1954 Fiat 8V

Vehicle Profiles

Designer: Zagato

Toward the close of 1951, Fiat designer Dante Giacosa created a new high-performance sports car, the legendary 2-liter 8V, or Otto Vu in Italian. Designed to take on the 2-liter class of the Italian sports car championship, the Fiat 8V made its debut....[continue reading]

Designer: Zagato

Chassis Num: 106000061
Engine Num: 000112

The Fiat 8V had a reported top speed of 124 mph. This two-seater coupe had a fully independent suspension with most of the coachwork handled by the factory. Some of the bodies were given coachwork by Ghia, Pinin Farina, Vignale and Zagato. A number o....[continue reading]

Supersonic Coupe
Coachwork: Ghia

Dante Giacosa began work on a new high performance 2-liter V8 powered sports car in the early 1950s. It featured a fully independent suspension, welded sheet metal frame, and bodywork that was welded to the frame. The engine was two four-cylinder blo....[continue reading]

Supersonic Coupe
Coachwork: Ghia

Launched at the 1952 Geneva Auto Show the displayed V-8 Fiat could not be called that because at the time the Ford Motor Company had a copyright on the term 'V8' so the car was called the Fiat 8V (or Otto Vu). The car is named after the peculiar 2-li....[continue reading]

Elaborata Coupe
Coachwork: Zagato

Engine Num: 000174

Only five Fiat Elaborata Zagatos were built by Zagato. These cars had a 2,000cc V8, 115 horsepower engine built for racing. During 1955 to 1957 this car participated in 14 races and finished each. The car is 100% original as it left the factory in 19....[continue reading]

Coachwork: Ghia

Chassis Num: 000042

The 8V motor was developed by Dante Giacosa at Fiat for sports car applications. Approximately 125 8V motors were produced and supplied to various Carrozzeria including Zagato, Vignale, and Siata. The car is powered by the 114 horsepower, 1966cc over....[continue reading]

Supersonic Coupe
Coachwork: Ghia

Chassis Num: 000040

The Fiat 8V chassis was built between 1952 and 1954 and is one of the marque's most legendary motor cars. Ghia built 14 extravagant 'Supersonics' penned by Giovanni Savonuzzi. Building upon his aeronautical background the streamlined body became a cl....[continue reading]

Designer: Zagato

This Fiat 8V or Otto Vu is one of the great Italian sports cars of the 1950s, and was first shown at the 1952 Geneva Auto Show. Named after their 2 litre, narrow angle V8 engine designed by Dante Giacosa, Fiat outsourced most 8V bodies to Italian Car....[continue reading]

Designer: Zagato

Chassis Num: 106 000063

The Fiat Tipo 106 Otto Vu was introduced at the Geneva Auto Salon in March 1952, and just 114 of the 2-liter, 8V-engined cars were delivered before production stopped in 1954. About 63 Otto Vus were built with factory bodies and the rest were bodied ....[continue reading]

Coachwork: Vignale

Chassis Num: 000066

Carrozzeria Vignale built nine Fiat 8V Otto Vus, including this unique berlinetta designed by Giovanni Michelotti. It was exhibited at the 1955 Turin Auto Show as the Tipo Mille Miglia 1955 and was bought off-the-stand by amateur racing driver Mario ....[continue reading]

Chassis #: 106000061 
Supersonic Coupe by Ghia
Supersonic Coupe by Ghia
Elaborata Coupe by Zagato
Coupe by Ghia
Chassis #: 000042 
Supersonic Coupe by Ghia
Chassis #: 000040 
Chassis #: 106 000063 
Berlinetta by Vignale
Chassis #: 000066 


The curvaceous and glorious Fiat 8V was given its name due to its eight-cylinder engine in 'vee' configuration. The engineers had though that the Ford Motor Company had exclusive rights to the name 'V8', which later turned out not to be the case, but the name 8V was already given. The engine displaced just over 120 cubic-inches and produced around 110 horsepower. Fitting the larger engine in the relatively small engine bay was achieved by placing the engine at a 70-degree angle. The eight cylinder engine had been intended to power a luxury vehicle, but soon decided against the idea and did not enter the highly exclusive luxury market.

Production of the 8V Fiat lasted only two years with a total of 114 examples being produced. Most were given coachwork by either Zagato, Vignale or Ghia. Zagato bodied approximately 30 examples with eight being given lightweight aluminum bodies intended primarily for competition. Thirty-four examples were fitted with original Carrozzeria Speciale FIAT bodywork.

The 8V was a disaster in the marketplace but victorious on the racing circuit, capturing important victories at the Mille Miglia and the Targa Florio.

By Daniel Vaughan | Nov 2007
The Fiat 8V, also known as 'Ottu Vu' in Italian, was first shown to the public at the 1952 Geneva Motor Show. Production lasted from 1952 through 1954 with a total of 114 examples being produced. The car was powered by a V8 engine, and since Fiat thought that Ford held the trademark for 'V8', they dubbed their vehicle the 8V. The design was courtesy of Dante Giacosa and stylist Fabio Lucio Rapi.

Of the 114 examples produced, many were unique. They had been designed for competition, specifically the two-liter class in the Italian Championship. The 2.0-liter V8 engines were fed through two Weber 36 DCF3 Carburetors and produced 105-115 horsepower, depending on configuration. There was a four-speed manual gearbox, four-wheel drum brakes, with an independent suspension comprised of coil springs, telescopic shocks, stabilizer bar and transverse wishbones. The lightweight bodies, especially those from Zagato, were mounted on a traditional tubular steel frame. The factory bodies had two large headlights in the grill with two small lights in the fenders. There was a second series of the bodies, which had changes to comply with GT regulations. These changes resulted in four headlights in the fender.

The Fiat 8Vs did well in competition, especially those created by Zagato. The bodies were lightweight and the engines were highly tuned. In 1954, the Fiat 8V won the Championship and cemented these cars potential in history.

Of the 114 examples produced, 34 had coachwork by Carozzeria Speciale FIAT. Carrozzeria Zagato produced bodies for 32, which were known as 'Elaborata Zagato.' The rest of the bodies, which were mostly coupes with a few spyders, were created by Ghia and Vignale.

By Daniel Vaughan | Apr 2009
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