1995 Jaguar XJS

The 1995 Jaguar XJ-S coupe and convertible was given an upgraded 4-liter six-cylinder engine which saw an increase in horsepower to nearly 240 HP. The 12-cylinder powerplant was also upgraded, now delivering 300 horsepower. The 4.0- and 6.0-liter models were differentiated by having different headlight bezels, grille and grille. The 6.0 versions had color-keyed door mirrors while the 4.0-liter versions had chrome mirrors and headlight bezeled.
By Daniel Vaughan | May 2013
As the successor of the iconic E-Type, the XJS had a profound reputation to uphold. The XJS made its debut in 1975 and made a grand statement as a GT (grand touring) car built to cross European countries with aplomb. With a 5.3 liter V-12 engine, achieving a top speed of 143 MPH could be done. The XJS retained this basic configuration and aesthetic appeal until its timely redesign in 1991.

All XJSs from this time are referred to as 'facelift' models. The rear side windows appeared enlarged (although the body glass aperture was actually the same size as the earlier car) and the buttresses stayed, as designer Geoff Lawson argued that they were part of the car's character. The car received a new 4-litre version of the AJ6. In 1992 a 4-litre convertible was added to the range. The V12's capacity was enlarged to 6 litres in May 1993 (227 kW (304 hp)).

At the same time the car benefited from a revision to the rear brakes, they were now fitted with outboard rear disc brakes, instead of the more complicated inboard items on previous models. With the introduction of the 6.0-litre V12, the transmission was also updated to a GM 4L80E with a 4th gear overdrive, whilst the automatic 4-litre models continued with the electronic ZF4HP24E transmission.

A 2+2 convertible was also introduced, as was a customized insignia line. At the same time the car received more aerodynamic front and rear bumpers. 1992 thru 1994 were the only years the 6-cylinder with 5-speed manual transmission XJS was exported to the United States. Exact production figures are unknown; though it is likely there are fewer than ten.

In April 1994 substantial revisions were made to the 4-litre AJ6 engine which became the 4-litre AJ16 with coil on plug ignition being amongst the most noticeable of the changes. In 1995, the final specification changes were made and the car was referred to as the Celebration model to celebrate the 60th year of the Jaguar company. Celebration cars are easily identifiable by the diamond turned wheels, Jaguar embossed seats and distinctive wooden steering wheel. These latest cars are the most desirable of all the later XJSs, especially the convertibles. The 6-litre V12 had all but disappeared by this time and was only available during the last year of production by special order. The car was discontinued in 1996, after 21 years in production. It was replaced by the XK8.

Built only for 5 years until 1996, these cars were known by enthusiasts as the 'Facelift' models. These cars were very refined and did away with controversial styling cues such as that rear window flying buttresses that some had pegged as the cause of poor rear visibility. Owners had the choice of 2 silky motors; the classic V-12, which in 1993 was enlarged to a full 6.0 liters and boasted 304 HP and the new 4.0 liter inline 6 cylinder engine, known internally as the AJ6. By 1995 internal designation had changed to the AJ16 with the revision of the inline 6 engine to include many refinements including coil on plug ignition.

Jaguar has an heir of exclusivity unrivaled by any other British car maker. Jaguars are easily identifiable by their timeless designs that evoke a deep emotion in any appreciative onlooker. Jaguar design is famous for having the sensuality of a Hollywood starlet and the strength a prowess of its feline namesake. As an automobile, a Jaguar is fast, smooth, refined in every manner and envelopes its occupants in pure luxury. 'Grace, Space, Pace' may have been a marketing catch phrase used for many years, but this ethos is what made Jaguar famous. Throughout the world Jaguar is recognized for stately luxury in fantastic British tradition.

Started prior to WWII by two motorcycle enthusiasts, William Lyons and William Walmsley, as the Swallow Sidecar company, its automotive offerings of the time were of extravagant design and wore a brand badge of SS. To avoid any notion of association (or perhaps to forget the atrocities of war), the SS brand was dropped in favor of the Jaguar name after WWII, which up until that time was used only as a model moniker.

Jaguar put itself in short company by producing well designed and top performing sports cars after WWII. The XK120 put Jaguar on the map as being the fastest production car of its day and today holds a special place in the hearts of collectors. Technological refinement in the subsequent XK140 and XK150 cars paved the way for the highly regarded E-type that took the sports car world by storm and still holds a status above all other period sports cars. It was called 'the most beautiful car I have ever seen' by none other than Enzo Ferrari himself, who is no stranger to elegant design. The Series III E-Type was to only offer a 5.3 liter V12 engine that was later used in the newly released XJS.

