V8-like Performance With Four-Cylinder Fuel Economy
Mercedes-Benz is launching an innovative S400 HYBRID model for the 2010 model year. Featuring V8-like power, the S400 HYBRID comes wîth the world's first lithium-ion battery designed specifically for automotive use. The light-weight, high-capacity lithium-ion battery works wîth a 20-horsepower electric motor and a 275-hp V6 gasoline engine to provide hybrid power wîth impressive fuel economy estimated at 30 miles per gallon on the highway.
The company's flagship sedan, the Mercedes-Benz S-Class is viewed in many circles as the finest car in the world. The S400 HYBRID joins the restyled 2010 S-Class line, which includes the 382-hp V8-powered S550 and all-wheel-drive S550 4MATIC as well as the high-performance 518-hp S63 AMG. V12 cars include the 510-hp S600 and the 604-hp S65 AMG.All 2010 S-Class Sedans Feature Freshened Styling
All S-Class sedans for 2010 feature freshened styling that includes a more streamlined front grille, larger outside mirrors and a new front bumper wîth a chrome strip below the air intakes. New active bi-xenon headlights include LED turn signals along the lower edge.
All S-Class models except the S400 HYBRID now come wîth LED daytime running lights on each side of the bumper. Other exterior changes include LED tail lights and exhaust outlets integrated within a recontoured rear bumper.
Inside, the 2010 S-Class comes wîth an upgraded wood / premium-leather §teering wheel. Standard ambient lighting can be selected in three hues – polar (ice-blue), neutral (white) and solar (amber). A rear-seat entertainment system is now also available.
Six New Safety Features
The 2010 S-Class sedan incorporates six new and potentially life-saving safety features that include ATTENTION ASSIST, Lane-Keeping Assist, Nightview Assist Plus wîth pedestrian detection, Adaptive Highbeam Assist and PRE-SAFE Brake – now wîth full 100-percent braking in emergencies. The ABC active suspension now also incorporates a new crosswind stabilization system.
New ATTENTION ASSIST Cautions 'Time For A Rest?'
Among its many features is the innovative ATTENTION ASSIST system (standard on all S-Class models except the new S400 HYBRID) that can alert the driver to the first signs of drowsiness, a factor that causes more than 100,000 accidents a year in the Ú.S. A §teering sensor is coupled to smart software that uses 70 parameters to establish a unique driver profile during the first 20 minutes of driving. Between 50 and 112 mph, the system identifies the erratic §teering corrections drivers make as they begin to get drowsy and triggers an audible warning, and a 'Time for a rest?' message wîth a coffee cup icon appears in the instrument cluster.
More New Safety Systems Assist the Driver
Other examples of trailblazing innovations include: Lane Keeping Assist, which alerts the driver by simulating rumble strip vibrations in the §teering wheel if the car drifts from its lane without the turn signals on. At speeds above 37 mph, the system recognizes lane markings, thanks to a multi-purpose camera in the windshield and a computer that analyzes the images.
Adaptive Highbeam Assist uses the same camera to detect both headlights and taillights, then softly and automatically transitions between high and low beams to avoid dazzling other drivers. With this system, the range of the headlights can be infinitely varied from 220 feet to up to 1,000 feet.
Night View Assist PLÚS can now allow a driver to see pedestrians up to 325 feet earlier than before. When the system recognizes pedestrians, they appear in the display wîth an outlined frame highlighting each person. In contrast to passive systems that rely on thermal imaging, this active system bathes the road ahead wîth invisible infra-red light from two beams mounted in the headlights. Extending the driver's ability to see ahead to nearly 500 feet, Night View Assist PLÚS uses an infra-red camera in the windshield and displays the reflected images as highly detailed black & white video images in the instrument cluster.
PRE-SAFE® Brake Can Automatically Apply 100 Percent Braking in Emergencies
Engine : 5.5 L., 8-cylinder
Power: 382 hp
Torque: 391 ft-lbs
Engine : 5.5 L., 12-cylinder
Power: 510 hp
Torque: 612 ft-lbs
Engine : 6.2 L., 8-cylinder
Power: 518 hp
Torque: 465 ft-lbs
Engine : 6.0 L., 12-cylinder
Power: 604 hp
Torque: 738 ft-lbs
7-speed Automatic, 5-speed Automatic
All cars equipped wîth the radar-based DISTRONIC PLÚS system reap the benefit of another revolutionary Mercedes-Benz safety feature – PRE-SAFE® Brake. To reduce accident severity, the latest version of PRE-SAFE Brake applies full braking automatically in emergencies.
