Time and again, Mitsubishi's formula for success in the compact sedan market has been quite simple: combine nimble handling, lightweight, good power and a low sticker price into one package. Of course, that's easier said than done, but nobody said success was easy.
The 2005 Lancer sedan offers a spirited, solid, and nimble ride, whether you're navigating the highway or carving up your favorite stretch of curvy road. Mitsubishi's reliable 2.0-liter, SOHC, 16-valve four-cylinder engine-which powers the ES, and O-Z(R) Rally models-gives the car one of the largest displacement standard engines in its class. With a peak of 120 horsepower at 5,500 rpm and 130 pound-feet of torque at 4,250 rpm, the 2.0-liter engine offers abundant low-end and midrange power. The 2.0-liter engine features an equal-length intake manifold and a camshaft wîth a profile ideally suited for fattening the torque curve.
Last year, in an effort to further its compact muscle, Mitsubishi added the Ralliart edition to the Lancer lineup, proving once again that high performance and value are not mutually exclusive. As the motorsports arm of Mitsubishi Motors, the Ralliart nameplate is more than cosmetic. The Lancer Ralliart edition added a larger, more powerful non-turbo four-cylinder engine to the Lancer lineup. The Ralliart edition also includes a sport-tuned suspension, upgraded brakes, wheels, tires and exhaust, and revised aesthetic treatments both inside and out.
The 2005 Mitsubishi Lancer Ralliart comes equipped wîth a 2.4-liter, SOHC, four-cylinder engine. Útilizing variable valve technology, this engine automatically alternates camshaft profiles to optimize engine performance across the rev range. The high revving, high-displacement four-cylinder improves efficiency, reduces emissions and increases output, developing 162 horsepower at 5750 rpm and 162 pound-feet of torque at 4000 rpm.
The Lancer transfers power to the front wheels through either a five-speed manual transmission or a four-speed automatic that features Mitsubishi's adaptive shift control system. The sophisticated INVECS-II controller tailors shift points to the individual driver, so that drivers who give aggressive throttle inputs are rewarded wîth faster, higher rpm shifts, while more laid-back drivers will find smoother, lower rpm shifts. The Lancer Ralliart's manual transmission is further enhanced wîth a sport-shifter assembly - borrowed from the Lancer Evolution - which provides shorter throws for improved shift action.
The Lancer sedan depends on a reinforced unibody for excellent handling, ride quality, and performance. The steel structure is strengthened where necessary to help minimize flexibility and makes certain that the car's suspension components - not the occupants' skeletal structures - absorb the road's irregularities. In addition, various structural measures such as the use of foam-filled members help dramatically reduce noise, vibration and harshness.
The Lancer's suspension delivers the stable ride and handling required of a sedan while also providing a natural feel for the road. The four-wheel independent front strut and rear multi-link suspension absorbs road irregularities, but the driver is never out of touch wîth what's going on at the pavement. The front strut's lower control arm attaches to a flat cross member that is roughly three times stronger than those found in the previous generation of Mitsubishi's compact sedans.
At the rear, the Lancer's multi-link suspension features long upper and lower arms and control links for better wheel discipline and reduced twisting and flexing of the bushings. This suspension design yields precise handling, superior responsiveness and excellent ride quality over a variety of surfaces. The Ralliart edition has been fitted wîth a red, tubular three-point front strut-tower brace which helps reduce body roll. Stiffer springs, dampers, and anti-sway bars also give the Ralliart sportier handling characteristics.
SOPHISTICATED, ÚPSCALE EXTERIOR
The front bumper features a large air inlet contoured for efficient airflow management and engine temperature control. The O-Z(R) Rally and Ralliart models also feature body side air dams and a rear spoiler design that enhances the car's sporty appearance. The result is a clean, uncluttered exterior design that gives the Lancer a substantial and distinctive look while helping it stand out among the compact sedan category.
The Lancer's grille helps establish a strong and sporty front-end appearance. Aerodynamic wraparound headlights incorporate a jeweled multi-reflector surface for improved low beam nighttime visibility. The headlamps feature bright lenses for ES, while dark lenses can be found on both the O-Z(R) Rally and the Ralliart editions. In addition, the Lancer Ralliart features unique fog lights that create another visual distinction from other Lancers.
