1952 Jaguar XK 120

Sir William Lyons and the team at Browns Lane combined elegance and performance with his XK120, introduced on October 27th of 1948 at the Earls Court Motor Show, shocking the automotive community and creating one of the most universally admired cars ever made. It forced other manufacturers to revisit their respective drawing boards as it brought style to new heights. Its robust performance was thanks to its 6-cylinder twin-overhead-camshaft engine which helped it achieve a speed of 132 mph on May 30, 1949, at the Jabbeke-Aeltre Highway in Belgium, making it the fastest production car in the world. The sweeping roofline and sensuous lines evoked the pre-war designs of the Bugatti Type 57, emphasizing its true Grand Touring character.

During its production lifespan, 12,055 cars were built with about 2,580 being fixed head coupes. The instant success of the XK120 had caught Jaguar by surprise and it soon became obvious that the ash-framed alloy coachwork would have to be re-engineered, switching to steel after the first 250 alloy-bodied cars had been built. The XK120 had been created in a matter of months and had been conceived as a coachbuilt, aluminum paneled structure for the simple reason that Jaguar expected to sell no more than 200 XK120s in the first year. In conjunction with the Pressed Steel Fisher Company, a new all-steel paneled body was developed retaining the same appearance as the coachbuilt original, while differing in minor external details.

The two-seater model was joined by a fixed-head coupe version, and a drophead coupe followed in 1953. In 1954, the XK120 was superseded by the XK140, though the 120 was to prove the most popular of the series.

The chassis of the XK120 was essentially a shortened version of the Mark V saloon which had been introduced as the same time, with torsion bar independent front suspension and a live rear axle mounted on semi-elliptic springs. Steering was by a recirculating ball and braking courtesy of Lockheed hydraulic drums all round. The alloy-headed DOHC 3.4-liter engine produced 160 bhp in standard form and 180 BHP in SE (Special Equipment) guise. With the C-Type head installed the engine offered closer to 200 horsepower.

The XK120 and its C and D Type successors would bring more credit and acclaim to Britain than any other marque. It set new standards of handling, comfort, and performance for British sports cars, and there was nothing to touch it at the price. Regardless of engine option or bodywork, the XK120 was a genuine 120 mph car capable of sustained high-speed cruising.


by Daniel Vaughan | Mar 2020

Related Reading : Jaguar XK120 History

The Jaguar XK120 was designed to be a prestigious vehicle and produced in low numbers. The designation 120 represented the vehicles top speed of 120 miles-per-hour. At the time, it was the fastest production car in the world. The British automotive industry was greatly influenced by World War II. Many manufacturers went out of business due to the lack of funds, fuel and supply shortages, or their....
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1952 Vehicle Profiles

1952 Jaguar XK 120 vehicle information

HardTop Coupe

Jaguar is an iconic British brand with a long and storied heritage of dashing styling and memorable racing victories stretching back many decades. It was founded in 1922 as the Swallow Sidecar Company by Sir William Lyons and began building SS Jaguar....[continue reading]

1952 Jaguar XK 120 vehicle information

HardTop Coupe

The XK120 Jaguar was introduced at Earl's Court, London, in 1948. It was an instant hit due to its beauty, reasonable cost and outstanding performance. It was years ahead of its rivals in many ways, especially engine design. The 120 carried a 3.4-lit....[continue reading]

1952 Jaguar XK 120 vehicle information

Roadster

Chassis Num: 673031
Engine Num: W 6332-8

The DOHC six-cylinder engine found in the post-War Jaguars was developed by Sir. William Lyons, the founder of Jaguar, and engineers William Heynes, Claude Baily and Walter Hassan in the mid-1940s. Harry Weslake consulted on the crossflow head. ....[continue reading]

1952 Jaguar XK 120 vehicle information

Roadster

In 1949, a Jaguar XK120 achieved the title of the 'World's Fastest Production Car' at 132.596 mph on a closed autoroute in Jabbeke, Belgium. When this record was broken by a Pegaso Z-102 in 1953, Jaguar chairman William Lyons called Norman Dewis, Jag....[continue reading]

1952 Jaguar XK 120 vehicle information

Roadster

This 1952 Jaguar XK120 Special Roadster is an ideal candidate for Rally or Vintage Road Sport. It is one of the world's finest XK120 roadsters having been custom built with a complete frame off restoration and many unique and one-of-a-kind Type C ra....[continue reading]

1952 Jaguar XK 120 vehicle information

HardTop Coupe

Chassis Num: 679195
Engine Num: W3970-8

This 1952 Jaguar XK 120 Fixed Head Coupe was offered for sale at the 2006 RM Auction in Monterey, CA where it was expected to sell between $110,000-$130,000. It has a walnut trim interior and red exterior. Since new it has been treated to a body-off ....[continue reading]

1952 Jaguar XK 120 vehicle information

Roadster

Chassis Num: 671615

This XK120 is finished in its original Pastel Green Metallic with dark green leather. The car was restored in the 1990s and since that time has been kept in climate-controlled storage and driven barely 300 miles. It was originally sold by Hoffman Mot....[continue reading]