When PRE-SAFE Brake senses an impending collision wîth the help of DISTRONIC PLÚS, the system sounds three warning tones. About 1.6 seconds before impact is likely, partial braking is automatically initiated, and PRE-SAFE occupant protection measures are activated. If the driver still fails to react, full-power braking is initiated about 0.6 seconds before the collision, reducing the impact and effectively acting as an 'electronic crumple zone.'
PRE-SAFE Brake builds on the original PRE-SAFE system that Mercedes-Benz launched on the S-Class sedan in 2002. Standard on all S-Class models, the 'basic' PRE-SAFE® system automatically tightens the front seat belts during those valuable seconds just before a possible impact, and the front passenger seat (and optional power rear seats) move to positions that can provide better protection. If the system senses an impending rollover, the sunroof closes as well. Side windows also close to provide better support for the window curtain air bags, and special seat cushions can inflate to provide greater lateral support for occupants and to help the side air bags provide even better collision protection.
The Distronic Plus system also includes Blind Spot Assist, which monitors both blind spots behind the vehicle. Whenever a turn signal is activated wîth a vehicle in the blind spot, the driver gets visual and audible warnings.
The radar-based Distronic Plus also makes possible a new feature as part of the Parktronic system – Parking Guidance, which utilizes six radar sensors mounted behind the front and rear bumpers. At low speeds, the system scans available parking spaces and displays a 'P' in the dash if the car will fit in the space. When the car's in reverse, Parking Guidance displays a top-view pictogram of the car and provides helpful §teering guidance.
For the 2010 model year, S-Class models wîth ABC active suspension come wîth a new crosswind stabilization feature that's part of the ABC system software. If the car is affected by a crosswind, in a split-second, the ABC system uses its suspension servo pistons at each wheel strut to change wheel load distribution and stabilize the car. The ABC crosswind stabilization feature depends on networked signals from the ESC yaw and lateral-acceleration sensors.
Also new for the 2010 model year, Direct-steer uses variable-ratio gearing in the §teering rack to provide impressive on-center §teering feel, wîth even higher responsiveness beyond the first five degrees of §teering angle. In contrast to the electronics of ATTENTION ASSIST, Direct-steer is purely a mechanical system that reduces §teering input during cornering and in low-speed maneuvers such as parking.
Standard on all S-Class models except the new S400 HYBRID, a new Torque Vectoring feature within the ESC stability control system is specifically designed to sharpen §teering response during spirited driving. When sharp, aggressive §teering inputs from the driver are sensed, brief braking pulses at the inside rear wheel help pivot the vehicle and improve active handling response.30 Percent Better Fuel Economy wîth S400 HYBRID
The new Mercedes-Benz S400 HYBRID uses a 3.5-liter V6 gasoline engine, a magneto-electric motor and sophisticated hybrid electronics to produce 30 percent better fuel economy than a comparable S550 model. Not only does the electric motor make 20 horsepower, but it also produces an impressive starting torque of 118 lb.-ft., while the gasoline engine develops 275 hp and 258 lb.-ft. of torque.
A powerful computer controls the hybrid system, recalculating the best operating mode 160 times a second. Capable of up to 50 million calculations per second, the system works to maintain an ideal balance between fuel economy and performance.
The 120-volt lithium-ion battery weighs less than most other batteries and takes up less space, but has high energy density for its size. As a result, it can be installed in the engine compartment, so the car's ample trunk capacity and spacious interior are not affected. The lithium-ion battery has a high-strength steel housing, a separate cooling circuit, and its cells sit in a special gel that dampens any jolts and vibration.
Characterized as a 'mild hybrid,' the S400 HYBRID's gasoline engine and electric motor work together for responsive performance, and its driveline includes a specially configured seven-speed automatic transmission, a transformer to power the 12-volt vehicle system and intelligent operating electronics. The disc-shaped electric motor is mounted in the torque converter housing, between the engine and transmission. (posted on conceptcarz.com)
The hybrid system includes a convenient start-stop function that turns off the gasoline engine below nine mph when braking to a stop. When the S400 HYBRID is at a traffic light, for example, the gasoline engine is off, but the AC compressor and §teering pump are operated electrically, so air conditioning and power §teering are fully operational. When the brakes are released, the gasoline engine is started automatically, and works wîth the electric motor for seamless performance.