Attention to detail helps distinguish the Lancer from its compact sedan competitors. These appealing touches include foldaway power mirrors, door latch dampers for a solid door closure feel and sound, resin bushings inserted in the door hinges for smoother operation, and convenient pull-type door handles that offer a solid grip. The result is a small sedan that looks and acts like a member of a larger, more luxurious class of sedan. (concept carz) The rear deck lid opens up to 11.3 cubic feet of trunk space, and a roof-mounted center radio antenna and front fender-mounted turn signals complement the overall international design thémé.
SPACIOÚS, COMFORTABLE INTERIOR
That sophisticated, well-executed impression of the Lancer's exterior carries over to the interior. The Lancer's cab-forward design employs a tall roofline that-combined wîth a long wheelbase-creates a roomy cabin and ensures outstanding comfort and visibility. The shallow positioning of the instrument panel and beltline improves the driver's lines of visibility and helps to create a feeling of freedom and control for driver and passengers alike. The front and rear seats feature an elevated hip point that facilitates passenger entry and exit from the car. To kick it up a notch, the Lancer Ralliart is equipped wîth front sport bucket seats that were sourced directly from the Japanese-market Lancer Evolution GT-A.
The Lancer's 102.4-inch wheelbase helps create rear legroom that's uncommonly spacious for a compact sedan. (concept carz) A long wheelbase combined wîth wheels that are located toward the corners of the car help to provide excellent stability and handling. With 93.9 cubic feet of overall passenger room (94.7 cubic feet for Ralliart), the Lancer's available interior room exceeds most of the competition and provides enough space for five adults to ride in comfort.
Úpscale materials inside add value and luxury without bumping up the price tag. Power windows, power door locks and power side-view mirrors, auto-off headlights as well as height-adjustable driver's seat, CD player and trunk lamp are all standard.
By adopting some of the sound insulation technology of the Galant, Mitsubishi engineers made the Lancer quieter and more relaxing to drive. From insulation around the frame and rear wheelhouses to noise and vibration dampers on the drive shafts, these technologies work together to give Lancer a quiet ride wîth lower noise, vibration and harshness.
TRIM LEVEL SÚMMARY
The base-model Lancer ES is a well-equipped compact sedan that's loaded wîth desirable comforts, proving that such amenities are not the sole territory of the larger sedan classes. The list of standard features on the Lancer ES sedan includes air conditioning, power windows, power door locks, power side-view mirrors, woodgrain interior trim accents, adjustable §teering column, trunk room lamp, electric rear window defroster, digital clock, 140-watt AM/FM stereo CD player wîth four speakers, and an eight-way adjustable driver's seat wîth height adjustment.
Lancer O-Z(R) Rally
The O-Z(R) Rally edition embodies the sporty look and attitude of the Lancer rally heritage. In addition to the new sporty five-spoke wheel design for the 2005 model year, the Lancer O-Z(R) Rally edition offers the following standard features: side air dams, O-Z(R) Rally Edition exterior badging, carbon-like interior trim, white-face sport gauge cluster, rear spoiler, embroidered O-Z(R) Rally logo floor mats, and sport-touch §teering wheel, shift knob and parking brake handle.
Backed by a proven rally racing heritage, Mitsubishi ups the sport compact performance ante wîth the Lancer Ralliart. The exterior appearance is upgraded by means of a spoiler, front and side air dams, and unique fog lights. Mechanical improvements, however, are where the Ralliart really sets itself apart. Stocked wîth a 162-horsepower, 2.4-liter SOHC MIVEC engine under its hood, the Ralliart is a showcase for affordable performance. And that performance is balanced, thanks to a number of finely tuned mechanical components, including larger four-wheel disc brakes, sport-tuned suspension, free-flowing sport exhaust and 16-inch alloy wheels.
While additional horsepower adds speed, better braking power reduces it. The Ralliart's larger four-wheel disc brakes (10.9-inch fronts, 10.3-inch rears), equipped wîth antilock brakes (ABS) and Electronic Brakeforce Distribution (EBD), help slow the Ralliart wîth poise.
