Image credits: © Ford.

2010 Ford Focus ECOnetic

2010 Ford Focus ECOnetic
• Next generation Focus ECOnetic 5-door for 2010 with optional Ford Auto-Start-Stop targets 99 g/km average CO2 emissions and 3.8 l/100 km economy 2010 Ford Focus ECOnetic
• First Ford of Europe production model with new eco technologies including Ford Auto-Start-Stop, Smart Regenerative Charging, Ford Eco Mode and Low Tension FEAD

• Focus ECOnetic 5-door and wagon versions without optional Ford
Auto-Start-Stop still achieves 104 g/km

2010 Ford Focus ECOnetic
New Focus ECOnetic range available from early 2010
At the 2009 Frankfurt Motor Show Ford of Europe is revealing the next step in its acclaimed low CO2 Ford ECOnetic strategy, the super efficient new 2010 Focus ECOnetic.

2010 Ford Focus ECOnetic
Dedicated Ford ECOnetic Fiesta, Focus, Mondeo and Transit models have already established themselves as credible alternatives for customers prioritising low carbon motoring and high levels of fuel efficiency. The new model for 2010 takes this formula even further by combining new technology with clever details to produce the most efficient Focus ECOnetic to date.

2010 Ford Focus ECOnetic
Efficient technology
The new Focus ECOnetic five-door features a new optional Ford Auto-Start-Stop system that was previewed on the Ford iosis MAX Concept at the 2009 Geneva Motor Show. Regardless of whether Auto-Start-Stop is specified, the Focus ECOnetic has Smart Regenerative Charging and Low Tension FEAD (Front End Accessory Drive) - technologies that are new to the Ford of Europe product line-up for the first time, and which combine to deliver lower emissions and better fuel efficiency and pave the way for future powertrains from the blue oval.

Power still comes from Ford's proven and durable 109 PS (80 kW) 1.6-litre Duratorq TDCi engine with standard coated Diesel Particulate Filter (cDPF). Target average CO2 emissions for the Auto-Start-Stop equipped car are as low as 99 g/km, with a combined fuel economy of 3.8 l/100 km (74.2 mpg) and 104 g/km for the standard Focus ECOnetic.*

The new Focus ECOnetic is also the first vehicle to feature the new Ford Eco Mode system as standard. An all-new driver information system, Ford Eco Mode helps to educate the driver to achieve improved real-world fuel economy – thus benefitting the customer's pocket as well as the environment.

'To achieve these impressive figures, we combined the proven approach of the original Focus ECOnetic model with even more detail improvements and all-new technologies,' said Dr. Thilo Seibert, Manager CO2 Technologies for Ford of Europe. 'The new Focus ECOnetic is particularly significant as it paves the way for some of these technologies to be implemented into our core vehicle series in the near future.'

Ford Auto-Start-Stop system
The new Focus ECOnetic five-door is the first European Ford to offer a new Ford
Auto-Start-Stop system, which combines automatic engine start-stop operation with the car's smart regenerative charging and advanced battery management systems.

The Ford Auto-Start-Stop system automatically shuts down the engine when the vehicle is at idle – at a stop light, for example – and restarts the engine when the driver wants to move off, saving the fuel wasted while the vehicle is stationary.

The system can reduce fuel consumption and CO2 emissions by up to five per cent in mixed driving conditions. In an urban environment and in heavy traffic with frequent stops the savings could increase to as much as 10 per cent.

The advanced new Ford Auto-Start-Stop system has been carefully designed with customer comfort in mind, and to provide consistent starting and stopping performance that is smooth, quiet and seamless, requiring no changes in driver behaviour.

When the engine shuts down, the electronic control unit immediately prepares the engine's systems for an instant restart. An integrated system of sensors is then used to detect when the driver performs an action that signals the intent to drive off, such as pressing the accelerator or clutch pedal.

As soon as the driver prepares to move away, the engine starts quietly and almost instantly; it only takes the system around 0.3 seconds to fire up the engine. The process is near imperceptible, and happens before gear selection is completed.

To support the increased number of engine starts, the starter motor is upgraded with a high performance electric motor and a stronger pinion-engagement mechanism with reduced noise levels.

Advanced battery technology is required to ensure the main vehicle battery copes with the frequent charge-discharge cycles common with stop-start operation.