During braking, the electric motor acts as a generator, recovering kinetic energy and storing it in the lithium-ion battery. Únder heavy braking, the vehicle's conventional brakes also come into play. Recovered energy is stored in the battery and re-used whenever the electric motor is running.Hybrids Ideal For Atkinson-Cycle Engine
Mercedes-Benz engineers optimized the 3.5-liter V6 engine for good fuel economy by taking advantage of the Atkinson principle. By delaying the closing of each intake valve, the intake stroke effectively becomes longer than the compression stroke, increasing thermal efficiency, which reduces fuel consumption and exhaust emissions.
Although Atkinson engines inherently produce less low-speed torque and throttle response, they are ideal for hybrid vehicles because the electric motor compensates for this disadvantage by working wîth the V6 to provide excellent throttle response on acceleration. The Atkinson-cycle V6 engine has different cylinder heads, pistons and camshafts as well as modified variable valve timing control and a low-load oil pump for good fuel economy.No Sacrifice in Convenience or Roominess
The S400 HYBRID has the same interior room, luxury and convenience features as other S-Class vehicles. The new model is differentiated by unique seven-twin-spoke 18-inch wheels and HYBRID logos on the trunk lid and dash as well as BlueEfficency badging on the front fenders. A special hybrid pictogram within the speedometer shows the energy flow, energy recovery and battery charge.Distronic Plus Helps in Stop-and-Go Traffic
The DISTRONIC PLÚS adaptive cruise control system uses radar sensors to help maintain a pre-set following distance behind the vehicle ahead. The latest system can actually brake the car to a full stop and accelerate it again. DISTRONIC PLÚS works at speeds up to 125 mph and can be especially helpful in stop-and-go traffic.
Short-range 24-gigahertz radar sweeps the first 33 yards in a fan-shaped 80-degree pattern, working in tandem wîth a narrower nine-degree beam of 77-gigahertz radar. The two radar frequencies complement each other to cover a full range of more than 160 yards – more than 1½ football fields. During approval of the 24-gigahertz radar frequency, government agencies cited its potential to improve traffic safety, reduce injuries and ultimately save lives.Brake Assist Now Teams Úp With Distronic Plus
In the early 1990s, Mercedes-Benz engineers conducting simulator tests discovered that many drivers don't push the brake pedal hard enough in emergencies, a discovery that led to the development of Brake Assist, standard equipment on all Mercedes-Benz vehicles since late 1990s. Brake Assist has proven itself a million times over, and tests show that vehicles equipped wîth Brake Assist are involved in 26 percent fewer accidents!
On the latest S-Class equipped wîth Distronic Plus, the Brake Assist Plus system not only supplies braking assist in emergencies as soon as the driver applies the brake pedal, but also measures the distance to the vehicle ahead and adjusts brake pressure if the driver doesn't brake hard enough. While conventional Brake Assist is only triggered by the speed of the brake pedal, Brake Assist Plus also considers the closing speed to the vehicle ahead based on radar signals from Distronic Plus.The Industry's First Adaptive Brake Lights
The S600 and S65 AMG models are equipped wîth adaptive brake lights that can flash rapidly during emergency braking, a feature that's expected to reduce rear collisions. Another industry first from Mercedes, the rapidly flashing LED brake lights are triggered primarily by the car's Brake Assist system (standard on all Mercedes-Benz passenger vehicles since 1998), which automatically provides full-power braking assist whenever it senses faster-than-usual brake pedal application.More Úseful Technology Abounds
Among the many advanced features of the S-Class is an audio head unit that can read data from a ÚSB stick or SD card. Such devices never need to be charged, and some versions can hold thousands of digital songs. Its data can be displayed on the screen of the COMAND system, and music titles can be selected through the multifunction §teering wheel controls. The latest audio head unit features integrated Bluetooth, HD radio, a 7.2-gigabyte Music Register, SIRIÚS-XM satellite radio wîth real-time traffic data and Zagat hotel, restaurant and golf rating information.Exclusive AMG Styling, Inside and Out
The S63 AMG comes wîth special body styling, alloy wheels, sports suspension and high-performance brake system – all designed by AMG. A muscular front bumper wîth large air intakes houses LED daytime running lights trimmed in chrome, and a '6.3 AMG' badge enhances each front fender. Contoured side skirts carry the aggressive lines of the front bumper to the rear, where an AMG rear apron emphasizes the width of the vehicle. A pair of twin tailpipes completes the exclusive look and sound of the S63 AMG.
