1961 Lotus 21

1961 Lotus 21 1961 Lotus 21 1961 Lotus 21 Monoposto
Designer: Colin Chapman
Chassis #: 918
This Lotus, chassis number 918, is the second to last of approximately 15, 18/21s built and was a purpose built Formula One by UDT-Laystall, Colin Chapman, founder of Lotus, having received all ten of the factory Lotus 21s for himself. F-1 #918 was one of the first race cars to use the new HD-5 Hewland transaxle, Hewland being a new constructor partner for Laystall. The Lotus 18/21 was more than just an upgrade of the Formula Junior 18, but included several changes that were to become the standard in future cars. With a more aerodynamic body, a lay down driving position, and top linked rear suspension being some of the more recognizable changes. The 18/21 also had a stronger chassis to deal with the increased power of the Coventry Climax power. Chassis #918 was raced by the who's who of the 1961-62 racing season. Under the UDT-Laystall banner Stirling Moss won two races and was second in two other races in South Africa marking the last full year of his racing career.
The Lotus Formula Junior 20 was first shown at the Racing Car Show in January of 1961. It shared some similarities to the prior units, such as the suspension bearing many similarities to the Lotus 18. The body was small and aerodynamic and mounted on a space-frame chassis. The fiber-glass body was courtesy of Williams & Pritchard. Mounted mid-ship was a Cosworth developed Ford 105E 998cc engine.

For the 1961 season Trevor Taylor and Peter Arundell drove works cars. Alan Rees and Mike McKee raced Lotus 20 with factory support. Taylor was able to win eight races while Arundell accounted for seven victories.

In total, 118 examples of the Lotus 20 were produced.

The Lotus 21 was the first works Lotus to win a Formula One Grand Prix. The victory came in 1961 at the United States Grand Prix driven by Innes Ireland. The Lotus 21 utilized a mid-engined design and was comprised of a tubular space-frame with fiberglass panels. Power was from a Coventry Climax FPF four-cylinder engine similar to that of the Lotus 20. Disc brakes could be found at all four corners.

The Lotus 21 was raced by Team Lotus and by the Rob Walker Racing Team during the 1961 season.

The Lotus 22 was introduced for the 1962 seasons and was based on the Lotus Formula Junior 20 but brought with it many new changes. It was powered by a Ford-Cosworth 1098cc engine which produced about 100 horsepower. The engine was mated to a four-speed gearbox. The gearbox units were came from both Volkswagen and Renault. The suspension from the Lotus 21 was used in the rear. The Lotus 22 had a wider track than the Lotus 21. The 13-inch wheels were made of magnesium-alloy and disc brakes could be found in both the front and rear.

Team Lotus entered the Formula Junior 22 driven by Peter Arundell in 25 races and was rewarded with podium finishes 18 times. Peter Arundell was the team's primary driver with Alan Rees and Bob Anderson serving as his replacement.

The Lotus 22 was surrounded by controversy during the 1962 season. Canadian Pete Ryan was involved in a collision with Bill Moss at Reims. Reporters interviewed Ryan at the hospital; he mentioned, though heavily medicated, that Formula Junior cars were being operated with engine capacities higher than the allowable limit. Reporters assumed that he was speaking about Peter Arundell and stories and allegations quickly erupted. Part of the stories that appeared made alleged claims that the Lotus 22s were running with 1450cc engines (rules specified 1100cc units). In true sporting fashion, Colin Chapman responded to the claims with a challenge. He stated that, under supervision, he would 'repeat their race-winning speeds at any European circuit'. The results were to be closely monitored and supervised. Chapman stated that if the vehicles were to match their winning speeds, von Frankenberg, a former racer and editor, would have to make a public apology. von Frankenberg had made many of the allegations so the challenge seemed appropriate.

von Frankenberg accepted and the Monza circuit was selected. Arundell had won the 107-mile Grand Prix at 113.4 mph with a fast lap of 115.9. On the day of the challenge, Arundell drove the racer to a speed of 117.1 mph. At the conclusion of the challenge, the engine was disassembled and thoroughly inspected. The engine had met all the requirements and the vehicles weight was within acceptable limits. Chapman had made his point and von Frankenberg made his apology.