The Jaguar factory was founded long before the Jaguar brand became first used in 1945. The foundation of the firm was first set in 1922 by William Lyons and William Walmsley in Blackpool, England. The name was originally Swallow Coachbuilding, Co and got its start by constructing motorcycles and sidecars. Eventually they moved on to building bodies based on the Austin Seven chassis. The name of the company was changed during the 1930's to SS car Ltd when their own SS were being produced. Following World War II the name was dropped and changed to Jaguar Cars Ltd. Jaguar took over British Daimler in 1960, and from that point on Jaguar utilized the name of Daimler for its elegant and superior models.

The Jaguar XJ was designed in 1968 and has continued on today, though it has evolved in many ways. It was three years later in 1971 when a V12 engine was added to the Jaguar E-Type. The only twelve-cylinder engine in the world at the time, it was later also added in the Daimler Double Six and the Jaguar XJ 12. Also available as a convertible, the XJS became available during the mid-seventies. A luxury GT coupe from Jaguar, the Jaguar XJ-S was the replacement to the legendary Jaguar E-Type in September of 1975.

Based on the XJ saloon, it was developed as the XK-F though very dissimilar from its predecessor. A competent grand tourer, it was much more aerodynamic than the e-type. It was produced until April 4, 1996. The V12 version came with the choice of either automatic transmission of manual, though the manual was eventually dropped. Able to reach a top speed of 60 mph in 6.9 seconds, the XJ-S could accelerate to 150 mph.
Winning the series' 1977 manufacturers' championship cup, the Group 44 racing teach designed a successful Trans Am race car that was based on the XJ-S. Unfortunately, the vehicle was not launched on the market at a good time as the economy was struggling through the wake of the first fuel crisis. A vehicle never released into production was the sporty show car based on XJ-S mechanicals by Pinninfarina in 1979.

Receiving a new High-Efficiency engine, the 1981 XJ-S HE was now the fastest automatic-transmission car in the world at 155 mph. A year later the V12 XJ-S achieved the first and second at the Tourist Trophy race at Silverstone. A cabriolet version debuted as a new 3.6-litre Jaguar AJ6 engine was added to the line-up. In 1985 a V12 XJ-SC was released.

XJS driver Armin Hahne and John Hoss won the James Harie Bathurst 1000 motor race in Australia in 1985. To celebrate Jaguar's win at Le Mans, a special XJR-S version on the V12 5.3 litre car was released in 1988. The vehicle cae with a unique factory-fitted body kit, alloy wheels and minor performance modificaions. At one point Jaguar did consider producing a luxury Daimler version, but unfortunately was never put into production.

The British company Lynx sold a high-quality four-seat full convertible conversion throughout the entire life of XJ-S. Producing around 75 hand-built two-door estate/shooting brake/station wagon versions of the XJS, Lynx marketed these models under the 'Lynx Eventer'. This model was a success due to the removal of the ‘flying butresses' which were so unpopular with the XJ-S models. Though Jaguar was encouraged to market their own version of this vehicle, they never did. Re-engineered in 1991 with a substantial face-life, the vehicle was renamed the XJS. The new vehicles incorporated body styling updates, the adoption of the AJ6 4.0 litre engine rather than the 3.6 litre version and a totally redesigned interior.

Aiming for a smoother and more contemporary look, nearly 40% of the vehicles body panels were changed including the rear wings, sills, doors and boot. The 4.0 litre Convertible in the XJS line was introduced the following year and featured a driver's side airbag. This new facility made Jaguar the first UK company that offered this. The car now had larger rear windows, the main detail that did not change was the flying buttresses which the designer Geoff Lawson argued were ‘part of the car's character'.

The V12 was increased to 6 litres in 1993, and the vehicle received a new 4-litre version of the AJ6. Two years later several revisions were made to the 4-litre AJ6 engine. The substantial revisions were meant to highlight the major differences between the AJ16 abd the original AJ6. Now the vehicle was fitted with new rear brakes and fitted with outboard rear disc brakes. The introduction on XK8, production of the XJS came to an end in 1996.

By Jessica Donaldson

1995 Jaguar Models

Concepts by Jaguar

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