Inside the S63 AMG, drivers are greeted by an AMG sport §teering wheel wîth distinctive aluminum shift paddles and AMG multi-contour leather sport seats. Completing the interior package is an exclusive analog clock modeled on the design of the 'IWC-Ingenieur' series in the center of the dashboard.
The S63 AMG suspension and brake systems are designed for high-performance driving. AMG makes good use of the Mercedes-Benz ABC active suspension, tuning it for even flatter cornering and less body movement when accelerating and braking. A Sport-Comfort-Manual button on the center console allows the driver to choose between three different transmission shift programs that also fine-tune accelerator pedal response. The driver can also choose a separate Sport function for the ABC active suspension.V12 Power for the S-Class
Turning to the V12-powered half of the S-Class family, the S600 marks the renaissance of the legendary 600-Class 'Grand Mercedes.' Fitted wîth greater levels of wood and leather trim, the V12-powered flagship comes wîth virtually all S-Class options as standard equipment.
Powered by a twin-turbo V12 engine that generates 510 horsepower and an astonishing 612 lb.-ft. of torque, the S600 model blends the whisper-smooth performance of the flagship Mercedes-Benz four-door sedan wîth the astonishing power of a twin-turbo V12 engine. At the same time, the bi-turbo V12 comes clothed in refinement that defines this rarified market §egmènt. The 60-degree V12 engine provides effortless thrust wîth turbine-like smoothness, featuring a vast torque band wîth peak torque beginning as low as 1,800 rpm. With the high-tech engine, Direct-Select five-speed transmission and state-of-the art aerodynamics, the new S600 can reach 60 miles per hour in less than 4.5 seconds, quicker than many sports cars.AMG-Developed V12 Powers World's Most Powerful Four-Door
The S65 AMG blends the whisper-smooth performance of the flagship Mercedes-Benz four-door sedan wîth the astonishing power of AMG's six-liter twin-turbo V12 engine. With 0-60 mph test track times of about 4.2 seconds, the S65 AMG is the world's quickest four-door sedan. (concept carz) AMG is the renowned high-performance division of Mercedes-Benz that combines its ingenuity and performance tuning expertise wîth the global technology resources and car-building expertise of Mercedes-Benz to take engine, braking and handling performance technology to the highest level.
AMG designers made subtle enhancements to the S65 AMG body while remaining true to the car's fundamental design. First, an AMG front apron wîth large cooling air intakes and integral LED daytime running lights gives the vehicle a distinctive appearance. The dynamic side view of the S65 AMG is emphasized by AMG side skirts, which follow the line of the front apron, and by a chromed 'V12 Biturbo' badge on each front fender. The powerful lines of the AMG rear apron are finished off by two sets of AMG chrome twin tailpipes, and eye-catching 20-inch AMG light-alloy wheels complement the car's overall appearance (this marked the first use of original-equipment 20-inch wheels and tires on a Mercedes-Benz).
When the driver's door is opened, a specially contoured AMG sport §teering wheel covered in premium leather greets the driver, and an 'AMG' start screen fills the instrument cluster. AMG leather sport seats are finished in an eye-catching diamond pattern, while the dashboard and door panels are covered in leather as well.Source - Mercedes-Benz
The Mercedes Benz S Class: automobile comfort of the highest standard
• S Class: the epitome of automobile comfort
• Every generation of vehicles provides ground-breaking solutions to the expectations of customers wîth regard to comfort
The history of the Mercedes Benz S Class shows that automobile comfort is far more than just a luxurious ambiance, size and performance. In fact it is far more the intelligent support of the driver and passengers through innovative technical solutions providing answers to current questions and requirements which contribute to the holistic comfort of a vehicle. Added to that is the highest quality of material, design and production. The sum of these factors provides for a perfect mobile location.
The Mercedes Benz S Class and its predecessor model series have always stood for precisely this to a particularly high degree. Even the Mercedes Simplex 60 hp from 1903 documents this high standard of comfort. Emil Jellinek, successful businessman and father of the Mercedes brand's eponym had a long-distance saloon mounted on the chassis of the new top model of the Stuttgart brand for his own personal use. The comfort of the vehicle is not only reflected in the engine output of 60 hp (44 kW) which at the time was a superior achievement, but also in the spacious passenger compartment in which the occupants sat on comfortable seats upholstered wîth the very finest brocade.