The suspension achieves a level of performance befitting a sports sedan. (concept carz) The shocks and springs were tuned to allow for more spirited handling without sacrificing ride comfort. Damping rates of the front and rear shocks were significantly increased to limit body roll and weight transfer. Front spring and sway bar rates were both increased, which helps compensate for the increased engine weight. A tubular three-point front strut-tower brace that spans the engine bay helps reinforce the Ralliart's structural rigidity. The result is a sportier, more rigid chassis that's capable of handling corners wîth aplomb.
Inside, the Ralliart's front sport bucket seats hold both driver and passenger snugly in place. Driving enthusiasts will also be pleased wîth the sport-shifter assembly, which was taken directly from the Lancer Evolution.
Lancer ES buyers can purchase an optional convenience package that adds remote keyless entry, 60/40 split fold-down rear seatbacks wîth headrests, rear center armrest wîth cup holders, floor mats and color-keyed door handles to the base sedan. (concept carz) New to this package for 2005 are cruise control, variable wipers and color-keyed outer mirrors.
The well-appointed, sporty O-Z(R) Rally edition offers the optional power sunroof, and for 2005, also offers the Sun and Sound package, which was previously only available on the Ralliart edition. The Sun and Sound package includes a power sunroof and a 315-watt, seven-speaker Infinity CD sound system wîth a subwoofer in a custom 18-liter trunk-mounted enclosure.
In addition to passenger comfort, Mitsubishi Motors engineers also set out to optimize occupant safety. Called RISE, for Refined Impact Safety Evolution, Lancer's body structure helps absorb frontal, offset frontal, side-impact and rear collision energy.
Úsing the latest advances in computer-aided design, the Lancer includes features such as energy-absorbing front and rear crumple zones, a reinforced passenger safety cage, sophisticated side structures and a fortified chassis to enhance protection for passengers.
Additional standard safety features include three-point safety belts for all occupants, front seatbelt pretensioners and force limiters, and driver and front passenger airbags. Front seat-mounted side impact airbags are available on the Ralliart and O-Z(R) Rally as a stand-alone option.
Front head restraints have also been angled closer to the head, and the padded interior roof pillars have crushable ribs that help provide additional head protection in the event of a crash. Impact-absorbing foam blocks in all four doors aid in absorbing side impact energy. And in case the doors are ever deformed by an impact, cables instead of rods activate the door latch releases.Source - Mitsubishi
The Mitsubishi Lancer was first introduced in 1973, and since that time more than six million examples have been sold. It has carried many different names, sold by different manufacturers, and come in different shapes and sizes. Since the cars inception, it has proven to be a solid competitor in rally competition. It has been a very versatile, and capable automobile.
When first introduced, it joined Mitsubishi's other models which included the Galant, their compact car, and the Minica kei car. The Lancer fell into ranks between these two models, serving as the company's lower-to-middle class vehicle. When introduced, it was offered in twelve different trim levels, included the base 1.2-liter sedan, and ranging towards the rally-prepared 1600 GSR. Two bodystyles were offered, the 2-door coupe and the 4-door sedan. There was also a five-door station wagon, but the production levels on this never reached very high. A hatchback was added in 1975, called the Mitsubishi Lancer Celeste and offered with either a 1.4- or 1.6-liter engine. A 2.0-liter unit was later added.
The second generation of the Mitsubishi Lancer was introduced in 1978 and remained in production until 1983. The only bodystyle offered was the four-door sedan; two engine sizes were available, a 1.4- and 1.8-liter four-cylinder unit. The big news for this generation was the addition of the Lancer EX, which brought with it a turbocharger for the 1.8-liter engine.
In 1982 the next generation of the Lancer was introduced. A new model was launched, dubbed the lancer Fiore and based on the Mitsubishi Mirage. This generation of the Lancer was offered in a 3-door hatchback, 4-door sedan, 5-door hatchback, and five-door station wagon. The 1.6- and 1.8-liter engines were still available. A diesel version was introduced, and fuel injected and turbocharged versions were offered.
The station wagon was added in 1985, and it was followed quickly by a four-wheel drive version.