Smart Regenerative Charging
The new Focus ECOnetic also uses advanced technologies to ensure that the battery is kept charged in the most efficient way.

A Smart Regenerative Charging system increases the alternator output when the vehicle brakes or decelerates. This converts the kinetic energy of the vehicle into electric energy without having to use additional fuel. (concept carz)

The ‘free' electric current is used to recharge the battery, so that it can be used by the electrical systems at a later stage. This could be when the engine is switched off during a stop-phase, but can also be when the generator is operating in a less efficient mode.

The battery has an advanced management system that continually monitors its status and communicates with the Ford Auto-Start-Stop system, so that the regenerative charging feature can charge the battery in the optimal way. The start-stop system knows how much battery charge is available, so that it can leave the engine running if the battery does not have a sufficient level of charge.

Low Tension FEAD
It has always been an integral element of the Ford ECOnetic approach to monitor potential sources of friction and find innovative solutions to make everything work even more efficiently. The Low Tension FEAD (Front End Accessory Drive) technology is the latest example that reinforces this.

A newly designed alternator bracket and new belt pulley design enable the tension of the front end accessory drive belt to be lowered without causing issues that are normally related to drive belt slackness such as increased wear of the belt itself or the alternator bearings, as well as raised noise levels.

The benefit of these changes is clear: with the belt at a lower tension, friction in the entire system is reduced and less friction leads to reduced fuel consumption.

Improved Duratorq TDCi engine technology
For the Ford Duratorq 1.6-litre TDCi engine, new injectors were specified, while the intake system was revised and the exhaust system fitted with an oxygen sensor. The engine management system was recalibrated and a standard coated Diesel Particulate Filter (cDPF) was added. No additives are required for the filtering process.

Additionally, the gear ratios of the Ford Durashift 5-speed manual gearbox have been revised, offering a longer ratio for third, fourth and fifth gears – bringing down engine revs and engine noise.

New Ford Eco Mode
The new Focus ECOnetic also extends its attention to the human factor.

Drivers of the new Ford Focus ECOnetic will not only benefit from new technology hardware addressing lower fuel consumption, but also the introduction of smart, driver-focused software.

'At Ford we have a great deal of experience in the techniques of 'Eco-driving' used to achieve maximum real-world fuel economy,' Dr. Seibert explained. 'The new Ford Eco Mode system is a new software application that is added to the instrument cluster to give the driver useable and realistic Eco-driving advice.'

This system monitors major parameters relevant for optimal fuel consumption that can actively be influenced by altering driving behaviour. These parameters include gear shifting, anticipation (driving as consistently and smoothly as possible) and motorway driving (driving with the most efficient speed on motorways and country roads). In addition the system considers the percentage of cold-engine short trips.

As a result of this monitoring process, Ford Eco Mode generates a driver profile with a scoring scheme for these driving parameters, and offers information on how to improve fuel economy over time. This ongoing process can be translated into driver advice that can help make the best of the vehicle's technology.

'Ford Eco Mode really helps you to become an Eco-driver,' Dr. Seibert noted. 'We have been amazed by the positive feedback on the system by customers in early tests. Customers have told us that they actively enjoyed exploring a new and very contemporary discipline: saving fuel!'

The Ford ECOnetic experience
The new technologies added to the second generation Ford Focus ECOnetic complement and add to the original model's fuel-saving features.

To improve aerodynamics, the Focus ECOnetic is lowered by 10 mm at the front and 8 mm at the rear, while the outer areas of the lower grille are fitted with blanking plates on the inside surface which contribute to the vehicle's favourable cd (coefficient of drag) of 0.31. The car takes full advantage of latest generation Michelin Energy Saver 195/65R15 tyres to lower rolling resistance.

A further measure to reduce friction continued from the original Focus ECOnetic, is the use of low-viscosity transmission oil developed by Ford's energy partner BP. The benefits of using this oil on Focus ECOnetic were immediately clear, so Ford subsequently introduced it as the standard transmission oil for all of the company's core C- and CD-segment passenger cars fitted with manual transmission and dual-mass flywheel.

The reduction in energy consumption is combined with the efficiency of the Focus electro-hydraulic EHPAS steering system and underlines the fact that seemingly minor changes can produce a major fuel consumption benefit. By re-calibrating the no-load performance of the electric servo pump, energy consumption was reduced sufficiently to provide a noticeable reduction in fuel consumption.