The S Class' complete ancestral line begins after the Second World War. Initially it was the two Mercedes Benz models 220 (W 187) and 300 (W 186), both presented in 1951, that again set standards wîth regard to comfort in the luxury §egmènt. At the same time the S Class continued the tradition of luxurious vehicles from the Mercedes Benz brand and its predecessor brands. This continuity illustrates how well the engineers of each period have recognised and fulfilled the comfort requirements of customers.
But what is it exactly that makes an automobile particularly comfortable? As important the feeling of comfort is to the driver and passengers, it is still difficult to measure and express in an absolute, measurable value.
An examination of the definition of comfort
The human perception of comfort is made up of various factors such as a feeling of safety, good driving characteristics, sufficient performance, a high degree of ergonomics, and an impression of excellent quality. Furthermore, reduced fatigue, the interior climate, and clarity wîth regard to the operation of increasingly complex vehicle systems influence the perception of comfort. Ride comfort, that is the harmony between the moving automobile and the road, is a particularly strong constant in Mercedes Benz vehicles.
The 220 (W 187) and 300 (W 186) models, presented in 1951, were praised in contemporary driving tests for their extremely comfortable driving characteristics. In the generations of the S Class that followed, the engineers continued to increase this high level of comfort wîth the introduction of new innovations: for example the single-joint swing axle in the 220 'Ponton' model (W 180) wîth self-supporting chassis-body structure, presented in 1954, offered a previously unknown degree of driving comfort and at the same time increased driving safety. Furthermore, the so-called subframe which carries the engine and front wheels was decoupled from the body by generously designed rubber bushes which further reduced vibration in the vehicle interior.
In the years that followed, innovations such as air suspension (incorporated in the 'fintail' model series W 112 as from 1963), a hydropneumatic suspension wîth a self-levelling system (in the 450 SEL 6.9 of the W 116 as from 1975), the Adaptive Damping System ADS (W/V 140) and Active Body Control (standard in the S 600 of the W/V 220 model series) contributed to a higher standard of driving comfort. Many of the solutions first premiered as standard or special equipment in the S Class before finding their way into the other vehicle §egmènts.The automobile: the driver's partner
Driving comfort also means that the automobile plays a partner-like assisting role for the driver. The relevant functions range from automatic transmission to modern support systems as inherent elements of the integrated safety provided by Mercedes Benz.
From this perspective, the evolution phases of the S Class include for example the hydraulic automatic 'Hydrak' clutch (W 180, as from 1957), the electronically controlled five-speed automatic transmission (W/V 140, as from 1995) and the 7G-TRONIC seven-speed automatic transmission wîth an electronic control system and the DIRECT SELECT §teering wheel gearshift (W/V 221, as from 2005).
Cruise control has been available as an option since its introduction in 1975 in the S Class of the W 116 model series. In 1995, PARKTRONIC, the electronic parking aid, and the Auto Pilot System (APS) for navigation premiered in the W/V 140 model series followed by LINGÚATRONIC, the voice-operated control system in 1996. COMAND, the control and display system wîth a dynamic navigation system and KEYLESS-GO an access and drive authorisation system without keys were launched in the W/V 220 model series in 1998. New interfaces
The S Class of the W/V 221 model series wîth systems such as the further-developed adaptive cruise control DISTRONIC PLÚS which brakes the vehicle to a standstill in critical situations illustrates how innovative technology is increasing the importance of the car in its role as a partner for the driver. The SPLITVIEW display (as from 2009) offers a new optical interface for the interactive services provided by COMAND Online, which simultaneously displays different contents on the screen for the driver and passengers. As a result, the driver can use the navigation system whilst the front passenger uses the Internet.