In 1988 the next iteration of the Lancer began, and would persist until 1992. The design changed; the car became less boxy, and more aerodynamic in appearance and principle. The edges became more round and modern. The shape followed the design of the Galant.
By now, the Lancer name was being shared with the Dodge Lancer, which was being sold in the United States by Chrysler Group. In Japan, the model was known as the Mirage Aspire.
This generation of the Lancer was sold as a 3-door hatchback, four-door sedan, and 5-door hatchback. Front and four-wheel drive was available.
In 1991, the differences between the Mirage and the Lancer became even greater, though both were still built on the same platform. In the North American market, the Lancer was sold as the Eagle Summit.
A V6 engine, which displaced just 1.6-liters, was introduced and powered the Mirage, along with other Mitsubishi cars. It would even become the power source for one of the HSR Concept vehicles. This V6 engine was the smallest mass-produced V6, a title it retains to this day. Other engine options included a 1.3, 1.5, 1.8, and 1.6-liter four-cylinder engines. The 1.3 and 1.5-liter versions were SOHC while the rest were DOHC. The 1.8 was created in both SOHC and DOHC fashion. The standard gearbox was the five-speed manual, with the four-speed automatic being sold as optional equipment.
The big news was the Lancer GSR, which had a high-performance turbocharged engine and would form the groundwork for the Lancer Evolution, commonly known as the Lancer Evo, which began in September of 1993. The Evo used the drivetrain of the Galant VR-4 rally car, and would soon prove its potential as a high performance competition machine.
All of the Lancer Evolutions has shared a two-liter, turbocharged engine and four-wheel drive system. The Evolutions, prior to version V, are the officially-approved models for Mitsubishi's efforts in the World Rally Championship's Group A class and SCCA Pro Rally Championship. The cars are built on the same platform as the other Lancers, but given many performance upgrades and mechanical improvements.
Lancer Evolutions continue to race in Group A and Group N classes.
The seventh generation of the Lancer was introduced in 1995 and produced until 2000. It continued the Lancers successful formula of enjoying strong sales throughout the world. In Japan, the name for the sedan and wagon continued as the Libero; related Mirage models were still available. The Coupe was known as the Mirage Asti in Japan, and the Lancer Coupe in the rest of the world.
The Mitsubishi Lancer Evolution V is the only Mitsubishi to earn the WRC Constructors Championship for its marque. Tommi Makinen has claimed four WRC Drivers Championships, from 1996 through 2000, in a Mitsubishi Lancer Evolution (IV, V & VI). Makinen has driven Mitsubishi's in most of his WRC career. The exception being a Ford Escort RS Cosworth in 1994 and a Subaru Impreza WRC in 2002.
The eight generation of the Lancer was introduced in 2000 in Japan. Most of the other markets continued with the seventh generation. The 8th gen Lancer was available in a four-door sedan configuration or as a station wagon.
Styling changes for the Lancer occurred in 2004 and 2005 for the North American market. The grille was given more fins so it was closer in design to the American version of the Galant. The facia was changed slightly again in 2006.
The Sportback and Ralliart were introduced to the US in 2004. Both of these trim levels brought more equipped and bigger engines. The Sportback has a 160 horsepower engine and the Ralliart was just a little higher, at 162. For both, the suspension had been improved, resulting in better handling and performance. The cars were lowered and 16-inch alloy wheels could now be found on all four corners. Aerodynamic ground package, fog lamps, and front bucket seats completed the ensemble. The Ralliart was given clear rear tail lights and a rear deck spoiler, which did little except enhance the cars appearance. All Sportbacks were equipped with an INVECS-II automatic gearbox. The Ralliart had the five-speed manual as standard and the four-speed automatic as optional.
Slow sales and financial difficulties for Mitsubishi had the Sportback canceled after just one year.
The Mitsubishi Concept X was unveiled to the public at the 2005 Tokyo Motor Show; Concept-Sportback was shown a little while later at the Frankfurt Motor Show. The new lancer drew its design inspiration from both of these concepts, which was officially unveiled at the 2007 Detroit Motor Show. Sales for this generation of vehicle went on sale in the US in March of 2007. it is available as a four-door sedan.
By Daniel Vaughan | Jul 2007