coupe, the Galibier four-door sedan, the Stelvio cabriolet, Atalante, and Atlantic. The Atlantic and Atalante were constructed in two-door coupe configuration. Gangloff, a Swiss coachbuilder, was tasked with clothing most of the factory bodies.


By Daniel Vaughan | Feb 2007

Concepts by Bugatti



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