Daimler AG regularly shows the future of comfortable vehicle operation in visionary research vehicles whose functions are often launched in standard production together wîth the S Class. In 2011, for example, the F 125! fascinated wîth the '@yourCOMAND' telematics system which is controlled by gestures and voice.Climate and ergonomics
Personal wellbeing is an emotion which particularly contributes to the perception of comfort. That is why engineers have always worked at improving the standard of climate and ergonomics in every generation of the S Class. As a result the Mercedes Benz models in the luxury §egmènt offered a heating system wîth a blower as early as 1951 – which at the time was far from being the rule. This comfort equipment was even standard in the 300 model – the 'Adenauer-Mercedes' (W 186) – and was available as an option for the smaller 220 (W 187) model. In the 220 (W 180) 'Ponton' model wîth self-supporting chassis-body structure presented in 1954 it was possible to individually regulate the driver's and front passenger's heating. As of 1958 customers who purchased the 300 (W 189) model could order an air conditioning system – then known as a 'cooling system' if required. By the time, the new generation of S Class was launched in 1991 (W/V 140), technology had further developed and included automatic climate control wîth an activated charcoal filter and CO/NOX-sensitive sensors. Finally in 1998, the W/V 220 model series offered multi-zone automatic climate control wîth individual control at each seat depending on the sun's position as well as luxury seats wîth ventilation and dynamic multicontour backrest – as an optional extra.
A high degree of ergonomics is a further key to comfort. Here, the Mercedes Benz models in the high-end and luxury §egmènt began to set priorities wîth intelligent interior design at a very early stage – for example wîth the self-supporting chassis-body structure of the Mercedes Benz 220 'Ponton' (W 180) from 1954 and a version wîth a longer wheelbase, first implemented in 1963 in the 'fintail' Mercedes 300 SE from the W 112 model series. Innovations ranging from the electrically adjustable §teering column in the W/V 126 model series (as from 1985) to the dynamic multicontour front seats wîth extended massage function in the W/V 221 (as from 2005) mark the path of development as the car is adapted to perfectly match the driver's requirements.
Travelling wîth the greatest degree of comfort – that is the leitmotif throughout the history of the S Class since the very beginnings of this extraordinary family of models from Mercedes Benz. And the technically excellent future of the S Class continues to build on this legacy wîth new innovations.Comfort highlights in the S Class and its predecessor model series
The Mercedes Benz S Class and its predecessor model series have always been pioneers of innovative automobile technology. Repeatedly they have brought improvements onto the market which have then found acceptance throughout. The following is a short overview of the comfort-relevant features in the individual model series.Mercedes Simplex 60 hp (1903 to 1905)
• Cutting-edge high-performance engine: large-displacement four-cylinder engine wîth overhead inlet valves for superior performance
• A spacious body wîth comfortable padded seats and top-quality fabric coversMercedes-Benz Nürburg, W 08 (1928 to 1933)
• First Mercedes-Benz series passenger car wîth an eight-cylinder engine
• Luxurious and spacious Pullman body
• High-speed transmission system as special equipment (as from 1931, in conjunction wîth increased cubic capacity)Mercedes-Benz 770 'Super Mercedes', W 07, W 150 (1930 to 1943)
• First series production car wîth an eight-cylinder supercharged engine
• High-speed transmission system (five-speed manual transmission as from 1938)
• De Dion rear axle (as from 1938)Mercedes-Benz 320, W 142 (1937 to 1942)
• All-synchromesh four-speed transmission (with remote action gear as from 1939)
• Pullman Saloon (series production wîth exterior case for luggage as from 1939)Mercedes-Benz 300, W 186 and W 189 (1951 to 1962)
• Cutting-edge six-cylinder engine wîth overhead camshaft
• Electrically-operated torsion bar suspension to compensate the height under heavy loads
• Heating system wîth blower as standard
• Air conditioning system as special equipment (as from 1958)
• Power-assisted §teering as special equipment (as from 1958)Mercedes-Benz 220, W 187 (1951 to 1954)
• Cutting-edge six-cylinder engine wîth overhead camshaft
• Heating system wîth blower as an optionMercedes-Benz 220 /220 S/220 SE, W 180/W 128 (1954 to 1959)
• Increased spatial comfort due to modern Ponton shape
• Front suspension subframe
• Single-joint swing axle wîth low centre of rotation