1952 Jaguar XK 120 vehicle information

HardTop Coupe

Chassis Num: 679724
Engine Num: W5037-8

This XK120 Fixed Head Coupe was given a restoration in 2007. The car was dispatched from the Jaguar works on June 23rd of 1952, about a month after the build began. It left as a left-hand-drive example finished in silver metallic over a red leather i....[continue reading]

1952 Jaguar XK 120 vehicle information

HardTop Coupe

Manufactured on January 22, 1952 it was shipped to New York, New York. The first owner was Reverend Stanley O. Yonker. In 2012 the car was found dismantled and in many boxes in a Lakeland, Florida warehouse. An 18 month restoration was performed with....[continue reading]

1952 Jaguar XK 120 vehicle information

HardTop Coupe

Chassis Num: 679393
Engine Num: W4293-8

This Jaguar XK120 Fixed Head Coupe is an original left-hand-drive example that was built on February 20th of 1952. It was shipped to Los Angeles and then sold new via Charles Hornburg's West Coast Jaguar Distributorship. One of its owners kept the ca....[continue reading]

1952 Jaguar XK 120 vehicle information

Roadster

Chassis Num: S671957

This Jaguar XK120 was completed by Jaguar on March 11th of 1952, finished in the color combination of pastel green with a darker suede green interior and a contrasting fawn top. It was delivered through Hornburg Jaguar to foreign-car dealership Peter....[continue reading]

1952 Jaguar XK 120 vehicle information

HardTop Coupe

The XK120 was introduced at the 1948 London Motor Show. The new model paved the way for the marque in the vital export markets such as the USA and also soon established Jaguar as a force to be reckoned with in competition. In August 1952 this special....[continue reading]

1952 Jaguar XK 120 vehicle information

Roadster

Chassis Num: 67623

The Jaguar XK120 two-seater roadster was launched at the 1948 London Motor Show where it caused a sensation. The following year, Clark Gable, already the owner of a Jaguar MK IV Saloon, purchased the first left-hand drive XK120 roadster in America, a....[continue reading]

1952 Jaguar XK 120 vehicle information

HardTop Coupe

Chassis Num: 680278
Engine Num: W6463-8

This jaguar XK120 Fixed-Head Coupe was completed on November 3rd, 195. It wore British Racing Green paintwork over a tan leather interior and was sent to the United States. It was originally sold through Hornburg Jaguar in Los Angeles, California. At....[continue reading]

1952 Jaguar XK 120 vehicle information

Roadster

Clark Gable was an avid car collector who was known to have restrained and sophisticated taste when it came to motoring. He owned several Jaguars but this is perhaps the most famous. This car was originally purchased in 1952 and then consigned to Geo....[continue reading]

1952 Jaguar XK 120 vehicle information

Roadster

This XK 120 Special is unique because of modifications from original specifications performed decades ago. The windscreen is a Porsche Speedster unit which was custom fabricated and fitted into the cowl using lead. The fenders were cut out to get mor....[continue reading]

1952 Jaguar XK 120 vehicle information

Roadster

The current owners are the third owner of this 1952 OTS. They acquired the car in 2012 from Dr. Richard Richards who purchased the car 'second hand' in 1954. In 2012 a comprehensive restoration was started and strong evidence was found indicating the....[continue reading]

HardTop Coupe
 
HardTop Coupe
 
Roadster
Chassis #: 673031 
Roadster
 
Roadster
 
HardTop Coupe
Chassis #: 679195 
Roadster
Chassis #: 671615 
HardTop Coupe
Chassis #: 679724 
HardTop Coupe
 
HardTop Coupe
Chassis #: 679393 
Roadster
Chassis #: S671957 
HardTop Coupe
 
Roadster
Chassis #: 67623 
HardTop Coupe
Chassis #: 680278 
Roadster
 
Roadster
 
Roadster
 


Concepts by Jaguar

Similarly Priced Vehicles

Jaguar Monthly Sales Volume

December 2019
3,311
October 2019
2,350
September 2019
2,002
May 2019
2,021
March 2019
3,679
January 2019
3,078
Additional Sales Volume Data


Recent Vehicle Additions

Performance and Specification Comparison

Price Comparison

$255-$4,050
1952 XK 120
$4,080-$17,350
1952 Jaguar XK 120 Price Range: $4,050 - $4,080

$4,120 - $4,290

Model Year Production

#1#2#3Jaguar
1957Ford (1,676,449)Chevrolet (1,505,910)Plymouth (726,009)3,685
1956Chevrolet (1,567,117)Ford (1,408,478)Buick (572,024)3,685
1955Chevrolet (1,704,667)Ford (1,451,157)Buick (738,814)3,573
1954Ford (1,165,942)Chevrolet (1,143,561)Plymouth (463,148)3,349
1953Chevrolet (1,346,475)Ford (1,247,542)Plymouth (650,451)3,349
1952Chevrolet (818,142)Ford (671,733)Plymouth (396,000)3,349
1951Chevrolet (1,229,986)Ford (1,013,381)Plymouth (611,000)1,702
1950Chevrolet (1,498,590)Ford (1,208,912)Plymouth (610,954)912
1949Ford (1,118,308)Chevrolet (1,010,013)Plymouth (520,385)158
1948Chevrolet (696,449)Ford (430,198)Plymouth (412,540)
1947Chevrolet (671,546)Ford (429,674)Plymouth (382,290)

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