1977 McLaren M23

1977 McLaren M23 1977 McLaren M23 1977 McLaren M23 F1
Chassis Num: M23-12
Debuting in 1973, the McLaren M23 was a Formula One car designed by Gordon Coppuck with input from John Barnard. In its 5 1/2 year life, a total of thirteen cars were built. The modifications for 1976 included a six-speed Hewland gearbox, refined aerodynamics and a weight savings program that saved at least 30 pounds. Later that year McLaren also replaced their onboard battery with a compressed-air starter system saving more weight.

Entering its fifth season of Formula 1 racing, the M23 was clearly showing its age. Halfway through the season it was replaced by the slimmer M26. With 16 grand prix victories, two drivers and one constructor championship, the M23 remains one of the most successful Formula 1 racers of the 1970s.

This car was driven by Jochen Mass to the following results during the Formula One World Championship in 1977:

2nd - Swedish GP, Anderstorp (Jochen Mass)
4th - Spanish GP, Jarama (Jochen Mass)
4th - Monaco GP, Monte Carlo (Jochen Mass)
9th - French GP, Dijon (Jochen Mass)
1977 McLaren M23 1977 McLaren M23 1977 McLaren M23 F1
Chassis Num: M23-13
This McLaren M23 has chassis number 13 and was sponsored by Chesterfield.
By Daniel Vaughan | Feb 2009
The McLaren M23 was introduced in 1973 and borrowed design inspired from the Lotus 72 and from their own M16 Indy car. McLaren had separated themselves from most other racing car manufacturers by dabbling in multiple series. The traditional thought was to specialize in one arena rather than spread one's self thin by trying to do it all. McLaren proved they were up to the task by running successfully in four major championships - Formula 1, Formula 5000, CanAm, and Indy. Part of their success was using knowledge gained in one series to benefit the others. By the early 1970's, McLaren had won the Indy 500 and the F5000, CanAm, and F1 Championship.

McLaren entered the F1 Series in 1966 and managed a few wins throughout the first few years. It was not until McLaren married technology from their F1 program to their Indy program that their prospects in the sport changed. Gordon Cuppock took the monocoque of the M16B, the car that won the Indy 500 in 1972, and adapted it to the M19 Formula One car to create the M23.

McLaren began using the car in the third race of the 1973 season. Denny Hulme and Peter Revson drove the car to a third place finish in the constructor's championship. Revson, who had scored two victories, one at the British Grand Prix and the second at the Canadian Grand Prix, finished fifth in the championship while Hulme finished in sixth position with one race victory. Revson went to race for Shadow in 1974. Tragedy struck at the South African Grand Prix in Johannesburg when his suspension failed in his Shadow DN3 and he was killed. This was very unfortunately as his brother had died in a crash in Denmark in 1967. Revson was replaced by Tom Pryce in F1 competition, who lost his life three years later at the same Grand Prix.

In the 1974 the Yardley livery on the M23 was replaced with new sponsorship, Marlboro-Texaco. This would begin a relationship between Marlboro and McLaren that would last for a long time. Emerson Fittipaldi was added to the team to take the place of Revson. In the first two races of the season, the Hulme and Fittipaldi duo were able to score victories for Team McLaren. Fittipaldi went on to finish the season in second place in the world championship. The work by both drivers earned the McLaren team its first constructor's championship title. To add to their successful season, a M16C had been driven to the team's second Indy 500 victory.

At the end of the 1974 season, Hulme retired from competition and was replaced by Jochen Mass. The M23 continued to be used in competition and was still competitive enough to earn Fittipaldi a second place finish behind Austrian Niki Lauda in his Ferrari 312T. McLaren finished in third position in the constructors' championship.

The 1975 season was one of the most entertaining seasons of all time, though controversial. The entire season came down to the last race and the last few laps. The season ended much differently than it began. During the first eight races, Niki Lauda racked up enough points to lead the next closest competitor by nearly double. He had won four races and earned three podium finishes. At Nurburgring, Lauda was involved in an accident that left him burned, bruised, and in no condition to finish the season. He returned to the sport only three races after his accident, still bearing the burns, bruises, and injuries of his accident. He was in no condition to drive, yet he did, though he was not as fast as he was prior to the race. Hunt took advantage of the situation and won four the next six races. The final race was at the Japanese Grand Prix. Hunt was just three points behind Lauda. The day prior to the race, it rained so much that the teams and drivers voted not to race. The organizers of the event felt compelled to give the crowd what they had come to see, so the race was not canceled. Shortly before the race, the rain subsided slightly which made conditions a little more suitable for the drivers. With the accident still fresh in Lauda's mind, he decided to retire from the race. Hunt still needed a fourth place finish to pass Lauda in points and secure the championship. With only a few laps to go, Hunt was in fifth place. Due to the conditions on the track, many racers, including Hunt, had spun and had to battle to regain their positions. With only three laps to go, Hunt was able to move into the third place and secured his championship victory.

