1951 Ferrari 212 Export

History

The 166 Inter was powered by a 2-liter V12 engine and produced 115 horsepower. These were road cars and were given odd chassis numbers. The even chassis numbers were reserved for the vehicles that were intended for racing. The bodies of the Inter vehicles were mostly Berlinetta and Coupes. At first, Touring handled most of the road going body construction but it was not long before Vignale, Ghia, Pinin Farina, and others were creating custom coachwork. The 166 Inter was mechanically similar to the racing versions; it was 25 horsepower shy of its racing sibling. The suspension was wishbones in the front and a live rear axle. The chassis was a simple steel tubular frame. A replacement was created in 1950 after around 40 examples of the 166 Inter were produced. The displacement of the engine was enlarged to just over 2.3 liters which resulted in a unitary displacement of 195cc. Thus, the 195 Inter came into existence. A year later, the engine was enlarged even further resulting in the 212 Inter. After a year of production and with only 142 examples being created, the production of the 212 Inter ceased.

The 212 Inter was intended for road use while the 212 Export was primarily constructed for competition. Ferrari produced the rolling chassis and a Carrozzeria, meaning coachbuilder, was given the task of constructing the body. Each body was hand-built and often to customers' specifications. Because of this, the dimensions, body styles, and features of the car vary from one to another. Many of the 212 Inter vehicles sat atop a 2600mm wheelbase chassis; some were on a shorter, 2500mm wheelbase. The 212 Exports were also built atop of a 2250 wheelbase.

Cars produced between 1952 and 1953 were given the 'EU' designation on their chassis. The ones that proceeded these were given chassis numbers ending in S, E, and EL. The 'E' represented Export while the 'L' represented Lungo. One special chassis carried the 'T' designation on its chassis plate.

Under the hood of the long and graceful bonnet was a Colombo designed V12 engine mounted at 60-degrees. The engine came in a variety of flavors and left up to the customers to chose. Standard was the single Weber 36 DCF carburetor which was capable of producing 150 horsepower. Triple Weber 32 DCF carburetors could be purchased which increased horsepower to an impressive 170. All versions came with the standard Ferrari five-speed non-synchromesh gearbox and hydraulic drum brakes.

In total there were 82 versions of the 212 Inter constructed. Vignale was given the task of creating 37 of these. Fifteen of his creations were coupes, seven were convertibles, and thirteen were in Berlinetta configuration. Ghia was tasked with constructing 15 coupes and one convertible. Touring clothed one coupe and six Berlinetta's. The English coachbuilder, Abbot, created a four-seat cabriolet that was not that pleasing to the eye. Pinin Farina created two convertibles and eleven coupes. Styling varied among each of these coachbuilders with some being heavily dictated by the customer's wishes. Most of the cars were elegant, with few flamboyant cues, and well-proportioned body lines. They were minimalistic with little chrome and rounded smooth bodies.

The 212 was replaced by the 250 Europa in 1953 and Pinin Farina had become Enzo Ferrari's carrozzeria of choice.


By Daniel Vaughan | Feb 2007

1951 Vehicle Profiles

1951 Ferrari 212 Export vehicle information

Berlinetta
Coachwork: Touring

Chassis Num: 0088 E
Engine Num: 0088 E
Gearbox Num: 20/E

Ferrari had found the car it had been looking for in the 166. Not only was it the perfect car for the track, but it also introduced the Ferrari name to the customer as well. It was a great car, but in Enzo's relentless pursuit for perfection and neve....[continue reading]

1951 Ferrari 212 Export vehicle information

Barchetta
Coachwork: Fontana

Chassis Num: 0086E

The V12 engine used in the 212 was bored out to 68mm and achieved a 2562cc displacement. Only one Weber carburetor was used but was good enough to produce about 130 horsepower and a top speed of 120 mph. The Export version received three Weber carbur....[continue reading]

1951 Ferrari 212 Export vehicle information

Berlinetta
Coachwork: Vignale

Chassis Num: 0080 E

In the 1950s, the Ferrari 212 Export became the race car of choice for premier events such as the Tour de France, Mille Miglia and Carrera Panamericana. It followed Ferrari's first production racing car the 166 MM. The 212's finest hour came perhaps ....[continue reading]

1951 Ferrari 212 Export vehicle information

Cabriolet
Coachwork: Vignale

Chassis Num: 0106 E
Engine Num: 0106 E

This Ferrari is one of just two 212 Exports bodied by Vignale as a Cabriolet. Upon completion of the chassis in June of 1951, Ferrari sent this Export to Turin where Alfredo Vignale bodied it in its current coachwork. Original details include a 'cruc....[continue reading]

1951 Ferrari 212 Export vehicle information

Berlinetta
Coachwork: Touring

Chassis Num: 0108E

This Ferrari 212 Export Berlinetta, chassis number 0108E, won a Special Award at the 1995 Pebble Beach Concours d'Elegance, after it was driven from Wisconsin to the show by Tom Caulfield. These Berlinettas are closely related to Ferrari's first prod....[continue reading]

1951 Ferrari 212 Export vehicle information

Barchetta
Coachwork: Touring

Chassis Num: 0136E

In the 1950s, the 2.5-liter V12 engined Ferrari 212 Barchetta with coachwork by Touring of Milan became the race car of choice for events such as the Tour de France, the Mille Miglia and the Carrera Panamericana. For more serious drivers, the 212 Exp....[continue reading]

1951 Ferrari 212 Export vehicle information

Cabriolet
Coachwork: Vignale

Chassis Num: 0110E

Replacing the successful 250 GT 'Tour de France' Berlinetta, the 250 SWB Berlinetta debuted at the Paris Auto Show, in October 1959. Besides its stunning design and upgraded engine, the car features other competition refinements, including a wheelbas....[continue reading]

1951 Ferrari 212 Export vehicle information

Barchetta
Coachwork: Touring

Chassis Num: 0102E

This car is one of seven 2.3-liter Ferrari 212 Export Barchettas bodied by Touring. Its first owner, Pietro Palmieri, raced it in the 1951 Giro della Calabria and the Coppa Adriatica, finishing first in class and a second and fourth overall. It was l....[continue reading]

Berlinetta by Touring
Chassis #: 0088 E 
Barchetta by Fontana
Chassis #: 0086E 
Berlinetta by Vignale
Chassis #: 0080 E 
Cabriolet by Vignale
Chassis #: 0106 E 
Berlinetta by Touring
Chassis #: 0108E 
Barchetta by Touring
Chassis #: 0136E 
Cabriolet by Vignale
Chassis #: 0110E 
Barchetta by Touring
Chassis #: 0102E 


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