By Daniel Vaughan | Jan 2007
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1961 Formula One Season
Scuderia FerrariFerrari156 Belgium Olivier Gendebien
United States Paul Richard 'Richie' Ginther
United States Philip Toll Hill, Jr
Belgium Willy Mairesse
Mexico Ricardo Rodríguez
Germany Wolfgang von Trips 
Team LotusLotus
United Kingdom James 'Jim' Clark, Jr.
United Kingdom Robert McGregor Innes Ireland
Belgium Willy Mairesse
United Kingdom Trevor Taylor 
Porsche KGPorsche
Sweden Joakim 'Jo' Bonnier
United States Daniel Sexton Gurney
Germany Hans Herrmann 
Cooper Car CompanyCooper
Australia Sir John Arthur 'Jack' Brabham
New Zealand Bruce Leslie McLaren 
Owen Racing OrganisationBRM United Kingdom Charles Anthony Standish 'Tony' Brooks
United Kingdom Norman Graham Hill 
 Gilby EngineeringGilby United Kingdom Keith Greene 
 Ecurie MaarsbergenPorsche
Netherlands Carel Godin de Beaufort
Germany Hans Herrmann 
 Scuderia SerenissimaDeTomaso
F1 Alfa 
Italy Giorgio Scarlatti
France Maurice Bienvenu Jean Paul Trintignant
Italy Nino Vaccarella 
 Scuderia SettecolliDeTomaso
F1 Alfa 
Italy Roberto Lippi 
 Isobele de TomasoDeTomaso
F1 Alfa 
Italy Roberto Bussinello 
 Scuderia ColoniaLotus
Switzerland Michael May
Germany Wolfgang Seidel 
 Ecurie BelgeLotus
Belgium Lucien Bianchi
Belgium Olivier Gendebien
Belgium Willy Mairesse
Belgium André Pilette 
 Camoradi InternationalLotus
United Kingdom Ian Burgess
United States Masten Gregory 
 Rob Walker Racing TeamLotus
United Kingdom Jack Fairman
United Kingdom Sir Stirling Moss 
 UDT Laystall Racing TeamLotus
United Kingdom Henry Clifford Allison
Belgium Lucien Bianchi
Argentina Juan Manuel Bordeu
United States Masten Gregory
United Kingdom Henry Taylor 
 Anthony Ernest MarshLotus
United Kingdom Anthony Ernest 'Tony' Marsh 
 Reginald ParnellLotus
United Kingdom Reginald 'Tim' Parnell 
 Gerald AshmoreLotus
United Kingdom Gerald Ashmore 
 Louise Bryden-BrownLotus
South Africa Anthony Francis O'Connell 'Tony' Maggs 
 Prince Gaetano Starrabba di GiardinelliLotus
Italy Prince Gaetano Starrabba di Giardinelli 
 J Wheeler AutosportLotus Canada Peter B. Ryan 
 Jim HallLotus
United States Jim Hall 
 J Frank HarrisonLotus
United States Lloyd Ruby 
 Camoradi InternationalCooper
United States Masten Gregory 
 Yeoman Credit RacingCooper
United Kingdom Roy Francesco Salvadori
United Kingdom John Surtees 
 Scuderia SerenissimaCooper
France Maurice Bienvenu Jean Paul Trintignant 
 H&L MotorsCooper
United Kingdom Jackie Lewis 
 Scuderia Centro SudCooper
Italy Lorenzo Bandini
Italy Massimo Natili 
 Bernard Marie François Alexandre Collomb-ClercCooper
France Bernard Marie François Alexandre Collomb-Clerc 
 Fred Tuck CarsCooper
United Kingdom Jack Fairman 
 Pescara Racing TeamCooper Italy Renato Pirocchi 
 James SharpCooper
United States James 'Hap' Sharp 
 John M Wyatt IIICooper
United States Roger S. Penske 
 Momo CorporationCooper
United States Walt Hansgen 

1961 Season Review
RaceCircuitDateWinning DriverConstructor
Monaco Monaco Grand Prix Monaco Grand Prix MonacoMay 1961 United Kingdom Sir Stirling MossLotus 
Netherlands Dutch Grand Prix  ZandvoortMay 1961 Germany Wolfgang von TripsFerrari 
Belgium Belgian Grand Prix  Spa-FrancorchampsJun 1961 United States Philip Toll Hill, JrFerrari 
France French Grand Prix  Reims-GueuxJul 1961 Italy Giancarlo BaghettiFerrari 
United Kingdom British Grand Prix  AintreeJul 1961 Germany Wolfgang von TripsFerrari 
Germany German Grand Prix  NürburgringAug 1961 United Kingdom Sir Stirling MossLotus 
Italy Italian Grand Prix  MonzaSep 1961 United States Philip Toll Hill, JrFerrari 
United States United States Grand Prix  Watkins GlenOct 1961 United Kingdom Robert McGregor Innes IrelandLotus 

Formula One World Drivers' Champions

1950 G. Farina
1951 J. Fangio
1952 A. Ascari
1953 A. Ascari
1954 J. Fangio
1955 J. Fangio
1956 J. Fangio
1957 J. Fangio
1958 M. Hawthorn
1959 S. Brabham
1960 S. Brabham
1961 P. Hill, Jr
1962 N. Hill
1963 J. Clark, Jr.
1964 J. Surtees
1965 J. Clark, Jr.
1966 S. Brabham
1967 D. Hulme
1968 N. Hill
1969 S. Stewart
1970 K. Rindt
1971 S. Stewart
1972 E. Fittipaldi
1973 S. Stewart
1974 E. Fittipaldi
1975 A. Lauda
1976 J. Hunt
1977 A. Lauda
1978 M. Andretti
1979 J. Scheckter
1980 A. Jones
1981 N. Piquet
1982 K. Rosberg
1983 N. Piquet
1984 A. Lauda
1985 A. Prost
1986 A. Prost
1987 N. Piquet
1988 A. Senna
1989 A. Prost
1990 A. Senna
1991 A. Senna
1992 N. Mansell
1993 A. Prost
1994 M. Schumacher
1995 M. Schumacher
1996 D. Hill
1997 J. Villeneuve
1998 M. Hakkinen
1999 M. Hakkinen
2000 M. Schumacher
2001 M. Schumacher
2002 M. Schumacher
2003 M. Schumacher
2004 M. Schumacher
2005 F. Alonso
2006 F. Alonso
2007 K. Raikkonen
2008 L. Hamilton
2009 J. Button
2010 S. Vettel
2011 S. Vettel
2012 S. Vettel
2013 S. Vettel
2014 L. Hamilton
2015 L. Hamilton
2016 N. Rosberg
2017 L. Hamilton

Lotus Models

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