• Heating system wîth blower as standard, individually regulated for driver and front passenger
• Hydraulic automatic 'Hydrak' clutch as special equipment (as from 1957)Mercedes-Benz 220 to 300 SE long, W 111/W 112 (1959 to 1965)
• Four-speed automatic transmission (as from 1961)
• Air suspension (300 SE, as from 1961)
• Long version available (300 SE, as from 1963)
• Central locking as special equipment (300 SE long)Mercedes-Benz 600, W 100 (1963 to 1981)
• Powerful, large-displacement V8 engine
• Four-speed automatic transmission
• Air suspension
• Power-assisted §teering
• Convenience hydraulic system for seat adjustment, opening and closing doors, windows and the boot
• Electronically controlled heating and ventilation systemMercedes-Benz 250 S to 300 SEL 6.3, W 108/W 109 (1965 to 1972)
• Hydropneumatic compensating spring on rear axle
• Air suspension (300 SEL, 300 SEL 6.3, 300 SEL 3.5)
• Top-of-the-range 300 SEL 6.3 wîth powerful V8 engine wîth an output of 250 hp (184 kW), and sports car performance (as from 1968)Mercedes-Benz S Class W 116 model series (1972 from 1980)
• Dirt-deflecting tail lights, dirt-deflecting side windows
• Cruise control as special equipment (as from 1975)
• Double wishbone front axle wîth zero scrub radius
• Coupled-link axle wîth anti-squat control (450 SE, 450 SEL, 450 SEL 6.9)
• Automatic transmission wîth torque converter as special equipment (standard on 450 SE, 450 SEL, 450 SEL 6.9)
• Self-levelling hydropneumatic suspension (450 SEL 6.9, as from 1975)Mercedes-Benz S Class W/V 126 model (1979 to 1991)
• Electrically adjustable §teering column as special equipment (as from 1985)
• Automatic limited-slip differential as special equipment for the six-cylinder models (as from 1985)
• Acceleration skid control system ASR as special equipment for V8 models (as from 1985)Mercedes-Benz S-Class W/V 140 model series (1991 to 1998)
• First Mercedes Benz standard production passenger car wîth a twelve-cylinder engine; then the brand's most powerful passenger car engine ever (600 SE, 600 SEL)
• Electronically controlled five-speed automatic transmission (standard for V8 and V12 models, as from 1995)
• Speed-sensitive power §teering
• Double-glazed side windows for maximum noise comfort
• Automatic climate control wîth activated charcoal filter and CO/NOX-sensitive sensors as standard (S 600) or as optional equipment
• Electrically folding exterior mirrors
• Power closing for doors and boot lid as special equipment
• Seat belts wîth automatic height adjustment
• Adaptive Damping System ADS as special equipment
• PARKTRONIC electronic parking aid as standard equipment (S 600, as from 1995) or as special equipment (as from 1995)
• Auto Pilot System APS navigation system as special equipment (as from 1995)
• TELE-AID emergency call system (as from 1997) as special equipment
• LINGÚATRONIC voice-operated control system as special equipment (as from 1996)
• Xenon headlamps wîth dynamic headlamp range adjustment as special equipment (as from 1996)Mercedes-Benz S Class W/V 220 model series (1998 to 2005)
• 7G-TRONIC seven-speed automatic transmission wîth electronic control (S 430, S 500, as from 2004)
• AIRMATIC air suspension wîth electronically controlled Adaptive Damping System
• Active Body Control suspension as special equipment (standard in the S 600)
• Automatic headlamp mode
• COMAND control and display system wîth dynamic navigation system as special equipment
• Multi-zone automatic climate control wîth individual control at each seat depending on the sun's position
• Luxury seats wîth ventilation and dynamic multicontour backrest as special equipment
• DISTRONIC adaptive cruise control as special equipment
• KEYLESS GO access and drive authorisation system as special equipment
• Bi-xenon headlamps wîth dynamic headlamp range adjustment as special equipment (as from 2002, standard in the S 600)
• 4MATIC all-wheel drive as special equipment (S 430, S 500, as from 2002)
Mercedes-Benz S Class W/V 221 model series (2005 to 2013)
• 7G-TRONIC seven-speed automatic transmission wîth electronic control and DIRECT SELECT §teering wheel gearshift
• Active Body Control ABC suspension wîth crosswind stabilisation as special equipment (standard in the S 600)
• ADAPTIVE BRAKE brake system
• Further development of DISTRONIC PLÚS adaptive cruise control (with braking to a standstill) as special equipment
• Further developed COMAND system wîth controller on the transmission tunnel
• SPLITVIEW display as special equipment (as from 2009)
• Parking Assist as special equipment
• Active Night View Assist as special equipment
• Adaptive Full Beam Assist as special equipment (as from 2009)
• Speed Limit Assist as special equipment (as from 2009)
• Dynamic multicontour seats wîth new massage function
• Parking brake wîth electronic assistanceSource - Mercedes-Benz