The M23 was used again in 1976 but raced for only part of the season, as it was replaced by the M26. By this time, McLaren was focusing all their attention on the sport which was not a good formula for the team. Their luck changed for the next few years in Formula 1 competition and they experienced their worst performance in Formula 1 competition.

The M23 had won 16 victories, one constructors' championship and two drivers championships. In total, 13 examples were produced.
By Daniel Vaughan | Jan 2007
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1977 Formula One Season
Scuderia FerrariFerrari312 T2 Austria Andreas Nikolaus 'Niki' Lauda
Argentina Carlos Alberto Reutemann
Canada Joseph Gilles Henri Villeneuve 
John Player Team LotusLotus United States Mario Gabriele Andretti
Sweden Gunnar Nilsson 
Marlboro McLarenMcLaren
Italy Bruno Giacomelli
United Kingdom James Simon Wallis Hunt
Germany Jochen Richard Mass
Canada Joseph Gilles Henri Villeneuve 
Walter Wolf RacingWolf South Africa Jody David Scheckter 55
Elf Team TyrrellTyrrell
France Patrick André Eugène Joseph Depailler
Sweden Bengt Ronnie Peterson 
Martini RacingBrabham
Italy Giorgio Francia
Brazil José Carlos Pace
Germany Hans-Joachim Stuck
United Kingdom John Marshall 'Wattie' Watson 
Shadow Racing TeamShadow
France Jean-Pierre Jacques Jarier
Australia Alan Stanley Jones
Italy Arturo Francesco 'Little Art' Merzario
United Kingdom Keith Jack Oliver
Italy Riccardo Gabriele Patrese
United Kingdom Thomas Maldwyn Pryce
Italy Renzo Zorzi 
Ligier GitanesLigier France Jean-Pierre Jacques Jarier
France Jacques-Henri Laffite 
Copersucar-FittipaldiFittipaldi Brazil Emerson Fittipaldi
Brazil Ingo Hoffmann 
10 Team Tissot Ensign with CastrolEnsign
Belgium Jacques Bernard 'Jacky' Ickx
Switzerland Gianclaudio Giuseppe 'Clay' Regazzoni 
11 Team SurteesSurtees Austria Hans Binder
Italy Vittorio Brambilla
Italy Lamberto Leoni
Australia Larry Clifton Perkins
Australia Vernon 'Vern' Schuppan
France Patrick Daniel Tambay 
12 ATS Racing TeamPenske
Austria Hans Binder
Germany Hans Heyer
France Jean-Pierre Jacques Jarier 
 Kojima EngineeringKojima Japan Noritake Takahara 
 Heroes RacingKojima Japan Kazuyoshi Hoshino 
 Brian McGuireMcGuire Australia Brian McGuire 
 Jolly Club SwitzerlandApollon Switzerland Loris Kessel 
 HB Bewaking Alarm SystemsBoro United Kingdom Brian Henton 
 LEC Refrigeration RacingLEC United Kingdom David Charles Purley 
 Chesterfield RacingMcLaren
United States Robert Brett Lunger 
 Iberia AirlinesMcLaren
Spain Emilio de Villota Ruíz 
 Meiritsu Racing TeamTyrrell
Japan Kunimitsu Takahashi 
 Hollywood March RacingMarch
United Kingdom Brian Henton 
 Team Rothmans InternationalMarch
Brazil Alex Dias Ribeiro
South Africa Ian Scheckter
Germany Hans-Joachim Stuck 
 Williams Grand Prix EngineeringMarch
Belgium Patrick Nève 
 Chesterfield RacingMarch
United States Robert Brett Lunger 
 RAM RacingMarch
Netherlands Michael Bleekemolen
Netherlands Johan 'Boy' Hayje
Finland Michael 'Mikko' Kozarowitzky
United Kingdom Andy Sutcliffe 
 Team MerzarioMarch
Italy Arturo Francesco 'Little Art' Merzario 
 British Formula One TeamMarch
Belgium Bernard de Dryver
United Kingdom Brian Henton 
 Stanley BRMBRM
Sweden Conny Andersson
United Kingdom Guy Richard Goronwy Edwards
Australia Larry Clifton Perkins
Belgium Theodore 'Teddy' Pilette 
 Interscope RacingPenske
United States Danny Ongais 
 Equipe Renault ElfRenault France Jean-Pierre Alain Jabouille 
 Theodore Racing TeamEnsign
France Patrick Daniel Tambay 
 Penthouse Rizla Racing with HeskethHesketh United Kingdom Rupert Keegan 
 Hesketh RacingHesketh United Kingdom Ian Hugh Gordon Ashley
Austria Harald Ertl
Mexico Héctor Alonso Rebaque 
 Melchester RacingSurtees United Kingdom Tony Trimmer 