The new 2010 Focus ECOnetic with Auto-Start-Stop will be available as a five-door model only in selected European markets from early 2010.

The versatile alternative: New 104 g/km Focus ECOnetic
In order to offer even greater versatility to cost-conscious ECOnetic customers in many markets to suit local taxation break points, Ford is also launching additional five-door and wagon versions of the new Focus ECOnetic without the integrated Ford Auto-Start-Stop system.

Available with Ford's 1.6-litre Duratorq TDCi engine with standard coated Diesel Particulate Filter (cDPF) in both 90 PS (66 kW) and 109 PS (80 kW) power ratings and in a choice of five-door and wagon bodystyles, these versions offer the full range of the latest Focus ECOnetic technology, with the single exception of the start-stop functionality.

Even without Ford Auto-Start-Stop, average CO2 emissions are a low 104 g/km and target average fuel consumption is just 4.0 l/100 km (70.6 mpg)*.

'From the very beginning of Ford's ECOnetic approach it has been the clear intention to offer our customers affordable Eco-technology, and to also pave the way for those technologies to possibly get integrated into the core vehicle programmes,' Dr. Seibert concludes. 'With its new comprehensive set-up, the new Focus ECOnetic offers exactly what it takes: Versatility, latest level technology and – regardless of version – excellent CO2 and fuel economy figures. Now it's the customers' choice, and it's a green one anyway.'

*Note: Fuel economy figures quoted are based on the European Fuel Economy Directive
EÚ 80/1268/EEC and will differ from fuel economy drive cycle results in other regions of the world. Data relates to 5-dr Focus bodystyle

Source - Ford


2010 Ford Focus ECOnetic
• Next generation high-efficiency low-CO2 Ford EcoBoost 4-cylinder petrol engine family unveiled at Frankfurt Motor Show• Fuel consumption and CO2 emissions reduced by up to 20 per cent compared to conventional petrol engines

2010 Ford Focus ECOnetic
• Ford EcoBoost makes downsizing possible – delivering the performance of a large capacity engine with the fuel economy of a much smaller unit

2010 Ford Focus ECOnetic
• Ford EcoBoost global engine family features direct petrol injection, turbocharging and variable valve timing for maximum combustion efficiency

2010 Ford Focus ECOnetic
• European applications will initially focus on two 4-cylinder engines of 1.6-litre and 2.0-litre capacities, with an advanced, small-capacity engine to be launched later

First production engines to be introduced in Europe from 2010
Ford of Europe is revealing further details of its new generation of Ford EcoBoost
high-efficiency low-CO2 4-cylinder petrol engines at the Frankfurt Motor Show, prior to their first production applications in 2010.

The engines feature direct petrol injection, turbocharging and twin variable valve timing to maximise combustion efficiency, resulting in fuel consumption and CO2 emissions reduced by up to 20 per cent compared to conventional petrol engines with a similar power output.

'The new family of Ford EcoBoost four-cylinder petrol engines coming in 2010 is a key element of Ford Motor Company's global Blueprint for Sustainability,' said John Fleming, Chairman & CEO, Ford of Europe.

'We believe that these engines will provide customers with a genuinely attractive alternative to diesel or hybrid power units, delivering highly competitive fuel economy and cost-of-ownership, along with the responsive performance and wide rev range which have made petrol engines the favoured choice for so many drivers,' Fleming added.

The initial range of 4-cylinder Ford EcoBoost engines for the company's European product range will launch in 2010 and use the SCTi (sequential charge turbo injection) nomenclature for production models. The line-up will comprise 1.6-litre units for the all-new Ford C-MAX and 2.0-litre units for the company's large car range.

An additional advanced, small-capacity Ford EcoBoost engine will be introduced later to expand the range of applications within Ford's small and medium car line-up.

In addition, Ford has confirmed that its new 2.0-litre Ford EcoBoost engine will be available globally, launching in North America in 2010 and for its first rear-wheel drive application in the Ford Falcon in Australia from 2011.

'With the 2.0-litre engine catering for applications of 200 PS and above, the 1.6-litre engine spanning the 150-180 PS range, and the small-capacity unit meeting the demand for engines in the sub-130 PS segment, over time we will offer a high-efficiency low-CO2 Ford EcoBoost engine for all of our major European vehicle lines,' said Fleming.

Three critical elements
Powertrain engineers have maximised the economy and emissions improvements delivered in Ford EcoBoost engines by creating a new combustion system which combines the benefits of three critical elements: high-pressure direct fuel injection, advanced turbocharging and twin independent variable valve timing.

While each of these features has potential technical advantages on its own, deploying all three together brings significantly enhanced performance and results in a much more efficient combustion process across the full engine operating range.

This enables Ford EcoBoost technology to provide customers with many of the benefits offered by the latest diesel engines, while retaining the driving character and cost advantages of a petrol unit.

The primary benefits delivered by the Ford EcoBoost design approach include:

• optimised engine efficiency – fuel consumption and CO2 emissions reduced by up to 20 per cent

• greater driving enjoyment – strong low-end torque and responsive performance across the full rev range

• opportunity to downsize – large-engine performance, but with the size, weight and fuel economy of a much smaller unit

The technology featured in Ford EcoBoost engines builds on existing petrol engine knowledge, and offers customers a more affordable alternative to reduce carbon emissions than equivalent hybrid or diesel engine designs.

Optimised engine efficiency
The reduction in fuel consumption and CO2 emissions achieved by Ford EcoBoost engines is the result of a combustion system which burns the fuel in the most efficient and cleanest way possible.

At the heart of this is a high-pressure direct injection system which injects fuel into each cylinder in small, precise amounts at a pressure of up to 200 bar – the droplet size is typically smaller than 0.02mm, one-fifth the width of human hair.

Compared to conventional fuel injection, direct injection produces a cooler, denser charge, delivering improved fuel economy and performance. Like in a modern diesel engine, multiple injections are also possible per combustion cycle, which further enhances economy and emissions.

Variable valve timing on both intake and exhaust camshafts helps 4-cylinder Ford EcoBoost engines optimise gas flow through the combustion chamber at all engine speeds, improving efficiency and performance, particularly at part load.

Greater driving enjoyment
To maximise driver enjoyment, Ford EcoBoost engines deliver the same strong low-end torque which has made the latest diesel engines so popular, combined with refined and responsive performance across the full engine speed range.

This is made possible by using advanced turbocharger technology, with small, low inertia rotors that spin at speeds in excess of 200,000rpm. The turbines are carefully selected to ensure that maximum torque can be achieved at 1,500rpm or lower, with the absolute minimum of delay when the driver wants quick acceleration in traffic.

The charge cooling benefit of direct injection plays an additional part in boosting performance at low engine speeds. Variable valve timing further enhances this through a ‘scavenging' effect, which increases air flow through the engine and maximises low-end torque.

Careful matching of the turbo ensures that Ford EcoBoost engines remain powerful and responsive at speeds in excess of 5,000rpm, providing a much wider spread of power than a typical diesel unit.

Opportunity to downsize
A key advantage of the Ford EcoBoost approach is the ability to downsize engine capacity, so that larger naturally aspirated engines can be replaced by much smaller units without sacrificing power output.

The performance boost offered by turbocharging typically results in a 50 per cent increase in torque, so there is a significant opportunity to downsize capacity while still providing a potential performance benefit.

The advantages of downsizing include improved efficiency through reduced internal friction, lower pumping losses, and lighter weight – which also makes the engine warm up more quickly. This helps to ensure that the real-world fuel economy benefits of Ford EcoBoost engines are delivered in all driving conditions, including both city and highway driving.

Advanced engine designs
The 1.6- and 2.0-litre Ford EcoBoost units are advanced lightweight, high efficiency engine designs which have been specially developed from Ford's latest 4-cylinder engine families.

Both units have an all-aluminium construction, with sixteen-valve DOHC cylinder heads featuring twin independent variable cam timing. The engines have been refined for maximum operating efficiency with optimised lubrication system design and application of low-friction coatings.

The advanced combustion system design allows both engines to meet the most stringent global emissions requirements including the PZEV (partial zero emission vehicles) standard in California and the European Stage V regulations.

European production
Production of the two initial Ford EcoBoost engines for European vehicles will be spread across two different locations within Ford's powertrain manufacturing network. The 2.0-litre unit will be produced at the Valencia Engine Plant in Spain, while the 1.6-litre engine will be made at the Bridgend Engine Plant in the Únited Kingdom.

The future advanced small-displacement Ford EcoBoost engine will be produced both at the Cologne Engine Plant in Germany and at the new Craiova Engine Plant in Romania.

Source - Ford

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