1977 Season Review
RaceCircuitDateWinning DriverConstructor
Argentina Argentine Grand Prix  Oscar GálvezJan 1977 South Africa Jody David ScheckterWolf 
Brazil Brazilian Grand Prix  InterlagosJan 1977 Argentina Carlos Alberto ReutemannFerrari 
South Africa South African Grand Prix  KyalamiMar 1977 Austria Andreas Nikolaus 'Niki' LaudaFerrari 
United States United States Grand Prix West  Long BeachApr 1977 United States Mario Gabriele AndrettiLotus 
Spain Spanish Grand Prix  JaramaMay 1977 United States Mario Gabriele AndrettiLotus 
Monaco Monaco Grand Prix  MonacoMay 1977 South Africa Jody David ScheckterWolf 
Belgium Belgian Grand Prix  ZolderJun 1977 Sweden Gunnar NilssonLotus 
Sweden Swedish Grand Prix  ScandinavianJun 1977 France Jacques-Henri LaffiteLigier 
France French Grand Prix  Dijon-PrenoisJul 1977 United States Mario Gabriele AndrettiLotus 
United Kingdom British Grand Prix  SilverstoneJul 1977 United Kingdom James Simon Wallis HuntMcLaren 
Germany German Grand Prix  HockenheimringJul 1977 Austria Andreas Nikolaus 'Niki' LaudaFerrari 
Austria Austrian Grand Prix  OsterreichringAug 1977 Australia Alan Stanley JonesShadow 
Netherlands Dutch Grand Prix  ZandvoortAug 1977 Austria Andreas Nikolaus 'Niki' LaudaFerrari 
Italy Italian Grand Prix  MonzaSep 1977 United States Mario Gabriele AndrettiLotus 
United States United States Grand Prix  Watkins GlenOct 1977 United Kingdom James Simon Wallis HuntMcLaren 
Canada Canadian Grand Prix  MosportOct 1977 South Africa Jody David ScheckterWolf 
Japan Japanese Grand Prix  Fuji SpeedwayOct 1977 United Kingdom James Simon Wallis HuntMcLaren 

Formula One World Drivers' Champions

1950 G. Farina
1951 J. Fangio
1952 A. Ascari
1953 A. Ascari
1954 J. Fangio
1955 J. Fangio
1956 J. Fangio
1957 J. Fangio
1958 M. Hawthorn
1959 S. Brabham
1960 S. Brabham
1961 P. Hill, Jr
1962 N. Hill
1963 J. Clark, Jr.
1964 J. Surtees
1965 J. Clark, Jr.
1966 S. Brabham
1967 D. Hulme
1968 N. Hill
1969 S. Stewart
1970 K. Rindt
1971 S. Stewart
1972 E. Fittipaldi
1973 S. Stewart
1974 E. Fittipaldi
1975 A. Lauda
1976 J. Hunt
1977 A. Lauda
1978 M. Andretti
1979 J. Scheckter
1980 A. Jones
1981 N. Piquet
1982 K. Rosberg
1983 N. Piquet
1984 A. Lauda
1985 A. Prost
1986 A. Prost
1987 N. Piquet
1988 A. Senna
1989 A. Prost
1990 A. Senna
1991 A. Senna
1992 N. Mansell
1993 A. Prost
1994 M. Schumacher
1995 M. Schumacher
1996 D. Hill
1997 J. Villeneuve
1998 M. Hakkinen
1999 M. Hakkinen
2000 M. Schumacher
2001 M. Schumacher
2002 M. Schumacher
2003 M. Schumacher
2004 M. Schumacher
2005 F. Alonso
2006 F. Alonso
2007 K. Raikkonen
2008 L. Hamilton
2009 J. Button
2010 S. Vettel
2011 S. Vettel
2012 S. Vettel
2013 S. Vettel
2014 L. Hamilton
2015 L. Hamilton
2016 N. Rosberg
2017 L. Hamilton

McLaren Models

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